abril 25, 1999abril 25, 1999

EDMONTON-”Foi um dia em que Deus verdadeiramente triunfou.”

É assim que Michael Cooper, MP para Edmonton-St. Albert, descrito o abril 25, 1999, evento no qual se estima 10,000 praticantes de Falun Dafa se reuniram em Pequim para protestar pacificamente o tom endurecimento da mídia estatal contra a sua prática ea prisão ilegal de seus companheiros praticantes em Tianjin nas proximidades.

Cooper estava falando em um comício realizado em Dr de Edmonton. Wilbert McIntyre Gazebo de abril 22 para comemorar o aniversário do apelo. O rali também ouviu Garnett Genuis, MP para Sherwood Park-Fort Saskatchewan, e adeptos do Falun Dafa (também chamado Falun Gong) que experimentaram a perseguição na China.

Foi a maior manifestação pacífica pro-democrática na China desde os Tiananmen manifestações pró-democráticas de 1989. Foi um feito notável.

- MP Michael Cooper

O protesto foi o maior apelo para a liberdade de crença na história recente da China, E a última vez Falun Dafa adeptos conseguiram reunir antes da perseguição brutal contra a prática foi lançado em julho 1999 pelo Partido Comunista, em seguida,-chinês (CCP) líder Jiang Zemin.

‘Um feito notável’

“É uma honra estar aqui para ficar com [praticantes de Falun Dafa] para veracidade, compaixão, e tolerância, em solidariedade para comemorar os bravos homens e mulheres que 10.000-plus [coletado] em Pequim naquele dia fatídico de abril, 25, 1999,”Cooper disse. veracidade, compaixão, e paciência são os princípios orientadores do Falun Dafa.

abril 25, 1999

Garnett Genuis, MP para Sherwood Park-Fort Saskatchewan, fala em uma reunião em Dr de Edmonton. Wilbert McIntyre Gazebo de abril 22, 2017 para marcar o 18º aniversário de abril 25, 1999 apelar em Pequim pelos adeptos do Falun Dafa. (Omid Ghoreishi / The Epoch Times)

"Homem e mulher, que se levantou pela justiça, que se levantou pela liberdade, que se levantou aos direitos humanos, que se levantou para as dezenas de praticantes do Falun Gong que dias antes tinha sido arredondado, preso, e espancado. Foi a maior manifestação pacífica pro-democrática na China desde os Tiananmen manifestações pró-democráticas de 1989. Foi um feito notável," ele disse.

Mas a resposta do regime chinês era típico de uma “ditadura comunista brutal,”Cooper observou.

Apenas três meses depois, o regime de Jiang lançou uma campanha de perseguição contra Falun Dafa, que no passado 18 anos resultou em milhares de famílias sendo destruídas, muitos enviados para campos de trabalho, muitos torturado até a morte, e muitos mais perder suas vidas no comércio transplante de órgãos sancionada pelo Estado ilícito da China.

abril 25, 1999

Dr. Minnan Liu do Falun Dafa Associação de Edmonton fala em um comício em Dr de Edmonton. Wilbert McIntyre Gazebo de abril 22, 2017 para marcar o 18º aniversário de abril 25, 1999 apelar em Pequim pelos adeptos do Falun Dafa. (Omid Ghoreishi / The Epoch Times)

“Em face de alguns dos abusos e crimes de direitos humanos mais flagrantes cometidos no mundo moderno pela ditadura comunista da China, como tem praticantes de Falun Gong respondeu?”, Perguntou Cooper.

"[eles têm] respondeu pacificamente, através da educação, através de uma campanha de sensibilização, a brilhar luz sobre os maus-os males que são perpetradas em uma base dia-a-dia na China contra o Falun Gong, e as dezenas de milhões de praticantes de direito em toda a China.”

Colheita de órgãos forçado

Cooper disse à multidão que ele e seu colega MP Genuis e outros na Câmara dos Comuns vai continuar a pressionar o governo canadense para obrigar Pequim para parar a perseguição e promover “a liberdade, democracia, e os direitos humanos “.

Canadá pode desempenhar um papel forte, defesa dos direitos humanos universais. Temos a responsabilidade de fazer isso, especialmente quando o governo fala sobre o aumento de nosso engajamento com a China.

- MP Garnett Genuis

ajoelhada, que recentemente introduziu um A conta de membro privado para combater a colheita de órgãos forçado de prisioneiros de consciência na China, disse perseguição contra todas as comunidades de fé na China está em ascensão.

“Como a China faz o seu melhor para branquear a sua imagem internacional, a perseguição está aumentando, Está ficando pior, e que exige uma resposta forte daqueles de nós no Ocidente e em todo o mundo comprometidos com a justiça e os direitos humanos,”, Disse o rali.

Ajoelhado de Bill C-350, que revive um projeto de lei apresentado na última legislatura pelo ex-ministro da Justiça Liberal Irwin Cotler, pazes Código Penal do Canadá e Imigração e Lei de Proteção de Refugiados. O projeto de lei visa torná-lo uma ofensa criminal de alguém para adquirir um órgão que eles sabem foi obtida sem o consentimento, e fazer as pessoas envolvidas na colheita de órgãos forçado inadmissível para o Canadá.

Luo Zehui (R) narra através de um tradutor como seu pai desmaiou sob tortura e depois cremado enquanto ainda está vivo na China por praticar o Falun Gong em um comício em Dr de Edmonton. Wilbert McIntyre Gazebo de abril 22, 2017. O evento foi realizado para marcar o 18º aniversário de abril 25, 1999 apelar em Pequim pelos adeptos do Falun Dafa. (Omid Ghoreishi / The Epoch Times)

De acordo com investigações do ex-secretário canadense de Estado David Kilgour, Canadian advogado de direitos humanos David Matas, e jornalista investigativo americano Ethan Gutmann, até 90,000 transplantes de órgãos têm lugar na China em uma base anual, com a maioria deles sendo prisioneiros do Falun Gong de consciência que são mortos por seus órgãos.

“O Canadá pode desempenhar um papel forte, defesa dos direitos humanos universais. Temos a responsabilidade de fazer isso, especialmente quando o governo fala sobre aumentando nosso compromisso com a China,”Genuis disse.

Perseguição

O rali ouvido de dois praticantes de Falun Gong que experimentou pessoalmente a perseguição enquanto na China.

Calgary residente Luo Zehui retransmitida em um discurso emocionado através de um tradutor que seu pai, Jiang Xiqing, foi colocado em um campo de trabalhos forçados e torturado por praticar o Falun Gong.

abril 25, 1999

Zhang Ping (R) narra através de um tradutor como ela foi preso várias vezes na China por praticar o Falun Gong em um comício em Dr de Edmonton. Wilbert McIntyre Gazebo de abril 22, 2017. O evento foi realizado para marcar o 18º aniversário de abril 25, 1999 apelar em Pequim pelos adeptos do Falun Dafa. (Omid Ghoreishi / The Epoch Times)

Jiang desmaiou sob tortura, e foi então cremado, enquanto ele ainda estava vivo, um Luo chorosa disse.

Zhang Ping, Também a partir de Calgary, falou sobre como ambos seu estado físico e mental melhorou com a prática e como ela foi capaz de harmonizar suas relações com membros da família e aqueles em sua comunidade, graças ao Falun Gong.

Contudo, devido à campanha de perseguição do PCC, ela foi preso e detido em várias ocasiões. Ela finalmente escapou China para vir para o Canadá em 2015.

“Depois de deixar minha cidade natal, em menos de um ano eu ouvi sobre três praticantes mais companheiro do Falun Gong que morreram de perseguição," ela disse.

"Havia 43 morte confirmada no local e 989 na minha província desde a perseguição começou.”

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On Oct. 24, 2016, in San Francisco, Peiqi Gu talked about her family’s educational values, and how she almost lost the chance to complete school in China due to the persecution of her spiritual faith—Falun Gong. (Cat Rooney/Epoch Times)On Oct. 24, 2016, in San Francisco, Peiqi Gu talked about her family’s educational values, and how she almost lost the chance to complete school in China due to the persecution of her spiritual faith—Falun Gong. (Cat Rooney/Epoch Times)

SAN FRANCISCO—”For 16 anos, I’ve been living in the fear of being persecuted for my faith,” said Peiqi Gu, 30, who grew up in communist China. Her faith is Falun Dafa, a Buddha School practice of the mind, body, and spirit, which is freely enjoyed nearly everywhere in the world, with the notable exception of China.

Just one year before the persecution began, Gu, na idade de 11, took up Falun Dafa (também conhecido como Falun Gong) with her mother. According to an official study, some 70 other people in China were also practicing Falun Gong; Falun Gong sources say the number was over 100 milhão.

This traditional meditation system advocates high moral values associated with truthfulness, compaixão, and tolerance as taught in the teachings of Zhuan Falun.

“I always can find very profound meaning about life, about the universe in Dafa, in reading Dafa,” said Gu, as well as how to be a good person, and how “to deal with tribulations and troubles of life.”

When the persecution started and the communist party-controlled T.V. began vilifying Falun Gong, Gu was in total disbelief. The programming aimed at instilling public fear of and hatred for Falun Gong in an attempt justify the brutal persecution.

“I was shocked because it was absolutely the opposite of what I learned by … practicing and reading the Dafa book ,because Dafa always tells you to be a good person, by following the principles of truthfulness, compassion—benevolence—and tolerance,” Gu said.

Gu and her mother set out to counteract the slander by telling others of their positive experiences with the practice. Ainda, these actions placed them directly in harm’s way.

This is a story of a loving family sticking together, of a young college girl forging a path to spiritual freedom, and in doing so, strengthening her voice to dispel the lies against Falun Gong.

Education a Family Priority

For Gu’s family, education was a top priority.

Peiqi Gu grew up in China as an only daughter of two loving parents who valued education. (Cat Rooney/Epoch Times)

Peiqi Gu grew up in China as an only daughter of two loving parents who valued education. (Cat Rooney/Epoch Times)

“I am the only child in my family. I was a very, very super-spoiled girl,” Gu said.

“It’s funny, since first grade to twelve,” Gu explained, her mom was up first to start breakfast. Her dad waited until the very last moment before calling Gu to wake up to allow her as much sleep as possible. After eating or while Gu ate, her mom did her hair. Dad got her school bag arranged, and put her shoes on then assisted her with a coat.

“Then … my dad would just open the door, so I could just run and go to school. E, my parents even moved to an apartment that was next door to my high school, so I just needed to walk five minutes to go to school and be seated in my classroom.”

School was a safe place until February of 2006, “that’s the day I will never forget, … my mom and I got arrested,” Gu said.

Arrest and Threats

Gu, her mom, and her aunt’s family were on holiday break at a hotel. “Six of us were arrested, and we were interrogated and questioned by the police separately,” Gu said.

Peiqui Gu was arrested in China along with her mother for talking about Falun Gong. The police threatened to abduct her from school and place her in detention.

Peiqui Gu was arrested in China along with her mother for talking about Falun Gong. The police threatened to abduct her from school and place her in detention. “Nobody was willing to help us… So, I feel that the whole family had collapsed,” Gu said.

“Then they figured out that only my mom and I practiced [Falun Gong], e [so] they released my aunt’s whole family.”

The arrest happened as a result of Gu and her mom giving out free DVDs to resort shop owners. The DVDs had information dispelling propaganda ploys by the government-controlled media to turn the public against Falun Gong.

Mom and daughter also talked to a shop owner about their personal experiences of becoming healthy and better people by living by truthfulness, compaixão, e tolerância.

At the police station, Gu’s mom refused to tell the police where they had gotten the DVDs they were passing out. The police then “start to threaten my mom that they would stop my education and ruin my future,” Gu said.

Depois de 48 hours in the police station, “they sent my mom to a detention center, and they asked my dad to take me home. The police … told my dad, who is not a [Falun Gong] practitioner, to take care of me because I [agora] have a criminal record in the police system, and that if I ever do that [mais uma vez]… I would definitely be arrested and they would stop my college education.”

“It was the first time I [had] ever seen my dad so desperate,” Gu said.

The threats were also hard on her mother. “My mom thought of killing herself because if they would stop my education, my mom could not forgive herself,” Gu said.

