North Korean soldiers patrol next to the border fence near the town of Sinuiju across from the Chinese border town of Dandong on Feb. 10, 2016. (JOHANNES EISELE / AFP / Getty Images)North Korean soldiers patrol next to the border fence near the town of Sinuiju across from the Chinese border town of Dandong on Feb. 10, 2016. (JOHANNES EISELE / AFP / Getty Images)

BEIJING/HONG KONG — China‘s central bank has told banks to strictly implement United Nations sanctions against North Korea, four sources told Reuters, amid U.S. concerns that Beijing has not been tough enough over Pyongyang’s repeated nuclear tests.

Tensions between the United States and North Korea have ratcheted up after the sixth and most powerful nuclear test conducted by Pyongyang on Sept. 3 prompted the United Nations Security Council to impose further sanctions last week.

Chinese banks have come under scrutiny for their role as a conduit for funds flowing to and from China‘s increasingly isolated neighbor.

The sources said banks were told to stop providing financial services to new North Korean customers and to wind down loans with existing customers, following tighter sanctions against Pyongyang by the United Nations.

US Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley (R) speaks with China’s Ambassador to the United Nations Liu Jieyi before voting on a US-drafted resolution toughening sanctions on North Korea, at the United Nations Headquarters in New York, em agosto. 5, 2017. (EDUARDO MUNOZ ALVAREZ/AFP/Getty Images)

The sources said lenders were asked to fully implement United Nations sanctions against North Korea and were warned of the economic losses and reputational risks if they did not do so.

Chinese banks received the document on Monday, the sources said.

China‘s central bank did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

“At present, management of North Korea-related business has become an issue of national-level politics and national security,” according to the document seen by the sources.

The document directed banks to explain to any North Korean customers that “our bank is fulfilling our international obligations and implementing United Nations sanctions against North Korea. As such, we refuse to handle any individual loans connected to North Korea.”

The document did not specify whether existing North Korean account holders could still deposit or remove money from their accounts.

Frustrated that China had not done more to rein in North Korea, the Trump administration considered new sanctions in July on small Chinese banks and other firms doing business with Pyongyang, two senior U.S. officials told Reuters.

China‘s Big Four state-owned banks have stopped providing financial services to new North Korean clients, Reuters reported last week, with some measures beginning as early as the end of last year.

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A general view of New Zealand’s Parliament House in Wellington in this file photo. (Hagen Hopkins/Getty Images)A general view of New Zealand’s Parliament House in Wellington in this file photo. (Hagen Hopkins/Getty Images)

A Chinese-born MP from New Zealand’s ruling National Party has come under scrutiny for his former career teaching spies in China and his membership in the Chinese Communist Party. And while he is dismissing his background as being any reason for concern, those familiar with the inner workings of Beijing’s politics and intelligence activities are telling a different story.

The case is the latest episode in a series of recent events raising questions about Chinese influence in the internal affairs of Western democracies such as Australia, Canadá, and the United States.

Last week, New Zealand’s Newsroom e a Financial Times, which had conducted a joint investigation into MP Jian Yang, released reports that Yang had attracted the interest of the country’s Security Intelligence Service for his links to China’s military academies.

Yang studied and then worked for several years at elite military academic institutions, including the PLA Air Force Engineering College and the Luoyang Foreign Language Institute.

He first became a member of New Zealand’s parliament in 2011 and was part of different committees at different periods of time, among them foreign affairs, defence, and trade. He currently remains a parliamentary private secretary for ethnic affairs.

Yang has been a major fundraiser in the Chinese community for the National Party, and has, as the Financial Times put it, “big-spending anonymous donors.” The reference is to a 2016 fundraiser with then-Prime Minister John Key, in which six unnamed Chinese donors donated a total of $100,000 to a bid to change New Zealand’s flag, de acordo com relatos da mídia local. The donors wanted the Union Jack removed from the New Zealand flag because of the past China-Britain history.

New Zealand MP Jian Yang (New Zealand Parliament)

Speaking to reporters after the reports on his past emerged, Yang said he taught English language and American studies while at the Chinese military academies, adding that some of his students were trained to collect, monitor, and interpret information, de acordo com a The Associated Press.

Refuting “any allegations that question” his loyalty to New Zealand, Yang said he is a victim of a racist smear campaign.

“Although I was not born here I am proud to call myself a New Zealander, obey our laws, and contribute to this country,” he told reporters.

Yang said the military system has both ranking and non-ranking officers who are called civilians, and that he was one of the civilians.

“If you define those cadets, or students, as spies, sim, then I was teaching spies," ele disse. “I can understand that people can be concerned because they do not understand the Chinese system,” he added, de acordo com a The Associated Press. “But once they understand the system, they should be assured that this is nothing, really, you should be concerned about.”

But it is precisely those who have a good understanding of the political system in China, including a defector who used to work for the same regime as Yang, who are sounding the alarm.

Military Background

Yonglin Chen was the first secretary at the Chinese consulate in Sydney, Austrália, until he defected in 2005. He was in charge of the consulate’s political department, tasked with overseeing and interfering with the members of the Chinese community overseas.

Chen says Yang’s background with the Chinese military is not something that can be ignored.

According to Chen, someone who graduates from the PLA Air Force Engineering College holds the rank of a lieutenant; and if he graduates from the Luoyang Foreign Language Institute with a Master’s degree, he at least holds the rank of captain.

Speaking to the Chinese edition of The Epoch Times, Chen said Chinese military academy students and faculty are “completely brainwashed” and New Zealanders ought to be cautious when it comes to people with a background in the military.

Anne-Marie Brady, a professor at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand and a global fellow at the Wilson Center, writes in a paper that the People’s Liberation Army “would not have allowed anyone with Yang Jian’s military intelligence background to go overseas to study—unless they had official permission.”

Chinese Student Associations

Before coming to New Zealand and taking an academic position at the University of Auckland, Yang was a graduate student at the Australian National University (ANU) in Canberra. According to an “exclusive interview” he gave to a Chinese-language publication, while at ANU he was chairman of the Chinese Student and Scholars Association (CSSA).

CSSAs, which are found on many campuses outside China including New Zealand, Austrália, Canadá, U.K., and the United States, are known by researchers as extensions of China’s overseas diplomatic apparatus and are used to control Chinese students abroad.

The “sobre” section on the Facebook page of the CSSA at ANU says in Chinese that the association is “supported by the Chinese Embassy in Australia. o website of the CSSA at the University of Canberra says in Chinese that the Association is “under the administration of the Chinese Embassy in Australia.”

According Brady, CSSAs are “one of the main means the Chinese authorities use to guide Chinese students and scholars on short-term study abroad.”

Americans were treated to a not-so-secret experience of CSSAs’ mission earlier this year when the CSSA at the University of California–San Diego rallied Chinese students to stop a scheduled speech of the Dalai Lama, Tibet’s spiritual leader, at the university. The CSSA published a statement on WeChat (a Chinese instant messaging platform) that states, “the Chinese Student and Scholar Association has asked the Chinese Consulate in Los Angeles for instructions and, having received the instructions, is going to implement them.”

After defecting, Chen explained how the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) uses overseas student and community groups acting as front organizations to influence Western government officials and societies.

“The control of the overseas Chinese community has been a consistent strategy of the Chinese Communist Party and is the result of painstaking planning and management for dozens of years,” he said in a past interview. “It’s not just in Australia. It is done this way in other countries like the U.S. and Canada, too.”

Many of the CCP’s overseas espionage and initiatives to exert influence are organized by the United Front Department and the Overseas Chinese Affairs Office, Chen said.

Brady explains that the United Front takes its origin from a “Leninist tactic of strategic alliances.”

“United front activities incorporates working with groups and prominent individuals in society; information management and propaganda; and it has also frequently been a means of facilitating espionage,” she writes.

According to Michel Juneau-Katsuya, former chief of Asia-Pacific for the Canadian Security Intelligence Service, the CCP has set up several organizations such as the National Congress of Chinese Canadians (NCCC) to act as its “agents of influence” in Canada. He said the CCP exerts influence among the Chinese diaspora and the broader public in other countries through similar organizations. The NCCC has strongly denied being a front for a foreign communist power.

“What is very important [for China] is to have certain organizations that become agents of influence of their own within the community, to be capable to identify first the dissidents, and be capable after that to lobby very much the local government of any country,” Juneau-Katsuya said.

Influence

No início deste ano, the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation warned the country’s major political parties against taking millions in donations from individuals with close links to the Chinese regime, as this would make the nation vulnerable to Beijing’s influence.

The issue of China’s campaign to infiltrate and influence Australia, including shaping government policies and exerting influence over the Chinese community and media in Australia, were given more extensive attention in the press earlier this year. There has since been calls for banning donations from foreign sources to political parties.

In Canada, much of what happened in Australia with million-dollar donations would already be illegal due to legislated donation limits, at least on a federal level. Nonetheless, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau was last year criticized by opposition parties for attending cash-for-access fundraisers attended by wealthy people from the Chinese-Canadian community, one of whom had an ongoing business initiative needing government approval. One of these events was attended by Zhang Bin, a political adviser to the Chinese government, according to The Globe and Mail. Trudeau ended the controversial cash-for-access fundraisers early this year.

In her paper, Brady lists several CCP policies that aim to gain control over foreign nations. Among them: appoint foreigners with access to political power to high profile roles in Chinese companies or Chinese-funded entities in the host country; co-opt foreign academics, entrepreneurs, and politicians to promote China’s perspective in the media and academia; the use of mergers, acquisitions, and partnerships with foreign companies, universities, and research centres in order to acquire local identities that enhance influence activities; and potentially, access to military technology, commercial secrets, and other strategic information.

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exercício Falun Gong na Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York em setembro. 19, 2017, para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18º ano.  (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)exercício Falun Gong na Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York em setembro. 19, 2017, para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18º ano.  (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

NOVA YORK-Eles tinham acabado de chegar nos Estados Unidos um pouco mais de uma semana atrás, mas eles estavam prontos para dizer ao mundo sobre o que eles suportaram.

À frente da Assembleia Geral das Nações Unidas em Nova York, duas irmãs da China se juntou a um grupo de cerca de 80 meditando manifestantes fora do U.N. construção. Rui e Xing são praticantes de Falun Dafa, uma prática espiritual que o regime chinês tem fortemente perseguidos desde 1999. Eles pediram para usar pseudônimos por medo de repercussões para os pais que vivem na China, que também praticar o Falun Dafa (também conhecido como Falun Gong).

