Delivery workers sort parcels for their customers in Beijing, China on “Singles Day,” a holiday that has grown into the world’s busiest day for e-commerce, novembro. 11, 2016. (AP Photo / Andy Wong)Delivery workers sort parcels for their customers in Beijing, China on “Singles Day,” a holiday that has grown into the world’s busiest day for e-commerce, novembro. 11, 2016. (AP Photo / Andy Wong)

NEWS ANALYSIS

China, the world’s largest e-commerce market, counts more than 400 million online shoppers even as half the country remains offline, but eager Canadian businesses face significant hurdles to gain market share.

Chinese e-commerce giants Alibaba and JD.com are making a big push in Canada trying to get more Canadian businesses to join their platforms and sell to the Chinese.

presidente bilionário do Alibaba Jack Ma estará fazendo sua arremesso para Canadian business-ao lado de primeiro-ministro canadense Justin Trudeau-em um evento em Toronto chamado “Portal 17” em setembro. 25.

A Região Board of Trade Toronto hospedado JD.com em julho para uma rodada de negócios com mais de 50 As empresas canadenses.

produtos canadenses têm uma excelente reputação na China. A crescente classe média chinesa é desconfiado de produtos chineses baratos e valoriza a qualidade de fabricação do Canadá e ambiente limpo para os produtos agro-alimentares.

Mais amplamente, China está passando por uma transformação longa de uma economia orientada para o investimento a um um-away baseado no consumo da indústria pesada e para o setor de serviços. E-commerce tem um papel vital a desempenhar na estratégia do governo chinês.

“As plataformas de e-commerce está realmente ajudando a padronizar o acesso ao mercado na China para pessoas de todas as faixas de renda, que é uma prioridade importante na China,”Disse Jan De Silva, presidente e CEO do Conselho Toronto Região do Comércio, em entrevista por telefone.

Motivos de preocupação

E-commerce pode simplificar certos aspectos de fazer negócios na China, mas desafios difundidas como a falta de Estado de direito e propriedade intelectual (IP) violações são apenas algumas das dificuldades as empresas estrangeiras enfrentam.

NOS. Presidente Donald Trump iniciou um sonda em roubo de IP da China, que é estimada para ser responsável por entre 50 e 80 por cento de todas as violações de IP que prejudicam o U.S. economia, de acordo com IP Relatório da Comissão. Os EUA. Câmara de Comércio estima 86 por cento do total das contrafacções vêm da China e Hong Kong.

Garrafas de vinho de Clear Lake Wineries, uma operação de exportação de vinhos de Ontário para a China. (Cortesia Mary Whittle)

Garrafas de vinho de Clear Lake Wineries, uma operação de exportação de vinhos de Ontário para a China. (Cortesia Mary Whittle)

“Um monte de produto no Alibaba é falsificado. Os consumidores sabem que também,”Disse Mary Whittle em entrevista por telefone. Ela é o CEO da Clear Lake Wineries, uma empresa familiar que exporta vinhos de Ontário para a China.

Contudo, China é reprimir violações IP por uma boa razão. Ele percebe que algumas de suas empresas podem ser campeões globais fornecidos outras empresas não saquear seu IP. Assim, eles devem ser protegidos. O número de assentamentos nos últimos anos é até cerca de quatro vezes no âmbito judicial mais forte, diz De Silva.

violações IP não estão limitados a produtos falsificados. They can derail a business when an unscrupulous company learns of the legal name of a legitimate business and becomes the first to register or use that name in China. It then files a claim against the genuine business when it tries to register or use the name in China.

The Canadian Trade Commissioner Service (CTCS) warns that patents and trademarks registered in Canada or other countries are not usually protected in China and that regulatory enforcement can still be unsatisfactory. The CTCS website even has an extensive section on business risks related to corruption in China.

A lot of product on Alibaba is counterfeit. Os consumidores sabem que também.

— Mary Whittle, CEO, Clear Lake Wineries

Another warning from the CTCS, in a section titled “An Introduction to E-Commerce in China,” states: “As políticas governamentais que regulam o mercado são densos, complicado, e propenso a mudanças sem aviso “.

Um exemplo extremo de aplicação da regulamentação opaca da China é o caso de John Chang e Allison Lu, proprietários de Lulu Ilha Winery com sede em aC, que estão enfrentando um mínimo de 10 anos-e, possivelmente, vida na prisão por suposto contrabando de vinho para a China. A vinícola disse que acreditava que tinha seguido todas as leis aplicáveis, ainda Chang já foi servindo pena de prisão.