Gu’s dad reassured them that everything would be okay. He decided to ask if he could take her place if Gu should go to jail, then her studies would not be interrupted.

Impact on the Family

historicamente, the communist regime instills fear that can pit parents and children against each other as well as other loved ones. The fear is well founded.

There are chilling consequences for talking about Falun Dafa in public or not renouncing the faith when asked to by communist regime authorities. These well-documented consequences include incarceration, leading to such things as “sleep deprivation, threatening family members, denial of access to sanitation or bathrooms,” Amnesty International reports.

“The ill-treatment escalates to severe beatings, 24-hour surveillance, solitary confinement, shocks with electric batons,…”rack” torture…” and hundreds of other forms of unbelievably inhumane tortures,” according to Amnesty.

Out of fear of retaliation by the government authorities, Gu’s relatives turned their backs. “They just abandoned us in that dark night; I will never forget. They just left and … never called my dad.”

Instead of coming up with solutions, “they gathered all our relatives together … cursing us and blaming us,” Gu explained.

“Nobody was willing to help us out, to get out of that situation. assim, I felt that the whole family had collapsed.”

Now living in the United States, Peiqi Gu can openly practice Falun Gong. Her mission is to tell others about about the benefits of Falun Gong as shown here in a park in San Francisco on Oct. 24, 2016. (Cat Rooney/Epoch Times)

Now living in the United States, Peiqi Gu can openly practice Falun Gong. Her mission is to tell others about about the benefits of Falun Gong as shown here in a park in San Francisco on Oct. 24, 2016. (Cat Rooney/Epoch Times)

Ever since the day she and her mom were arrested, she said, “I’ve been living in the fear of being persecuted.”

“I couldn’t imagine [anything] worse happening to me. So the only thing in my mind during the four years in college [na China] I was thinking about how to escape, to get out from that place,” Gu said.

Several opportunities to live elsewhere came up and she took them. The final stop was the United States. With the help of U.S. praticantes de Falun Gong, “I walked away from the fear little by little,” Gu said.

Dreams of Freely Practicing Falun Gong

After college, Gu tried several places outside of China to live. “I got a job and the company sent me to Laos, a … developing country. I told myself I would rather … live there instead of going back to China,” Gu said. No more worries of being abducted.

Contudo, fear was still felt as her parents’ phone was monitored by local police.

Her job in Laos was with a hotel “where I found my interest in the hotel industry,” Gu said. And in 2014 she got accepted to a U.S. school to get a master’s degree in hospitality management.

The school granted her the opportunity to attend a conference in the Dominican Republic where for the first time since the persecution began she was able openly to practice Falun Gong.

“That moment was so beautiful. I just felt so relieved by sitting there and practicing with practitioners. I realized … the whole world welcomes Falun Dafa,” Gu said.

The practice “is originally from China, but unfortunately most of the Chinese people are unable to know the beauty of Falun Dafa.”Peiqui Gu shows a cell phone photo of her father when he visited her in the summer of 2016. She was separated from her parents for two years, the longest time she ever spent away from them. Her father

Peiqui Gu shows a cell phone photo of her father when he visited her in the summer of 2016. She was separated from her parents for two years, the longest time she ever spent away from them. Her father “knows how hard I was trying to survive alone on the other side of the world by myself,” Gu said.

Gu decided right then to continue to do what she did in China, “keep telling others, especially Chinese people, what Falun Dafa is, [and about] the wonderfulness of Falun Dafa,” Gu said.

In May of 2016, she graduated with a master’s degree in hospitality management, which led to a good job as an accountant for a boutique hotel chain.

A New life in America

She recently had a reunion with father on his visit to the United States. She was so excited that after two years of being in the States, she finally got to see him.

“I have never [been] separated from my parents for that long,” Gu said.

As a young professional working as an accountant for a high-end boutique hotel chain, Gu is on top of her world with a new life in the United States and awaiting a reunion with her parents. (Cat Rooney/Epoch Times)

As a young professional working as an accountant for a high-end boutique hotel chain, Gu is on top of her world with a new life in the United States and awaiting a reunion with her parents. (Cat Rooney/Epoch Times)

Her dad couldn’t believe that his little girl was all grown-up, very independent, with school completed, a new life and friends, and a good job.

“He knows how hard I was trying to survive alone on the other side of the world by myself,” Gu said.

Gu’s family hope one day soon to be reunited permanently.

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Sobre 6,300 praticantes de Falun Gong formar um emblema do Falun Gong e os caracteres chineses, veracidade, compaixão e tolerância na Praça da Liberdade, em Taipei em Nov. 26, 2016. (Chen Po-chou / Epoch Times)Sobre 6,300 praticantes de Falun Gong formar um emblema do Falun Gong e os caracteres chineses, veracidade, compaixão e tolerância na Praça da Liberdade, em Taipei em Nov. 26, 2016. (Chen Po-chou / Epoch Times)

TAIPEI, Taiwan-Após dois dias de trabalho intensivo e preparação, um símbolo enorme apareceu no centro do palco na Praça da Liberdade de Taiwan, nomeado para seu papel na transição da ilha de regime de partido único para a democracia.

em novembro. 26, vestindo amarelo, azul, vermelho, e roupa preta, sobre 6,300 praticantes da disciplina espiritual Falun Gong formado um grande emblema junto com os três caracteres chineses para veracidade, compaixão, e tolerância, o ensinamento central da Falun Gong. o símbolo, chamado de “Falun” em “roda lei chinesa e significado,”Inclui o tradicional budista“srivatsa " e taoístas “Taiji”. É o emblema do Falun Gong, também conhecido como Falun Dafa (Grande Caminho da Roda da Lei).

Os participantes, principalmente praticantes de Falun Dafa que vivem em Taiwan, praticantes incluídos do Japão, Coreia do Sul, Hong Kong, Vietnã, Cingapura, e na Indonésia. A formação do caráter tornou-se uma tradição anual, realizada em novembro, para comemorar o mês de volta em 1997 quando o Sr.. Li Hongzhi, o fundador do Falun Gong, visitou a ilha pela primeira vez.

“O mundo precisa veracidade, compaixão, e tolerância. ", disse Huang Chun-mei, organizador da atividade e vice-presidente de Taiwan Falun Dafa Association. “Se todos na sociedade segue estes princípios, nossa sociedade será melhor.”

A formação do caráter, Contudo, tem um significado muito mais profundo. Huang Chun-mei explicou que a formação do caráter iria colocar um controlo sobre a perseguição violenta continuou de praticantes do Falun Gong na China, e, contrário à propaganda pelo regime chinês, mostram que a disciplina budista prospera em todo o mundo, com pessoas praticando Falun Gong em mais de 100 países.

Do Design à Formação

O planejamento e projeto realmente começou há mais de dois meses atrás, disse Wu Ching-Hsiang, um arquiteto aposentado, que tem sido responsável por desenhar as plantas para formações de caracteres de Taiwan desde 2009. Ele também forneceu desenhos para atividades semelhantes realizados em Washington D.C. e Nova York.

Wu explicou em entrevista por telefone por isso recebendo o modelo certo foi um processo tão longo: "Uma vez, depois que eu terminei um desenho e de repente estava dito que não haveria 1,000 participantes adicionais, Eu tive que redesenhar rapidamente o projeto “.

Wu acrescentou que a história da formação do caráter, na verdade se originou na China. Mas ao contrário daqueles realizada na China e no resto do mundo, a formação em Taiwan envolve frequentemente imagens mais complexas.

“Formas geométricas envolvendo linhas retas ou ângulos de 90 graus não são difíceis,”, Disse Wu. “É imagens com linhas curvas, que são mais desafiadora.” Para fornecer um exemplo, Wu acrescentou que os participantes formam o mais complicado, mas belos caracteres chineses em escrita clerical, uma forma de caligrafia chinesa hoje, em oposição ao estilo de escrita mais simples no passado.

Na China, tais formações de caracteres de grande escala eram comuns na China antes de Julho 1999, antes da perseguição começou. Desde então, profissionais em Taiwan, os Estados Unidos, e muitos outros países têm tentado manter viva a tradição.

Wu disse que na formação este ano, além do emblema e os caracteres chineses, há também os raios de luz descritas na amarelo. estes raios, de acordo com Wu, representar a graça de Buda iluminando o mundo.

Preparação

Dois dias antes da formação dos personagens, preparação na Praça da Liberdade começa. Centenas de praticantes, principalmente a partir de Taipei, vir a folhas de plástico redondos colocar manualmente coloridas e gravá-los para seus respectivos lugares.

Wang Chung-tung, 66, um capitão frete marítimo aposentado e ex-professor assistente em Taipei Faculdade de Tecnologia Marítima, disse que ao longo dos anos ele já tinha lutado através de condições meteorológicas adversas, formigas vermelhas, e ainda serpenteia durante a preparação, como as formações às vezes eram mantidos na grama em vez de concreto.

Um sentimento de gratidão a Falun Gong levou Wang ser diligente ao longo dos anos em ajudar com os preparativos para a formação do caráter. Wang tomou a prática em 2002 depois de seu 20-year-longa carreira trabalhando no mar, onde “não havia uma linha fina entre a vida ea morte.” Com Falun Gong, ele disse que encontrou o sentido da vida que ele havia desejado durante seus anos em navios.

similarmente, Chuang Mao-queixo, 56, um funcionário do governo aposentado do Departamento Nacional de Comércio Exterior, disse que tinha vindo a tomar parte nos preparativos desde 2011. Ano passado, Mao recordou como ele ainda decidiu ajudar com a preparação, embora ele estava sob o tempo, por causa da gratidão que sente pela boa qualidade de sono ele tem desfrutado desde que começou a praticar o Falun Gong em 2010.

Para muitos voluntários se transformando para a formação do caráter foi uma oportunidade de dizer transeunte, Praça especialmente continente chinês turistas-Liberdade é um local de atracção turística popular em Taiwan sobre as injustiças ainda sofria por praticantes do Falun Gong na China.

“Os turistas facilmente encontrar a formação de caráter muito interessante, não apenas no dia da formação real, mas dias antes, quando a preparação está em andamento,”Disse o Dr.. Huang Hui-chun, 37, um cardiologista trabalhando no National Taiwan University Hospital, e um médico uma vez 2006.

Huang Chung-Peng, 56, proprietário de uma empresa de hardware mecânica em New Taipei City, disse que ele teve uma vez para explicar como Taiwan é diferente da China, quando um turista chinês ficou chocado ao descobrir que o governo de Taiwan tinha concedido permissão para os praticantes do Falun Gong a realizar uma grande atividade tão pública.

“Quando continente chinês, depois de usar software anti-censura, ver fotos da formação do caráter, eles vão perceber como Falun Gong é praticado abertamente em Taiwan,"Disse Huang Chung-Peng.

Oportunidade Apenas em Taiwan

Para muitos profissionais em outros países asiáticos, para participar na formação do caráter em Taiwan foi uma oportunidade a não perder.

“Falun Gong é bem-vinda em qualquer lugar do mundo, exceto a China,"Disse Sato Kunio, 53, um proprietário de hotel na cidade japonesa de Chiba, que nasceu em Harbin, China antes de se mudar para o Japão em 1980. Ele começou a praticar o Falun Gong em 1996 e tem participado em formação de caráter várias vezes de Taiwan.

Para Rosy Ngygen, 34, gerente de contas sênior do Vietnã que começou a praticar o Falun Gong em 2012, a oportunidade era precioso, dado que era impossível realizar uma atividade de grande escala como esta em seu próprio país, devido à pressão política da China.

Ngyugen explicou, “O governo vietnamita não se opõe Falun Gong, mas não quer fazer a virada governo chinês também.”

Kim Jung Soo, um funcionário aposentado do governo no departamento de educação em Busan, Coreia do Sul, participou, embora ele só tinha sido praticando por três dias. Ele agradeceu a sua esposa para apresentá-lo ao Falun Gong. Ele disse que ela tinha mostrado “paz e serenidade” como um praticante para o último 14 anos.

Enquanto os participantes estavam sentados para fotografar e filmar, muitos turistas parou por autorretratos com o cenário raro e colorido.