Rui e Xing eram apenas 11 e 8 anos de idade quando seu pai foi preso e condenado à prisão por 14 anos e meio de sua fé na antiga disciplina budista. Sentindo-se ameaçado pela crescente popularidade de Falun Dafa na China de longo alcance 100 milhões de praticantes em seu pico, de acordo com fontes Falun Gong, ou 70 milhões, de acordo com uma pesquisa realizada pelo Estado, as autoridades comunistas lançaram uma campanha sistemática em 1999 para erradicar a prática.

exercício Falun Gong na Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York em setembro. 19, 2017, para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18º ano.  (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

exercício Falun Gong na Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York em setembro. 19, 2017, para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18º ano. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

Em sua casa em Gansu, uma região central da China, Rui e Xing lembrar a polícia local intrometendo-se e mantê-los sob vigilância casa, relógio manutenção 24/7 durante semanas a extremidade. Seis anos mais tarde, sua mãe também foi preso e condenado à prisão. Desta vez, a polícia também recorreu administradores e professores da escola de Rui para espioná-la. 17 e 14 anos, eles foram deixados para se defenderem sozinhos, com a ajuda de alguns praticantes de Falun Dafa que viviam nas proximidades. Rui e Xing foram informados de que não poderia se aplicar para empréstimos de estudante de faculdade.

“Queremos dizer delegados da China para parar a perseguição, de modo que os praticantes na China pode acreditar livremente. Eles são pessoas que conhecemos, pessoas que ainda sofrem,”Rui disse em chinês.

praticantes de Falun Gong meditar para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18º ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York, enquanto os líderes mundiais se reunirem em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

praticantes de Falun Gong meditar para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18º ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York, enquanto os líderes mundiais se reunirem em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

Apesar dos ventos fortes na terça-feira, os praticantes de Falun Dafa fora da U.N. chegou no início da manhã para começar o seu protesto silencioso. A maioria eram ou executar os exercícios ou segurando firmemente suas bandeiras desfraldadas que ameaçava desmoronar contra o vento, com mensagens impressas como “o mundo precisa de verdade, compaixão, tolerância”três princípios-e centrais -a da fé‘trazer Jiang Zemin à justiça’em Inglês e Chinês. Jiang era o líder da China que iniciou a perseguição.

Wang Luorui, um médico que tinha sido preso 11 vezes na China, disse que espera presidente norte-americano Donald Trump vai colocar pressão sobre a China para trazer Jiang à justiça. “Ele permitirá que Falun Gong para trazer os valores universais da veracidade, compaixão, e tolerância ao povo chinês," ela disse.

praticantes de Falun Gong meditar para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18º ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York, enquanto os líderes mundiais se reunirem em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

praticantes de Falun Gong meditar para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18º ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York, enquanto os líderes mundiais se reunirem em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

Wang Cun Ling, um praticante de Xangai, disse que sua fé a ajudou a se tornar um professor responsável e solidária que orientou muitos estudantes na China que aplicaram com sucesso para melhores faculdades. Com a influência que o U.N. tem o mundo, ela espera para transmitir a mensagem a todas as pessoas que Falun Dafa é bom. “Queremos dizer às pessoas a verdade [sobre o Falun Gong] em uma solução pacífica, maneira compassiva," ela disse.

praticantes de Falun Gong meditar para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18º ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York, enquanto os líderes mundiais se reunirem em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

praticantes de Falun Gong meditar para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18º ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York, enquanto os líderes mundiais se reunirem em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)
praticantes de Falun Gong meditar para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18º ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York, enquanto os líderes mundiais se reunirem em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

praticantes de Falun Gong meditar para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18º ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York, enquanto os líderes mundiais se reunirem em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)
praticantes de Falun Gong segurar bandeiras e realizar exercícios para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18o ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

praticantes de Falun Gong segurar bandeiras e realizar exercícios para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18o ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

fd-un-20170919-benjamin-chasteen0206

praticantes de Falun Gong segurar bandeiras e realizar exercícios para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18o ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

praticantes de Falun Gong segurar bandeiras e realizar exercícios para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18o ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)
praticantes de Falun Gong meditar para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18º ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York, enquanto os líderes mundiais se reunirem em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

praticantes de Falun Gong meditar para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18º ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York, enquanto os líderes mundiais se reunirem em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)
praticantes de Falun Gong segurar bandeiras e realizar exercícios para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18o ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

praticantes de Falun Gong segurar bandeiras e realizar exercícios para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18o ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)
praticantes de Falun Gong meditar para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18º ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York, enquanto os líderes mundiais se reunirem em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

praticantes de Falun Gong meditar para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18º ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York, enquanto os líderes mundiais se reunirem em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)
praticantes de Falun Gong segurar bandeiras e realizar exercícios para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18o ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

praticantes de Falun Gong segurar bandeiras e realizar exercícios para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18o ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)
praticantes de Falun Gong segurar bandeiras e realizar exercícios para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18o ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

praticantes de Falun Gong segurar bandeiras e realizar exercícios para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18o ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)
exercício Falun Gong na Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York em setembro. 19, 2017, para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18º ano. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

exercício Falun Gong na Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York em setembro. 19, 2017, para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18º ano. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)
praticantes de Falun Gong segurar bandeiras e realizar exercícios para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18o ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

praticantes de Falun Gong segurar bandeiras e realizar exercícios para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18o ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)
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United States Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer disse na segunda-feira que as práticas comerciais de manipulação da China e modelo econômico representam uma “ameaça sem precedentes’. (Paul Huang / The Epoch Times)United States Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer disse na segunda-feira que as práticas comerciais de manipulação da China e modelo econômico representam uma “ameaça sem precedentes’. (Paul Huang / The Epoch Times)

práticas comerciais de manipulação da China e modelo econômico representam uma “ameaça sem precedentes” a economia baseada no mercado do mundo e fora dos EUA. interesses, disse o titular United States Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer em um discurso na segunda-feira.

Foi o primeiro grande discurso público dado por Lighthizer, um crítico de longo prazo das práticas comerciais da China contra os Estados Unidos. Lighthizer disse a uma multidão de mais de uma centena no Centro para Estudos Estratégicos e Internacionais que a China representa um desafio para a administração que é “substancialmente mais difícil do que os enfrentados no passado.”

“A escala de seus esforços coordenados para desenvolver a sua economia, para subsidiar, para criar ‘campeões nacionais,’Para forçar a transferência de tecnologia, e para destruir mercado, na China e em todo o mundo, é uma ameaça ao sistema de comércio mundial sem precedentes,”Disse Lighthizer.

Lighthizer estava se referindo às centenas, se não milhares de chineses empresas estatais (SOE) que são institucionalmente protegida e promovida pelo regime chinês, portanto, conhecidos como os “campeões nacionais” da economia chinesa.

Não só chineses empresas estatais recebem ampla proteção contra o regime chinês contra a concorrência estrangeira, eles também são muitas vezes os culpados em roubar tecnologia e outras propriedades intelectuais de empresas estrangeiras. Grande número de empresas americanas foram vítimas de tais táticas abusivas pelos chineses, o que resultou em perdas massivas de emprego por parte dos trabalhadores americanos, de acordo com Lighthizer e muitos outros críticos das práticas comerciais da China.

“Infelizmente, a Organização Mundial do Comércio não está equipado para lidar com este problema,”Lighthizer disse, “OMC e os seus antecessores, Acordo Geral sobre Tarifas e Comércio (GATT), não foram projetados para gerenciar com sucesso o mercantilismo nesta escala “.

“Temos de encontrar outras maneiras de defender nossas empresas, trabalhadores, agricultores, e realmente, nosso sistema econômico,”Disse Lighthizer, “Temos de encontrar maneiras para garantir a nossa economia de mercado prevalece.”

Os navios de carga cais a uma porta em Qingdao, Província de Shandong, leste da China em junho 8, 2016. (STR / AFP / Getty Images)

práticas comerciais abusivas por parte dos chineses empresas estatais infligiram danos significativos em empresas americanas e será tratado pela administração Trump, de acordo com a U.S. O representante de Comércio Robert Lighthizer. Foto que mostra navios de carga atracado em um porto em Qingdao, China. (STR / AFP / Getty Images)

Lighthizer não revelou detalhes da investigação em curso sobre suposto roubo de propriedade intelectual da China, um processo que era começado pelo presidente Trump em Ago. 14. ele revelou, Contudo, que os investigadores receber “uma enorme quantidade de queixas” dos executivos de empresas americanas que foram feridas pelas práticas abusivas do chinês, com muitos reclamando que eles foram forçados a desistir de sua tecnologia e segredos corporativos para seus concorrentes chineses.

Trump Continua stance hawkish

O comentário de Lighthizer na segunda-feira representa o sinal mais recente de que promessa de campanha de Trump de uma política comercial de linha dura contra a China continua firme, Apesar da partida em Ago. 19 da Casa Branca Chief Strategist Steve Bannon, que foi amplamente pensado para ser defensor principal da administração de uma postura hawkish contra a China.

Lighthizer não é o único “falcão comércio” dentro de administração de Trump. Peter Navarro, um economista que também é conhecido por críticas ferrenho do regime chinês e de práticas comerciais da China contra os Estados Unidos, foi escolhido pelo presidente Donald Trump para chefiar o recém-criado Conselho Nacional de Comércio e acredita-se estar desempenhando um papel fundamental na formação de políticas comerciais do governo Trump.

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Three legislators of Taiwan, Hsu Yung-ming, Yu Wan-ju, and Chang Hung-lu led the march to United Nations Headquarters during the Sept. 16 ‘Keep Taiwan Free’ march. Hundreds of activists held a rally in New York City on Saturday afternoon to protest Taiwan’s exclusion from the United Nations. (Paul Huang / The Epoch Times)Three legislators of Taiwan, Hsu Yung-ming, Yu Wan-ju, and Chang Hung-lu led the march to United Nations Headquarters during the Sept. 16 ‘Keep Taiwan Free’ march. Hundreds of activists held a rally in New York City on Saturday afternoon to protest Taiwan’s exclusion from the United Nations. (Paul Huang / The Epoch Times)

Hundreds of activists held a rally in New York City on Saturday afternoon to protest Taiwan’s exclusion from the United Nations and other international organizations. Taiwanese Americans, Chinese dissidents, and international supporters of Taiwan joined force with activists and politicians from Taiwan to push for Taiwan’s international participation as U.N. General Assembly started its new session.

