The photo shows rights activists performing the roles of Chinese police and North Korean refugees outside the Chinese Embassy in Seoul on Feb. 21, 2012 during a rally demanding that Beijing scrap plans to repatriate arrested refugees from North Korea. The Chinese regime has intensified its crackdown on North Koreans who attempt to escape the Kim regime through China. (JUNG YEON-JE/AFP/Getty Images)The photo shows rights activists performing the roles of Chinese police and North Korean refugees outside the Chinese Embassy in Seoul on Feb. 21, 2012 during a rally demanding that Beijing scrap plans to repatriate arrested refugees from North Korea. The Chinese regime has intensified its crackdown on North Koreans who attempt to escape the Kim regime through China. (JUNG YEON-JE/AFP/Getty Images)

North Koreans who attempt to escape the brutal Kim regime through China are increasingly being apprehended by the Chinese regime and deported back, according to reports. Those who were forcefully returned face certain imprisonment, tortura, and even execution.

Human Rights Watch estimated that in July and August alone China apprehended 41 North Koreans attempting to flee their home country by crossing over into and through China, a steep increase from the 51 who are known to have been caught the entire previous year, a partir de julho 2016 to June 2017. North Korean escapees were caught in various locations inside China from the North Korea-China border all the way to Lao-China border in Yunnan Province.

The fact that North Koreans were being caught as far away as Yunnan means that some of them traveled thousands of miles inside China and were a short distance away from freedom before the Chinese regime’s security apparatus sealed their fate.

The intensified crackdown on North Korean escapees likely started in July, as China arrested a number of local guides that help North Koreans pass through China. As news of the crackdown spread, guides and activists within the existing “rescue network” became more reluctant to take the risk of transporting unfamiliar escapees as they were fearful of being betrayed to the Chinese authorities.

A North Korean soldier stands guard on a boat with locals on the Yalu River near the town of Sinuiju across from the Chinese border town of Dandong on Feb. 9, 2016. (JOHANNES EISELE / AFP / Getty Images)

A North Korean soldier stands guard on a boat with locals on the Yalu River near the town of Sinuiju across from the Chinese border town of Dandong on Feb. 9, 2016. (JOHANNES EISELE / AFP / Getty Images)

Among the 92 North Korean escapees that were caught since June 2016, só 46 are still in Chinese custody and the rest have been deported back to North Korea, according to Human Rights Watch. The North Korean regime imposes severe punishment on those attempting to escape the country. Most would be imprisoned in concentration camps and face torture and abuse, and some of them would be executed, according to Human Rights Watch.

The deportation of North Korean refugees back to North Korea has been identified as a violation of the 1951 UN Refugee Convention and its accompanying 1967 Protocol. China is a signatory country for both. Article 33 of the Convention, also known as the principle of non-refoulement, prohibits countries from expelling or returning a refugee where “his life or freedom would be threatened on account of his race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion.”

The Chinese regime considers North Korean refugees only as “illegal economic migrants” rather than refugees or asylum seekers, despite the fact that these North Koreans are internationally recognized as refugees who would face severe persecution upon return.

North Korea has also stepped up its own efforts to crackdown on defections. In a recent report, South Korea’s Ministry of Unification said that 780 North Koreans eventually reached safety in the South between January and August, a significant decline from the same period one year previously, a Telegraph relatado.

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exercício Falun Gong na Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York em setembro. 19, 2017, para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18º ano.  (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)exercício Falun Gong na Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York em setembro. 19, 2017, para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18º ano.  (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

NOVA YORK-Eles tinham acabado de chegar nos Estados Unidos um pouco mais de uma semana atrás, mas eles estavam prontos para dizer ao mundo sobre o que eles suportaram.

À frente da Assembleia Geral das Nações Unidas em Nova York, duas irmãs da China se juntou a um grupo de cerca de 80 meditando manifestantes fora do U.N. construção. Rui e Xing são praticantes de Falun Dafa, uma prática espiritual que o regime chinês tem fortemente perseguidos desde 1999. Eles pediram para usar pseudônimos por medo de repercussões para os pais que vivem na China, que também praticar o Falun Dafa (também conhecido como Falun Gong).

Rui e Xing eram apenas 11 e 8 anos de idade quando seu pai foi preso e condenado à prisão por 14 anos e meio de sua fé na antiga disciplina budista. Sentindo-se ameaçado pela crescente popularidade de Falun Dafa na China de longo alcance 100 milhões de praticantes em seu pico, de acordo com fontes Falun Gong, ou 70 milhões, de acordo com uma pesquisa realizada pelo Estado, as autoridades comunistas lançaram uma campanha sistemática em 1999 para erradicar a prática.

exercício Falun Gong na Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York em setembro. 19, 2017, para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18º ano.  (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

exercício Falun Gong na Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York em setembro. 19, 2017, para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18º ano. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

Em sua casa em Gansu, uma região central da China, Rui e Xing lembrar a polícia local intrometendo-se e mantê-los sob vigilância casa, relógio manutenção 24/7 durante semanas a extremidade. Seis anos mais tarde, sua mãe também foi preso e condenado à prisão. Desta vez, a polícia também recorreu administradores e professores da escola de Rui para espioná-la. 17 e 14 anos, eles foram deixados para se defenderem sozinhos, com a ajuda de alguns praticantes de Falun Dafa que viviam nas proximidades. Rui e Xing foram informados de que não poderia se aplicar para empréstimos de estudante de faculdade.

“Queremos dizer delegados da China para parar a perseguição, de modo que os praticantes na China pode acreditar livremente. Eles são pessoas que conhecemos, pessoas que ainda sofrem,”Rui disse em chinês.

praticantes de Falun Gong meditar para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18º ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York, enquanto os líderes mundiais se reunirem em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

praticantes de Falun Gong meditar para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18º ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York, enquanto os líderes mundiais se reunirem em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

Apesar dos ventos fortes na terça-feira, os praticantes de Falun Dafa fora da U.N. chegou no início da manhã para começar o seu protesto silencioso. A maioria eram ou executar os exercícios ou segurando firmemente suas bandeiras desfraldadas que ameaçava desmoronar contra o vento, com mensagens impressas como “o mundo precisa de verdade, compaixão, tolerância”três princípios-e centrais -a da fé‘trazer Jiang Zemin à justiça’em Inglês e Chinês. Jiang era o líder da China que iniciou a perseguição.

Wang Luorui, um médico que tinha sido preso 11 vezes na China, disse que espera presidente norte-americano Donald Trump vai colocar pressão sobre a China para trazer Jiang à justiça. “Ele permitirá que Falun Gong para trazer os valores universais da veracidade, compaixão, e tolerância ao povo chinês," ela disse.

praticantes de Falun Gong meditar para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18º ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York, enquanto os líderes mundiais se reunirem em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

praticantes de Falun Gong meditar para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18º ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York, enquanto os líderes mundiais se reunirem em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

Wang Cun Ling, um praticante de Xangai, disse que sua fé a ajudou a se tornar um professor responsável e solidária que orientou muitos estudantes na China que aplicaram com sucesso para melhores faculdades. Com a influência que o U.N. tem o mundo, ela espera para transmitir a mensagem a todas as pessoas que Falun Dafa é bom. “Queremos dizer às pessoas a verdade [sobre o Falun Gong] em uma solução pacífica, maneira compassiva," ela disse.

praticantes de Falun Gong meditar para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18º ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York, enquanto os líderes mundiais se reunirem em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

praticantes de Falun Gong meditar para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18º ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York, enquanto os líderes mundiais se reunirem em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)
praticantes de Falun Gong meditar para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18º ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York, enquanto os líderes mundiais se reunirem em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

praticantes de Falun Gong meditar para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18º ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York, enquanto os líderes mundiais se reunirem em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)
praticantes de Falun Gong segurar bandeiras e realizar exercícios para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18o ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

praticantes de Falun Gong segurar bandeiras e realizar exercícios para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18o ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

fd-un-20170919-benjamin-chasteen0206

praticantes de Falun Gong segurar bandeiras e realizar exercícios para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18o ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

praticantes de Falun Gong segurar bandeiras e realizar exercícios para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18o ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)
praticantes de Falun Gong meditar para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18º ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York, enquanto os líderes mundiais se reunirem em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

praticantes de Falun Gong meditar para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18º ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York, enquanto os líderes mundiais se reunirem em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)
praticantes de Falun Gong segurar bandeiras e realizar exercícios para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18o ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

praticantes de Falun Gong segurar bandeiras e realizar exercícios para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18o ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)
praticantes de Falun Gong meditar para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18º ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York, enquanto os líderes mundiais se reunirem em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

praticantes de Falun Gong meditar para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18º ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York, enquanto os líderes mundiais se reunirem em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)
praticantes de Falun Gong segurar bandeiras e realizar exercícios para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18o ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

praticantes de Falun Gong segurar bandeiras e realizar exercícios para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18o ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)
praticantes de Falun Gong segurar bandeiras e realizar exercícios para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18o ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

praticantes de Falun Gong segurar bandeiras e realizar exercícios para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18o ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)
exercício Falun Gong na Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York em setembro. 19, 2017, para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18º ano. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

exercício Falun Gong na Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York em setembro. 19, 2017, para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18º ano. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)
praticantes de Falun Gong segurar bandeiras e realizar exercícios para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18o ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

praticantes de Falun Gong segurar bandeiras e realizar exercícios para aumentar a conscientização sobre a perseguição dentro da China, que está agora em seu 18o ano no Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, perto da sede das Nações Unidas em Nova York em setembro. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)
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Xue holds a notebook declaring that she withdraws from the Chinese Communist Party on Sept. 8, 2017. (RFA)Xue holds a notebook declaring that she withdraws from the Chinese Communist Party on Sept. 8, 2017. (RFA)

The career of an Olympic doctor—who had blazed a trail to success at an early age—came to a screeching halt when she refused to inject the top Chinese gymnasts with steroids. After almost two decades of mistreatment, she is seeking asylum in Germany and has severed all ties with the Chinese Communist Party.