"Bonita. Eu não sei a história deste, mas aos meus olhos, é muito bonito,”Disse a Sra. Sangsajja, uma dona de casa da Tailândia.

Jose Collazo, um analista de negócios de Porto Rico, disse que tinha ouvido falar sobre a perseguição do grupo na China. Ele gostou da formação do caráter.

“É muito colorido. Eu gostaria de poder vê-lo de lá em cima," ele disse.

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Xin Ziling em uma fotografia sem data. (Apollo Net)Xin Ziling em uma fotografia sem data. (Apollo Net)

Xi Jinping é amplamente mal interpretado pela mídia e intelectuais, porque eles não entendem a dinâmica de poder dentro do regime comunista chinês hoje, de acordo com maverick aposentado oficial defesa Xin Ziling.

Nascido Canção Ke, na província de Hebei, no norte da China, Xin juntou Exército de Libertação do Povo em 1950 na idade de 15. Xin diretor finalmente fez da China National Defense University, instituição de ensino superior mais elevada do país por funcionário da Defesa.

Hoje, Xin é mais conhecido como um crítico ardente do regime que não tem medo de abordar sensíveis tópicos, ele é o autor de um altamente crítico livro na ex-ditador chinês Mao Zedong; ele tem falado contra a perseguição ao Falun Gong do ex-líder do Partido Jiang Zemin, uma prática espiritual tradicional chinesa; e se juntou a outros estudiosos e jornalistas em chamar para o regime de censura final.

Recentemente, Xin Ziling foi entrevistado pela edição em língua chinesa Voz da América como parte de uma série em 6 de Plenum do Partido Comunista. Embora a entrevista foi realizada antes da reunião recém-concluído, sua identificação das falhas geológicas na política de elite partido permanece altamente relevante. Nós já traduzidos da entrevista, e editado por brevidade e clareza.

***

Questão: Quais são seus pensamentos sobre o 6º Plenum?

Xin Ziling: Esta reunião diz respeito à luta interna no Partido Comunista Chinês. Xi Jinping se dirige um grupo de reformistas, e eles estão sendo contestado por uma facção liderada por Jiang Zemin.

A 6ª Plenum trará uma resolução geral para esta luta, e deve haver resolução completa na liderança até ao Congresso Nacional 19 do Partido Comunista; de outra forma, o 19º Congresso não pode ser realizada. Por exemplo, Se Jiang ainda é permitido alguns dizem em assuntos do dia, ele poderia escolher mais três membros do Comitê Permanente do Politburo [servindo membros do Comitê Permanente Liu Yunshan, Zhang Dejiang, e Zhang Gaoli são conhecidos aliados de Jiang]. Como é que aceitável? O que será da China, em seguida,? Eu também acredito que [Xi Jinping] vai conclusivamente resolver problemas organizacionais na 6ª Plenum.

Agora todo o Partido tem, essencialmente, endossado Xi Jinping assumindo o título de líder “core”. Em outras palavras, A posição de Jiang Zemin como “core” do Partido está em declínio; anteriormente, Jiang ainda tinha influência, mas agora muitos quadros são muito mais claras sobre a situação global. Li recentemente que os líderes da 28 províncias foram substituídos dentro de um período de nove meses. Se um quadro se recusa a mudar sua mentalidade política e postura, ele será substituído e tratado pela organização do partido.

Eu sou otimista sobre as perspectivas. Por isso quero dizer que Xi Jinping será vitorioso, os reformistas será vitorioso, eo povo chinês será triunfante. China não pode progredir sem o expurgo de funcionários de esses corruptos grandes tigres, tigres médio, e tigres velhos. [“Tiger” é festa linguagem para corromper funcionários de alto escalão.]

Também é impossível para a realização de progressos sobre a reforma política e questões como a Praça Tiananmen Massacre ea reabilitação política do Falun Gong se Jiang Zemin não é removido. Com fileiras de grandes tigres obstruindo o caminho, não há nenhuma maneira de resolver esses problemas. As condições e tempo deve ser bom para uma resolução abrangente para ser alcançado, e sua possível que algo virá da 6ª Plenum que vai sacudir o povo eo Partido.

Q: Você que acha que Xi Jinping pode resolver os problemas de Tiananmen e Falun Gong quando ele se torna líder “core”?

por favor: Não é uma questão de probabilidade; Xi Jinping vai certamente resolver esses problemas. praticantes de Falun Gong podem e têm arquivado queixas criminais contra Jiang Zemin com o Tribunal Popular Supremo e Procuradoria Popular Suprema ... estes órgãos judiciais já aceitaram estas queixas. Falun Gong e Tiananmen deve ser resolvido. Xi Jinping não pode carregar esse fardo daqui para frente; ele é cristalina sobre este assunto.

Q: advogados de direitos humanos foram presos, peticionários foram suprimidos, a liberdade de expressão está sendo restringido, e muitas pessoas têm sido processados ​​por comentários que fizeram na internet. Poderiam esses incidentes têm acontecido se Xi Jinping não deu um aceno?

por favor: Deixe-me fazer um esclarecimento. Há atualmente dois centros de poder no Partido Comunista Chinês. E Xi Jinping não tem poder completo antes do 6º Plenum.

Leve o aparelho político e jurídico, por exemplo. Em teoria, depois de Zhou Yongkang foi purgado, Xi devia ter recuperado o controlo sobre o aparelho. Na realidade, Contudo, a direção aparelho pode ser influenciada de incontáveis ​​maneiras; muitos funcionários ainda estão realizando políticas de Zhou Yongkang, se consciente ou inconscientemente.

Recentemente houve um homem chamado Wang Zhiwen [o ex-coordenador Falun Gong em Pequim] que foi impedido de deixar o país em Guangzhou. Xi Jinping definitivamente não é por trás disso. Porque as pessoas que bloquearam Wang ainda tem algum poder.

Hoje em dia, quem faz a culpa pessoas comuns quando estão infelizes sobre algo? Eles culpam o líder topo, e dizer que é Xi Jinping está fazendo, mesmo quando não é a sua ideia. Esta situação decorre de caluniar e o chamado “escurecimento avançado” [gaojihei em chinês].

Aqueles velhos tigres e grandes tigres da facção de Jiang enfrentar o destino de ser purgado. Então eles pensam: Se eu sou um caso perdido, então eu vou derrubá-lo, também. Eles, então, tentar sabotar Xi, e danificar sua reputação política. Mas Xi não é por trás de muitos incidentes; o fechamento de Yanhuang Chunqiu [uma publicação correu reformista por quadros maioria idosos partido] foi obra de Liu Yunshan [o chefe de propaganda e ideologia].

Agora Xi Jinping não pode abandonar seus planos na 6ª Plenum ou seus objectivos globais para lidar com os problemas específicos causados ​​pela facção de Jiang. Como o líder de mais alto escalão, Xi precisa lidar com todos esses problemas de forma abrangente em termos de estratégia, direção, e política. Ele precisa obter todos os quadros para implementar políticas do Partido Central; tendo o líder top corrigir todos os problemas causados ​​por quadros não compatíveis é impossível.

Dado as circunstâncias, muitas pessoas, incluindo a mídia e os intelectuais, tem um monte de mal-entendidos sobre Xi Jinping. Eles vêem aumento das restrições sobre os meios de comunicação, e as pessoas ficar preso. Mas se Xi não tem conhecimento de um monte de coisas até que elas acontecem, o que ele está a fazer?

Q: não é Xi Jinping ciente de que sua reputação e credibilidade são danificados quando essas coisas acontecem?

por favor: É claro que ele está consciente. E é isso que o leva para resolver todas estas questões uma vez por todas na 6ª Plenum! Se Xi não tomar medidas, o que, em última análise enfrenta é Autoridades chinesas arrastando os pés, ou mesmo realizando o oposto do que ele quer. Alguns funcionários podem pensar: Você não permitir-me a aceitar subornos, isso é bom. Eu não vou fazer qualquer trabalho, e trazer a administração do governo inteiro a uma parada. Então as pessoas vão culpar Xi Jinping.

A questão organizacional pode ser resolvido através da nomeação de novos funcionários e limpando a ardósia no 19º Congresso. Jiang Zemin tem construir suas redes de facções no Partido durante mais de duas décadas, e as raízes ele afundados são entrelaçados e muito profundo. Este não é um problema fácil de resolver, mas Xi não será capaz de empurrar através de suas políticas sem corrigir esse problema. Então o caso de ordens não deixando Zhongnanhai [os funcionários sede da liderança do partido em Pequim] persistirá.

Q: Por vários meses, tem havido muitas mudanças nas fileiras da liderança provincial topo. Você acredita que Xi Jinping é responsável pela reorganização?

por favor: Certamente. Agora, muitos quadros de nível provincial são compromissos de Xi. Estas mudanças de pessoal foram feitos para evitar um golpe político ocorra durante o 6º Plenum eo 19º Congresso. Essa também é a razão por trás da reorganização dos principais líderes em 28 províncias 9 meses.

Q: Após as recentes reformas militares, se Xi Jinping tem total controle sobre os militares?

por favor: Você poderia dizer isso. reforma militar é uma operação maciça; francamente, Mao Zedong não se atreveu a fazê-lo, e nem Deng Xiaoping. O que Xi tem feito é sem precedentes, mas, novamente, ele foi forçado a isso. Guo Boxiong e Xu Caihou [dois ex-vice-presidentes militares desgraça] teve Hu Jintao sob seu polegar por uma década; todos no exército era leal a eles. Se este problema não for resolvido em um nível fundamental, é impossível para ganhar o controle sobre os militares.

de fato, Xi força lutou de volta o controle dos militares, ea luta continua a crescer. Recentemente, havia mudanças muitos pessoal nas forças armadas; isso foi feito para limpar a influência remanescente de Xu Caihou e Guo Boxiong. Por que isso é necessário? Porque muitos dos subordinados de Xu e Guo ainda estão no escritório, e cujo lado estão ainda é incerto. Contudo, a situação geral tenha sido resolvido, e Xi Jinping está firmemente no controle dos militares. Sem controlar os militares, não pode haver nenhuma maneira para Xi para contra-atacar nesta luta em curso. Por isso, é razoável para Xi ter começado com a reforma militar, e para purgar Xu Caihou e Guo Boxiong.

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Torsten Trey, o diretor executivo de Médicos contra a colheita de órgãos Forçado, fala em um evento em Taipei em Fev. 27, 2013. (Poche Chen / Epoch Times)Torsten Trey, o diretor executivo de Médicos contra a colheita de órgãos Forçado, fala em um evento em Taipei em Fev. 27, 2013. (Poche Chen / Epoch Times)

Médicos contra a colheita de órgãos Forçado, uma coalizão governamental de profissionais médicos, declarou a data de outubro. 1 a "Dia Internacional contra a colheita de órgãos Forçado.”Este ano é a ocasião inaugural, e para marcá-lo o grupo pediu ao Alto Comissariado das Nações Unidas para os Direitos Humanos a tomar medidas sobre o abuso.

As preocupações dos DAFOH, como a organização é muitas vezes conhecido, concentrar-se principalmente sobre o que eles descrevem como a matança de prisioneiros de consciência na China para órgãos-a prática é considerada por pesquisadores para atingir principalmente os praticantes de Falun Gong, uma disciplina espiritual que foi marcado para eliminação desde 1999, bem como outras comunidades étnicas ou religiosas, INCLUINDO tibetanos, uigures, e, possivelmente, alguns cristãos “igrejas domésticas”.

Aqueles preocupados com a questão são intimados por DAFOH baixar sua petição e enviá-lo para ambos DAFOH eo endereço de e-mail do Alto Comissariado da ONU para os Direitos Humanos. A petição expressa “alarme ... [em] a massa de evidência de colheita de órgãos forçado de prisioneiros de consciência na China “.

O Conselho exorta a Alta Comissária, atualmente o príncipe Zeid Ra'ad bin de Jordan, invocar China para cessar a colheita de órgãos forçado, “Iniciar novas investigações objetivas que levam ao julgamento dos autores envolvidos neste crime contra a humanidade,”E também invocam a cessação da perseguição ao Falun Gong.