“A detenção do Sr.. Chang e Ms. Lu por uma violação costumes fabricado é um assalto em seus direitos básicos, uma violação das obrigações comerciais internacionais da China, e as próprias leis alfandegárias da China,”Conservador crítico comércio internacional Gerry Ritz disse, como relatado pela CBC em maio.

Em um e-mail para O Epoch Times, Brianne Maxwell, O porta-voz para Assuntos Globais Canadá disse: "Estamos acompanhando o caso do Sr.. Chang e Ms. Lu intimamente. As autoridades canadenses estão em contato com as autoridades chinesas competentes e estão a prestar assistência consular ao Sr.. Chang, Senhora. Lu e sua família. representantes canadenses levantaram o caso com as autoridades chinesas em níveis elevados. Para proteger a privacidade dos indivíduos em causa, mais detalhes sobre este caso não pode ser liberado."

Estado de Direito é necessário para o negócio a prosperar de forma legítima. É claro que ainda tem um longo caminho a percorrer na China.

Os gigantes de comércio eletrônico chinês são basicamente mecanismos de facilitação e de entrega. Mas fazer negócios na China é muito mais do que preencher uma ordem. O consumidor chinês é bombardeado com opções e uma variedade de esquemas de marketing. A realidade é que muitos países estão tentando vender para os chineses, que faz com que os esforços de marketing para distinguir produtos caros. A competição é intensa.

Whittle diz que ela foi contada por JD.com que uma empresa poderia gastar $400,000 em uma campanha de marketing para um mês e não há nenhuma garantia a mensagem iria registrar com os consumidores.

“É um mercado muito difícil de penetrar e você pode fazer um monte de coisas certas e ainda é difícil, muito difícil de atravessar o barulho, competindo contra todos os outros países e todos os outros produtos,”Whittle disse.

Os gigantes de e-commerce pode estar tentando colocar cifrões nos dirigentes de empresas canadenses, mas há muitos fatores para o sucesso que estão além de seu controle.

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Sailors with the Chinese navy stand on the deck of a missile frigate in Manila on April 13, 2010. The Chinese regime is building a military base in Djibouti that will extend its military reach. (Ted Aljibe/AFP/Getty Images)Sailors with the Chinese navy stand on the deck of a missile frigate in Manila on April 13, 2010. The Chinese regime is building a military base in Djibouti that will extend its military reach. (Ted Aljibe/AFP/Getty Images)

China’s first overseas military base—located at a critical choke point for global trade looking to navigate the Suez Canal—could be a geopolitical game changer, but it has less impact in military terms.

Establishing the Djibouti base at the Horn of Africa signals the Chinese regime’s long-term strategic intentions, dizem os especialistas. A Chinese Communist Party that once pledged to stay out of the affairs of other countries is now building military capacity far beyond its immediate border.

But the change is less important to China’s military capability than to its ability to directly intervene in global shipping. No início deste ano, the regime convinced Panama—home to the world’s other great shipping pass—to cut ties with Taiwan and fully back China’s claim on the island nation, which the regime describes as a breakaway province.

These moves follow a series of port deals that have given the regime the ability to ensure its critical shipping lanes.

Até agora, Contudo, none of those facilities have been for direct military use.

Establishing the Djibouti base reverses a long-standing military policy, said Gabe Collins, a researcher and co-founder of China Signpost.

“If you look at basic foreign policymaking throughout the vast majority of the PRC’s history, overseas bases are major redlines they weren’t willing to cross, and they pretty clearly crossed that now," ele disse. Collins co-authored a report on the base and its implications two years ago.

Territorial claims in the South China Sea. (VOA News)

Territorial claims in the South China Sea. (VOA News)

The change comes as the Chinese regime becomes increasingly bellicose in its expansive claim to a major swath of the South China Sea. The regime has also been vocal and threatening in its ongoing and multiple border disputes with India. Those disputes have reached an intensity not seen in decades.

reforma militar

Personnel from China are now en route to build out the facility, carried on ships that are part of the regime’s rapidly modernizing military.

That military is being reformed to develop the capability to fight battles beyond its shores.

The People’s Liberation Army’s (PLA) aims to, among other things, “improve its ability to fight short-duration, high-intensity regional conflicts at greater distances from the Chinese mainland,” reads the secretary of defense’s 2017 report to Congress on Chinese military developments.