Xue Yinxian, 79, was born in a revolutionary family, and her early life as a privileged “second generation red”—child of veteran officials—went just as expected.

In her 20s, she entered the General Administration of Sport of China, the country’s top sports bureau. She later became the personal doctor for Olympians such as Li Ning, known in China as “Prince of Gymnastics,” and Lou Yun, a two-time gold medalist at the Olympic Games in 1984 e 1988. She was also the chief doctor overseeing the 11 national teams.

Everything changed in the late 1970s when a wave of state-sponsored doping hit China’s sports scene. Sports doctor Chen Zhanghao had been sent to study the advantages of stimulants and returned to China proclaiming their power to combat fatigue.

Shortly afterwards, Xue said all athletes were required to take the drugs.

The state sports bureau later established a research team on doping, which Chen led.

Xue said athletes were often not told what they were injected with—steroids and growth hormones were referred to as “special nutritional medicine” and promoted across the country as a part of “scientific training.”

“The campaign ruined our nation’s athletes for life,” Xue said.

As a physician, Xue saw the danger of stimulants more clearly than most of her contemporaries. She said the side effects included severe liver damage and brittle bones, as well as liver and brain cancer. But the teenage girl athletes paid the steepest price.

“The ‘powerful energizer’ did get them through the door to the professional team.” Xue said. “I saw some like that—she broke the provincial records…but now she is penniless and has mental problems.”

What bothered Xue most was the lack of drug regulations. “At least on the national team there were medical doctors watching them taking doses and taking responsibility for it, but who cared about the regional teams?"

Li Ning during the XXIII Olympic Summer Games at the Edwin W. Pauley Pavilion in Los Angeles, Califórnia, on 4th August 1984. (Trevor Jones/Getty Images)

Li Ning during the XXIII Olympic Summer Games at the Edwin W. Pauley Pavilion in Los Angeles, Califórnia, on 4th August 1984. (Trevor Jones/Getty Images)

Em julho 1988, two months before the Seoul Olympic Games, Xue was asked to inject gymnast Li Ning with performance-enhancing drugs.

She declined and retaliation followed swiftly.

While cooperative doctors enjoyed lucrative rewards and promotion, Xue was removed from her post. Her email and phone were monitored. A police car was permanently parked outside of her home.

“Li Ning is a celebrity,” she had told officials.” If this should be found out, it’s not only you, me, and Li Ning who would lose face, our national image would be gone as well.”

“What the sports committee wanted were champions, not athletes,” Li Ning told Southern Weekly dentro 2012.

Before the 2008 Beijing Olympics, she got a visit from the vice director of the state sports bureau, who warned her not to “say anything unfavorable against the nation,” according to Yang Weidong, Xue’s son and a contemporary artist.

Xue’s husband, who had just had brain surgery, got into a physical confrontation with the official, during which he fell to the ground and again wounded his head. He died three months later.

Dentro 2012, Xue gave an interview to Australia’s Fairfax Media in which she blew the whistle on China’s state-enforced doping, the first time the regime had been directly implicated in the practice.

Seeking Asylum

Xue has suffered two strokes, and once lost her ability to speak. When she sought treatment at Beijing Hospital and China-Japan Friendship Hospital, two of the major state-run hospitals in Beijing, she received nothing more than examinations.

“For two years they wouldn’t treat my mom,” said Yang Weidong, Xue’s son and a contemporary artist. “The hospitals didn’t specify the reasons, but whenever we arrived at the hospital, the police would also be there.”

Before Xue was allowed to leave the country to seek medical help, her home was searched as the police attempted to find the 68 work journals that Xue wrote as a medical doctor—journals that help document her allegations of state-sponsored doping.

The police were a step too late: months earlier Xue’s family had transported the journals overseas.

Xue escaped to Germany in June with her her son and daughter-in-law, and applied for asylum. All three were transferred to a refugee camp in Mannheim on Aug. 29.

Xue Yinxian in 1988. (File photo)

Xue Yinxian in 1988. (File photo)

Xue told Radio Free Asia that she had stopped paying Party membership dues after her husband’s death. em setembro. 8, 2017, she had a picture taken of her holding a notebook on which she had written, "Xue Yinxian declares: [I] withdraw from the Chinese Communist Party. Dated 9.8.2017.”

With that gesture, Xue cut her last ties to the Chinese regime. To date, por aí 280 million Chinese have chosen to repudiate their connections with the Party and its affiliated organizations.

On Aug. 28, the abuse Xue has fought against was again in the news. The Court of Arbitration for Sport confirmed that two Chinese weightlifters were guilty of doping and stripped them of the gold medals they had won at the 2008 Beijing Olympics.

The finding against the two weightlifters is the latest instance of the doping scandal that has shaken Olympic sports. Retesting of samples from the 2008 e 2012 Olympics in Beijing and London found about 50 doping cases and at least 25 medals were voided—most cases were involved athletes from the former Soviet Union, de acordo com Associated Press.

China, one of the top countries in weightlifting, won seven medals at the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro, including five gold.

Additional reporting by Chang Chun and Zhang Ting.

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WeChat, o aplicativo de mensagens mais popular na China, agora avisa os usuários que ele armazena ativamente toda uma gama de dados privados e prontamente compartilhá-los com as autoridades chinesas se necessário. (Matthew Robertson / Epoch Times)WeChat, o aplicativo de mensagens mais popular na China, agora avisa os usuários que ele armazena ativamente toda uma gama de dados privados e prontamente compartilhá-los com as autoridades chinesas se necessário. (Matthew Robertson / Epoch Times)

mais popular WeChat mensagens aplicativo da China agora avisa os usuários em uma declaração de privacidade sobre o quanto de seus dados privados das ações da empresa com o regime chinês. Para surpresa de ninguém, é apenas sobre tudo usuários digitar no aplicativo.

Desenvolvido pela empresa de internet chinês Tencent, WeChat é equivalente a WhatsApp da China e é usado por 662 milhões de usuários móveis, o que torna o aplicativo de mensagens dominante na China e uma das maiores do mundo.

WeChat usuários que atualizado para o último patch são recebidos com um novo prompt que os obriga a aceitar a política de Privacidade a fim de continuar usando o aplicativo. Após a leitura cuidadosa, a nova política de privacidade reconhece que WeChat recolhe toda uma gama de dados de seus usuários, e para cumprir com “leis ou regulamentos aplicáveis” seriam facilmente compartilhá-los com o regime chinês.

dados de registro privadas de usuários, tais como “informações sobre o que você procurou e olhou para ao usar WeChat,”E“pessoas que você se comunicava com eo tempo, dados e duração das comunicações”estão entre as coisas que WeChat livremente lojas e usa para personalizar publicidade e marketing direto.

WeChat usuários que atualizado para o último patch são recebidos com um novo prompt que os obriga a aceitar a política de privacidade, a fim de continuar a usar o aplicativo. (Capturas de tela capturada pelo Twitter @lotus_ruan usuário)

WeChat usuários que atualizado para o último patch são recebidos com um novo prompt que os obriga a aceitar a política de privacidade, a fim de continuar a usar o aplicativo. (Capturas de tela capturada pelo Twitter @lotus_ruan usuário)

WeChat também admite que seria “manter, preservar ou divulgar”os dados dos usuários para‘cumprir as leis ou regulamentos.’aplicáveis ​​porque as agências de aplicação da lei da China e aparato de segurança não precisa de um mandado de busca para apreender a propriedade de um cidadão ou dados privados, o regime chinês seria, essencialmente, têm acesso a quase tudo WeChat usuários enviam através do aplicativo.

Os usuários que se recusam a aceitar a mais recente política de privacidade não seria capaz de acessar WeChat com as suas contas, até que eles mudem de idéia e clique no botão “aceitar”. Contudo, porque os usuários podem continuar usando o aplicativo a qualquer momento com seus dados pré-existentes intactas, WeChat provável planeja armazenar todos os dados por um período prolongado, mesmo quando um usuário se recusa explicitamente a deixar WeChat gerenciar seus próprios dados mais.