Falun Gong, um conjunto de cinco exercícios slow-motion e ensinamentos morais centrada nos princípios da verdade, compaixão, e tolerância, ganhou popularidade significativa na China durante a década de 1990, antes que se abateu sobre a ira do líder na época, Jiang Zemin.

De acordo com a mais recente pesquisa pelos investigadores David Kilgour, David Matas, e Ethan Gutmann, entre 60,000 e 100,000 transplantes de órgãos foram realizados por ano na China desde por volta do ano 2000 - apenas seis meses após a perseguição ao Falun Gong começou. Durante este período, China afirmou que quase a única fonte de seus órgãos eram de morte prisioneiros no corredor - mesmo como o número de executees corredor da morte caiu, ano após ano.

Dada a enorme disparidade entre o número de transplantes e execuções judiciais, Contudo, (pesquisadores dizem que o último número é apenas nos milhares por ano), investigadores têm explorado fontes alternativas de órgãos, e concluiu que os praticantes de Falun Gong são direcionados. As provas que sustentam esta inclui clandestinamente gravado chamadas de telefone com os médicos que dizem ter órgãos saudáveis ​​de Falun Gong, vários relatórios independentes de análises ao sangue sob custódia, sobrepõem entre o pessoal envolvido no transplante de órgãos campanha e anti-Falun Gong, e uma gama de outros indicadores.

DAFOH destaca em seu site um número de declarações de apoio internacional, incluindo do Japão e dos Estados Unidos.

Hiroshi Yamada, Membro da Câmara de Vereadores na Dieta japonesa, é citado dizendo: “Eu sinceramente expressar minha condolências àqueles que foram vítimas da colheita de órgãos forçado. Vamos tomar uma ação do Japão para que este Holocausto, que desafia o espírito sublime da medicina, será eliminado o mais rápido possível através de uma forte solidariedade das pessoas com a consciência em todo o mundo “.

Um número de documentos U.S. também forneceram comentários federais e estaduais eleitos por ocasião. “Queridos Membros da Comissão de Direitos Humanos das Nações Unidas,”Escreve Estado Rep. Michael F. Curtin de Ohio. "Por muitos anos, Tenho sido profundamente preocupado com a crescente evidência de colheita de órgãos forçado na China e no resto do mundo.

o U.N. Comissão de Direitos Humanos tem o dever moral de fazer tudo ao seu alcance para pôr fim a este flagelo ultrajante, uma afronta à civilização e uma afronta à própria humanidade “.

Congressista Michael G. Fitzpatrick, um republicano da Pensilvânia, entrou a comemoração para a Casa de registro de Representantes com um declaração sobre setembro. 30. “Esta prática é uma outra forma de mal no nosso tempo e as Nações Unidas será ainda mais alertados para este crime contra a humanidade, como estamos," ele disse.

incidentalmente, ou não, a data de outubro. 1 contém significado adicional: É nesta data em 1949 que Mao Zedong proclamou a República Popular da China.

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Huang Jiefu, o porta-voz em questões de transplante chineses, evita a repórteres em recente conferência bienal da Sociedade de Transplantes em Hong Kong em agosto. 19. (Yu Kong / Epoch Times)Huang Jiefu, o porta-voz em questões de transplante chineses, evita a repórteres em recente conferência bienal da Sociedade de Transplantes em Hong Kong em agosto. 19. (Yu Kong / Epoch Times)

autoridades de transplante de órgãos da China pode tomar uma folha do playbook relações públicas do candidato presidencial republicano Donald J. Trunfo: Se você fizer um tropeço, apenas fingir que nada aconteceu.

este, finalmente, seria uma possível explicação para a substituição silenciosa da questão 491 na 500 “Perguntas Frequentes” no site da Fundação para o Desenvolvimento transplante de órgãos na China, uma agência ligada ao Estado promover a doação voluntária.

No início de agosto, a pergunta era: “Pode prisioneiros na prisão aplicam-se a doar seus órgãos após a morte?"

A resposta: “Enquanto eles cumprem os requisitos básicos de doação de órgãos, a função do órgão é normal, eles estão dispostos, e não há compensação, prisioneiros podem todos o mesmo doar órgãos.”

A existência da pergunta e resposta foi, em primeiro lugar, uma contradição bizarra e pública da política oficialmente declarado das autoridades chinesas sobre a reforma transplante de órgãos.

O porta-voz transplante de órgãos na China, Huang Jiefu, tem desde dezembro 2014 sido promissores que há mais órgãos seriam provenientes de prisioneiros no corredor da morte.

Não ficou claro o porquê uma pergunta no próprio site semi-oficial da China, pertencente à fundação executado por Huang, seria categoricamente contestar suas próprias promessas públicas.

Mas parece que a resposta a essa pergunta agora vai permanecer um mistério. Algum tempo depois, em agosto, após Epoch Times trouxe a aberrante Q-and-A para a atenção de vários médicos chineses e ocidentais, foi substituído.

“Será informações sobre doações ser amplamente divulgado pelos meios de comunicação?”O novo perguntou. (Não, é a resposta.)

A screengrab de uma versão arquivada do site do Órgão Foundation China Transplante de Desenvolvimento, com a questão substituído - afirmando o uso de órgãos de prisioneiros - destacou. (Capturas de tela / Epoch Times)

No entanto, a questão da existência ou não prisioneiros do corredor da morte ainda estão sendo usados ​​como uma fonte de órgãos permanece sem resposta. China, depois de tudo, passou nenhuma nova lei que proíbe o uso de órgãos de prisioneiros, e nem têm rescindiu a 1984 regulamentos que primeiro deu a abertura legal para a sua utilização.

Um e-mail ao comentário solicitando fundação não foi imediatamente devolvida.

A incapacidade de fazer essas mudanças prometidas levou a comunidade internacional de transplante a azedar em endossar o sistema da China, e levou a repreensões públicas do ex-chefe da Sociedade de Transplantes numa importante conferência em Hong Kong no mês passado.

enquanto isso, atenção continua a centrar-se sobre se a principal fonte de órgãos ao longo de toda não foi prisioneiros do corredor da morte, como reivindicações China, mas ao invés prisioneiros executados extrajudicialmente de praticantes de consciência-principalmente de Falun Gong, uma disciplina espiritual que tem sido alvo de eliminação desde 1999.

Os EUA. Câmara dos Representantes aprovou uma resolução condenando esta prática em junho, documentários sobre o assunto estão ganhando prestígio prêmios, e o problema foi destaque levantado em um número de relatórios recentes no The New York Times.

Sobre o assunto, As autoridades chinesas forneceram ainda menos explicação do que a questão excluída. "Ridículo!”Foi tudo Huang Jiefu, um ex-ministro da Saúde vice-, poderia reunir na recente conferência de Hong Kong, recusando-se a abordar centenas de páginas evidência de detalhado que pesquisadores dizem que documenta a prática.

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Dr. Annika Tibell, médico-chefe do Projeto Novo Hospital Karolinska, na Suécia. (Karolinska Institutet)Dr. Annika Tibell, médico-chefe do Projeto Novo Hospital Karolinska, na Suécia. (Karolinska Institutet)

ESTOCOLMO-Dr. Annika Tibell é uma das vozes mais respeitadas do mundo na ética do transplante de órgãos. Médico atualmente Chefe do Projeto Novo Hospital Karolinska, encomendada neste outono na capital da Suécia, Dr. Tibell foi o principal autor de The Transplantation Society declaração de política primeiro na China, em 2006, e foi um dos fundadores da Declaração de Istambul Custodian Grupo, uma grande organização com foco na ética transplante.

Em uma entrevista recente, Tibell juntou chamadas para uma grande investigação internacional sobre práticas de transplantes de órgãos na China, onde os pesquisadores acreditam que há mais de uma década prisioneiros de consciência têm sido a principal fonte de órgãos utilizados para abastecer a indústria enorme e rentável.

Dr. Annika Tibell, uma figura em ética transplante internacionais, em Estocolmo, em fevereiro. 17, 2011. (Jan Ainali)

A questão entrou em foco renovado este Verão, quando um relatório por investigadores Ethan Gutmann, David Kilgour e Matas David dados apresentados indicam que mais de um milhão de transplantes provável lugar olhada na China começando a partir do ano 2000. Eles acreditam que a principal fonte de todos esses órgãos é praticantes de Falun Gong, uma prática espiritual que tem sido alvo de eliminação na China desde 1999.

Ela diz que o novo relatório é abrangente e aprofundada, embora a enorme quantidade de informação tornou mais difícil de lidar com. Ela chama a estimativa do relatório de 60,000 para 100,000 transplantes anuais na China “cambalear” e apela a uma investigação aprofundada por um “grande, estabelecido, organização pública”como a ONU ou o Conselho da Europa.

“Eu gostaria que as chamadas para a ação a várias organizações importantes tiveram levam a melhores resultados do que o que temos visto até agora. É uma pena que isso não aconteceu," ela disse.

Quando a Sociedade de Transplante revê sua política de China em 2017, deveria, com o melhor de sua capacidade, incluir nas suas considerações as conclusões do relatório Kilgour-Gutmann-Matas, bem como outras novas informações a surgir desde que a política foi escrito, dentro 2006, Tibell disse. Ela também diz que os TTS deve contribuir para a avaliação do relatório, e da situação geral do abastecimento de órgãos na China.

China negou categoricamente essas alegações sem responder a eles em detalhes, e afirmou que a fonte do órgão no passado foi principalmente prisioneiros no corredor da morte, mas que agora há um sistema de doação voluntária no lugar.

Esta afirmação se reuniu com ceticismo por especialistas transplante, incluindo a actual liderança do TTS.

"Lá permanece, em muitos setores, um profundo sentimento de desconfiança em relação aos seus programas de transplante,”Disse Philip O'Connell, ex-presidente TTS, falando em uma conferência de imprensa em Hong Kong em agosto. 19. “É importante que você entenda que a comunidade global está consternada com as práticas, qual aderiram no passado “.

Ele adicionou: “Muitas pessoas na comunidade global não estão convencidos de que a China mudou.”

Philip O'Connell, ex-presidente da Sociedade de Transplantes, numa conferência de imprensa durante a conferência bienal da Sociedade, em Hong Kong em agosto. 19, 2016. (Sun Mingguo / Epoch Times)

A conferência de Hong Kong estava conferência bienal da Sociedade de Transplantes, e foi originalmente destinado a coincidir com reformas prometidas na China para acabar com a prática de aquisição de órgãos de prisioneiros executados.

Quando ficou claro que essas reformas não estavam indo para vir a ser concretizadas, Contudo, executivos TTS azedou em promessas da China.

Interagindo com a China em questões de transplante é “extremamente difícil”, Tibell disse. Por um lado, ela acredita em um diálogo que coloca pressão sobre a China para a mudança, mas pensa que é um “ato de equilíbrio.”

“Minha opinião é que toda a interação com a China deve ter o propósito de mudança alcançar. Não há outra razão para interagir com a China”, ela diz.

Quando TTS escolheu Hong Kong como o local para o 2016 conferência - e incluiu uma sessão sobre uma suposta “nova era” para o sistema de transplantes chinês - alguns sentiram que esta foi uma vitória para as tentativas da China para varrer um enorme crime debaixo do tapete e ser aceito na comunidade global transplante.

A investigação antes do congresso por Epoch Times encontrada pelo menos uma dúzia profundamente problemáticas co-autores chineses, apresentadores e debatedores. Isto foi trazido à atenção do TTS.

Um exemplo é Shen Zhongyang, o arquiteto por trás da Centro de transplantação em expansão no Primeiro Hospital Central Tianjin, que foi fortemente criticada por TTS para seus períodos de espera extremamente curtos para órgãos - períodos investigadores dizem ser impossível a menos que você tem uma piscina de ao vivo “doadores” de pé pela ser colhida na demanda.

Tibell disse que, pelo que Epoch Times apresentado, A presença de Shen como co-autor de um artigo é “notável,”E ela manifestou curiosidade a lógica por trás dele.

Outro caso é o do cirurgião fígado proeminente Zheng Shusen, que preside a organização do Partido prazo dedicado a difamar o Falun Gong. Ele também publicou um documento mostrando a capacidade de fonte fígados dentro 24 horas, algo especialistas dizem que é praticamente impossível sem um pool de doadores vivos, em modo de espera para a execução. Zheng, ao contrário Shen, esteve presente na sessão, mas TTS parecia ter tentado substituí-lo como orador e depois se distanciaram dele.