China’s role in excluding Taiwan from the international community of nations was highlighted as activists kicked off their march to the UN Headquarters from the Consulate General of the People’s Republic of China in Hell’s Kitchen. In support of the rally prominent Chinese dissidents Yang Jianli and Teng Biao gave speeches in front of the consulate.

“China’s relentless and increasingly oppressive tactics to exclude Taiwan from the global community have only harmful consequences for mankind,” said Yang Jianli, who was jailed by the Chinese government from 2002 para 2006 for his pro-democracy activism. “Surely Taiwan has much to contribute to the world, and the UN should open its doors to the vibrant democracy of 23 million people.”

Chinese dissident Yang Jianli gives a speech on Sept. 16 in front of China's Consulate General Office in New York City to protest China's blocking of Taiwan from the United Nations and other international organization. (Paul Huang / The Epoch Times)

Chinese dissident Yang Jianli gives a speech on Sept. 16 in front of the Consulate General of the People’s Republic of China in New York City to protest China’s blocking of Taiwan from the United Nations and other international organizations. (Paul Huang / The Epoch Times)

The “Keep Taiwan Free” rally was organized by the New York-based Committee for Admission of Taiwan to the UN and was held to coincide with the 72nd Regular Session of the UN General Assembly, which convened on Sept. 12 and runs through Sept. 25. Among those attending was a delegation from the Taiwan United Nations Alliance (TAIUNA)—a Taiwanese NGO that for 14 years has organized an annual trip to the United States to work for Taiwan’s inclusion in the UN.

A crowd of 600 participated in the event, according to organizers. Starting at 4 pm, the marchers walked across Manhattan and eventually reached the Dag Hammarskjold Plaza in front of the UN Headquarters at around 5pm. The march was peaceful and caught the attention of many New Yorkers who were strolling through midtown on Saturday afternoon.

Hundreds of activists held a march on Saturday afternoon from the Consulate General of the People's Republic of China in Hell's Kitchen to the UN Headquarters on the other side of the Manhattan, to protest Taiwan's exclusion from the United Nations and other international organizations. (Paul Huang / The Epoch Times)

Hundreds of activists held a march on Saturday afternoon from the Consulate General of the People’s Republic of China in Hell’s Kitchen to the UN Headquarters on the other side of the Manhattan, to protest Taiwan’s exclusion from the United Nations and other international organizations. (Paul Huang / The Epoch Times)

Ting, a Taiwanese student studying in America, said that she participated in the rally because she wants her country to be recognized by other people, and she feels strongly about Taiwan having such an identity. An estimated 57,000 Taiwanese students are studying internationally around the world, most of them are in countries that don’t recognize Taiwan’s statehood diplomatically, including the United States, where 21,000 Taiwanese students are believed to be studying.

TAIUNA President Michael Tsai, who is also a former Minister of Defense of Taiwan, said that no one should be barred from participation in the UN. Tsai argued that even Palestine, held to be a “non-state entity” by many, was able to join the U.N. as an observer two years ago. assim, “why can’t Taiwan?"

Michael Tsai (middle), Taiwan's former Minister of Defense and president of the Taiwan United Nations Alliance, said that no one should be barred from participation in the UN. (Paul Huang / The Epoch Times)

Michael Tsai (middle), Taiwan’s former Minister of Defense and president of the Taiwan United Nations Alliance, said that no one should be barred from participation in the UN. (Paul Huang / The Epoch Times)

Hsu Yung-ming, a Taiwanese legislator from the New Power Party flew from Taiwan and joined the rally. “Many people say the push for UN membership is impossible for Taiwan, but they fail to see what’s at stake here,” said Hsu. “Taiwan needs to make its voice heard by the international community. We need to make this an issue, and for the world to see there are 23 million people currently being excluded from the UN.”

Chang Hung-lu and Yu Wan-ju, two other legislators from the Democratic Progressive Party—the current ruling party of Taiwan—also joined the rally. “The fact that China has the power to exclude others from the United Nations is a violation of its founding philosophy, which is supposed to include everyone,” said Yu.

June Lin, one of the young Taiwanese Americans during the Sept. 16 'Keep Taiwan Free' march, gave a speech at the Dag Hammarskjold Plaza next to the UN Headquarters. (Paul Huang / The Epoch Times)

June Lin, one of the young Taiwanese-Americans during the Sept. 16 ‘Keep Taiwan Free’ march, gave a speech at the Dag Hammarskjold Plaza next to the UN Headquarters. (Paul Huang / The Epoch Times)

At Dag Hammarskjold Plaza next to the UN Headquarters, activist students took turns giving speeches supporting Taiwan’s return to the UN. June Lin, one of the young Taiwanese-Americans, said that the recent trial of Lee Ming-che, a Taiwanese citizen imprisoned by China, is the latest example why Taiwan needs to make its voice heard on the international stage.

Taiwan under the name “Republic of China” was kicked out of the UN by the 1971 General Assembly Resolution 2758 to make way for the People’s Republic of China. Taiwan has tried without success to reenter the U.N. desde 1993.

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In this file photo a Chinese ship makes its way toward the Lions Gate Bridge into the Port of Vancouver,  one of North America's most important gateways to Asia.(CP Photo/Chuck Stoody)In this file photo a Chinese ship makes its way toward the Lions Gate Bridge into the Port of Vancouver,  one of North America's most important gateways to Asia.(CP Photo/Chuck Stoody)

NEWS ANALYSIS

As NAFTA negotiations with the United States show slow progress, uma new survey shows that more Canadians want to increase trade relationships beyond the United States, with Europe and the U.K.—jurisdictions with similar democratic institutions as Canada—taking the top spots.

China takes the fourth spot as the trade partner of choice, a finding similar to periodic surveys in recent years showing a decline in Canadians’ interest in free trade with China.

The federal government is pushing ahead with free trade talks with China, Contudo, with a decision on the potential deal with the Asian giant expected this fall, according to The National Post.

The Epoch Times contacted Global Affairs Canada for an update on the Canada-China free trade talks, but answers to questions were not provided by press time. The government’s public consultation phase on the proposed deal closed in June.

As U.S. President Donald Trump plays hardball in NAFTA negotiations, Canada’s pursuit of a free trade deal with China has been cited by some as an attempt to send a signal to its southern neighbour that Canada isn’t limited in choice when it comes to trading partners.

But the Liberal government started negotiations on a potential free trade deal with China immediately after coming to power in the fall of 2015. That was long before Trump, then a Republican presidential candidate, criticized NAFTA’s terms as being overly in Canada’s favour as president of the United States.

The Angus Reid poll published last week asked Canadians where their government should look to develop closer trade ties. Around 45 percent chose the EU, followed closely by the United States at around 40 por cento. The third spot with 30 percent went to the U.K., which is in the midst of exiting the EU and will be on its own in any trade talks. China, with close to 25 por cento, came in fourth.

Angus Reid notes that interest among Canadians for developing closer trade ties with China has been in decline since the research company first began its periodic polling on the subject in 2014.

Even among the Liberals’ own support base, i.e. those who voted Liberal in the 2015 federal election, support for a free trade deal is below two in five.

Rule of Law

The Liberals’ “human connection” initiatives and “people-to-people exchanges” between China and Canada over the last few years were cited as being intended to reverse the negative polling trends of Canadians’ views on China, but it seems they haven’t succeeded in making Canadians more receptive to closer trade ties.

Perhaps that’s because it is not the elected representatives of the Chinese people that oversee the affairs of their country, but a single non-elected entity that controls all branches of power, including the judiciary, in a one-party system.

The overt state control in China is something that worries Dean Allison, the Conservatives’ newly appointed international trade critic, should a Canada-China free trade agreement go ahead.

“We certainly don’t mind doing deals with the Chinese people. It’s when you have the state involved in such a large way that gives us some great concerns,” he said in an interview.

That’s the lesson Amy Chang hopes Canadians wanting to do business in China learn. Chang’s parents, John Chang and Allison Lu, Canadian citizens who own wineries in B.C. and Ontario, are currently being held by Chinese authorities in Shanghai over an alleged customs valuation dispute.

According to Chang, the Chinese authorities have criminalized a commercial dispute in her parents’ case.

“If this is an issue regarding undervaluation, then they can let me know and we can deal with this diplomatically. There’s no need to have Canadian citizens detained overseas and imprisoned,” Chang told The Canadian Press last spring when she visited Ottawa to plead with federal politicians for help in getting her parents released.

"[Pequim] really is a government that doesn’t play by the rules, it isn’t rule-based,” said Allison. "[Na China] we have clear violations of the rule of law as it would exist here in Canada.”

That means that when it comes to a free trade deal with China, there is no guarantee of a level playing field, ele disse.

“If you and I are making decisions in Canada based on business and personal interest and how the market economy works, that’s one thing, but we are competing with a systematically organized and controlled state-run operation. I think that skews the level playing field,” Allison said.

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Tourists walk with their luggage at Beijing International Airport on November 24, 2016.
(Fred Dufour/AFP/Getty Images)Tourists walk with their luggage at Beijing International Airport on November 24, 2016.
(Fred Dufour/AFP/Getty Images)

Having left her native China and entered the United States via a smuggling ring in 2014, Zheng Lili recalls the climax of her months-long journey, which took her around the world and cost tens of thousands of dollars.

“I was scared to death, gasping for breath, I thought I would die there.” It was at that very moment, after she crossed the Rio Grande, that she heard police officers say, “Welcome to America!"

Her first stop was Moscow. From there she went to Cuba, where a visa is not required for Chinese nationals staying less than a month, before finally arriving in Mexico City and embarking on their trek journey north.

At Mexican customs, the leader of the group Zheng was in had told everyone to slip $200 into his or her passport. They were then led to a special entryway and got through without trouble. Joined by a dozen others from different countries, they set off at midnight on a journey to the Rio Grande Valley. For two days straight, they marched over the mosquito-infested land, constantly ready to throw themselves to the ground to evade helicopters or patrol vehicles.

Zheng had become so exhausted that she had to be carried by her son and another immigrant. “We all looked forward to being arrested after crossing, because it speeds up the process,” she told The Epoch Times.

Her son was released on bail a month later, and was soon granted political asylum on account of the Christian faith he learned from his devout grandmother. Zheng was detained for two years.