A nova política de privacidade contém algumas surpresas para aqueles que têm sido criticando WeChat por falta de proteções de privacidade e segurança para seus usuários. Depois de tudo, observadores têm atribuído o domínio do WeChat na China a estreita colaboração da empresa com o regime chinês na implementação de mecanismos de auto-censura e vigilância no aplicativo.

WeChat certamente tem uma assistência do regime Chinse quando iniciado um bloqueio parcial de WhatsApp em julho. O bloqueio de WhatsApp eliminado uma das poucas aplicações de mensagens disponíveis para os utilizadores na China, que não foi controlada pelo regime autoritário.

O regime chinês também anunciou recentemente em setembro. 7 uma nova regulamentação exigindo que os participantes de grupos de mensagens WeChat ser responsável pela gestão da informação colocada nos seus respectivos grupos. Essencialmente, isto significa que um usuário em um grupo de mensagens poderá ser responsabilizado e até mesmo perseguidos por informações que outros postar no grupo.

Há muito tempo se observou que WeChat está entre os mais fortemente censurado aplicativos de mensagens. UMA 2016 pesquisa feito pela Anistia Internacional, que classifica aplicativos de mensagens mais populares do mundo em termos de protecção da privacidade aos utilizadores deu WeChat uma pontuação de 0 fora de 100, o que significa que os usuários de WeChat receber proteção pouca ou nenhuma criptografia para suas comunicações e o aplicativo é completamente exposta à censura e vigilância pelo regime chinês.

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In a video released by the Chinese court, a visibly shaken Lee Ching-yu can be seen reading out a statement in court that admits his guilt for “subverting” the Chinse government. Lee’s wife can be seen sitting in the last row of the court room. (Weibo Screenshot/Yueyang Intermediate People's Court)In a video released by the Chinese court, a visibly shaken Lee Ching-yu can be seen reading out a statement in court that admits his guilt for “subverting” the Chinse government. Lee’s wife can be seen sitting in the last row of the court room. (Weibo Screenshot/Yueyang Intermediate People's Court)

The Chinese regime held a show trial to convict Lee Ming-che, a Taiwanese human rights activist who has been imprisoned in China since March of this year under charges of “subversion.”

Lee is the first Taiwanese citizen ever to become a political prisoner in China, and the case has attracted considerable international attention. Human rights groups and Lee’s wife blasted the Chinese regime’s treatment of Lee and have criticized the trial as a mockery of justice.

Lee Ming-che disappeared in late March 2017 when he attempted to enter China via Zhuhai, Guangdong, from Macau. The Chinese regime later confirmed that Lee was detained and charged with “subversion.” Lee’s alleged crimes consisted of sending books and materials to friends in China who are interested in human rights, and engaging in online chat group discussions with other Chinese human rights advocates.

Depois de 170 days in jail, the 42-year-old Lee went on trial in Yueyang Intermediate People’s Court in Hunan on Sept. 11. The hearing was broadcast live on the court’s Weibo (China’s equivalent of Twitter), supposedly to demonstrate that the trial was fair and open. Lee was tried along with his co-defendant Peng Yuhua who allegedly also participated in the “subversive” online chat group.

In the video, a visibly shaken Lee pleaded guilty to charges of “subverting state power,” and can be seen reading out a statement in court that blamed “false portrayals of China in Taiwanese media” for his action. He also expressed his “gratitude” to the Chinese authorities and said he saw how “fair and civilized” China’s justice system is.

As is typical with China’s judicial system, nowhere in the recorded video of the proceeding did Lee’s court-assigned “attorney” speak in Lee’s defense, nor make any statement contradicting the prosecutors’ charges. The trial ended with both Lee and Peng’s “confessions,” and the court announced that a hearing on sentencing will be held in future date.

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Lee’s wife Lee Ching-yu who was allowed to travel to China and attend the court on Monday, released a statement asking the Taiwanese people to forgive her husband for the “embarrassing confession” he made in court under duress. Chinese authorities only allowed Lee to enter court in the middle of the proceedings, and she was seen sitting in the last row of the court room.

The court’s Weibo published several photos of the trial, including one that shows Lee Ching-yu reunited with her husband and holding his hands.

Since his arrest in March, Lee Ming-che was not allowed any communication with the outside world—not even his wife and family. Lee’s wife later posted on Facebook that she felt Lee was afraid of saying anything in front of her, and all that the couple could do was to hold hands and look at each other.

“I am proud of you, Lee Ming-che!” Lee’s wife Lee Ching-yu posted a photo on Facebook showing support for her husband prior to Monday’s court trial. (Lee Ching-yu’s Facebook)

Lee Ching-yu has launched a relentless and high profile public campaign to seek her husband’s release. Anteriormente, Lee attempted to travel to China in April but was rejected from boarding at the Taoyuan airport as her travel permit to mainland China was cancelled by the Chinese regime. She later traveled to the United States in May and testified at a U.S. Congressional hearing. She also met with various human rights NGOs and Trump administration officials.

The Taiwanese public has reacted to the trial with anger. Many Taiwanese netizens have been using the hashtag “We are all Lee Ming-che” on Facebook and other social media to express their solidarity with Lee.

Taiwan’s Mainland Affairs Council, which serves as the country’s official agency dealing with the mainland Chinese regime, dispatched a team of advisors and assistants to accompany Lee Ching-yu to China. Tt also released a statement after Monday’s trial that says that it is “disappointed” that the Chinese government did not observe due process in the trial.

Despite this, many inside Taiwan still perceive the government’s response to the case as too weak and insufficient to demonstrate Taiwan’s resolve.

Anteriormente, Taiwan’s Tsai Ing-wen administration had sought to minimize confrontation with the hostile Chinese regime on the other side of the strait. After reports surfaced that there was some friction between Lee Ching-yu’s high profile campaign and the Taiwanese government’s low profile approach to the case, the Tsai administration publicly pledged to ramp up efforts to rescue Lee Ming-che,

Lee is notable for being the first ever Taiwanese citizen to be recorded as a political prisoner in China by the political prisoner database maintained by U.S. Congressional Executive Commission On China (CECC).

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Pro-democracy protesters carry a photo of detained Taiwanese rights activist Lee Ming-Che (eu) and other activists during a demonstration in Hong Kong, China on Sept. 11, 2017. (REUTERS/Bobby Yip)Pro-democracy protesters carry a photo of detained Taiwanese rights activist Lee Ming-Che (eu) and other activists during a demonstration in Hong Kong, China on Sept. 11, 2017. (REUTERS/Bobby Yip)

BEIJING—A Taiwanese activist on trial in China confessed on Monday to attempting to subvert the Beijing government, according to videos of his hearing released by Chinese authorities, although his wife refused to recognize the court’s authority.

Lee Ming-che, a community college teacher known for his pro-democracy and rights activism, went missing on a trip to mainland China in March. China’s authorities later confirmed that he was being investigated on suspicion of damaging national security.

Lee said he accepted the charge of subversion and expressed regret in videos of his comments released on social media by the Yueyang City Intermediate People’s Court in central Hunan province.

“I spread some attacks, theories that maliciously attacked and defamed China’s government, the Chinese Communist Party and China’s current political system, and I incited the subversion of state power,” Lee said, referring to comments written in an instant messaging group.

Taiwan’s presidential office said in a news briefing on Monday afternoon that the government is engaged in an “all-out effort to assist Mr. Lee Ming-che’s family.”

“His relief is our top priority. The position of this government has been very clear. Sr. Lee is one of our citizens,” an office spokesman said, adding: “We’ll do everything in our power to ensure his safe return.”

Pro-democracy protesters carry a photo of detained Taiwanese rights activist Lee Ming-Che during a demonstration in Hong Kong, China on Sept. 11, 2017. (REUTERS/Bobby Yip)

Pro-democracy protesters carry a photo of detained Taiwanese rights activist Lee Ming-Che during a demonstration in Hong Kong, China on Sept. 11, 2017. (REUTERS/Bobby Yip)

Lee stood trial alongside Chinese national Peng Yuhua, 37, who confessed to creating instant messaging groups and founding an organization that sought to promote political change in China. Lee had been involved in both, Peng said in testimony released on video by the court.

Taiwanese rights activist Xiao Yiming traveled to the mainland for the trial, but said he was barred from entering the courtroom.

Xiao suspected Peng was being used by authorities to help strengthen the state’s case against Lee, as he was unaware of any previous connection between the two men.

“Taiwan has democratic freedoms and Lee has the right to share his ideas,” Xiao told Reuters by phone, describing Lee as a “prisoner of conscience”.

Lee Ching-yu, Lee’s wife, attended the hearing. Before leaving for China she had asked that Lee’s supporters to forgive him for anything he might say that disappoints them during the hearing.

Lee Ching-yu, wife of Taiwan human rights advocate Lee Ming-che, who has been detained in China, speaks to the media a day before departing for her husband's trial, in Taipei, Taiwan on Sept. 9, 2017. (REUTERS/Tyrone Siu)

Lee Ching-yu, wife of Taiwan human rights advocate Lee Ming-che, who has been detained in China, speaks to the media a day before departing for her husband’s trial, in Taipei, Taiwan on Sept. 9, 2017. (REUTERS/Tyrone Siu)

She wrote a letter to her husband on Monday morning before the trial began, photographs of which were seen by Reuters.