Tibell disse que o caso de Zheng “soa muito preocupante.”

“Ele traz à tona o fato de que as orientações atuais sobre interações com a China está completamente focada no papel profissional no transplante. A revisão das orientações deve discutir como lidar com uma situação como esta,"Disse Tibell.

Ela é cauteloso em TTS assumir os papéis não-profissionais que os médicos e os participantes em suas conferências pode ter e sugere que ele só seria adequado onde há graves aberrações da norma, tal como no caso de Zheng Shusen.

Embora o comitê de programa da conferência feita uma revisão detalhada de papéis antes que eles foram apresentados, Tibell reconheceu: “Se as pessoas mentem para o nosso rosto, fica difícil “.

Ela não quis comentar se ela acha que um cirurgião chinês que faz parte de um sistema secreto que os investigadores chamam de um crime contra a humanidade seria difícil mentir para o TTS.

“Eu não gostaria de especular sobre o que é viver sob uma ditadura," ela disse.

cirurgião de transplante de Israel e, anteriormente, um membro do Comitê de Ética do TTS Dr. Jacob Lavee escolheu boicotar a conferência. Tibell diz que respeita sua posição, mas que, obviamente, TTS como uma organização julgado de outra forma.

“Só depois, talvez em vários anos de tempo, saberemos se isso contribuiu para um desenvolvimento positivo, ou se ele contribuiu para o aumento da aceitação [do sistema de transplante chinês]," ela diz.

Tibell era incapaz de aparecer na conferência devido à abertura do Hospital New Karolinska ela está envolvido em.

Quando perguntado se ela teria atendido se as circunstâncias tinha permitido, Tibell ficou em silêncio por um longo tempo antes de responder.

“Eu teria que considerá-lo com muito cuidado, apenas dada a escolha de localização. Será que vou ter contribuído para uma mudança positiva, participando, ou eu vou ter contribuído para o aumento da aceitação de práticas acho inaceitável?"

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Uma reconstituição mostra o método tortura de ser embrulhado em fita (Minghui.org)Uma reconstituição mostra o método tortura de ser embrulhado em fita (Minghui.org)

Uma mulher de 65 anos disse que ela foi condenada a cinco anos em uma prisão chinesa, onde ela sofreu “tortura desumana,”Por seguir um tipo de meditação praticada por milhões na China.

Sun Zhuoying disse que foi condenado a cinco anos para pendurar uma faixa que falou sobre a perseguição ilegal do regime chinês de praticantes de Falun Gong, um tipo de prática tradicional de meditação chinesa, em maio 2011, de acordo com um relatório publicado no domingo no site de informações do Falun Gong Minghui.org.

Dentro 1999, o Partido Comunista Chinês (CCP) lançou sua repressão ao Falun Gong, tradicionalmente conhecido como Falun Dafa. Os médicos são rotineiramente submetidos a prisão arbitrária, assédio, perda de emprego, tortura, e da morte nas mãos de oficiais do PCC. Alguns meses atrás, um relatório adeptos Disse Falun Gong estão sendo mortos por partes do corpo em da China popular, a indústria de transplante de órgãos. Tantas como 1.5 milhão de transplantes de órgãos pode ter ocorrido na China desde 2000, que foram principalmente “colhidas” de praticantes de Falun Gong, mas incluem outros prisioneiros de consciência, a relatório diz.

Sun descreveu suas experiências em um longo relato, dizendo que ela foi forçada a ficar 18 horas cada dia, sua cabeça foi espancado “com objetos pesados” até que ela desmaiou, e ela também foi submetido a métodos incomuns de tortura, incluindo a ser completamente envolvido com fita de vedação por outros presos a mando de guardas prisionais.

“Eles me obrigou a dormir em uma placa de madeira e me envolveu em fita de vedação. Eles amarraram minhas mãos, pés e corpo juntos antes de envolver-se meus pés e pernas separadamente. Não podia me mover nem um pouco," ela disse.

Ela também disse que foi coagido pelos funcionários da prisão para escrever uma falsa declaração admitindo seu “crime”. Depois ela escreveu uma declaração para anular a declaração, Sun foi colocado em confinamento solitário.

“Eles me torturaram tão severamente que eu era muitas vezes em estado crítico. Levaram-me para Shanghai Prison Hospital a cada dois meses. uma vez eu perdi a consciência no hospital de sangramento intenso no estômago,”Sun acrescentou, De acordo com o relatório.

Ela descreveu outras formas de tortura, que foi muitas vezes de natureza psicológica.

“Eu também foi forçado a sentar-se na cama até meia-noite todos os dias, antes de serem autorizados a dormir. Quando meus observadores notaram me sonolento, eles me bater violentamente e jogou água fria no meu pescoço," ela adicionou. “No meio de um inverno frio eles removeram meu cobertor a cada quinze minutos à noite.”

Sun disse que ela voltou para casa maio 2016.

Anistia Internacional e outras organizações de direitos humanos disseram que o regime chinês tem levado a cabo detenções em massa arbitrárias, julgamentos, e outros abusos dos direitos humanos resultante da perseguição.

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The Tianjin First Central Hospital. (mapio.net)The Tianjin First Central Hospital. (mapio.net)

A foreign patient receives a life-extending organ transplant in a Chinese hospital. Feeling grateful, he asks a hospital staff who the donor was so that he may give thanks and repayment.

But no one at the hospital—not even the transplant doctor—knows the donor’s identity.

Before his flight home, the patient is issued an official transplantation document. He finally learns the identity of his life-giver: A 30-year-old male death row convict. Coincidentally, all the other transplant patients received organs from healthy, 30-year-old executed prisoners. Only their names differed.

A correspondent who identified him or herself as having worked at the Tianjin First Central Hospital in the mid-2000s recently recounted the above episode and other oddities in a personal statement provided to New Tang Dynasty Television.

Below is a translation of the statement, edited for brevity and clarity.

***

I’m currently living in mainland China. Once, I worked at the organ transplant center in Tianjin First Central Hospital. What I’ve learned could perhaps serve as a rare warning to those who persist in persecuting Falun Gong. It’s also a cautionary tale for my fellow countrymen with a conscience.

The Communist Party Sells Human Organs

When China was welcoming large numbers of foreign organ transplant patients, I stepped into Tianjin First Central Hospital’s organ transplant center on the seventh floor. I managed to get a job at the transplant center through a recommendation.

Then, Tianjin First Central Hospital was also known as the Orient Organ Transplant Center because it handled large volumes of organ transplant patients, and was located in China. Hoje, this hospital is still the largest center in Asia.

The world of organ brokers is a black box — but from my contact with that world, I’ve figured out that there are a number of channels for people to learn about or get organs.

One channel is through middlemen. A well-known South Korean doctor with one of the biggest hospitals in South Korea would introduce his patients to a middleman. This middleman would then refer these patients to the Tianjin hospital.

There is no diplomatic arrangement for organ transplantation between China and South Korea. Em vez, intermediaries belonging to Mafia-like syndicates cut transplant deals.

Many of the foreign transplant patients came to China looking for a liver or kidney. The bulk of these foreigners were South Koreans, while the rest came from Japan or Taiwan.

Foreign doctors are another channel for organ transplants. Because there was a shortage of transplant doctors in China, an unnamed hospital hired a South Korean doctor on high wages. This South Korean doctor told me that his peers in China held two household registration (hukou) credentials—one South Korean, and one Chinese—and that he is a legal Chinese citizen. I don’t know how much Chinese blood these dual-national South Korean doctors have on their hands.

A third channel is Chinese commercials. These ads feature famous Chinese celebrities, and serve to deceive and entice potential patients. A South Korean patient I keep in touch said that his countrymen flocked to China after watching an organ transplant advertisement starring Chinese actor Fu Biao.

On Aug. 26, 2004, Fu Biao checked into Beijing’s 309 Hospital for a check-up. The following day, he was diagnosed with liver cancer. em setembro. 2, Fu received a liver transplant at the General Hospital of the People’s Armed Police in Beijing.

The chief surgeon operating on Fu was Dr. Shen Zhongyang, a man hailed by the Chinese media as China’s “top scalpel.” Dr. Shen had headed the organ transplant research institute at the People’s Armed Police Hospital and the Orient Organ Transplant Center in Tianjin First Central Hospital.

In April 2005, Fu suffered a cancer relapse. He had a second liver transplant surgery on April 28, and was once again operated on by Dr. Shen, though this time at the Orient Organ Transplant Center.

On Aug. 30, Contudo, Fu Biao passed away.

The following March, the organ harvesting of still-living Falun Gong practitioners in the district of Sujiatun in Shenyang City was exposed. The years between 2002 para 2005 were said to be the peak period of former Communist Party leader Jiang Zemin’s organ harvesting operation. Later, an article revealed that Dr. Shen Zhongyang conducted liver transplant experiments using live subjects, many of whom “died under experimentation.”

Afterwards, a person provided a tip on the sourcing of actor Fu Biao’s donated livers—two Falun Gong practitioners from Shandong. Dr. Shen had killed the practitioners for their organs.

Fu might have only lived a year more after his two liver transplants, his organ transplant advertisements continue to be broadcast in South Korea. portanto, South Koreans still visited China for surgery in 2006 because they didn’t know that Fu Biao was already dead.

Fu only lived a year more after his two liver transplants. But while he passed away on Aug. 30, 2005, Koreans were still going to China for surgery in 2006 because Fu’s organ transplant advertisements continue to be broadcast; unlike the Chinese, the Koreans didn’t know that Fu had died.

Those in need of a liver transplant around the world had fallen victim to the Chinese Communist Party’s enormous deception.

China Has the World’s Largest Human Organ Bank

A South Korean patient once told me that Chinese doctors learned the organ transplantation techniques from the technically superior Japanese doctors.

When I was at the Tianjin organ transplant center, the hospital staff were familiar with a professor Zheng, a specialist in liver transplants, and a professor Song, a kidney transplant specialist. They were considered the best transplant surgeons in their respective fields, and both had learned their craft in Japan. The two professors didn’t appear to be working for just one hospital—one day they’d be performing surgery in China, and the next day they’d head off to Japan or some place else.

At the Tianjin First Central Hospital, doctors perform transplant surgery in groups of three. I’m not sure how many surgery groups there are. These doctors work night after night, while hospital translators wait with the relatives of patients in the hallways. A liver transplant can take up to 10 horas.

Why did foreigners, particularly South Koreans and Japanese, journey to China for organ transplants, I asked professor Zheng and professor Song. They told me that while they had superior transplantation skills, they weren’t able to find organ donors within a very short time frame in the aforementioned Asian countries. For instance, the waiting time for an organ in Japan or South Korea could be as long as 10 anos, or five to six years at the earliest. Some patients pass away while waiting for an organ because acquiring one isn’t easy.

The professors added that everyone in their medical teams and their patients know about the organ waiting time. So many foreign patients end up traveling to China because there appears to be many Chinese organ donors.

Shocked and Distressed Patients

Most of the patients I met at Tianjin First Central Hospital were in need of either a liver or a kidney. Unless the patient suffered an organ rejection, they would be discharged after a short residency period. Under normal circumstances, patients would receive an organ in two days, while some waited anywhere from 10 days to half a month—patients said that this was too fast.

A South Korean patient had the longest waiting time of those I’d met—a whole month—and happened to be at the Tianjin transplant center when the Chinese Communist Party’s live organ harvesting scandal was being exposed.

After a spending a month in Tianjin, the hospital told the patient to travel to the city of Wuhan in central China for a transplant, and we immediately flew over. I didn’t know that an organ transplant network actually existed.

The surgery in Wuhan was very successful, and the patient and his family were very satisfied with the result. Before they returned to South Korea, the patient and his wife—a person of faith—asked who the donor was. The liver transplant had cost him a sum (around three hundred thousand to five hundred thousand yuan), the patient said, but it was the donor who allowed him to regain his health and extend his life.