Zheng Lili’s experience isn’t unique. Aug. 26 this year, twenty-three Chinese were arrested crossing San Diego’s Otay Mesa border, the largest bust of illegal entry by Chinese nationals via Mexico.

Along with seven Mexicans, the group was discovered while they were going through a cross-country tunnel from Mexico. All came from southeastern China—22 from the coastal province of Fujian and one from the neighboring province of Guangdong.

Zheng, also from Fujian, arrived in the United States in 2014 and spent two years in detention before she was reunited with her husband in 2016. Her husband, Chen Zhiqiang, was himself an illegal immigrant: he had gained entry over two decades earlier with a fake passport obtained in the Netherlands. Chen and Zheng were the last of 39 Chen-surnamed families in their town that left home for the United States.

Fujian has historically been one of the largest sources for Chinese immigrants. Changle District, which in the late 1970s became one of the first Chinese ports opened up for international trade, gained the nickname “Village of Smugglers.” From 1980 para 2005, sobre 200,000 people had been trafficked to overseas destinations, according to Sina, an online Chinese media group.

In Fuzhou, capital of Fujian, tens of thousands of “left-behind children” lived with their grandparents, according to Beijing News. The parents—unauthorized immigrants working in the United States—sent their toddlers back because they had no extra energy or time to take care of them after toiling for 13 hours a day or more. Changle District, which lies near Fuzhou and has around 712,500 residents, counted 5,000 U.S.-born children in 2012. Nearly every local household had someone living overseas.

Fujian has a long tradition of emigration, beginning in antiquity as Chinese merchants left the mainland and settled abroad, often in Southeast Asia. In the early 1960s, Fujianese sailors who took work in Hong Kong discovered that they could earn 15 times as much in the United States, sparking a first wave of emigration to the West.

Gradually an extensive network and an industry of smuggling developed. “When other people got out and we didn’t, it made us look bad,” unnamed immigrants told Sohu, another Chinese media site. Villagers in Changle would set off fireworks to celebrate whenever someone made it to the United States.

“There have been lots of historical cases of Chinese people being brought into the United States illegally on ships, in railroad coaches, hidden in cars, through tunnels, on airplanes – every imaginable way that humans can think of to cross the border,” Elliot Young, a history professor at Portland, Oregon’s Lewis and Clark College and author of the book “Alien Nation,” which documents China’s immigration history to the United States, told Voice of America.

“The Chinese were among the first to invent these ways of evading border control,” Elliott Young said.

Zheng Qi (not related to Zheng Lili), chairman of the Fukien Benevolent Association of America, made his way into America with a Thailand tourist passport, according to U.S.-China Press. In his unsuccessful first attempt, the Hong Kong-based travel agency got him a travel visa to Canada, which got him to the Canadian border before he was discovered and repatriated.

o Migration Policy Institute estimates about 268,000 illegal or undocumented immigrants from China, making them the fifth largest group among over 11 million illegal immigrants residing in the United States, and the largest of all non-Latin American nations. In a 2016 relatório, the MPI identified China as one of the world’s leading sources of immigrants.

Over a period of seven months from October 2016 to this May, the California border patrol apprehended 663 Chinese trying to illegally enter the United States, a huge jump from a mere 48 over the same period in 2016, and just 5 the year before, NBC 7 relatado.

Smugglers see Chinese clients as more profitable than those from Latin America or Mexico, since gangs can demand higher fees due to the longer travel route. In the past few decades, the cost of smuggling an immigrant has more than doubled, rising from $30,000 para $50,000 para $70,000, according to the Council on Foreign Relations.

Rarely are these fees paid upfront to smugglers, called shetou or “snakeheads” in Chinese, according to the professor Elliott Young.

Young observed that the immigrants would usually arrange with the smuggler on a certain amount of down payment—around a few thousand dollars—and “work off their debt in the United States by working in a business.” “They work in restaurants, garment factories and other, often Chinese-owned, businesses," ele disse.

A sarcastic Chinese expression describes a typical illegal immigrant’s day-to-day life upon arriving the United States: “Daytime at the stove, nighttime on the pillow, and weekend at the lawyer’s.”

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In a video released by the Chinese court, a visibly shaken Lee Ching-yu can be seen reading out a statement in court that admits his guilt for “subverting” the Chinse government. Lee’s wife can be seen sitting in the last row of the court room. (Weibo Screenshot/Yueyang Intermediate People's Court)In a video released by the Chinese court, a visibly shaken Lee Ching-yu can be seen reading out a statement in court that admits his guilt for “subverting” the Chinse government. Lee’s wife can be seen sitting in the last row of the court room. (Weibo Screenshot/Yueyang Intermediate People's Court)

The Chinese regime held a show trial to convict Lee Ming-che, a Taiwanese human rights activist who has been imprisoned in China since March of this year under charges of “subversion.”

Lee is the first Taiwanese citizen ever to become a political prisoner in China, and the case has attracted considerable international attention. Human rights groups and Lee’s wife blasted the Chinese regime’s treatment of Lee and have criticized the trial as a mockery of justice.

Lee Ming-che disappeared in late March 2017 when he attempted to enter China via Zhuhai, Guangdong, from Macau. The Chinese regime later confirmed that Lee was detained and charged with “subversion.” Lee’s alleged crimes consisted of sending books and materials to friends in China who are interested in human rights, and engaging in online chat group discussions with other Chinese human rights advocates.

Depois de 170 days in jail, the 42-year-old Lee went on trial in Yueyang Intermediate People’s Court in Hunan on Sept. 11. The hearing was broadcast live on the court’s Weibo (China’s equivalent of Twitter), supposedly to demonstrate that the trial was fair and open. Lee was tried along with his co-defendant Peng Yuhua who allegedly also participated in the “subversive” online chat group.

In the video, a visibly shaken Lee pleaded guilty to charges of “subverting state power,” and can be seen reading out a statement in court that blamed “false portrayals of China in Taiwanese media” for his action. He also expressed his “gratitude” to the Chinese authorities and said he saw how “fair and civilized” China’s justice system is.

As is typical with China’s judicial system, nowhere in the recorded video of the proceeding did Lee’s court-assigned “attorney” speak in Lee’s defense, nor make any statement contradicting the prosecutors’ charges. The trial ended with both Lee and Peng’s “confessions,” and the court announced that a hearing on sentencing will be held in future date.

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Lee’s wife Lee Ching-yu who was allowed to travel to China and attend the court on Monday, released a statement asking the Taiwanese people to forgive her husband for the “embarrassing confession” he made in court under duress. Chinese authorities only allowed Lee to enter court in the middle of the proceedings, and she was seen sitting in the last row of the court room.

The court’s Weibo published several photos of the trial, including one that shows Lee Ching-yu reunited with her husband and holding his hands.

Since his arrest in March, Lee Ming-che was not allowed any communication with the outside world—not even his wife and family. Lee’s wife later posted on Facebook that she felt Lee was afraid of saying anything in front of her, and all that the couple could do was to hold hands and look at each other.

“I am proud of you, Lee Ming-che!” Lee’s wife Lee Ching-yu posted a photo on Facebook showing support for her husband prior to Monday’s court trial. (Lee Ching-yu’s Facebook)

Lee Ching-yu has launched a relentless and high profile public campaign to seek her husband’s release. Anteriormente, Lee attempted to travel to China in April but was rejected from boarding at the Taoyuan airport as her travel permit to mainland China was cancelled by the Chinese regime. She later traveled to the United States in May and testified at a U.S. Congressional hearing. She also met with various human rights NGOs and Trump administration officials.

The Taiwanese public has reacted to the trial with anger. Many Taiwanese netizens have been using the hashtag “We are all Lee Ming-che” on Facebook and other social media to express their solidarity with Lee.

Taiwan’s Mainland Affairs Council, which serves as the country’s official agency dealing with the mainland Chinese regime, dispatched a team of advisors and assistants to accompany Lee Ching-yu to China. Tt also released a statement after Monday’s trial that says that it is “disappointed” that the Chinese government did not observe due process in the trial.

Despite this, many inside Taiwan still perceive the government’s response to the case as too weak and insufficient to demonstrate Taiwan’s resolve.

Anteriormente, Taiwan’s Tsai Ing-wen administration had sought to minimize confrontation with the hostile Chinese regime on the other side of the strait. After reports surfaced that there was some friction between Lee Ching-yu’s high profile campaign and the Taiwanese government’s low profile approach to the case, the Tsai administration publicly pledged to ramp up efforts to rescue Lee Ming-che,

Lee is notable for being the first ever Taiwanese citizen to be recorded as a political prisoner in China by the political prisoner database maintained by U.S. Congressional Executive Commission On China (CECC).

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This picture from North Korea's official Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) taken on August 29, 2017 and released on Aug. 30, 2017 shows North Korea's intermediate-range strategic ballistic rocket Hwasong-12 lifting off from the launching pad at an undisclosed location near Pyongyang. (STR / AFP / Getty Images)This picture from North Korea's official Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) taken on August 29, 2017 and released on Aug. 30, 2017 shows North Korea's intermediate-range strategic ballistic rocket Hwasong-12 lifting off from the launching pad at an undisclosed location near Pyongyang. (STR / AFP / Getty Images)

The Chinese regime is on high alert for radiation seeping into China from North Korea’s latest nuclear test.

The test took place less than 50 miles from China’s border. The magnitude-6.3 earthquake could be felt by locals and Chinese hundreds of miles away as the nuclear test went off. A smaller tremor followed. It could be from a structural collapse after the first earthquake. The worry is that radiation was emitted into the atmosphere due to underground shifting, The Wall Street Journal reported.

The Chinese regime said that testing centers haven’t detected radiation yet. Soil, air, and water will continue to be tested. Seismologist Steven Gibbons told WSJ that it may take days or weeks to detect radiation. An environmental issue could become a political issue if the regime thinks that it is being perceived as weak on North Korea.

Chinese officials are reported to have told South Korea’s former President Park Geun-hye that North Korea’s nuclear testing in 2013 contaminated the Yalu River, which runs across the border between China and North Korea. Chinese officials neither confirm nor deny the comment, but since 2013 China has added several radiation-monitoring stations.

China had planned to add at least two more monitoring stations, to come some time after the latest nuclear test. This sixth test was the largest out of North Korea and 10 times bigger than last year’s test blast. A potential radiation leak is a great concern to the 100 million residents of China’s northeastern provinces. Exposure to the radioactive elements emitted in a blast could cause cancer or even death.