“I do not recognize this court. I also did not hire any lawyers," ela escreveu.

After the hearing, she tearfully repeated her request for forgiveness and unveiled what appeared to be two new tattoos on the underside of each of her forearms that read, “Lee Ming-che” and “I am proud of you”, videos sent to Reuters showed.

No one answered the court phone when called by Reuters on Monday.

Releasing videos and transcripts of court hearings has become increasingly common in China as part of a push for greater judicial transparency and oversight.

But rights activists say that in sensitive cases holding “open” trials allows authorities to demonstrate state power and deter others, with statements and verdicts usually agreed in advance.

Ties between Beijing and Taipei have been strained since President Tsai Ing-wen, leader of the independence-leaning Democratic Progressive Party, took office last year.

Tsai’s refusal to state that Taiwan and China are part of one country has angered Beijing, as have her comments about human rights on the mainland.

Beijing maintains that the island of Taiwan is part of China and has never renounced the use of force to bring it under its control, while proudly democratic Taiwan has shown no interest in being governed by the Communist Party rulers in Beijing.

By Christian Shepherd

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Senator Anderson speaks in front of the Chinese consulate in San Francisco during a rally to protest the Chinese regime’s interference in California’s legislature, on Sept 8, 2017 (Lear Zhou/Epoch Times)Senator Anderson speaks in front of the Chinese consulate in San Francisco during a rally to protest the Chinese regime’s interference in California’s legislature, on Sept 8, 2017 (Lear Zhou/Epoch Times)

SAN FRANCISCO—A rally was held outside the Chinese Consulate in San Francisco on the morning of Sept. 8 to protest the Chinese regime’s interference in California’s legislature.

The rally was sparked by a letter sent from the Consulate to all members of the California Senate that warned that support of SJR 10—a resolution sponsored by Senator Joel Anderson that condemns the Chinese Communist Party for its ongoing persecution of Falun Gong practitioners—would harm relations between the two governments.

Falun Gong, também conhecido como Falun Dafa, is an ancient Chinese spiritual practice in the Buddhist tradition. It consists of living according the principles of truthfulness, compaixão, and tolerance and performing gentle, meditative exercises.

Dentro 1999 havia 70 million people practicing Falun Gong in China, according to a survey done by the Chinese state, ou 100 milhão, according to Falun Gong practitioners. Em julho 1999, Contudo, then-Communist Party leader Jiang Zemin banned the peaceful practice and enlisted the nation’s entire security apparatus, meios de comunicação, and judiciary to participate in a massive persecution campaign that continues to this day.

Falun Gong practitioners hold banners in front of the San Francisco Chinese consulate during a rally to protest the Chinese regime's interference in California's legislature, on Sept 8, 2017 (Lear Zhou/Epoch Times)

Falun Gong practitioners hold banners in front of the San Francisco Chinese consulate during a rally to protest the Chinese regime’s interference in California’s legislature, on Sept 8, 2017 (Lear Zhou/Epoch Times)

colheita de órgãos

The most disturbing element in this brutal campaign is the compelling evidence that shows Falun Data prisoners of conscience are murdered to supply organs for transplantation in China.

The China Organ Harvesting Research Center reports, “China now performs more organ transplants than any other country in the world, despite having few donations.” The Center asks where all of these organs come from.

Dentro 2016 former Canadian Secretary of State (Asia/Pacific) David Kilgour, investigative journalist Ethan Gutmann, and international human rights lawyer David Matas released “Bloody Harvest/The Slaughter: An Update,” which offers “a meticulous examination of the transplant programs of hundreds of hospitals in China, drawing on media reports, official propaganda, medical journals, hospital websites and a vast amount of deleted websites found in archive”, according to the report’s website.

The report shows that the Chinese regime is performing 60,000 para 100,000 transplants per year as opposed to 10,000 per year (the Chinese claim). The Chinese regime has engaged “in the mass killings of innocents, primarily practitioners of the spiritually‑based set of exercises, Falun Gong, but also Uyghurs, Tibetans, and select House Christians, in order to obtain organs for transplants.”

Also in 2016 the U.S. House of Representatives passed H. Res. 343, “Expressing concern regarding persistent and credible reports of systematic, state-sanctioned organ harvesting from non-consenting prisoners of conscience in the People’s Republic of China, including from large numbers of Falun Gong practitioners and members of other religious and ethnic minority groups.”

Pulling the Resolution

SJR 10 takes note of H. Res. 343 and condemns the Chinese Government “for any government-sanctioned persecution of Falun Gong practitioners in the People’s Republic of China.” With both Democratic and Republican co-sponsors, it was unanimously approved last week by the Judiciary Committee. The next step should have been a vote on the Senate Floor.

Unexpectedly, the Senate voted to refer SJR 10 back to the Rules Committee-essentially blocking it from coming to a vote in the Senate.

Speaking at the rally, Senator Anderson blamed the shelving of his bill on a “a vicious letter sent by the Chinese Consulate to discredit Falun Gong Practitioners.” The letter threatened that SJR 10 “may deeply damage the cooperative relations between the State of California and China.”

Senator Anderson speaks in front of the Chinese consulate in San Francisco during a rally to protest the Chinese regime's interference in California's legislature, on Sept 8, 2017 (Lear Zhou/Epoch Times)

Senator Anderson speaks in front of the Chinese consulate in San Francisco during a rally to protest the Chinese regime’s interference in California’s legislature, on Sept 8, 2017 (Lear Zhou/Epoch Times)

Dated Sept. 1, the letter was sent to all California Senators the day after 200 human rights activists gathered at the State Capitol to support the unanimous approval of SJR 10 by the Senate Judiciary Committee.

The same day this letter was received, Senate Pro Tem Kevin de Leon moved to pull the resolution from the floor.

Phone calls and emails from the Epoch Times to Jonathan Underland, press secretary to Senator De Leon, asking for the Senator’s comments about this issue were not returned.

Outraged that his bill was not allowed even to be heard, at the rally on Friday Senator Anderson decried this “alarming interference with our legislative process by a foreign power has silenced the voice of human rights.”

Other states—Minnesota, Illinois, and Pennsylvania—have each passed resolutions similar to SJR 10 within the past few years.

Against Genocide

Senator Anderson said, “We should stand together against genocide. This is not a party issue, it’s a human rights issue.”

Speaking on the Senate floor every day the week of Sept. 4-8, he attempted to attach SJR 10 to other measures, including a similar bill that condemns the Chechnya government’s persecution of the LGBT community. He was not alone in this attempt. Noting California’s long history of showing support for human rights resolutions, Senator Stone, a Republican from Temecula, urged his colleagues to let SJR 10 be heard.

“We commonly do resolutions in support of human rights. I think that this is a missed opportunity—one that makes us look hypocritical—that murder in one sense is justified as opposed to murder in another,” Stone said on the Senate floor.

Their pleas fell on deaf ears. SJR 10 remained shelved.

To explain the apparent hypocrisy of the California Senate’s condemning persecution of citizens in Checnya, but not in China, Anderson believes one has to follow the timeline:

  1. With bi-partisan support, SJR 10 passed the Judiciary Committee unanimously.
  2. A threatening letter was received from the Chinese Consulate.
  3. The resolution is shelved without ever being heard on the Senate floor.

Chinese Regime Threats

Threats and intimidation from the Chinese regime to American politicians are not new.

Os EUA. Congress passed two resolutions—H Con ResR 188 dentro 2002 e H Con ResR 304 in 2004—that called for the Attorney General to investigate reports of Chinese Consular officials illegal acts of attempting to intimidate elected officials who showed support for Falun Gong practitioners. The resolutions also urged local governments to report to Congress, the Attorney General, and the Secretary of State any incidents of pressure or harassment by Chinese agents.

Activities coordinator, Alan Huang speaks in front of the Chinese consulate in San Francisco during a rally to protest the Chinese regime's interference in California's legislature, on Sept 8, 2017 (Lear Zhou/Epoch Times)

Activities coordinator, Alan Huang speaks in front of the Chinese consulate in San Francisco during a rally to protest the Chinese regime’s interference in California’s legislature, on Sept 8, 2017 (Lear Zhou/Epoch Times)

Outraged that the Chinese Government’s power to suppress free speech extends beyond its own borders to California’s Senate Leadership, Senator Anderson has vowed to continue pleading for his bill until it is allowed to be heard.

In an appeal to his colleagues’ consciences, ele disse: “We should be standing strong against genocide anywhere in the world. There were those who denied the Holocaust. There is no excuse with what we know today to deny the holocaust that is going on in China against Falun Gong practitioners. We need to stand up and say that nobody’s body parts should be harvested for their religious beliefs.”

He addressed directly the citizens of California, asking those who believe the Senate should be on record voting against genocide to call their legislators and tell them they want to see a vote on SJR 10.