“I want to know who donated the liver so I can thank the person’s family and give them money or whatever they need; I’m truly very grateful,” the patient said.

At the time, there was no way for the hospital staff to know where the organs came from. Além disso, we were warned before being hired that we shouldn’t go sniffing around or indulge in loose talk with patients.

But I wanted to fulfil the South Korean patient’s last request before he left for home.

Claro, the patient didn’t know that we were prohibited from snooping around, and I shouldn’t have been asking questions, but I spoke to the patient’s transplant doctor anyway.

The doctor said: “You’re asking about the donor? Even we don’t even know who the donor is, and there’s no way to find out. Nobody can tell you anything, and no records exist.”

I relayed the doctor’s reply to the patient and his family, and they were very taken aback.

The patient said that international laws regulate the transfer of organs. By these laws, the organ donor and his family are required to sign organ transplantation documents. Without proper documentation, transplant doctors are liable for punishment. In South Korea, everyone knew who their organ donor was because the information has to be made public by law.

Back then, we hospital staff didn’t know anything about the international laws governing organ transplantation. The South Korean patient explained that without these transplantation laws, people could be killed en masse by criminals seeking to profit from their organs. (Then, an organ could be sold for about 300,000 yuan to 700,000 yuan.)

Before leaving the hospital, the South Korean patient said that the hospital needed to give them an official document that indicated that he just had surgery and the organ that he had received, as well as the donor’s personal information and signature. Without this document, the patient wouldn’t be able to board a plane.

I escorted the patient and his family to an airport. They and other organ transplant patients were made to board a special double-decker aircraft instead of a commercial plane. Finally, the organ transplant patients were issued transplantation documents which stated that they had received their organ from a 30-year-old male death row inmate. Only the names of the executed prisoner differed.

Everything was made up.

Post-transplantation Oddities

Organ transplantation is not for everyone. Some patients meet with organ rejection. Others die in surgery. And a few react very adversely after receiving the organ.

A male patient was perfectly normal before checking into Tianjin First Central Hospital. After the organ transplant surgery, Contudo, this patient went insane—he started running around the ward naked, jumping and screaming as he went along.

There was a female patient who suddenly grew a beard after surgery. Her voice became deep and hoarse, and she started to behave like a man.

The examples I listed above are definitely not one-off incidents. During my stint at Tianjin First Central Hospital, patients behaved abnormally from time to time. Doctors told concerned family members that their loved one had developed an adverse reaction to the transplant medication.

At the time, I wasn’t aware that the organs these foreigners had spent large sums of money to purchase came from Falun Gong practitioners. Many of us were too naive, and didn’t imagine that those blinded by money had in fact been brainwashed by the Chinese Communist Party…

One after the other, angels clad in white transformed into murderous devils. Knowing that such things cannot be allowed to continue, I quit my job at Tianjin First Central Hospital.

Afterwards, I obtained information about the live organ harvesting Falun Gong practitioners through various channels. I did what I had to do, and exposed the truth to the world so that those with a conscience can free themselves from the devil’s grip.

Recentemente, the United States House of Representatives unanimously passed H.Res.343, a piece of legislation calling on the Chinese regime to immediately cease the harvesting and trafficking of organs obtained from Falun Gong practitioners and other prisoners of conscience.

For the past 17 anos, Falun Gong practitioners—followers of truthfulness, compassion and tolerance—have been subjected to hundreds of inhumane torture methods, including the atrocity of organ harvesting. This must be stopped immediately, and shouldn’t be allowed to implicate the rest of humanity.

It is the responsibility of every Chinese person in the mainland and abroad to see that live organ harvesting is ended.

Translation by Frank Fang; editing by Larry Ong.

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A Moon Festival greeting card, sent by Falun Gong practitioners from northern China’s Shanxi Province, to the founder of the spiritual practice (Minghui.org)A Moon Festival greeting card, sent by Falun Gong practitioners from northern China’s Shanxi Province, to the founder of the spiritual practice (Minghui.org)

Poems, personal messages, and colored cards are pouring into a Falun Gong website as thousands express their greetings and goodwill to Mr. Li Hongzhi, the founder of the Chinese spiritual practice, on the occasion of the Mid-Autumn Festival.

Falling on Sept. 15 this year, the holiday that dates back well over a thousand years has seen both practitioners of Falun Gong, as well as those who do not practice, sending their regards via Minghui.org, a U.S.-based website that was founded in 1999.

Sr. Li first taught Falun Gong in northeastern China in 1992. The meditation practice, which teaches practitioners self-improvement along the principles of truthfulness, compaixão, e tolerância, rapidly gained in popularity, but was banned in 1999 by the Communist Party. Dentro 1999 a state report estimated 70 million mainland Chinese were had taken up the practice.

Though Falun Gong, também conhecido como Falun Dafa, remains persecuted in China to this day, this has not stopped people in scores of nations worldwide from practicing Falun Gong, nor has it silenced the voices of practitioners still in mainland China.

“I want to congratulate Master a Happy Moon Festival,” wrote a family member of a practitioner living in eastern China’s Shandong Province. “Those who have a conscience all know that Falun Dafa is good and that truthfulness, compassion and forbearance are good.”

A Moon Festival greeting card, sent by an imprisoned Falun Gong practitioner from the southwestern megacity of Chongqing, to the founder of the spiritual practice. (Minghui.org)

Also known as the Moon Festival, the Chinese holiday has a history going back to the Tang Dynasty, where people get together with families and friends to enjoy colored lanterns and eat mooncakes.

The predominant theme of the greetings was gratitude and longing. Some said they wished that they could join Mr. Li, who resides in the United States, in celebrating the Mid-Autumn Festival. Practitioners from Mr. Li’s hometown of Changchun in northeast China recalled the days when Mr. Li first taught the practice in China and hoped for his eventual return. Others related personal experiences and breakthroughs in their practice of Falun Gong.

“I am lucky to be able to practice Dafa and I have been practicing it for 20 anos,” wrote a practitioner from central China’s Hubei Province. “I have become a better person by following the principles of truthfulness, compassion and forbearance.”

It is a common practice in Chinese culture to address a teacher or mentor as “Master.”

A family of six from Heilongjiang not only wished Mr. Li a happy holiday, but also declared their strong will to stay in the practice, even though two of them had been made homeless because of the persecution.

Some Chinese who do not practice Falun Gong have also written to convey their respects.

“Respected Master Li,” a technician at a research institute of the Chinese navy who said he does not practice Falun Gong wrote, “In China, morality has fallen to a terrifying degree … Only your Falun Dafa can bring light to this world.”

“I am a Beijing citizen and I like to thank Master Li,” wrote a citizen from Beijing. “Our family of nine have known about the truth about Falun Dafa…the selflessness of Falun Dafa practitioners have touched upon our entire family. And I want to pass on this special wish to special people, so they can believe that Falun Dafa is good and truthfulness, compassion and forbearance is good.”

The greetings also included poems and electronic colored cards, and came from multiple provinces and people from many backgrounds, including those in the oil, health, mining, security, education, finance and railroad industries.

Cards and well-wishes are not limited those living inside China. At the time of writing, Minghui.org has received holiday greetings to Mr. Li from practitioners from England, França, Ireland, Germany, Denmark, Itália, Finland, Austrália, New Zealand, Thailand, Irã, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Canada and the United States.

A Moon Festival greeting card, send by Falun Gong practitioners from Iran, to the founder of the spiritual practice. (Minghui.org)

Dentro 2008 the U.S. Department of State cited estimates that Falun Gong practitioners were as much as half of the Chinese regime’s reform-through-labor population, a number that would be in the hundreds of thousands. Human rights groups have reported that pracitioners often receive the worst abuse in detention. Practitioners have reported being subjected to torture, beating, sleep deprivation, forced labor and many other forms of abuses. Minghui.org has confirmed 4,030 practitioners have died from torture and abuse since 1999, although with the difficulty of getting information out of China this number is believed to be low.

The total number of deaths could be over a million, based on developing investigations into the communist regime’s practice of forced organ harvesting. Researchers believe detained Falun Gong practitioners are the primary source for organs used in China’s transplantation industry.

Outside of China, the practice has been taken up by people from finalmente 78 países and regions around the world. In May this year, nearly 10,000 practitioners from at least 53 nations participated in a Falun Gong experience sharing conference at Barclays Center in Brooklyn.

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Xun Li, President Falun Dafa Association of Canada, urges Prime Minister Trudeau to speak with Chinese leaders about ending the persecution of Falun Gong during his upcoming trip to China  on 26 Aug.,Xun Li, President Falun Dafa Association of Canada, urges Prime Minister Trudeau to speak with Chinese leaders about ending the persecution of Falun Gong during his upcoming trip to China  on 26 Aug.,

OTTAWA—Falun Gong practitioners delivered to Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s office on Aug. 26 sobre 120,000 signatures gathered from across Canada calling on him to help end the persecution of their spiritual discipline in China during his official visit to that country from Aug. 30 to Sept. 6.

Later the same morning, they had reason to be hopeful based on a response to a reporter’s question about their cause at a technical briefing that covered Trudeau’s upcoming trip to China.

“The issue of human rights, you can absolutely expect to be raised as part of the prime minister’s trip, and it is part of the ongoing dialog that we expect to have with China,” said one of the prime minister’s office spokespersons chairing the media briefing.

“As it relates specifically to Falun Gong, that is very much part of the [list] of human rights issues that Canada is very concerned about.”

Falun Gong, também chamado Falun Dafa, is an ancient Chinese spiritual discipline consisting of moral teachings, meditation, and gentle exercises. The teachings are based on the principles of truthfulness, compaixão, e tolerância.

David Kilgour

Former federal cabinet minister David Kilgour, co-author of an investigative report on organ pillaging from non-consenting prisoners of conscience in China, speaks at a press conference in Ottawa on Aug. 26, 2016, appealing to Prime Minister Justin Trudeau to urge Chinese leaders to end the persecution of Falun Gong in China. (Pam McLennan/Epoch Times)

Viewing the popularity and the traditional principles of the practice as incompatible with the communist system, the regime under former leader Jiang Zemin banned it in 1999 and continues to arrest and torture its adherents today. Mounting evidence from independent investigations also indicates that adherents have been killed in large numbers for their organs to supply a massive and lucrative state-run organ transplant industry.

Showing broad support from concerned people across Canada, the practitioners delivered 70,000 signed postcards along with petition forms bearing 50,000 signatures to Trudeau. The postcards and petition asked Trudeau to take every opportunity to speak with the Chinese authorities to urge them to stop the persecution of Falun Gong and the forcible seizing of vital organs from Falun Gong prisoners of conscience.

Canada has a very clear role to play to be frank with China about its behaviours.

— Xun Li, Falun Dafa Association of Canada

On the same morning, the Falun Dafa Association of Canada (FDAC) also held a press conference on Parliament Hill just before the technical briefing. FDAC’s president Xun Li asked Trudeau to urge Chinese leader Xi Jinping and the Chinese authorities to end the persecution of Falun Gong and release the hundreds of thousands of incarcerated practitioners—including 12 family members of Canadians—and to help bring former leader Jiang Zemin to justice for initiating and orchestrating the persecution.

“As you recently stated, Canada has a very clear role to play to be frank with China about its behaviours that are concerning for Canadians who want to engage China but to do so while upholding their core values including human rights and fundamental freedoms,”Li disse.

Seeking Help to Free a Mother and a Father

Hongyan Lu, a Canadian citizen and a Falun Gong adherent, spoke at the press conference about her mother, Chen Huixia, who was arrested on June 3 and has been tortured while detained.

Hongyan Lu speaks at a press conference in Ottawa on Aug. 26, 2016, asking Prime Minister Justin Trudeau to help obtain the release of her mother, Chen Huixia, who was arrested on June 3 in China for practising Falun Gong. (Pam McLennan/Epoch Times)

Lu also described an earlier detainment and the fallout it caused in her family. “My mother was abducted once in 2003 for roughly three months, and was only released after my father bribed the police. After her release, the harassment continued, to the point my father felt forced to divorce my mother. Only after my parents divorced was I able to get a passport and come to Canada.”

She emphasized the severity of the human rights crisis and the need for prompt action.