“If it turns out that there is fallout, and some leaking that threatens northeastern China, it will likely change China’s stance,” said Zhu Feng, an expert from Nanjing University. “It would need to tell people that it will keep [Coreia do Norte] under check.” China is North Korea’s biggest trade partner, aid donor, and investor.

Nuclear tests are conducted underneath a large mountain. The North Korean state-run news agency stiffly stated that the test went off without a problem. “There’s a lot of mountain to go before you reach air,” said Gibbons. But Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organization head Lassina Zerbo said that a leak could spread over northeastern China and then into far eastern Russia over the week.

There is also worry that the nuclear tests could set off a volcano on the border that is known as Mount Changbai to Chinese and Mount Paektu to Koreans. Chinese locals near the Korean border are worried about the panic continued testing could create. The last test was already a huge shock.

Kim Jong Un has bragged about having the capability of reaching the United States with a nuclear-tipped ICBM. The United States has systems in place to detect any such launch, Fox New reported. Military spy satellites can pick up a heat and plume signature of a launched missile. The detection can be transferred to NORAD and to U.S. Strategic Command.

Missile defense can then be put into action by ground-based interceptors on the U.S. West Coast.

A partir de NTD.tv

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Dan Blumenthal (center), Director of Asian Studies at the American Enterprise Institute, speaks at a discussion on U.S-Korea relations at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, on Sept. 5, 2017, in Washington. (Paul Huang / The Epoch Times)Dan Blumenthal (center), Director of Asian Studies at the American Enterprise Institute, speaks at a discussion on U.S-Korea relations at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, on Sept. 5, 2017, in Washington. (Paul Huang / The Epoch Times)

WASHINGTON – In the aftermath of last week’s nuclear test by North Korea that allegedly detonated a hydrogen bomb, experts suggest that the time is now for the United States to apply overwhelming pressures on China so as to force it into giving up the rough Kim regime and put an end to its seemly-endless provocations and aggressions.

Dan Blumenthal, Director of Asian Studies at the American Enterprise Institute, said on Tuesday that it is possible for the United States and China to reach an agreement over the future of the Korean Peninsula, provided that United States “makes China feel so much pain over its relationship with North Korea” so that China would eventually give up its support for the totalitarian Kim Jong-un regime.

Among a panel of experts that participated in the discussion on U.S.-South Korea strategy hosted by the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) on Sept. 5, all agreed that a unification of the Korean Peninsula under the democratic rule of the South Korea should be desired “end goal” for both the United States and South Korea. Contudo, Dan Blumenthal was the most vocal when it came to advocating a hardline policy against China over its support for North Korea.

“What we need to do, and what we have done effectively, is to scare China,” said Dan Blumenthal, "[The United States should] make China very scared, and on its heels about what we are going to do, and what we are capable of doing.”

Blumenthal also said that Trump’s approach to North Korea is more or less on the right trajectory: “The policy adopted by the Trump administration right now is to tie North Korea as a liability for China, to make China feel so much pain for its relations with North Korea,” said Blumenthal, “at some point China would say, enough is enough.”

“China will help get rid of Kim regime, and give him a nice villa in Shenyang, with Dennis Rodman as his companion,” said Blumenthal.

After North Korea’s sixth nuclear test on Sunday, President Trump vowed that the United States will stop all trade with any country doing business with North Korea. China is currently North Korea’s biggest trading partner. Previously Trump has said many times that he was “disappointed” in China for not helping stop North Korea’s nuclear aggressions.

A B-1B long range strategic bomber in a file photo. In July this year the U.S. flew two of the bombers over the North Korean penninsula in a demonstration of force. Michael Green, the senior vice president for Asia and Japan Chair at CSIS, said that China needs to be compelled to change through a forcible approach, such as building the fear of a U.S. attack on North Korea in the minds of the Chinese regime rulers. (Courtesy USAF/Getty Images)

A B-1B long range strategic bomber in a file photo. In July this year the U.S. flew two of the bombers over the North Korean penninsula in a demonstration of force. Michael Green, the senior vice president for Asia and Japan Chair at CSIS, said that China needs to be compelled to change through a forcible approach, such as building the fear of a U.S. attack on North Korea in the minds of the Chinese regime rulers. (Courtesy USAF/Getty Images)

Michael Green, the senior vice president for Asia and Japan Chair at CSIS, said that he would substitute the word “incentivize” for the word “scare.” However, Green also acknowledged that China needs to be compelled to change through a forcible approach, such as building the fear of a U.S. attack [na Coreia do Norte] in the minds of the Chinese regime rulers.

Other experts expressed more doubt over the possibility that the Chinese regime’s behavior could be changed. Laura Rosenberger, Director of Alliance for Securing Democracy said, “I am more pessimistic on it. We forget that [the Chinese regime] has a communist party leadership. That’s an existential issue.”

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Chinese President Xi Jinping in Xiamen, southeastern China's Fujian Province, on Sept. 5, 2017.
(WU HONG/AFP/Getty Images)Chinese President Xi Jinping in Xiamen, southeastern China's Fujian Province, on Sept. 5, 2017.
(WU HONG/AFP/Getty Images)

North Korea declared that it tested its sixth nuclear bomb on Sept. 3, a move emphatically condemned by UN Secretary General António Guterres and U.S. President Donald Trump, who threatened to stop trading with any country doing business with the reclusive communist country.

Of all the countries that have diplomatic ties with North Korea, Trump’s threat probably hits closest to home for the Chinese regime, North Korea’s largest and historically most loyal ally.

Over the years, China has supported its communist neighbor, fearing that a collapse of the Kim regime would send thousands of refugees pouring into the country.

The Chinese regime also uses North Korea as a bargaining chip with the United States, claiming that China is the only one that can bring North Korea to the table, says Chen Pokong, a China current affairs analyst.

But the Chinese regime also doesn’t want to deal with the backlash and instability in the region that North Korea has created.

<a href="http://img.theepochtimes.com/n3/eet-content/uploads/2017/07/12/GettyImages-689969574.jpg" class="light-box" data-lightbox="59aefff3999db" data-title="The test fire of a ballistic missile at an undisclosed location in North Korea in an undated photo released by North Korea’s official Korean Central News Agency on May 30, 2017.
(STR / AFP / Getty Images)”>The test fire of a ballistic missile at an undisclosed location in North Korea in an undated photo released by North Korea's official Korean Central News Agency on May 30, 2017.  (STR / AFP / Getty Images)

The test fire of a ballistic missile at an undisclosed location in North Korea in an undated photo released by North Korea’s official Korean Central News Agency on May 30, 2017.
(STR / AFP / Getty Images)

For these reasons, Beijing has shown its disapproval of North Korea’s brinkmanship, but at the same time, has not done a great deal to stop it.

Chinese leader Xi Jinping and Russian President Vladimir Putin, who were at a summit in China during the most recent nuclear test, both ambiguously vowed to “appropriately deal” with” the North’s provocations, according to Chinese-state-run media.

When North Korea fired a missile over Japan on Aug. 29, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying called for restraint from all parties and for everyone to study the “relevant resolutions by the UN Security Council.”

This raises the question of whether China, in the event of an all-out conflict, would ultimately take the side of the United States or its maverick neighbor.

While the Chinese regime under Mao signed a pact with North Korea in 1961 that obliged China to come to North Korea’s aid in the event of an attack, Xi’s administration has begun to show signs of ending China’s long-standing support for the Kim regime.

Earlier in August, China approved UN sanctions against North Korea after Trump put significant pressure on Beijing to rein in its rogue neighbor.

Beijing also announced in mid-August that it would ban imports of products like coal, fish, and iron from North Korea starting Sept. 5—a significant move considering that about 90 percent of North Korea’s export income comes from trade with China.

China has also reportedly been fortifying its border with North Korea by sending more troops to the region, holding military drills, and gathering intelligence through 24-7 vigilância.

Ao mesmo tempo, China has declared that it “will never allow chaos and war on the peninsula,” according to China’s representative to the UN.

Further aggravating North Korea’s relationship with China is Pyongyang’s timing. Both the missile over Japan and the nuclear test come close to the Chinese regime’s 19th Party Congress, a once-in-five-year event at which China’s new leadership is chosen.

“The Chinese Communist Party needs to create a stable environment [ahead of the 19th Party Congress],” said Chen Pongkong. “That means the CCP is willing to compromise with others, even submit to humiliation. [North Korean leader] Kim Jong Un sees this, so he always picks this most crucial time to be provocative.”

NOS. President Donald Trump and Chinese leader Xi Jinping walk together at the Mar-a-Lago estate in West Palm Beach, Fla., on April 7, 2017. (JIM WATSON/AFP/Getty Images)

NOS. President Donald Trump and Chinese leader Xi Jinping walk together at the Mar-a-Lago estate in West Palm Beach, Fla., on April 7, 2017. (JIM WATSON/AFP/Getty Images)

When Trump and Xi met in person for the first time in April, North Korea was one of the topics of conversation. Coming out of that, Trump said he better understood the complexity of China’s situation and was optimistic that Xi would help the United States deal with North Korea.

“They have pressures that are tough pressures, and I understand. And you know, don’t forget, China, over the many years, has been at war with Korea—you know, wars with Korea. It’s not like, ‘Oh, gee, you just do whatever we say.’ They’ve had numerous wars with Korea,” he told White House reporters in July.

Although the Chinese regime has agreed to cooperate with the United States to sanction North Korea, their starting points differ. The Chinese regime advocates all sides coming to the table, whereas the United States wants North Korea to abandon its nuclear program before it will sit down to talks.

Recently however, Trump has hinted that negotiations, whether North Korea lays down its nuclear arsenal or not, are futile.

“North Korea is a rogue nation which has become a great threat and embarrassment to China, which is trying to help but with little success,” he tweeted Sept. 3. “South Korea is finding, as I have told them, that their talk of appeasement with North Korea will not work, they only understand one thing!"

What Kim Wants

Analysts believe that Kim Jong Un craves the respect that comes with being recognized as a nuclear power, and has no interest in abandoning its nuclear weapons.

“While geographically a small nation, if it is a big nuclear nation, the Kim empire—his dictator regime—will last forever. So Kim is pursuing the stability of his regime,” Chen Pongkong said.