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Lee Ching-yu, wife of Taiwan human rights advocate Lee Ming-che, also known as Li Ming-Che, who has been detained in China, departs for her husband's trial from the airport in Taipei, Taiwan on September 10, 2017. (REUTERS/Tyrone Siu)Lee Ching-yu, wife of Taiwan human rights advocate Lee Ming-che, also known as Li Ming-Che, who has been detained in China, departs for her husband's trial from the airport in Taipei, Taiwan on September 10, 2017. (REUTERS/Tyrone Siu)

TAIPEI—The wife and mother of detained Taiwanese rights activist Lee Ming-che were due to arrive in China on Sunday to attend his subversion trial on Monday, Taiwan’s Mainland Affairs Council said in a statement, calling for Lee’s safe return home.

Lee, a community college teacher and pro-democracy and human rights activist, went missing during a March visit to China. Authorities later confirmed he had been detained, straining already-tense ties between the mainland and the self-ruling island.

Authorities at the Intermediate People’s Court of Yueyang city, in the central province of Hunan, said Monday’s trial on suspicion of subversion of state power would be an open hearing.

Chinese courts have video-streamed or live-blogged increasing numbers of proceedings in recent years as part of a push towards judicial transparency

Contudo, rights activists say that in sensitive cases, holding “open” hearings is a tool for authorities to demonstrate state power and that usually the defendant has agreed to an outcome.

On Saturday, Lee’s wife, Lee Ching-yu, asked during a news conference that supporters forgive her husband if he says something in court which disappoints them, as he might be required to give testimony against his own free will.

On Sunday she declined to comment to a large media contingent as she checked into her flight at Taipei Songshan Airport, where she was to fly to Changsha, in Hunan province, via Shanghai.

Lee Ching-yu, wife of Taiwan human rights advocate Lee Ming-che, also known as Li Ming-Che, who has been detained in China, departs for her husband's trial from the airport in Taipei, Taiwan on Sept. 10, 2017. (REUTERS/Tyrone Siu)

Lee Ching-yu, wife of Taiwan human rights advocate Lee Ming-che, also known as Li Ming-Che, who has been detained in China, departs for her husband’s trial from the airport in Taipei, Taiwan on Sept. 10, 2017. (REUTERS/Tyrone Siu)

Taiwan’s Mainland Affairs Council said it would do everything in its power to facilitate Lee’s safe return.

“Our government’s approach to this case has been predicated on preserving our country’s dignity while ensuring Lee Ming-che’s safety,” it said.

Lee’s case has strained relations between Taipei and Beijing, which have been particularly tense since President Tsai Ing-wen, leader of Taiwan’s independence-leaning Democratic Progressive Party, took office last year.

Beijing regards the island as a breakaway province and it has never renounced the use of force to bring it back under mainland control.

By Faith Hung

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Geng He, wife of missing Chinese human rights lawyer Gao Zhisheng, participates in a press conference held by U.S. Rep. Chris Smith (R-N.J.) to discuss Chinese human rights records on the eve of Chinese President Hu's White House arrival on Jan. 18, on Capitol Hill in Washington. (AFP/Getty Images)Geng He, wife of missing Chinese human rights lawyer Gao Zhisheng, participates in a press conference held by U.S. Rep. Chris Smith (R-N.J.) to discuss Chinese human rights records on the eve of Chinese President Hu's White House arrival on Jan. 18, on Capitol Hill in Washington. (AFP/Getty Images)

Renowned Chinese human rights lawyer Gao Zhisheng has been taken to Beijing, his brother learned, after a stressful three weeks of not knowing where his brother had gone.

Gao disappeared from his native home in Shaanxi province on Aug. 13 and there had been no news about his whereabouts for over three weeks. Several of Gao’s family members, including his elder brother, Gao Zhiyi, were summoned by the police during this period.

em setembro. 6, Gao Zhiyi learned that Gao is in Beijing.

“I have news now. [Gao Zhisheng] was taken to Beijing. So he is definitely in [the Chinese regime’s] hands. We don’t know about the rest. That’s all we know,” Gao Zhiyi told Gao’s wife, Geng He, who currently lives in California.

Geng He confirmed the news with NTD TV on Sept. 6.

"[Gao Zhiyi] said Gao is in Beijing and was taken to Beijing," ela disse. “He said he learned the news through inquiry.”

She also put the message out on Twitter:

Gao’s arrest comes ahead of the 19th Communist Party Congress in October, which is always an extra sensitive time for the ruling Communist Party in China. Spikes in arrests are common in China preceding events or anniversaries deemed sensitive by the communist regime.

Gao was once lauded by the Chinese Ministry of Justice as one of China’s top 10 lawyers. Gao, a Christian, ran afoul of the communist regime when he began providing legal aid to practitioners of Falun Gong—the largest spiritual community being persecuted in China.

Chinese security forces first stepped up their surveillance of Gao after he penned open letters to the top Chinese leadership to condemn the persecution. He was formally arrested in 2006.

Gao spent the next eight years in and out of prison, where he was tortured in the same manner as Falun Gong practitioners—including sleep deprivation, brutal beatings, physical abuse with electric batons, and having his genitalia pierced with toothpicks.

Dentro 2014, Gao was released from prison, but was placed under house arrest in his native Shaanxi Province.

Gao’s teeth became loose due to the many years of torture, but has been forbidden by the Chinese regime to seek medical treatment to ease the pain in the last 3 anos.

Upon learning of Gao’s detention, friend and Beijing human rights activist Hu Jia expressed concerns for Gao’s condition and health.

“The Chinese regime must ensure that Gao is in good health. During the period Lawyer Gao is missing, we demand [the CCP] to allow Gao to have good health, including teeth treatment and a health checkup.” Hu Jia told NTD TV.

Hu Jia also spread the news of Gao’s whereabouts via Twitter:

Advocacy group Friends Concerned for Gao Zhisheng expressed similar concerns for Gao’s health and safety.

“Peng Ming died in prison and his organs were extracted,” the Sept. 3 tweet said. “Liu Xiaobo, Huang Qi and Yang Tianshui were terminally ill in prison but were not allowed to seek medical treatment. We have reason to be concerned for Gao’s safety and the possibility of similar things happening to Gao. We call on human rights organizations to continuously pay attention to Lawyer Gao Zhisheng, and urge the Chinese Communist regime to kindly treat Lawyer Gao and his supporters in China.”

Chang Chun contributed to this report.

A partir de NTD.tv

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A história de Eric e seu pai é o tema de um novo curta-metragem, ‘Split pelo Estado’. (Alexander Nilsen)A história de Eric e seu pai é o tema de um novo curta-metragem, ‘Split pelo Estado’. (Alexander Nilsen)

“Dividir pelo Estado”

Como milhões de famílias australianas se preparam para celebrar o Dia do Pai para honrar seus laços paternos, para Sydney refugiados Eric Jia, sua versão de Dia dos Pais é um caso solitário.

A última vez que ele viu seu pai Ye Jia foi 15 anos-atrás, quando ele tinha 3 anos de idade. Este pai e filho foram fortemente dividida por estado de partido único da China, simplesmente porque Ye Jia queria meditar e seguir as suas crenças.

Eric e seu pai na província de Shaanxi China durante tempos mais felizes.  (Alexander Nilsen)

Eric e seu pai na província de Shaanxi China durante tempos mais felizes. (Alexander Nilsen)

Ele pratica o Falun Gong, uma meditação tradicional chinesa e prática espiritual com base nos princípios da ‘Verdade, Compaixão e Tolerância’. Ele ganhou popularidade na China na década de 1990, Com mais 100 milhão de pessoas que vivem em seus benefícios de saúde.

: Eric fazendo o exercício de meditação do Falun Gong em casa em Sydney, Austrália. China é o único país no mundo que não permite que os praticantes do Falun Gong para meditar livremente.  (Alexander Nilsen)

Eric fazendo o exercício de meditação do Falun Gong em casa em Sydney, Austrália. China é o único país no mundo que não permite que os praticantes do Falun Gong para meditar livremente. (Alexander Nilsen)

Estes números revelaram-se demasiado grande para o regime chinês, que, com cerca de 60 milhão de membros comunistas da época, viu a prática como uma ameaça. O ex-ditador Jiang Zemin iniciou uma repressão a nível do país e perseguição contra o movimento pacífico, que não diminuiu desde o início de julho 20, 1999.

A decisão de perseguir o Falun Gong foi feito pelo ex-líder do Partido Comunista Jiang Zemin sozinho. Outros membros da liderança favoreceu uma abordagem mais conciliadora, reconhecendo que Falun Gong foi pacífica. (NTDTV)

A decisão de perseguir o Falun Gong foi feito pelo ex-líder do Partido Comunista Jiang Zemin sozinho. Outros membros da liderança favoreceu uma abordagem mais conciliadora, reconhecendo que Falun Gong foi pacífica. (NTDTV)

Enquanto os dias e meses se transformou em anos, a perseguição sancionada pelo Estado tomou um pedágio pesado no pais, filhos e famílias, que sofreram severamente e têm sido muitas vezes dilacerada.