While the regime is most intent on potential conflict in the South and East China seas, Djibouti’s position on the northwestern edge of the Indian Ocean has fueled concern in strategic rival India that the PLA is gaining another position that could threaten Indian interests.

Limited military value

Fortunately for India, the actual military strategic value of the base is limited, said Collins. While it may be useful to launch attacks against much weaker foes in the Middle East or North Africa with limited attack capabilities, it is as much of a liability as it is an asset in a conflict with a greater power.

“I suspect that base would become a high explosive sponge fairly quickly. It’s a targeter’s dream because it’s built a way outside of the town," ele disse.

Using Djibouti as a base of operations to fight another great power would be like throwing stones from a house made of “very, very, very thin glass,” said Collins. The base wouldn’t last long, ele disse.

The base is more useful for power projection into regional conflicts, a refueling and resupply depot rather than a base of operations. The fact that the United States, França, and Japan have bases there reinforces the point. To date, China has used its commercial facility there for years in ongoing anti-piracy efforts and to evacuate 500 Chinese nationals from Yemen in 2015.

Those operations gave China the pretext to forward-deploy naval forces in the region. With its Djibouti foothold now being expanded for military use, the regime gains a base in a country that is relatively stable in a region rife with conflict. For an expansionist China looking to build geopolitical influence in Africa and with oil-rich Gulf states, it’s an important gain.

“If you have an amphibious ship with some armed helicopters on it, and you are dealing with insurgents in some countries in East Africa, or even Yemen or place like that, you just came to the table with a lot of currency and you can play all night long,” said Collins.

Even if India can have some confidence that the base has limited military value, the ability China gains to forward deploy its navy along a critical shipping lane has unsettling implications.

Pax Sinica

The Chinese regime has been working to secure its presence at the world’s most important chokepoints for shipping oil: the Strait of Malacca, the Suez Canal, the Strait of Hormuz, the Panama Canal, the Bab el-Mandeb Strait, and the Turkish Straits.

The Chinese reigme is working to gain influence at every major oil trade chokepoint. (epoch Times)

The Chinese reigme is working to gain influence at every major oil trade chokepoint. (epoch Times)

In doing so, the regime could play a major role securing or controlling world trade. That trade is now assured through the “Pax Americana,” a state of relative international peace overseen by the United States.

But a “Pax Sinica,” or “Chinese Peace,” could look very different, said Collins.

“One of the things you have to look at is the countries that are serving as security guarantor, you have to see what sort of mentality they bring to the table. Are they coming to this with a mercantilist mindset or much more with a globalist and trading oriented mindset,” asked Collin.

The United States has been an equal opportunity security provider, ele disse, basically indifferent to where oil was going, whether it be Europe or East Asia.

“We don’t discriminate at all in how we provide security based on the destination of the shipment and so I think that’s something that makes the Pax Americana unique," ele disse.

While China’s intentions are unclear, its aggressive claims in the South China Sea and habit of using PLA hackers to steal commercial technology for China’s state-owned companies and high-priority industries are just two of many examples fueling allegations that the regime takes the mercantilist approach to trade.

At the moment, China can do little more than fly its flag in Djibouti, said Collins. It naval assets are limited to the few warships and support vessels that have made a passing presence there.

But that could change, and China could take a tactic it has used successfully in the South China Sea—using “coercive tactics, such as the use of law enforcement vessels and its maritime militia, to enforce maritime claims and advance its interests in ways that are calculated to fall below the threshold of provoking conflict.”

From that perspective, even if the base has little value in an actual war, it could boost efforts to otherwise assert the interests of the Chinese regime.

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Falun Dafa Associação de presidente Canadá Li Xun fala durante uma manifestação em frente à embaixada chinesa em Ottawa em junho 26, 2017, pedindo a libertação do cidadão canadense Sun Qian, que está actualmente detido na China por praticar o Falun Gong. (Donna Ele / The Epoch Times)Falun Dafa Associação de presidente Canadá Li Xun fala durante uma manifestação em frente à embaixada chinesa em Ottawa em junho 26, 2017, pedindo a libertação do cidadão canadense Sun Qian, que está actualmente detido na China por praticar o Falun Gong. (Donna Ele / The Epoch Times)

começando junho 25 e continuando para os próximos dias, comícios atraentes para o resgate de um cidadão canadense detido na China estão sendo realizadas em várias cidades em todo o país.

praticantes e simpatizantes do Falun Gong estão encenando protestos em frente à Embaixada da China em Ottawa e os consulados chineses em Vancouver e outras cidades para condenar a prisão de Vancouver residente Sun Qian e para pedir sua libertação imediata.