“North Korea’s ultimate goal is to force the United States to accept it as a nuclear state, and to be able to talk to the United States on this basis,” said NTD TV’s East Asia political affairs analyst Wen Zhao.

North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un (C) in Pyongyang on Fe. 22, 2017. (STR / AFP / Getty Images)

North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un (C) in Pyongyang on Fe. 22, 2017. (STR / AFP / Getty Images)

Contudo, it doesn’t look likely that the United States and other nuclear nations will willingly allow North Korea to be a nuclear power.

If Trump carries through on his threat to cut trade ties with North Korea’s backers, he could be looking at a trade war with one of the United States’ largest trading partners—China.

Trump has made no secret about the fact that he wants to re-negotiate trade deals with the world’s second largest economy, saying to reporters in July, “I’ve been going a little bit easier [on China] because I’d like to have their help … But we have to fix the trade with China because it’s very, very non-reciprocal.”

“In terms of North Korea, our strength is trade,” he added.

The United States is China’s largest importer. If Trump follows through with his threats, the Chinese regime could be forced to choose between the survival of its own economy and that of North Korea’s.

“Once the pressure is high enough, I believe the Xi government will choose the option with the least negative consequences,” said Chen Kuide, the chief editor of China in Perspective, a digital Chinese language magazine out of Princeton that covers China’s democracy movement and rights issues.

A partir de NTD.tv

NTD News’ Tina Lin contributed to this article.

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NOS. Rep. Jim BridenstineNOS. Rep. Jim Bridenstine

espaço de longa data defensor Rep. Jim Bridenstine (R-Oklahoma.) foi nomeado pelo presidente Trump para ser o próximo administrador da NASA. Birdenstine é conhecido por seu forte apoio a uma nova missão tripulada à Lua, e por sua crença de que os Estados Unidos precisam de desafiar sempre crescente presença da China no espaço.

A nomeação do ex-piloto da Marinha e três prazo congressista de Oklahoma tem sido esperado há algum tempo, e finalmente foi anunciado em setembro. 1. Anteriormente, Trump encarregado vice-presidente Mike Pence levar uma restabelecida Conselho Espacial Nacional destinado a revigorar e reafirmando a U.S. presença no espaço.

Bridenstine tem sido uma voz activa no Congresso para aumentar a U.S. compromisso com o programa espacial. Dentro 2016 Bridenstine introduzido H.R.. 4945, o ato americano Espaço Renascença, que buscava reformar e modernizar o U.S. programa espacial de uma forma abrangente. Embora o ato não avançar, alguns dos seus elementos foram incorporadas na legislação mais tarde.

A nomeação poderia enfrentar um desafio no Senado e já provocou críticas por parte de dois senadores da Flórida, Republicano Marco Rubio eo democrata Bill Nelson. Flórida é o lar de NASA, e ambos Rubio e Nelson se queixaram de que Bridenstine, um político, carece de experiência em gestão.

Contudo, alguns observadores especularam que a oposição de Rubio poderia ter sido parcialmente motivada pelo apoio do Bridenstine para oponente principal do Rubio Ted Cruz na 2016 campanha presidencial GOP, o que causou as relações entre o Oklahoman eo Floridian para se tornar amargo.

A indústria voo espacial privado em grande parte saudou a notícia da nomeação de Bridenstine. Federação do Comércio Spaceflight (CSF), um grupo de defesa voo espacial privado composto por gigantes da indústria espacial, como SpaceX e XCOR Aerospace, emitiu um declaração louvando a nomeação de Bridenstine do presidente Trump.

“A NASA precisa de liderança dedicado e inspirado, e Representante Bridenstine é uma excelente escolha para fornecer precisamente esse,”Disse S. Alan Stern, presidente do conselho da CSF.

similarmente, vários peritos espaciais têm manifestado apoio à Bridenstine. "[Jim Bridenstine] entende tecnologia espacial, economia e política melhor do que a maioria das pessoas que aconselham nossos outros decisores políticos sobre esses tópicos,”Referido espaço pesquisador e educador Greg Autry. Anteriormente Greg Autry tinha servido como elo de ligação da administração Trump para a NASA. “Longe de ser um político, Bridenstine é um aviador bem informado e líder,”Autry disse.

Desafiando a presença da China no espaço

Bridenstine já anteriormente manifestou sérias preocupações sobre as ambições espaciais da China, como ele vê a U.S. presença no espaço e competição com outros adversários lá como intimamente ligados com a segurança nacional. O apoio da Bridenstine para uma nova missão tripulada à Lua está parcialmente motivada pela presença cada vez maior da China e em torno da Lua.

Em julho deste ano 20, 1969 foto de arquivo, astronauta Edwin E. “Buzz” Aldrin Jr. fica ao lado de um U.S. bandeira plantada na lua durante a Apollo 11 missão. Aldrin e Neil Armstrong foram os primeiros homens a caminhar sobre a superfície lunar. Jim Bridenstine, administrador recém-nomeado da trombeta de NASA, promete competir com a China no espaço com o lançamento de nova missão tripulada à Lua. (Neil A. Armstrong / NASA)

“Como a economia cis-lunares desenvolve, competição para locais e recursos na Lua é inevitável,”Jim Bridenstine escreveu em um post dentro 2016, “Os chineses têm atualmente landers e rovers na Lua. Os Estados Unidos não faz.”

Noutro post dentro 2015, Bridenstine escreveu que: “Estamos vendo os russos e tentativa chinesa para negar espaço para nós. Os russos estão lançando coisas para o espaço que não estão sendo registrado com as agências que normalmente estar registrados “.

“O espaço já não é incontestável,”Bridenstine escreveu. “Ele está sendo contestada, e é congestionado.”

Se confirmado pelo Senado, Bridenstine vai dirigir uma agência que atualmente tem um orçamento anual de mais de $19 bilhão. O orçamento atual no entanto ocupa menos de 0.5 por cento do orçamento federal total de, uma parcela pequena em comparação com o auge da NASA. Durante a década de 1960 nos Estados Unidos afectou quase 5 por cento do orçamento federal anual para a NASA para financiar as missões espaciais tripuladas à Lua.

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O Salão Royce no campus da UCLA, em Los Angeles nesta foto de arquivo. (Kevork Djansezian / Getty Images)O Salão Royce no campus da UCLA, em Los Angeles nesta foto de arquivo. (Kevork Djansezian / Getty Images)

Três em cada quatro mulheres da China que foram acusados ​​de fraude em exames de língua para ganhar a admissão em universidades americanas declararam-se culpados. O caso destaca o fenômeno crescente de estudantes chineses que usam fraude para entrar no U.S. sistema de educação, uma indústria que nas últimas décadas tem visto uma confiança cada vez maior na taxa de matrícula de estudantes chineses.

No início de maio, NOS. promotores preso Yue Wang, Shikun Zhang, Leyi Huang, e Xiaomeng Cheng, todos os estudantes chineses nos Estados Unidos na F-1 vistos de estudante, e carregada -los de conspiração para defraudar os Estados Unidos.

Os promotores disseram que Wang, um estudante na Hult International Business School, foi pago para fazer o exame TOEFL para os outros três estudantes chineses, que usaram seus resultados dos testes fraudulentos para obter admissão para fora dos EUA. faculdades, incluindo Arizona State University, Universidade do Nordeste, e Penn State University. Os alunos, então, obtido vistos do U.S. Departamento de Estado com base em suas ofertas de admissão.

TOEFL é um exame amplamente utilizado para avaliar a competência de língua Inglês de estudantes estrangeiros que aspiram a ganhar admissão em U.S. faculdades e em todo o mundo. O teste é utilizado por mais de 9,000 faculdades, universidades e agências em todo o mundo.

Os promotores disseram que Wang foi pago $7,000 para fazer o teste em 2015 e 2016 para os outros estudantes chineses, depois que anteriormente fez o teste e não conseguiu cumprir as pontuações mínimas exigidas para entrar seu respectivo U.S. faculdades.

Enquanto cada uma das mulheres enfrentou até cinco anos de prisão se for condenado, Cheng, Zhang, e Wang concordou em se declarar culpado em agosto. 30 em troca de promotores reduzindo suas frases para tempo de serviço e deportação para a China. Leyi Huang recusou um acordo judicial semelhante.

Batota como uma indústria

Entre os estudantes chineses a prática ilícita de contratar um impostor (também conhecido como um “atirador” em chinês) para fazer o exame de entrada tem sido um amplamente conhecidos fenômenos que já existe há anos na indústria educação no exterior de bilhões de dólares do país.

Por exemplo, uma acusação federal em 2015 carregada 15 cidadãos chineses com enganar o sistema vestibular usando passaportes falsos e impostores de fazer o teste, de acordo com New York Times.

Captura de tela de um site chinês que vende o serviço de tomar exames de admissão para estudantes chineses. O site discute repressão do presidente U.S Trump sobre a fraude de imigração, como os tomadores de exame TOEFL fraudulentas, e diz que a empresa vai evitar fazer os exames em centros de testes em todo o Estados Unidos.

Captura de tela de um site chinês que vende o serviço de tomar exames de admissão para estudantes chineses. O site discute repressão do presidente U.S Trump sobre a fraude de imigração, tais como os fraudulentos tomadores de exame TOEFL, e diz que por essa razão a empresa vai evitar fazer os exames em centros de testes em todo o Estados Unidos.

Uma pesquisa aleatória na internet mostra imediatamente inúmeros sites chineses que vendem a tomada de TOEFL e outros exames de admissão. Os vendedores geralmente garantir uma alta pontuação no teste TOEFL, que o comprador pode usar para solicitar a admissão em U.S. faculdades.

Um tal não sítio yhtoefl.net-vende apenas TOEFL, mas também outros testes de acesso mais avançados, tais como o GRE (Graduate Record Examination) eo SAT (Teste de aptidão escolar, usado para a admissão para U.S. Faculdade).

O site yhtoefl.net, que fornece nenhuma informação sobre o que a empresa é o dono ou seu endereço físico, proeminente exibe exemplos de TOEFL que foram “encomendados” no passado, e diz que a empresa tem “8 anos de experiência” no negócio e emprega mais 500 “tomadores de exames profissionais” em toda a China, Hong Kong, Cingapura, e outras grandes cidades onde os exames podem ser tomadas. O site cobra uma “preço razoável” para o teste TOEFL, que varia entre 10,000 para 30,000 Yuan chinês (US $ 1.500 a US $ 4.500), embora não se sabe como esse preço se compara com a média da indústria.