Em tortura moderna China é um componente de rotina de aplicação da lei e punição. Jiang Zemin emitiu o seu famoso decreto, “Não é um crime para bater um praticante do Falun Gong à morte.” (en.minghui.org/)

A história de Eric e seu pai é o tema de um novo curta-metragem, “Dividir pelo Estado”, seu lançamento vem no Dia dos Pais.

O diretor do filme Gina Shakespeare disse: “Este filme é dedicado a prisioneiros de consciência, como Ye Jia, que o número hoje aos milhões. É também uma exposição de uso implacável do regime chinês de tortura física e psicológica contra praticantes de Falun Gong e suas famílias, disse através do coração de um jovem.”

Ms Shakespeare lembrou sendo profundamente tocado quando ela leu a carta original de Eric Jia escreveu ao primeiro-ministro australiano Malcolm Turnbull em 2016, implorando para salvar seu pai de uma prisão chinesa.

“Eu sabia que a história de Eric precisava ser contada e que a carta que ele escreveu foi realmente o início de um poderoso script, que também iria mover os outros”, disse ela.

“Ao ouvir que seu pai foi passar oito anos em uma prisão chinesa, havia sido torturado, faminto e submetido a condições de vida sujas e desumanas, Eu nunca poderia imaginar este tipo de maus-tratos, isso só não acontece na Austrália”, disse Ms Shakespeare.

“Eric possui uma incrível resistência e determinação. Seu desejo por justiça e para se reunir com seu pai, depois de todo esse tempo nunca diminuiu. Eu realmente espero que o primeiro-ministro pode pressionar a China a libertar o pai de Eric urgentemente “.

O primeiro-ministro da Austrália, Malcolm Turnbull. (Alexander Nilsen)

O primeiro-ministro da Austrália, Malcolm Turnbull. (Alexander Nilsen)

Eric gasta uma boa parte do tempo ajudando outras famílias Falun Gong ainda presos na China por falar em comícios, coletando assinaturas para petições e até mesmo chamando prisões na China continental. Certamente algo que seu pai estaria orgulhoso de.

Você também pode ajudar Eric e sua família, compartilhando o filme e por visitar este site e assinar a petição.

www.splitbythestate.org

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Wang Quanzhang (eu), his wife, and 2-year-old son. (Photo provided)Wang Quanzhang (eu), his wife, and 2-year-old son. (Photo provided)

Prominent Chinese human rights lawyer Wang Quanzhang is one of 10 nominees for the Dutch government’s Human Rights Tulip award this year.

Wang has defended spiritual groups persecuted by the Chinese Communist Party, such as Christians and Falun Gong practitioners, and has worked with self-taught paralegals, or “barefoot lawyers,” and human rights activists to defend the disenfranchised in China.

The annual Tulip Award is given to individuals or organizations around the world that promote human rights in an innovative way.

“Wang Quanzhang has pioneered the use of social media in his approach to human rights defense using public advocacy in tandem with legal representation,” his profile page on the Tulip award website diz. “He promotes the idea that in China reliance on the law itself is insufficient to protect basic human rights.”

Wang was arrested in a nationwide crackdown on human rights lawyers and activists in China two years ago, and hasn’t been heard from or seen since.

His family says he was detained on charges of being a “threat to national security” for his legal work to defend persecuted groups in China.

The crackdown has come to be known as the 709 Crackdown, and some groups estimate the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) rounded up some 300 advogados de direitos humanos e ativistas in it.

“Wang Quanzhang deserves this award,” Beijing rights lawyer Yu Wensheng told NTD TV’s Chinese edition. "[His winning] would be an encouragement to human rights lawyers in China.”

Hunan Province rights lawyer Wen Donghai said Wang’s detention is an example of how corrupt the legal system in China is, and that how he is being treated makes the rule of law look like a farce in China.

“Even if he is guilty, he should not be detained for so long and should not be forbidden to meet with his lawyer,” Wen told NTD TV. “This is abnormal. It is totally ignoring criminal lawsuit procedure.”

The Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs and NGO group Justice and Peace selected 10 candidates based on nominations from the public. The public now chooses three of the candidates through online voting. Of those three, the Dutch minister of foreign affairs will choose the winner.

Voting, which is open to anyone regardless of their nationality, opened on Aug. 28 and will close on Sept. 6.

The award will be presented on Dec. 10, Human Rights Day.

Most of those detained during the 709 Crackdown have been sentenced or released. Only two, Wang and activist Wu Gan, have yet to be tried.

Of those sentenced, lawyer Zhou Shifeng was sentenced to seven years, and democracy activist Hu Shigen to seven-and-a-half years. Another is awaiting sentencing.

According to Anistia Internacional, the ones who have been released still face close monitoring and separation from loved ones. Lawyers who have tried to represent them in court face threats and harassment, the human rights organization says.

Wang’s wife, Li Wenzu, and the family of other persecuted human rights lawyers and activists released a joint statement on Aug.19 calling for justice for those imprisoned in the crackdown, and demanded the release of the detained ones.

NTD China News reporter Li Yun contributed to this article.

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Chinese doctors carry fresh organs for transplant in 2012. (Screenshot/Sohu.com)Chinese doctors carry fresh organs for transplant in 2012. (Screenshot/Sohu.com)

China recently claimed to have nearly 300,000 registered donors and boasted it would surpass the United States in organ transplants by 2020, during a major organ transplant conference in the southwest Chinese city of Kunming on August 3 para 5.

China’s claims of an explosive rise in organ donations and transplants are cause for alarm, according to Dr. Torsten Trey, o diretor executivo de Médicos contra a colheita de órgãos Forçado.

Dr. Trey spoke with The Epoch Times in a recent interview, laying out his concerns over the transparency of China’s organ transplant system, and pointing to the possibility of ongoing abuses.

O Epoch Times: China has stated that they have almost 300,000 registered organ donors and claimed that it has successfully reformed its organ donation system. Do you find the claims credible?

Dr. Torsten Trey: In the United States, it took approximately 20 years to create a donation system. Na China, the environment is even more conservative in terms of donations than the U.S. Traditionally, Chinese people are against organ donations. And in the particular case of China, there is even a regulation that if only one family member rejects the organ donation from a deceased relative, the organ cannot be procured. portanto, even if people register as organ donors, there are still obstacles ahead that don’t exist in the U.S. Além disso, once a person is registered, the person usually does not pass away within 2-3 years after registration.

To develop a voluntary, free organ donation system requires time. A fast development is rather a sign that the system is not growing voluntarily. And then there is again the question: where do the organs come from?

O Epoch Times: What are the standards for determining if an organ a transplant system is transparent and credible? How is China’s system different from that of the U.S. and other developed countries?

Dr. Trey: Transparency and traceability of organ donors are criteria among the WHO Guiding Principles for transplantation. Without transparency, transplant medicine is walking a very narrow path where abuse can unhinge the very principles of the medical practice: medicine is supposed to save lives, and do no harm, yet in transplant medicine one depends on an organ from another person to provide cure for the patient. If that transplant organ is procured in an unethical way, in a way where the life of the donor is jeopardized or even killed, then this would violate the mission of medicine. Transparency and traceability are the minimum requirements to prevent such abuse.

In order to assess whether a transplant and organ donation system is meeting these WHO guidelines, an independent examiner needs to be able to ask—at any time and for any organ—where the organ comes for, who the relatives are, who the donor is, what the cause of death was, and whether there was voluntary, free and informed consent. This is common practice in all western countries.

Na China, we see the opposite: there is no access for independent examiners—except maybe for biased examiners—or to examiners who are not aware of the findings of independent investigators.

O Epoch Times: How has China managed to escape independent scrutiny then? And what would it entail?

Dr. Trey: Scrutiny requires access on the ground. China keeps control over it; they decide who can enter or not. The best comparison is made with the business world. If a company wants to produce inside China, they have to collaborate with a Chinese company, and they have to reveal their technology. This is unheard of in other countries, I believe. On the surface it is just an IT privacy issue, but on a deeper level it is censorship of who can enter the country. Same in the transplant field: those organizations and doctors who were invited and granted access to “inspect” transplant centers are only those doctors who have proven over the years that they only write in a pro-China style. It is censorship in transplant scrutiny—like in business—which guarantees there won’t be inconvenient questions or investigations. Companies and doctors alike who abide by Chinese censorship are granted access to the country.

Em outras palavras, by selecting who can access the country, truly independent scrutiny is systematically prevented. If China would be really open for transparency they would allow the true critics, who ask real scrutinizing questions, to enter the country. The intention of this strategy is to fool the international community with pseudo-independent inspections.

O Epoch Times: How did Huang Jiefu, China’s organ transplant spokesperson, respond to international allegations that many of China’s organs have been sourced from prisoners of conscience, mainly Falun Gong practitioners? Why did he say the claims were “nonsense”?

Dr. Trey: Em fevereiro 2017, during his visit to the Vatican in Rome, Huang Jiefu simply replied that allegations of the number of Falun Gong victims were “nonsense.” Other than saying that this is nonsense, there has been basically no statement deflecting the findings from investigators or providing data that would say otherwise.