Uma mulher de negócios chinês-canadense que se tornou cidadão em 2007, Sun foi detido pelas autoridades chinesas em fevereiro para a prática da disciplina espiritual tradicional Falun Gong, também chamado Falun Dafa.

Como o vice-presidente de Pequim Leadman Bioquímica, Sun viajou regularmente entre Vancouver e Pequim para o trabalho. Enquanto ela estava em sua residência Pequim em fevereiro. 19, mais que 20 agentes de segurança à paisana invadiu, saquearam sua casa, e levou embora.

Ela já foi preso em Pequim Primeiro Centro de Detenção de 414 Quarto prisão, uma instalação notório para o seu tratamento brutal de detidos.

“A prisão arbitrária e maus tratos violado seu direito à liberdade de crença garantida pela própria Constituição da China e do direito internacional,”, Diz um comunicado da Associação do Falun Dafa do Canadá (FDAC) por ocasião do apelo nacional para a liberação do Sun.

Depois de uma visita com seu advogado em Maio 5, Sun foi empurrado para o chão por quatro guardas masculinos, pulverizado na cara com um produto químico pungente, e algemado e acorrentado, de acordo com a irmã de Sun, Sun Zan. As algemas e correntes permaneceu em dia e noite a partir de maio 5 poder 18. Ela também foi forçado a usar as mesmas meias e cuecas para mais de dois meses.

imagem cartão de identificação de Sun Qian. (O Epoch Times)

imagem cartão de identificação de Sun Qian. (O Epoch Times)

“Minha filha não tiver cometido qualquer crime,”Escreveu a mãe de 78 anos de idade da Sun em um comunicado. "Pelo contrário, ela se tornou uma pessoa ainda melhor [através da prática do Falun Gong]. Mas sob a tirania do PCC, ela agora está detido em vez. Eu não tenho escolha, mas se preocupar com a minha filha.”

Em um discurso no comício em Ottawa em junho 26, Praticante do Falun Gong Hongyan Lu chamado para a liberação do Sol e também falou de sua mãe, Huixia Chen, que está detido na China uma segunda vez para suas crenças.

"Em Junho 3, 2016, ela foi novamente detido ilegalmente, duradoura brutal tortura e lavagem cerebral, mesmo em 60 anos de idade, incapaz de ter contato com os familiares,”Lu disse. “Em fevereiro deste ano, cidadão canadense Sun Qian foi seqüestrado de sua residência Pequim, ilegalmente detidos, e suportou a tortura, também porque ela pratica Falun Gong. Estes são apenas dois casos fora dos milhões de casos de praticantes de Falun Gong sendo cruelmente perseguidos na China “.

Uma vez que o regime chinês lançou sua campanha de perseguição contra a prática em julho 1999 devido ao medo sobre sua imensa popularidade, praticantes de Falun Gong foram sistematicamente submetidos a prendê, tortura, e matando. Estimou-se que centenas de milhares, se não milhões, permanecem ilegalmente preso.

“Eu convoco para o fim imediato da perseguição ao Falun Gong, a libertação imediata e incondicional de Sun Qian e minha mãe Huixia Chen, bem como todos os praticantes do Falun Gong presos ilegalmente. Que todos aqueles autores da perseguição ser levados à justiça,”Disse Lu.

Praticante do Falun Gong David Cordero fala durante um comício de junho 25, 2017, pedindo a libertação do cidadão canadense Sun Qian, que está actualmente detido na China por praticar o Falun Gong. (Feng Tang / The Epoch Times)

Praticante do Falun Gong David Cordero fala durante um comício de junho 25, 2017, pedindo a libertação do cidadão canadense Sun Qian, que está actualmente detido na China por praticar o Falun Gong. (Feng Tang / The Epoch Times)

Problemas de saúde Healed

Segundo o comunicado FDAC, Sun costumava sofrer de problemas de fígado e coração, bem como a depressão, mas logo depois ela começou a praticar o Falun Gong em 2014, todos os seus problemas de saúde desapareceram.

Alice Zhang, que falou no comício em Vancouver em junho 25, um dia antes do rali Ottawa, comparou a melhoria da saúde da Sun ao de sua mãe na China, que também está sendo realizada na China por praticar o Falun Gong.