O mesmo site ainda publicou um artigo discutindo a Maio 2017 caso relativo aos quatro estudantes chineses nesta história.

"Desde a [NOS. Presidente] Trump entrou em funções, ele foi apertando a política de imigração, e como resultado, aqueles que tentam enganar o U.S. sistema de imigração teriam de enfrentar uma punição severa,”O site diz. “É por isso que preferem fazer os exames para você na China, uma vez que o governo chinês não se importaria se os estudantes chineses são golpes do U.S. governo."

Captura de tela de um site chinês que vende o serviço de tomar exames de admissão para estudantes chineses. O site discute repressão do presidente U.S Trump sobre a fraude de imigração, como os tomadores de exame TOEFL fraudulentas, e diz que a empresa vai evitar fazer os exames em centros de testes em todo o Estados Unidos

Captura de tela de um site chinês que vende a tomada de exames de admissão para estudantes chineses. O site discute repressão do presidente U.S Trump sobre a fraude de imigração, tais como os fraudulentos tomadores de exame TOEFL, e diz que por essa razão a empresa vai evitar fazer os exames em centros de testes nos Estados Unidos.

Tuition-fome U.S. Abuso faculdades de combustível

O número de estudantes chineses que vêm para os Estados Unidos para o ensino superior tem visto um rápido aumento na última década e, em 2016 atingiu o recorde de 304,000, ou 31 cento de todos os estudantes estrangeiros nos Estados Unidos, de acordo com um relatório pelo Instituto de Política de Migração. O fenômeno reflete população cada vez mais ricos da China, muitos dos quais podem dar ao luxo de pagar uma bolada para uma educação americana que traz prestígio e uma perspectiva para um bom trabalho.

Northeastern University em Boston, MA, que admitiu um dos estudantes condenados neste caso de fraude TOEFL, tem 11,702 estudantes internacionais no ano lectivo em curso e é o lar de uma das maiores populações Chinês-estudantes no país.

Ao contrário de estudantes americanos, estudantes internacionais como os da China tendem a pagar o custo total da taxa de matrícula, que muitas vezes é duas vezes ou mais a quantidade que seus colegas americanos pagam. muitos U.S. universidades e faculdades que tiveram dificuldade em encontrar estudantes nativos suficientes já abriu suas portas para uma enorme quantidade de dinheiro chinês por admitir um grande número de estudantes chineses. E muitos deles não são competentes em Inglês.

A alta concentração de estudantes chineses muitas vezes significa que os novos alunos passam a maior parte de seu tempo livre com outras Chinese, e seus Inglês continua pobre, mesmo após anos de viver e estudar nos Estados Unidos. A indústria que trai TOEFL e outros exames de admissão tem provavelmente fez a situação para os estudantes chineses piores.

De acordo com uma recente história por John Pomfret, o ex-chefe do escritório de Pequim do Washington Post, muitos educadores e estudantes reconheceram em privado que U.S. instituições enfrentam um “problema endêmico e terrível”, com estudantes chineses do continente, como o sistema é cada vez mais vista como quebrado e atormentado por abusos.

Na mesma história John Pomfret aponta que porque um grande número de estudantes chineses na América não têm a habilidade necessária em Inglês, estes estudantes não conseguem integrar-se na U.S. meio Ambiente, o que pode levar a problemas mais graves. Os alunos mal-integrados, de acordo com Xaputas, poderiam ser alvos fáceis para o regime chinês para influenciar e controlar através da propaganda e aparelhos de gerência de regime no exterior.

Um tal aparelho é os estudantes chineses e Scholars Association (CSSA), uma organização chinesa apoiada pelo estado envolvido no controle e espionar estudantes e estudiosos chineses no exterior. estudantes chineses não preparados para uma educação americana naturalmente gravitar em torno de organizações como a CSSA porque “nos oferece um lugar para ir quando estamos com saudades de casa,”De acordo com a entrevista de Pomfret com um estudante chinês.

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Senator Joel Anderson speaks in front of the California State Capitol in Sacramento during a rally to support a resolution condemning the Chinese Communist Party's persecution of Falun Gong practitioners, em agosto. 29, 2017. (Mark Cao/Epoch Times)Senator Joel Anderson speaks in front of the California State Capitol in Sacramento during a rally to support a resolution condemning the Chinese Communist Party's persecution of Falun Gong practitioners, em agosto. 29, 2017. (Mark Cao/Epoch Times)

SACRAMENTO, CA—Impassioned speeches asking Californians to stand together against tyranny were heard at the State Capitol on Aug. 31 when around 200 Human Rights activists gathered to show support for SJR 10—a resolution that condemns the Chinese Communist Party for its ongoing persecution of Falun Dafa practitioners.

State legislators as well as three survivors of the brutal persecution, implored Californians to stand together against the “egregious state-sponsored violence,” as one Senator put it, that is now occurring in China.

On Aug. 29, the resolution had passed the Judiciary Committee hearing unanimously. But then on Sept. 1, the day following the rally, the State Senate unexpectedly voted to refer SJR 10 back to the Rules Committee—essentially blocking it from coming to a vote in the Senate.

Foreign Interference

The action appears to be the direct result of interference by the Chinese communist regime in American governmental affairs.

That morning, the members of the Senate received by email an unsigned letter on the stationary of the Chinese Consulate in San Francisco.

“We would like to urgently draw the attention of the California legislature to SJR-10,” the letter begins. “This may deeply damage the cooperative relations between the state of California and China.”

Later, the letter points out the high level of trade China has with California, the great number of tourists from China who visit the state, and how China is the largest source of foreign students who attend California’s colleges and universities.

Then it directly asks legislators not to support the resolution, “so as not to sabotage the friendship and sustainable development between California and China.”

The author of the resolution, Senator Joel Anderson, knew that passing an official condemnation of China’s human rights abuses would not be easy.

At the rally Anderson said: “I proudly stand here with everyone to condemn the Chinese Government for their persecution of Falun Gong practitioners. … It takes great courage to stand up against persecution, to stand up against one of the greatest nations in the world—China—and to call them out for their practice of harvesting organs and the genocide they have created against Falun Gong. Together, we’ve taken our first steps towards defending freedom and human rights.”

Falun Dafa, também conhecido como Falun Gong, is a traditional Chinese spiritual discipline that consists of performing gentle exercises and living by the principles of truthfulness, compaixão, e tolerância. First brought to the public in 1992, it spread rapidly throughout China and by 1999 havia 70 milhões para 100 million people practicing.

Fearing its popularity—there were more Falun Gong practitioners than members of the Communist Party—then Chinese leader Jiang Zemin banned the practice and enlisted the nation’s entire security complex, meios de comunicação, and judiciary to participate in a massive persecution campaign that continues today.

colheita de órgãos

The persecution over 18 years has amounted to genocide. At the rally, Anderson used this weighty word and called for it to stop.

“In World War II, there were deniers who said the Holocaust didn’t exist, who said it wasn’t happening. We now know that the Holocaust happened and that millions of Jews lost their lives. I will not stand by and watch millions of Falun Gong practitioners lose their lives,” Anderson said.

“If you feel strongly and you believe that nobody should be persecuted or executed for their body parts because they practice a faith, then you need to call your legislator and tell them that they need to stop genocide in China," ele disse.

Anderson was referring to the murder of Falun Gong practitioners to supply China’s flourishing organ transplantation industry.

Em julho 2006, Canada’s former secretary of state (Asia/Pacific) David Kilgour and international human rights lawyer David Matas released a report, "Bloody Harvest,” which investigated allegations that Chinese state institutions were “harvesting organs from live Falun Gong practitioners, killing the practitioners in the process.”

Kilgour and Matas determined it was true.

Former Canadian Secretary of State for Asia-Pacific David Kilgour presents a revised report about continued murder of Falun Gong practitioners in China for their organs, as report co-author lawyer David Matas listens in the background, on Jan. 31, 2007. (O Epoch Times)

Former Canadian Secretary of State for Asia-Pacific David Kilgour presents a report about the murder of Falun Gong practitioners in China for their organs, as report co-author lawyer David Matas listens in the background, on Jan. 31, 2007. (O Epoch Times)

Dentro 2016, Kilgour and Matas, joined by Ethan Gutmann (author of “The Slaughter: Mass Killings, colheita de órgãos, and China’s Secret Solution to Its Dissident Problem” ) released an updated report.

o relatório explains that it represents “a meticulous examination of the transplant programs of hundreds of hospitals in China, drawing on media reports, official propaganda, medical journals, hospital websites and a vast amount of deleted websites found in archive.”

The researchers analyzed hospital revenue, bed counts, bed utilization rates, surgical personnel, training programs, state funding and more, and concluded that China performs 60,000 para 100,000 transplants per year—not 10,000 as the regime claims.

The authors determined that most of the organs come from Falun Gong practitioners, with a lesser number from other prisoners of conscience drawn from Tibetans, uigures, e cristãos Casa.

Call to Action

Rally at the California State Capitol in Sacramento support of resolution SJR 10, which condemns the Chinese Communist Party for its ongoing persecution of Falun Dafa practitioners, Aug. 31, 2017. (Mark Cao/Epoch Times)

The rally was part celebration that the resolution had passed out of the Judiciary Committee and part encouragement, to help whip up support for the resolution in Senate.

At the heart of Anderson’s resolution were three statements:

Resolved by the Senate and the Assembly of the State of California, jointly, That the Legislature expresses support for Falun Gong practitioners’ 18-year nonviolent resistance against persecution, which exemplifies uncompromising courage and human spirit; and be it further

Resolved, That the Legislature condemns any government-sanctioned persecution of Falun Gong practitioners in the People’s Republic of China or elsewhere; and be it further

Resolved, That the Legislature urges the President and the Congress of the United States to condemn any government-sanctioned persecution of Falun Gong practitioners in the People’s Republic of China or elsewhere;

Joining Senator Anderson in authoring SJR 10 are four State Assembly members—Democrats Adrin Nazarian and Cristina Garcia, and Republicans Randy Voepel and Tom Lackey—making the resolution a bipartisan effort.

Voepel also spoke at the rally, affirming the importance of the resolution and the message it sends to the Chinese regime.

“It makes the vital statement that we stand against oppression—against a regime that wants to control the minds and bodies of its own people,” Voepel said. “Organ harvesting is big money over there—it’s an underground economy.