“This situation is quite urgent. I hope Prime Minister Trudeau will communicate with the Chinese regime urging them to stop forced organ harvesting from Falun Gong practitioners. Urge them to follow the International Bill of Human Rights, stop the inhuman persecution, and release my mother and all other Falun Gong practitioners,”Lu disse. “É hora de acabar com este crime o mal.”

Paul Li is equally concerned about his father, Xiaobo Li. The elder Li was previously detained in the early years of the persecution and spent eight years in jail. His crime was writing articles to counteract the Chinese Communist Party propaganda vilifying Falun Gong. After his re-arrest in 2014, he was sentenced the following year to another eight years of detention for practising Falun Gong.

Falun Gong practitioner Paul Li holds a photo of his father, Li Xiaobo, who was detained for the second time in China in 2014 and sentenced to a second eight years of imprisonment, at a press conference in Ottawa on Aug. 26, 2016. (Pam McLennan/Epoch Times)

The younger Li described how his father quit smoking and became a more tolerant person after taking up the practice of Falun Gong. He also recounted the torture and suffering his father endured in prison.

“I sincerely hope when Prime Minister Trudeau visits China next week, he will raise my father’s case again to the Chinese government, and request [current leader of China] Xi Jinping to unconditionally release my father Xiaobo Li and other Falun Gong practitioners, so that millions of families can reunite and the persecution can end,” Paul Li said.

Organ Pillaging Supplying 60,000 para 100,000 Transplants a Year

Former federal cabinet minister David Kilgour presented details of the recent relatório titled “Bloody Harvest / The Slaughter: An Update” that he co-authored with Winnipeg-based international human rights lawyer David Matas, and U.S. investigative journalist and China analyst Ethan Gutmann.

Released in June, the report estimates that 60,000 para 100,000 organ transplants have been carried out in China every year since 2000 in approximately 700 hospitals known to perform transplants. While wait times for organs in other countries are measured in years, wait times are in a matter of days or weeks in China.

The report indicates that the main source of the organs has been the large numbers of non-consenting Falun Gong prisoners of conscience. “Freedom House reported in 2015 that Falun Gong practitioners are the largest contingent of prisoners of conscience in China,” said Li in his speech.

Those large estimates of organ transplants add up to over a million Falun Gong deaths over 15 years from 2000 para 2015. enquanto isso, according to the Chinese regime, only approximately 10,000 transplants per year are being done across the country.

“We provide considerable evidence of an industrial-scale, state-directed organ transplantation network, controlled through national policies and funding, and implicating both the military and civilian healthcare systems,” states a note supplied by Kilgour which lists information from the update report as well as suggestions on what legislators and governments can do, such as making the purchase of trafficked organs illegal for Canadians.

For the Falun Gong prisoners of conscience “donors,” “Their vital organs, including kidneys, livers, corneas, and hearts, were seized involuntarily for sale at high prices, sometimes to foreigners, who normally face long waits for voluntary donations of such organs in their home countries,” according to Kilgour’s note.

This massive organ pillaging could only happen because it is “a crime in which the Communist Party, state institutions, the health system, hospitals, and the transplant professions are all complicit.”

Urging PM to Take Action

“What we’re saying is we can’t have normal relations with a government killing their own citizens by the tens of thousands,” Kilgour said, urging the Canadian government to “stand solidly” with the people of China.

Li called on Trudeau to take a principled stand on human rights, including the Falun Gong issue in China.

“Your China trip is another opportunity to give moral support and encouragement to the Chinese citizens yearning for freedom, and to leave a legacy of courageous, principled action Canadians can be proud of,”Li disse.

“Your upright stance against injustice and oppression will make a difference.”

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LegCo member Leung Kwok-hung, chief editor of the Chinese edition of Epoch Times Hong Kong Guo Jun, WOIPFG spokesperson Wang Zhiyuan, Malaysian nephrologist Dr. Ahmed Ghazali, and organ transplant abuse investigator David Kilgour. (Sun Mingguo / Epoch Times)LegCo member Leung Kwok-hung, chief editor of the Chinese edition of Epoch Times Hong Kong Guo Jun, WOIPFG spokesperson Wang Zhiyuan, Malaysian nephrologist Dr. Ahmed Ghazali, and organ transplant abuse investigator David Kilgour. (Sun Mingguo / Epoch Times)

HONG KONG—On the penultimate day of The Transplantation Society’s premier industry congress at the Hong Kong Exhibition and Convention Center, a smaller conference with a slightly different focus was held by Epoch Times Hong Kong a short distance away.

The Epoch Times Hong Kong event, which ran for slightly over two hours and included half a dozen speakers, was almost solely on what speakers and organizers characterized as the genocidal abuse of transplantation in China.

The rationale for this optic was put plainly by Cheryl Ng, the spokesperson for Epoch Times Hong Kong.

“We feel a social responsibility to let the public know about this issue, and present a different view from the sanitized version of the reality of transplantation in China that may otherwise be presented,” she said in an interview. “We want to give the victims back a voice.”

Epoch Times was the first media to report on mass organ harvesting of prisoners of conscience in 2006—claims received with open skepticism in some quarters at the time.

A decade later, there is a growing sense of recognition that indeed, large numbers of innocents have been used as an organ source. The primary victims of this activity, experts believe, are practitioners of Falun Gong, a pacifist spiritual practice that teaches the values of truthfulness, compaixão, e tolerância.

The paper has reported closely and aggressively on the Communist Party’s campaign against this population, Ng said, as well as the Falun Gong community’s resistance to suppression.

The half-dozen expert speakers at the forum included David Matas and David Kilgour, a lawyer and former member of Canadian Parliament respectively who have authored some of the most prominent reports on organ harvesting in China; Dr. Ghazali Ahmad, a nephrologist who came from Malaysia; Dr. Maria Singh (appearing via Skype), a board member of Doctors Against Forced Organ Harvesting; and several nongovernmental researchers who have tracked transplant abuse in China with their own research.

Human rights lawyer and investigator of organ transplant abuse David Matas. (Sun Mingguo / Epoch Times)

David Matas focused on his and his colleagues new research, which led to an estimate that between 60,000 para 100,000 transplant operations were taking place in China annually.

The estimate was based on a hospital-by-hospital examination of bed counts, staff numbers, grants and awards, publications, the construction of new transplant wards, and more. It looked closely at 164 hospitals, and presented a survey of the over 700 that have done transplantation in China over the years.

“What that data tells us consistently, hospital by hospital, looking at all factors in combination, is that transplant volumes in China are far larger than the official national figures,” Matas said.

Dr. Ahmed Ghazali, a nephrologist from Malaysia who presented data on transplant tourism to China. (Sun Mingguo / Epoch Times)

Dr. Ghazali had come from Malaysia to present data directly from that country’s public database of renal transplantation recipients. The most striking datapoint he highlighted showed that kidney grafts from supposedly dead donors from China functioned as well as live donors from Malaysia. The implication of this is that in China, kidneys were retrieved from individuals killed for that purpose.

Dr. Wang Zhiyuan, a former military doctor in China and a founder of the nongovernmental research group World Organization to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong, gave a condensed version of his intense dive into the evidence of organ harvesting in China, available in video online.

The talk, titled “Ironclad and Irrefutable Evidence,” is a dissection of official Chinese publications which, Dr. Wang says, show incontrovertibly that organ harvesting in China is large-scale, state-run, and that it targets a non-death row imprisoned population.

Dr. Wang Zhiyuan, spokesperson for World Organization to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong. (Sun Mingguo / Epoch Times)

Given that practitioners of Falun Gong constitute the largest group of prisoners of conscience in China, they are exempt from all protections of the law, and Falun Gong refugees report receiving strange blood tests in custody, the consensus of researchers has rested on the conclusion that this population is heavily targeted for organ harvesting.

It’s a conclusion increasingly accepted as accurate, including by prominent political figures in the United States and Europe.

In a speech in June on the floor of the U.S. House of Representatives urging the passage of a resolution that expressed concern over state-sanctioned organ harvesting in China, Representative Ileana Ros-Lehtinen disse, “Followers of Falun Gong are among China’s most vulnerable to state-sanctioned abuse, which leaves them as likely victims to this ghoulish practice.”

Congressman Chris Smith was one of the backers of that resolution, which passed unanimously. He wrote to the organizers of the conference in Hong Kong:

“The Chinese government says it is moving toward adherence to ethical standards and accepted procedural guidelines, but in the absence of accurate and transparent information, and with a history of repression and censorship, we cannot take the word of Chinese officials at face value.”

“There is clear evidence that suggests that the organ trade continues in China, that the organs of prisoners continue to be harvested without consent, and that a system of hospitals exist to profit from the sale of these organs,” the letter said. “This is unacceptable, reprehensible, and illegal and the practice of organ harvesting must be ended immediately,” Smith wrote.

Edward McMillan-Scott, former vice-president of the European Parliament, sent a letter to the conference, recounting how he had traveled to Beijing in 2006, meeting witnesses who described that:”the Chinese regime was forcefully harvesting the organs of imprisoned Falun Gong practitioners, for sale to the booming organ transplant industry.”

Martin Patzelt, a member of the Human Rights Committee of Germany’s Parliament, said in a letter to the forum that: “All the democratic countries in the world should pass such kinds of resolutions,” as that recently passed by the U.S. Congress.

A delegation of observers from a U.S. Congressional office, as well as a number of local diplomatic representatives, were also in attendance at the forum, according to organizers.

Hong Kong legislator Leung Kwok-hung. (Sun Mingguo / Epoch Times)

The Legislative Council member Leung Kwok-hung, most well-known by the moniker “Long Hair,” was a moderator for the event (wedged between a court appearance he was scheduled for later in the afternoon.)

While expressing solidarity with those seeking to shed light on the abuses in China, Leung said he was saddened by the fact that “not a single doctor from Hong Kong” appeared at the forum.

“I urge the doctors in Hong Kong… to do a good job for the Chinese people” by investigating and adding their voice to the issue, he said on stage, wearing his trademark T-shirt.

“I feel a little bit embarrassed. Not even one single doctor came here. I wish that at the next meeting there will be delegations from China and Hong Kong attending this forum.”

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A vendor makes shashlik (kebab) at a booth in Kashi of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, on Sept. 20, 2006 (China Photos/Getty Images)A vendor makes shashlik (kebab) at a booth in Kashi of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, on Sept. 20, 2006 (China Photos/Getty Images)

Whether to pick up a piece of fruit or to dislodge that bit of food between your teeth, you have to think twice about where those toothpicks you’re using come from.

Chances are, if the little bits of wood are from China, then what you place in your mouth may be more than you bargained for.

Toothpicks in hot water. (ishibk.com)

Taking a page from Chinese social media star Huang Bo, who did a safety test with chopsticks in hot water in 2013, a Chinese health and lifestyle website carried out a similar tests with five brands of toothpicks in February.

The results turned out just as worrisome as the chopsticks, with all the water dyed a shade of yellow. One batch of toothpicks produced a repellant odor and was covered with a thin layer of white residue after the water was removed. Bubbles were observed in three other batches, and some toothpicks in the fifth batch turned black.

Ma Zhaoli, a researcher with the chemical engineering and environmental department at Qingdao University, said the pungent smell could be the result of toothpicks being treated with sulfur or wood varnish, while the blackened picks were likely the result of mold.

Unsurprisingly, the reasons to avoid Chinese-made toothpicks are similar to why you should eat your Chinese take-out with chopsticks made in the States, or just use a fork and spoon.

They Can Cause Cancer

Dentro 2009, Chinese media outlet Sina reported that the carcinogen rongalite was being used in Longmen, Sul da china, to produce toothpicks. With over 150 factories producing about 33,600 tons a year, this county of Guangdong Province made 70 percent of the national total.

Carcinogen rongalite in containers. (Sina)

Rongalite is a bleaching agent. It is a cost-effective substitute for the food-grade hydrogen peroxide, and its immediate effects include diarrhea, headaches, and vomiting.

At some factories at Longmen, Sina reported, toothpicks were produced in yards alongside chicken and duck coops, and made by workers without any sanitary gear.

They Are Made in Labor Camps

The sobering reality of Chinese-imported goods was highlighted in January 2013, when an Oregon woman named Julie Keith saw her purchased Halloween set come with a chilling note, written by the prisoner who assembled it in a forced labor camp.