"Como Sun Qian, minha mãe também tinha muitas doenças para as quais ela foi incapaz de encontrar uma cura, e depois de praticar o Falun Gong, ela tornou-se saudável e já não sofria de doença. Mas agora ela está sendo preso pelo regime comunista chinês," ela disse.

“Eu vim aqui não só para apelar para a liberdade de Sun Qian, mas também para o lançamento de minha mãe e todos os praticantes do Falun Gong presos. Minha esperança é que todos os cidadãos da China continental em breve terá o direito ea liberdade de praticar o Falun Gong.”

No comício Vancouver, David Cordero disse que acha “inconcebível que o regime chinês está construindo ativamente uma imagem internacional enquanto ainda perseguindo um grupo de bom coração de pessoas que acreditam na veracidade, compaixão, e tolerância,”Referindo-se aos princípios orientadores da prática.

“Isso vai contra os princípios da sociedade civil internacional," ele disse. “O regime chinês deve libertar imediatamente Sun Qian, e, ao mesmo tempo, o governo canadense deve fazer um maior esforço para exortar o regime chinês a libertar Sun Qian “.

MP Peter Kent fala em uma conferência de imprensa em apoio aos esforços para garantir a libertação de um cidadão canadense Qian Sun detidos na China por sua prática do Falun Gong, no monte do parlamento em Ottawa em Maio 9, 2017. (Jonathan Ren / NTDTV)

MP Peter Kent fala em uma conferência de imprensa em apoio aos esforços para garantir a libertação de um cidadão canadense Qian Sun detidos na China por sua prática do Falun Gong, no monte do parlamento em Ottawa em Maio 9, 2017. (Jonathan Ren / NTDTV)

Embora os membros da família da Sun não foram autorizados a visitá-la, ela recebeu duas visitas consulares desde que ela foi preso. Vários altos funcionários canadenses têm apelado para a sua libertação, incluindo membros conservadores do Parlamento Peter Kent e Michael Cooper, ex-ministro da Justiça Liberal Irwin Cotler, NDP MP Cheryl Hardcastle, e líder Verde Elizabeth May.

“Somos gratos aos milhares de canadianos que assinaram petições pedindo a libertação de Ms. Sun e também estamos gratos para mais de uma dúzia de deputados de todos os partidos que têm chamado para Ms. libertação imediata da Sun e da intervenção do nosso governo,”A declaração FDAC disse.

“Condenamos a detenção ilegal do regime comunista chinês de Ms. dom, e instamos o governo canadense para intervir e solidificar Ms. liberação do Sun imediato ea libertação todos os presos praticantes de Falun Gong.”

praticantes de Falun Gong se reúnem em frente ao Consulado chinês em Calgary para apelar pela libertação de cidadão canadense Sun Qian, que está detido na China desde fevereiro. 19 por sua fé no Falun Gong. (O Epoch Times)

praticantes de Falun Gong se reúnem em frente ao Consulado chinês em Calgary para apelar pela libertação de cidadão canadense Sun Qian, que está detido na China desde fevereiro. 19 por sua fé no Falun Gong. (O Epoch Times)
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Demonstrators march against the CETA trade deal near the European Parliament in Strasbourg, France on Feb.15, 2017. Globalization has not been kind to incomes of most of the middle class in developed world economies. (AP Photo/Jean-Francois Badias)Demonstrators march against the CETA trade deal near the European Parliament in Strasbourg, France on Feb.15, 2017. Globalization has not been kind to incomes of most of the middle class in developed world economies. (AP Photo/Jean-Francois Badias)

MONTREAL—Geopolitical risk is running high despite all seeming well with U.S. stock markets, but evaluating broader trends, which include “de-globalization” and China’s economic transition on asset prices and inflation, is critical at this time.

Volatility—the degree of fear in the market that can be measured by the VIX (S&P 500 volatility)—is extremely low. Meanwhile an elevated level of policy-related economic uncertainty prevails; investors have little confidence that impending government actions will work.

“It’s a little bit spooky how disengaged the two have been to each other,” said Lisa Emsbo-Mattingly, Fidelity Investment’s global asset allocation director of research, at the International Economic Forum of the Americas em Junho 12.

While it seems the world is heading for a period of synchronized economic growth, geopolitics—or non-market factors—such as aging populations and rising inequality remain headwinds.