“That is pure evil in the world, and I will stand up against evil in any way I can.”

Three Falun Gong practitioners who now live in California also spoke, sharing heartbreaking stories of being arrested, brainwashed, and brutally tortured simply because they would not give up their beliefs.

randyvoepel

Resolution co-author Assemblyman Randy Voepel speaks during a rally on Aug. 29, 2017 in Sacramento, in support of Falun Gong practitioners’ peaceful resistance in the face of persecution. (Mark Cao/Epoch Times)

They also described how while in labor camps, only Falun Gong prisoners were given regular blood tests and brief medical exams, which was odd since clearly the regime did not care for the health of prisoners it was torturing. They believed these tests were for the purpose of establishing a living organ bank. One medical researcher compared detained practitioners to lobsters in the tank in a seafood restaurant, ready to be plucked out whenever needed.

David Xu was a financial software engineer in China. His good friend was tortured to death while imprisoned in 2011. In April 2016, Xu feared it was his turn.

Kidnapped from his home, he was taken to a brainwashing center where he endured extreme torture. The most frightening moments for him were when his blood was taken. He was well aware of the regime’s practice of harvesting the organs of Falun Gong practitioners and was terrified for his life. He went on a hunger strike for 18 days before he was released.

Safe in America, he can’t stop worrying about his friends and family back in China. “Even though I escaped, It is hard for me to find peace in my heart because there are still so many Falun Gong practitioners in prison there.”

His story is echoed by Jie Li and Yolanda Yao. Speaking to the crowd, they both shared chilling stories of imprisonment, tortura, and mysterious blood tests. They saw fellow practitioners beaten mercilessly, and then saw them disappear.

Yolanda Yao, now a resident of Sunnyvale, had to give up her PhD studies because of the persecution. She was arrested in 2011 and spent two years imprisoned. “Words cannot describe the pain I have felt. I experienced firsthand the brutality of the persecution of Falun Gong practitioners. Those were the darkest moments of my life.”

Imprisoned in the Beijing Women’s Labor Camp, she spoke of being subjected to around-the-clock brainwashing sessions and unrelenting mental and physical torture. Forced to sit in a child’s chair for 10 para 11 hours every day, her legs and feet would swell immensely, resulting in severe bruising and ulceration in her back and hips.

She was also forced to perform to slave labor in summer temperatures surpassing 100 degrees, and was once soaked in pesticide when the 70-pound barrel she was carrying on her back leaked all over her.

The most horrific thing she experienced, Contudo, were the blood tests she and fellow Falun Gong practitioners were given three times a year. Like Xu, she was aware of the forced organ harvesting, and was certain that their blood was being tested to evaluate them as potential candidates.

Although she is safe in California, her heart is still in China with her elderly parents who are both imprisoned for their beliefs. “The suffering and torment I experienced in the labor camp still haunts me to this day. It horrifies me to know that my parents are suffering the same fate.”

Her only solace is the hope that through international pressure and individual actions they will be released. She ended her speech with a plea:

“I humbly ask for your help in raising public awareness of this brutal persecution and hope that together we can bring an end to 18 years of harassment, tortura, killing, and most heinous of all, forced organ harvesting of Falun Gong practitioners.”

State Assembly Member Tom Lackey shares his hope that the people of California will stand together and oppose these crimes. “That you have a government that would actually approve such a hurtful and wicked practice is just unimaginable. These people have no control—those of us who do need to speak very loudly so we can influence the government and pressure them to change this policy so that lives can be saved.”

Additional reporting by Stephen Gregory

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Chinese doctors carry fresh organs for transplant in 2012. (Screenshot/Sohu.com)Chinese doctors carry fresh organs for transplant in 2012. (Screenshot/Sohu.com)

China recently claimed to have nearly 300,000 registered donors and boasted it would surpass the United States in organ transplants by 2020, during a major organ transplant conference in the southwest Chinese city of Kunming on August 3 para 5.

China’s claims of an explosive rise in organ donations and transplants are cause for alarm, according to Dr. Torsten Trey, o diretor executivo de Médicos contra a colheita de órgãos Forçado.

Dr. Trey spoke with The Epoch Times in a recent interview, laying out his concerns over the transparency of China’s organ transplant system, and pointing to the possibility of ongoing abuses.

O Epoch Times: China has stated that they have almost 300,000 registered organ donors and claimed that it has successfully reformed its organ donation system. Do you find the claims credible?

Dr. Torsten Trey: In the United States, it took approximately 20 years to create a donation system. Na China, the environment is even more conservative in terms of donations than the U.S. Traditionally, Chinese people are against organ donations. And in the particular case of China, there is even a regulation that if only one family member rejects the organ donation from a deceased relative, the organ cannot be procured. portanto, even if people register as organ donors, there are still obstacles ahead that don’t exist in the U.S. Além disso, once a person is registered, the person usually does not pass away within 2-3 years after registration.

To develop a voluntary, free organ donation system requires time. A fast development is rather a sign that the system is not growing voluntarily. And then there is again the question: where do the organs come from?

O Epoch Times: What are the standards for determining if an organ a transplant system is transparent and credible? How is China’s system different from that of the U.S. and other developed countries?

Dr. Trey: Transparency and traceability of organ donors are criteria among the WHO Guiding Principles for transplantation. Without transparency, transplant medicine is walking a very narrow path where abuse can unhinge the very principles of the medical practice: medicine is supposed to save lives, and do no harm, yet in transplant medicine one depends on an organ from another person to provide cure for the patient. If that transplant organ is procured in an unethical way, in a way where the life of the donor is jeopardized or even killed, then this would violate the mission of medicine. Transparency and traceability are the minimum requirements to prevent such abuse.

In order to assess whether a transplant and organ donation system is meeting these WHO guidelines, an independent examiner needs to be able to ask—at any time and for any organ—where the organ comes for, who the relatives are, who the donor is, what the cause of death was, and whether there was voluntary, free and informed consent. This is common practice in all western countries.

Na China, we see the opposite: there is no access for independent examiners—except maybe for biased examiners—or to examiners who are not aware of the findings of independent investigators.

O Epoch Times: How has China managed to escape independent scrutiny then? And what would it entail?

Dr. Trey: Scrutiny requires access on the ground. China keeps control over it; they decide who can enter or not. The best comparison is made with the business world. If a company wants to produce inside China, they have to collaborate with a Chinese company, and they have to reveal their technology. This is unheard of in other countries, I believe. On the surface it is just an IT privacy issue, but on a deeper level it is censorship of who can enter the country. Same in the transplant field: those organizations and doctors who were invited and granted access to “inspect” transplant centers are only those doctors who have proven over the years that they only write in a pro-China style. It is censorship in transplant scrutiny—like in business—which guarantees there won’t be inconvenient questions or investigations. Companies and doctors alike who abide by Chinese censorship are granted access to the country.

Em outras palavras, by selecting who can access the country, truly independent scrutiny is systematically prevented. If China would be really open for transparency they would allow the true critics, who ask real scrutinizing questions, to enter the country. The intention of this strategy is to fool the international community with pseudo-independent inspections.

O Epoch Times: How did Huang Jiefu, China’s organ transplant spokesperson, respond to international allegations that many of China’s organs have been sourced from prisoners of conscience, mainly Falun Gong practitioners? Why did he say the claims were “nonsense”?

Dr. Trey: Em fevereiro 2017, during his visit to the Vatican in Rome, Huang Jiefu simply replied that allegations of the number of Falun Gong victims were “nonsense.” Other than saying that this is nonsense, there has been basically no statement deflecting the findings from investigators or providing data that would say otherwise.

Given that there has been international criticism for more than 11 anos, it would be fairly easy for China to let investigators enter China and investigate. It is surprising that China endures the criticism, instead of dispelling these allegations by allowing international inspections.

There are books filled with evidence, hundreds of pages of evidence, with countless testimonies by Falun Gong practitioners, etc. Thus rejecting all this with just one word—”nonsense”—is absolutely inadequate. But to a certain degree, it also proves that the allegations and the evidence are true, at least in part, as Huang Jiefu is not able to provide any response to counter the allegations.

O Epoch Times: 30 leaders of foreign organ transplant societies and associations attended the recent transplant conference in Kunming. And Chinese media reports cited international transplant experts lauding reforms in China’s organ transplant system. What would you like to say to them?

Dr. Trey: It is commendable, if China, or any other country, makes genuine reforms to meet ethical standards. But it would be a fatal mistake to applaud such reforms if they are only covering up more severe crimes against humanity. In that case, the alleged reforms cannot be considered reforms, but a scheme to deceive Western doctors and to cover up ongoing forced organ harvesting. If reforms are praised while the hidden forced organ harvesting of Falun Gong practitioners and other prisoners of conscience continues, then we find this devastating situation where applause resounds while innocent people are slaughtered for their organs.

As a representative of international medical organizations, one has the responsibility to consider the victims first: reforms are good, but the well-being of potential victims to forced organ harvesting is the first thing to guarantee. Can you guarantee that no prisoner of conscience is being killed for their organs? If you can guarantee it, then feel free to applaud. But if you cannot guarantee that not a single Falun Gong practitioner is being forcibly organ harvested somewhere in China, then hold your applause and keep scrutinizing. Anything different would be irresponsible and premature.

O Epoch Times: In an interview with Global Times, a subsidiary of a mouthpiece paper of the Chinese Communist Party, Huang Jiefu claimed that China was not the first to use prisoners as a source for organs.

Dr. Trey: Huang Jiefu suggested the U.S. invented this practice of using executed prisoners as a source of organs. In that interview, he also suggested the U.S. is the “the most rampant organ trafficking country in the world.” This is of course false. And it is a shame because many of the doctors who support him the most come from the U.S. Interestingly, this was only an interview in a Chinese newspaper, and it is probably little known in the West how Huang Jiefu talks about his Western colleagues.

Aside from the historic question—who was first-there is absolutely no doubt that in terms of numbers and systematic approach, China is the worst offender. Over the past 20 anos, they have killed at least hundreds of thousands of people for their organs.

With reporting by Li Chen.

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  • Autor: <a href="http://www.theepochtimes.com/n3/author/irene-luo/" rel="author">Irene Luo</uma>, <a href="http://www.theepochtimes.com/" title="Epoch Times" rel="publisher">epoch Times</uma>
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