Given that there has been international criticism for more than 11 anos, it would be fairly easy for China to let investigators enter China and investigate. It is surprising that China endures the criticism, instead of dispelling these allegations by allowing international inspections.

There are books filled with evidence, hundreds of pages of evidence, with countless testimonies by Falun Gong practitioners, etc. Thus rejecting all this with just one word—”nonsense”—is absolutely inadequate. But to a certain degree, it also proves that the allegations and the evidence are true, at least in part, as Huang Jiefu is not able to provide any response to counter the allegations.

O Epoch Times: 30 leaders of foreign organ transplant societies and associations attended the recent transplant conference in Kunming. And Chinese media reports cited international transplant experts lauding reforms in China’s organ transplant system. What would you like to say to them?

Dr. Trey: It is commendable, if China, or any other country, makes genuine reforms to meet ethical standards. But it would be a fatal mistake to applaud such reforms if they are only covering up more severe crimes against humanity. In that case, the alleged reforms cannot be considered reforms, but a scheme to deceive Western doctors and to cover up ongoing forced organ harvesting. If reforms are praised while the hidden forced organ harvesting of Falun Gong practitioners and other prisoners of conscience continues, then we find this devastating situation where applause resounds while innocent people are slaughtered for their organs.

As a representative of international medical organizations, one has the responsibility to consider the victims first: reforms are good, but the well-being of potential victims to forced organ harvesting is the first thing to guarantee. Can you guarantee that no prisoner of conscience is being killed for their organs? If you can guarantee it, then feel free to applaud. But if you cannot guarantee that not a single Falun Gong practitioner is being forcibly organ harvested somewhere in China, then hold your applause and keep scrutinizing. Anything different would be irresponsible and premature.

O Epoch Times: In an interview with Global Times, a subsidiary of a mouthpiece paper of the Chinese Communist Party, Huang Jiefu claimed that China was not the first to use prisoners as a source for organs.

Dr. Trey: Huang Jiefu suggested the U.S. invented this practice of using executed prisoners as a source of organs. In that interview, he also suggested the U.S. is the “the most rampant organ trafficking country in the world.” This is of course false. And it is a shame because many of the doctors who support him the most come from the U.S. Curiosamente, this was only an interview in a Chinese newspaper, and it is probably little known in the West how Huang Jiefu talks about his Western colleagues.

Aside from the historic question—who was first-there is absolutely no doubt that in terms of numbers and systematic approach, China is the worst offender. Over the past 20 anos, they have killed at least hundreds of thousands of people for their organs.

With reporting by Li Chen.

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Dr. Torsten Trey, the spokesperson for Doctors Against Forced Organ Harvesting (Chen Baizhou/The Epoch Times)Dr. Torsten Trey, the spokesperson for Doctors Against Forced Organ Harvesting (Chen Baizhou/The Epoch Times)

China’s media eagerly touted reforms in the nation’s organ transplant system following a major transplant conference in the city of Kunming in southwest China from Aug. 3 para 5. Chinese officials claimed China’s organ transplant system now sources only from voluntary donations, rather than from prisoners who have been executed.

But experts have pointed out glaring statistical discrepancies that suggest the claims may not be all they seem.

The supposed reforms equate to “attempts by a mass murderer to cover its tracks,”Disse o Dr.. Torsten Trey, o diretor executivo de Médicos contra a colheita de órgãos Forçado (DAFOH), in an email interview.

Since China’s transplant system began its period of rapid growth in the year 2000, researchers believe that the main source of organs used to supply the industry have been practitioners of Falun Gong, a traditional Chinese spiritual discipline that has been brutally persecuted by the Chinese regime since 1999. Criminal prisoners who have been executed have always been used.

Dr. Trey said there is no evidence that these practices have ceased. “It is commendable, if China, or any other country, makes genuine reforms to meet ethical standards. But it would be a fatal mistake to applaud such reforms if they are only covering up more severe crimes against humanity.”

Holes in the Data

For many years the Chinese authorities denied that it harvested organs from executed prisoners. Dentro 2005, Huang Jiefu, then deputy health minister, disclosed to the international community that prisoners were indeed used, as a matter of policy in China since 1984. He was referring to prisoners who have been sentenced to death after being convicted of crimes.

Dentro 2006, allegations arose that the human rights abuses involved in organ transplantation were far more egregious than previously imagined: the Chinese regime was harvesting organs from living prisoners of conscience—people imprisoned for their beliefs rather than for actual crimes. An independent investigation by Canadian human rights lawyer David Matas and Canada’s former Secretary of State (Asia Pacific) David Kilgour found the allegations to be true.

The Chinese regime never admitted to these crimes, but following intense international pressure, it announced a ban on organ transplants from executed prisoners starting on Jan. 1, 2015. But the 1984 regulations were not abolished.

China now claims to have built a voluntary transplantation system operating just like that in the United States or other advanced countries. They claim an exponential increase in voluntary organ donations, despite the country being still highly culturally averse to organ donation (because it violates a Confucian tradition of keeping the body whole after death).

Haviam só 130 voluntary organ donations as of August 2009, according to Professor Chen Zhonghua of the Institute of Organ Transplantation in Tongji Hospital, in an interview with state-run media.

Yet Chinese officials claim that they had procured organs from over 4,000 organ donors in 2016 sozinho. In contrast, the UK, where 21 million people have registered to be donors, only had 1,364 people be the source after their deaths for organs in 2016. The United States, which has 140 million registered donors, had only 15,951 individuals provide organs after their deaths. Registered donors, also known as designated donors, are the number of people who, while alive, have expressed their willingness to donate their organs upon death (assuming they die in a manner that makes them eligible to donate.)

China claims to have signed up 300,000 registered donors. Based on Dr. Trey’s estimates, if only the registered donors are supplying organs, China should only have 20 para 40 people a year donating, a far cry from the claimed figure of over 4,000 dentro 2016.

Using a death rate of 7 out of every 1,000 pessoas, Dr. Trey estimated about 2,100 of China’s 300,000 registered donors pass away every year. And only 1 para 2 percent of them have organs suitable for transplantation, as is observed in the United States and the UK. The vast majority do not qualify because of the illnesses the donors died from, their unhealthy lifestyles, their age, or the time gap between death and organ retrieval.

And China does not need to only procure organs from registered donors; Chinese medical officials must also gain permission from the family. Na China, a single family member can overrule the decision of the donor to donate, adding another obstacle to the process.

The additional difficulty of getting permission on each occasion, especially when any family member can derail the consent to donate, raises questions about how genuine China’s official numbers are, Dr. Trey said.

Em fevereiro, the medical journal Liver International retracted a scientific paper from Chinese researchers who were unable to prove they had ethically procured the organs used in their research. The paper referred to 564 liver transplants at The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University between April 2010 and October 2014. But Huang Jiefu, O porta-voz transplante de órgãos na China, stated that the First Affiliated Hospital received 166 liver donations between 2011 e 2014, leaving 398 livers of unknown origins.

DAFOH, which kept tabs on the number of organ donor registrations, found that at the end of both 2015 e 2016, there was a sudden spike in the number of registered donors. At the very end of December 2015, the numbers increased by exactly 25,000 people in one day.

The same phenomenon occurred again in December 2016, with an increase of over 86,000 donors in one week, ostensibly because they had combined two organ donation systems.

“China knows that its figures of registered donors are too small to yield more than 4,000 organ donors per year, thus it was necessary to increase the numbers. According to China’s official numbers, sobre 50% of all registered donors signed up in 7 days alone—within four years. That is inconceivable and unprecedented, ” Dr. Trey said.

China’s ‘Chameleon-Like’ Organ Transplant Chief

The face of China’s organ transplant reforms is Dr. Huang Jiefu, China’s organ transplant spokesperson. He is the chairman of China’s National Organ Donation and Transplantation Committee and head of the China Organ Transplant Development Foundation.

Although Huang was formerly the deputy minister of China’s Ministry of Health, he does not currently hold any official government position. Yet he has become the de facto spokesperson for China’s organ transplant system.

“What he says has no binding power on the Chinese government,”Disse o Dr.. Trey.

Dr. Trey pointed out that the organ transplant foundation Huang heads is private, like the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) in the United States. “But the difference is, in the U.S., UNOS is not involved in making announcements on behalf of the government.”

Although Huang ostensibly speaks for the Chinese regime and is now touting reform in China’s organ transplant system, his words have no legal authority. And he has rapidly shifted his position based on the situation.

In an interview with the Australian Broadcasting Corporation in 2013, he was asked about the practice of harvesting organs from executed prisoners, to which he replied, “Why do you object?” But following widespread criticism, he said at a conference soon afterwards that the practice was unethical.

Dentro 2015, Huang said in several newspaper interviews that death row prisoners would be treated as citizens with the “right” to donate organs.

But after a firestorm of criticism that prisoners who were killed for their organs would simply be reclassified as voluntary organ donations, Huang told The New York Times his statement was only from a “philosophical level.”

Huang’s statements are “chameleon-like,” Dr. Trey said. “He seems to say whatever is needed to either obey pressure at home or to please the requests for ethical standards from the international community.”