Toothpicks are no exception.

Minghui.org, a website that reports on the persecution of the Falun Gong spiritual practice in China, has identified two forced labor camps, Changliu Detention Center in northeastern China’s city of Tonghua, e a Wangfangdian Detention Center in Liaoning Province, as sites where prisoners, including Falun Gong practitioners were forced to produce toothpicks like those pictured.

Toothpicks made at the Changliu Detention Center (Minghui.org)

At Changliu, sobre 30 inmates were jammed into a small cell about the size of 300 square feet. The sanitary conditions were appalling: inmates shared two toilets, and inmates infected with lice or scabies were not separated.

Inmates sometimes wrapped and packaged the toothpicks they had used for shipment at Wangfangdian, and the glue was stored in restroom buckets that had seen years of use. According to Minghui.org, many of these toothpicks were sold to the United States and Europe.

Even Chinese State Media Admit to Poor Regulation

The Global Times, the English-language propaganda arm of the Chinese state media, has cited major regulatory and legal problems with the production of toothpicks in China.

“There is no safety standard or any other special regulation governing the process of production, distribution and consumption of toothpicks,” the Global Times reported in 2009.

Ironically, the problems were exacerbated by superfluous bureaucracy—at the time of reporting, there were at least 10 Chinese state organizations tasked with improving public health.

“With overlapping and ambiguous duties, no single agency is capable of handling all product safety regulations and enforcement in China,” the report said. “The unclear division has created conflict and confusion.”

“Citizens often don’t know where to look for help with so many different regulators.”

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Ling Jihua, the former top aide to the head of the Chinese Communist Party, in Beijing on March 8, 2013. (Lintao Zhang/Getty Images)Ling Jihua, the former top aide to the head of the Chinese Communist Party, in Beijing on March 8, 2013. (Lintao Zhang/Getty Images)

The former subordinates of a purged top Chinese Communist Party cadre Ling Jihua continue to be removed from office in what is likely an effort by Party leader Xi Jinping to cleanse the regime of Ling’s remaining influence.

Ling, 59, was formerly the aide to ex-Chinese Communist Party chief Hu Jintao and director of the Party’s General Office. He was arrested in July 2015, and found guilty of corruption and sentenced to life imprisonment this July 4.

Recently two of Ling’s deputies were quietly removed from their posts.

Zhao Shengxuan. (cjn.cn)

Zhao Shengxuan, the deputy director of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, was expelled from office for violating Party discipline, according to a communique in June.

Contudo, a February communique indicated that Zhao, then the most senior of four Academy deputy directors, had resigned. His official biography appeared to have been taken down from the Academy’s website following the announcement of his resignation.

enquanto isso, state mouthpiece Xinhua reported on July 20 that Xia Yong, a deputy director of Legal Affairs Office of the regime’s State Council, was “no longer holding office.” No reason was provided for Xia stepping down, and there wasn’t any announcement of him taking up another job—a development that suggests Xia had been sidelined.

It is unclear whether Xia Yong will at a later date be charged with corruption by the Chinese authorities, but he is currently listed by a U.S.-based nonproft as being involved in one of China’s most brutal persecutions.

Xia Yong. (Xinhua)

Dentro 2005, the World Organization to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong (WOIPFG) identified Xia as having played an active role in the suppression of Falun Gong.

Falun Gong, ou Falun Dafa, is a traditional Chinese spiritual practice that involves slow exercises and moral teachings of truthfulness, compaixão, e tolerância. Feeling threatened by the popularity of the practice—an official survey found 70 million people practicing Falun Gong in 1999—former Party leader Jiang Zemin ordered a persecution campaign on July 20 of that year.

About a week after the persecution was launched, Xia Yong and other scholars from the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences denounced Falun Gong using Marxist theories, according to WOIPFG. Xia later became the founding executive director of China Anti-Cult Association, a regime-controlled agency dedicated to spreading anti-Falun Gong propaganda and provided “guidance” on the forced ideological conversion of practitioners in detention centers, labor camps, and brainwashing centers.

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Liang Xiaojun. (epoch Times)Liang Xiaojun. (epoch Times)

Director of a law firm in Beijing. Graduate of the prominent China University of Political Science and Law. Son of a wealthy Chinese Communist Party cadre.

Liang Xiaojun is all these things — yet he’s also willing to risk police surveillance and arrest to defend the disenfranchised in Chinese society: maligned death row inmates, house Christians, and Falun Gong prisoners of conscience.

Liang’s commitment to upholding legal rights stems from his observing injustice in China endlessly play out.

“I once defended a person of faith in Chenghai, a district in Shantou City,” he told Epoch Times in an interview. “The person said had been illegally detained at a local legal education school, and was deprived of sleep for over 10 days, threatened, and intimidated. When he explained the situation to the court prosecutor, the prosecutor said: ‘You must’ve committed a crime if the public security officers resorted to torture to extract a confession.’”

I don’t smoke, don’t drink, don’t go to social events, and don’t have much social interaction. So I don’t have much need for money.

A trip to Xi County in the central Chinese province of Henan left Liang feeling that being a lawyer in China is “too tiresome”: “Even though there is the law, the police officers there say, ‘I listen to my leader,’ and the prosecuting officials say, ‘Don’t talk to me about the law; I won’t let you review the court documents.’”

Epoch Times recently spoke with Liang Xiaojun about his work in China; below is an abridged translation of the interview, edited for clarity.

epoch Times (E): You started out studying politics and ideology — why did you elect to enter this field back then?

Liang Xiaojun: I entered college in 1991. Then, politics thickly permeated China’s atmosphere, especially after the Tiananmen Square Massacre in 1989.

My father was a Party member and was very leftist in his thinking. He strongly supported the Party’s position and believed that the leadership of the Party was unshakable. Because studying politics could allow one to get a job more easily, my father chose this field for me. And so I sat for an exam and was admitted to the Hebei Normal University.

Liang Xiaojun. (Weibo)

What I learned was useless. de fato, I don’t like politics, especially the teachings of Marxism-Leninism and Maoism. I learned poorly, didn’t enjoy the lessons, and felt that the teachings were meaningless.

I led a life of affluence, and didn’t encounter any major setbacks. My life was very peaceful and ordinary, and I didn’t have any direct contact with the poor.

But I did observe those living in the farming villages, and I greatly sympathized with them. The country was developing, but why did so many people have to live in poverty and ignorance? The city dwellers discriminated against the villagers, and I found this hard to understand.

I feel that villagers and those in the cities should enjoy the same level of development, and that there shouldn’t be any discrimination. There is injustice in society, I thought, and felt that there should be some sort of system in place to reverse this unjust phenomenon.

Even though I was being indoctrinated with Marxism-Leninism, and the Maoist stuff, I still enjoyed traditional Chinese culture much more. I would read Confucius’s “Analects,” and selections from Mencius. It was from these ancients that I learned about giving up one’s life for a noble cause, and other teachings of virtue. This spiritual pursuit impacted me profoundly.

enquanto isso, I was studying law, and believed that there was something about the law that was worth exploring. For instance, the law embraces values like fairness and justice, which is in fact similar to the concept of “yi,” or “righteousness,” from traditional Chinese culture; in reality, these values are complementary.

E: Are you still in contact with your classmates from the China University of Political Science and Law? You are all in the same profession, but why do you serve different clientele?

Liang: Of the over 100 classmates at the university, I’m possibly the only one on the rights defense path. I spoke to some classmates in university groups, but they didn’t understand me. Some even quit the groups I belonged to…

Some of us from the China University of Political Science and Law work in the public security system, and we know each other. But they can’t understand the sort of legal cases I take up.

So I haven’t been in contact with my classmates from the Hebei Normal University and the China University of Political Science and Law. Primeiro, we have nothing in common. Second, they are keeping their distance from me.

It’s better that my classmates just do what they do. I’m being monitored, and that could affect them if we keep in touch because many of them are government officials. After considering their situation, I’ve decided not to contact them.

That being said, I feel that what I’m doing is excellent and correct. I’m living up to the spirit of the law and defending human rights—there’s nothing wrong with that. I’ve found other kindred spirits, and we share a common conviction.

I can’t accept too much money from Falun Gong practitioners. This group has been suppressed for over 10 anos, and its adherents lead very difficult lives.

E: Does the name “Daoheng” (道衡) in your Daoheng Law Firm have anything to do with traditional Chinese culture?

Liang: I did think about traditional Chinese culture when coming up with a name. The character “dao," () is derived from “The Tao that is the way that can be followed, but it isn’t an ordinary way,” and “Taoism follows nature,” while “heng” () means “balance.”

E: Why are the words “Paying Attention to the Death Sentence” in Daoheng Law Firm’s corporate logo?

Liang: We’ve accepted several death-penalty cases. Some of our clients have their sentence reduced to life imprisonment, or a limited term of imprisonment, and some were even found not guilty.

As a lawyer, when my clients are handed the death sentence, I’m not heartless to the point where I feel nothing. I don’t know what judges who pass the execution order are thinking, because they are required by legal procedure to meet the defendants, the people on death row. After meeting with them, these judges order the execution, and it is done. I don’t know how the judges cope mentally.

Anyhow, I feel very uncomfortable when I know that my clients are going to be executed; I even have dreams about executions and my clients at night. People commit drug-related crimes because they are poor. For a little money, drug mules lose their lives. Being poor isn’t their fault, and killing these people doesn’t solve the problem.

China has always handed out harsh punishment to drug criminals. Contudo, drug-related crimes haven’t lessened, and are in fact increasing. The death penalty is a complicated legal and political issue. An authoritarian country needs the death penalty to maintain its rule, and to intimidate the people.

E: Chinese law firms usually have a Party committee and Party leaders. Does your law office have a Party committee?

Liang: Daoheng Law Firm doesn’t have a Party committee.

E: What sort of court trials do you feel are the most oppressive?

Liang: The trial of Liu Wei from Sichuan Province was the most oppressive court case I’ve experienced.

Liu was a student at the Beijing Polytechnic University and a Tiananmen protester. After he quit school and returned to Sichuan, the police continued to harass him. So all he could do was rights defense and dissident work.

The Chinese Communist Party’s use of intimidation tactics dissident cases is unrivalled—when court is in session, large numbers of riot police enter the courtroom wearing metal helmets and carrying rifles loaded with live rounds.

Also quite oppressive are cases involving Falun Gong [a traditional Chinese meditation practice persecuted in China].

E: What effect did the widespread arrest of lawyers in July 9 last year have on the legal community in China?

Liang: The suppression succeeded in some areas, but I feel that new lawyers are stepping out in large numbers. Everyone is persevering and going on with it.

E: There are many lawyers, but there aren’t many “human rights lawyers.” Why did you decide to become one?

Liang: As a defense lawyer, I discovered that there were many people who were being suppressed by the country’s authorities, resulting in their being unfairly tried and sentenced.

Liang Xiaojun. (Weibo)

Dentro 2008, I represented Kashgar Alimujiang in Xinjiang, a typical case of political and religious persecution. Alimujiang, a Christian who converted from Islam, was marked by the local religious bureau after he started organizing a family church. He was later arrested for “providing state secrets to foreigners,” and sentenced to 15 years in jail.

The Xinjiang procuratorate didn’t have enough evidence to prosecute Alimujiang, and his actions didn’t make him guilty, either. But he was convicted regardless.

When I later started representing Falun Gong cases, I found that it difficult to meet my clients, difficult to review court documents, and difficult to secure a court trial. It was challenging every step of the way because there was interference from public security forces, the procuratorate, and the courts.

After taking on Falun Gong cases, I realize that under the current Chinese system, they are the most severely persecuted group. So I decided to defend these people whose rights have been truly violated.

Desde 2009, I’ve accepted between 80 para 100 Falun Gong cases. The authorities have piled intense pressure against me—the judicial bureau came looking for me, and so did other departments. These departments told me that I couldn’t represent Falun Gong practitioners, and that what I was doing was very dangerous.

Because the pressure was so immense, many lawyers who worked on these cases have since stopped representing Falun Gong practitioners. But I’ve always persisted.

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