Dr. Trey said his statements about reform of China’s organ transplant system similarly cannot be trusted.

“If reforms are praised while the hidden forced organ harvesting of Falun Gong practitioners and prisoners of conscience continues, then we find this devastating situation where this applause resounds while innocent people are slaughtered for their organs,”Disse o Dr.. Trey.

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Human rights lawyer Jiang Tianyong on trial at Changsha Intermediate People’s Court on Aug. 22, 2017. (Screenshot via Youtube/China Hot Video)Human rights lawyer Jiang Tianyong on trial at Changsha Intermediate People’s Court on Aug. 22, 2017. (Screenshot via Youtube/China Hot Video)

Prominent Chinese human rights lawyer Jiang Tianyong was put on trial Tuesday, Aug. 22 for “subversion of state power.”

Jiang Tianyong’s wife told the Chinese language version of NTD TV that she thought it was a show trial and that Jiang had been tortured into pleading guilty.

Jiang disappeared last November after visiting another human rights lawyer, Xie Yang, who had been detained in what has come to be called the 709 Crackdown, so-named because the roundup of lawyers began two years ago on July 9.

Six months after his disappearance, Jiang’s father received a letter from the Changsha Municipal Public Security Bureau that his son had been charged with “subversion of state power.”

Chinese human rights lawyer Jiang Tianyong and his wife Jin Ling Ling, at time before he was arrested by the Chinese regime.  (NTD.tv)

Chinese human rights lawyer Jiang Tianyong and his wife Jin Ling Ling, at time before he was arrested by the Chinese regime. (NTD.tv)

Jiang had a history of defending persecuted groups such as underground Christians, Tibetans, and Falun Gong practitioners, and had taken on high-profile cases such as that of the Nobel Peace Prize nominated rights lawyer Gao Zhisheng, and blind rights activist Chen Guangcheng.

Before Jiang’s trial, his parents were taken into custody, a common tactic in China used to pressure those who refuse to toe the Party line.

Jiang’s wife, Jin Bianling, decried Chinese authorities for not telling her if her husband was assigned defense lawyer or not, and if so, what his or her name might be.

The trial was held at Changsha Intermediate People’s Court. Videos posted by Chinese netizens show the wife of human rights lawyer Li Heping and the wife of human rights activist Zhai Yanmin being taken away by security for attempting to attend the trial.

Reuters reported an anonymous Western diplomat saying that a handful of diplomats who also tried to attend the trial were told that the room was full and were turned away.

The court released a video of the trial on Chinese social media Weibo.

In the video, Jiang can be seen reading parts of a written statement in which he admits to using social media to criticize the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and seeking to “overthrow the socialist system” after going abroad and attending legal training sessions.

Jin Bianling, who fled with her daughter to the United States in 2013, told NTD Television that Jiang must have endured unbearable torture to have pleaded guilty.

“You can see at the beginning of the trial, when Jiang Tianyong was brought into the court, his face was red the whole time," ela disse. “Either he was tortured or he was force-fed drugs.”

If true, this wouldn’t be unprecedented.

Other human rights lawyers and activists who were arrested during the 709 Crackdown have told the media that they were tortured during detention, and some were injected with nerve-damaging drugs.

Jin demanded that the court acquit her husband and refused to recognize any verdict that declared him guilty.

Joint Statement

On Aug. 19, Jiang’s wife and family members of two other persecuted activists, released a joint statement saying that the CCP’s attempts to intimidate them into pressuring their loved ones were “laughable.”

“You are using harassment, deception, and violence on those who show support for their loved ones, then you will definitely receive harassment, deception, and violence as retribution in the future,” the statement reads.

“Regardless of what tricks you use, we will firmly adhere to one principle: If all of our 709 family members don’t come home, we will never give up.”

The eight family members were calling attention to Jiang, human rights lawyer Wang Quanzhang, and the father of human rights activist Wu Gan who was abducted by police shortly before Wu Gan was to go to trial.

Wang was arrested in the 709 Crackdown, and has been held in detention on charges of being a “threat to national security.”

Wang Quanzhang, with his wife Li Wenzu and son. Wang was detained in August 2015, and hasn't been seen since. (Courtesy of Wang Quanzhang's family)

Wang Quanzhang, with his wife Li Wenzu and son. Wang was detained in August 2015, and hasn’t been seen since. (Courtesy of Wang Quanzhang’s family)

Despite the Chinese regime’s distaste for his activities, Wang was recently nominated for the Dutch government’s Human Rights Tulip award for his advocacy work.

He has defended persecuted groups such as underground Christians and Falun Gong practitioners, and has worked with self-taught paralegals, or “barefoot lawyers,” and human rights activists to defend the disenfranchised.

His wife has tried to sue Tianjin No. 2 Intermediate People’s Court for not following legal procedures in his case. She says the court had six months to try him or ask for a postponement, and has done neither.

But after 14 tries to enter China’s Supreme Court, she hasn’t been successful in filing the lawsuit.

A day before releasing the joint statement, she posted a video on Twitter of herself trying to get past a Supreme Court bailiff. In the video, the bailiff blocks her way, denying her access to the building.

Wang Quanzhang’s lawyer, Yu Wensheng, said attempts to meet with officials from the Tianjin court have also been unsuccessful, and said he wasn’t even able able to finish filing his defense papers at the court.

“They are not being reasonable at all," ele disse.

In their joint statement, the families called for justice for all the lawyers and activists who were rounded up in the 709 Crackdown, and demanded their release.

NTD China News reporters Yi Ru, Li Yun, and Li Peiling contributed to this article.

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NOS. Secretário de Estado Rex Tillerson introduz o 2016 Relatório Anual sobre Liberdade Religiosa Internacional no Departamento de Estado em Washington, DC. em agosto. 15, 2017. (Paul Huang / Epoch Times)NOS. Secretário de Estado Rex Tillerson introduz o 2016 Relatório Anual sobre Liberdade Religiosa Internacional no Departamento de Estado em Washington, DC. em agosto. 15, 2017. (Paul Huang / Epoch Times)

WASHINGTON-secretário de Estado, Rex Tillerson lançou o 2016 Relatório Internacional de Liberdade Religiosa em agosto. 15 no Departamento de Estado. Tillerson usou seu Observações “Chamar alguns dos exemplos mais flagrantes e preocupantes,”Que incluiu ações do grupo terrorista ISIS, China, e do Irã, entre outros.

Tillerson criticou ISIS para “genocídio contra yazidis, cristãos, e muçulmanos xiitas em áreas que controlava.”Ele disse que o grupo extremista continua a atingir grupos religiosos e étnicos para“estupro, rapto, escravização, e até mesmo a morte.”

Na China, o regime tenha torturado e detido milhares de pessoas que praticam suas crenças religiosas, de acordo com Tillerson, que ressaltou que “dezenas de membros de Falun Gong morreram em detenção” desde o ano passado. Estas são as últimas mortes em 18 anos de perseguição. Dentro 1999, então líder do Partido Comunista, Jiang Zemin, temendo a popularidade da prática espiritual do Falun Gong, lançou uma campanha para erradicá-la.

"[China] políticas que restringem uigures, muçulmanos, e budistas tibetanos práticas religiosas e expressões também aumentaram,”, Disse Tillerson.

Os relatórios seção sobre China documenta numerosos abusos de liberdade religiosa na China. Ele chama a atenção para a situação do advogado de direitos humanos Gao Zhisheng, que defendeu os grupos religiosos, incluindo cristãos e praticantes de Falun Gong. Após seis anos de assédio, Gao foi preso por cinco anos e submetidos a extensa tortura. Desde o lançamento do Gao em 2014, o regime chinês continuou a submetê-lo a vigilância intrusiva e prisão domiciliar. Gao desapareceu de sua casa em Ago. 13, de acordo com os membros da família.

No Irã, Tillerson disse 20 indivíduos foram executados “sob acusações que incluíam‘travar guerra contra Deus,‘”, Acrescentando que “Baha'is, cristãos, e outras minorias são perseguidos por sua fé “.

Os EUA. Departamento de Estado começou a lançar o relatório anual 1998 de acordo com a Lei-legislação sobre Liberdade Religiosa Internacional, Tillerson disse, “Que defende a liberdade religiosa como um valor americano núcleo sob a Primeira Emenda da Constituição, bem como um direito humano universal “.

O relatório deste ano identificou 10 “países de preocupação especial”: Burma, China, Eritrea, Irã, Coreia do Norte, Arábia Saudita, Sudão, Tadjiquistão, Turcomenistão, e no Uzbequistão, todos os quais também foram listadas no relatório do ano passado, seguindo as recomendações da U.S.. Comissão sobre Liberdade Religiosa Internacional.

Tillerson disse que o governo está ansioso para trabalhar com Kansas Gov. Sam Brownback, que foi recentemente nomeado pelo presidente Donald Trump para ser o U.S. ambassador-at-large para a liberdade religiosa internacional. Se confirmado, Brownback será a U.S mais alto escalão. oficial para nunca dirigir a comissão, , disse Tillerson.

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