Diversification has always been critical for investors to smooth market ups and downs on a path to achieving financial goals. In times of market stress, asset prices tend to move together (increased correlation) and it becomes costly to change a portfolio’s investment mix due to greater costs for buying and selling (worse liquidity).

Domestic Focus

With globalization having distributed economic growth toward emerging and frontier markets, the U.S. hegemony has been eroded, said Marko Papic, senior vice president of Geopolitical Strategy at BCA Research, a 68-year-old Montreal-based independent investment firm.

“We know from history, when more countries get to say and pursue what they want, it is a less stable world,” Papic said. “Today we have the highest number of conflicts going on at the same time.”

China has its eye on filling the void left by the United States as the post-Cold War order crumbles. Under Donald Trump, German Chancellor Angela Merkel said the United States can no longer be a reliable partner.

Knowing what’s going on in China now is more important than ever.

— Paul Podolsky, partner, Bridgewater Associates

And Canada intends to play a bigger role on the international stage, based on recent comments from Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland.

“We worry that East Asia will be the powder keg of the 21st century,” Papic said. Chinese and American economic symbiosis is tenuous at best.

In a more multi-polar world, Papic argues that it will be smaller and medium-sized businesses that will benefit relative to the large multinationals that prospered as globalization took hold.

“Any economy, sector, or particular stock that derives most of its final demand from within the jurisdiction in which it is domiciled will be the [investimento] theme of the next 15 para 20 anos,” Papic said.

The China Factor

“Swings in the global economy come from the swings in China’s economy,” said Paul Podolsky, a partner at hedge fund Bridgewater Associates.

China’s boom came from its cheap cost of plentiful labor; Contudo, that’s less true today than it used to be. Its more recent rapid buildup of debt has propped up the world economy.

The issue is that plenty of economies—Canada, South Africa, Austrália, Brazil—depend on China’s continuing to operate a credit-driven economic model. Contudo, if the Chinese authorities are able to pull off the difficult transition away from a debt-fuelled investment model toward a domestic consumption model, it will be painful for emerging markets and commodity-driven economies. But China will benefit in the long run.

“Their domestic economy, that really needs to be resolved before they start thinking about global domination,” Papic said about China, whose 19th communist party congress takes place in the fall.

The International Monetary Fund (FMI) revised its forecast for Chinese GDP to grow 6.7 por cento em 2017. This is up from a prior estimate of 6.6 por cento. Chinese credit growth slowed in May under the tighter supervision of policy-makers.

We worry that East Asia will be the powder keg of the 21st century.

— Marko Papic, senior vice president, Geopolitical Strategy, BCA Research

“Knowing what’s going on in China now is more important than ever,” Podolsky said. He added that the short-term prognosis for China looks good—at least the rapid debt buildup is denominated in its own currency, of which more can be printed.

Specter of Inflation

As globalization grew, production moved to cheaper sources of labor—China and emerging markets. Among the reasons the populist wave rose is the failure of globalization to boost incomes for the middle class in developed world nations like the United States and United Kingdom.

Canada’s finance minister, Bill Morneau, has targeted helping the middle class in his two budgets. “We need to deal with the sense of anxiety people are facing,” he said in discussing the rejection of the status quo seen by the Brexit vote, Donald Trump’s election, and the Liberals returning to power in Canada in 2015.

As the global economy moves away from peak globalization, an upside risk for inflation develops. If free movement of capital and labor is restricted, supply is more costly to produce, resulting in higher prices.

“Our view is that we are exiting a deflationary period and entering an inflationary one slowly but surely,” Papic said. “And then gold will realize its role as a safe haven.”

NOS. stock markets have been in a “Goldilocks” scenario, supported by low interest rates, low inflation, good corporate earnings, and a low threat of an imminent recession.

“I would not say there’s a lot of complacency in the market. The VIX is reflecting a very exuberant market,” Emsbo-Mattingly said, adding that the recovery emanated from a Chinese recovery, which has been good for cyclical stocks globally.

“My concern is we’re at peak valuations, peak growth. A lot of things are as good as they’re going to get,” Emsbo-Mattingly said.

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MP Garnett Genuis on Parliament Hill on April 10, 2017. Genuis is urging the government to support his private member’s bill to combat organ trafficking. (NTDTV)MP Garnett Genuis on Parliament Hill on April 10, 2017. Genuis is urging the government to support his private member’s bill to combat organ trafficking. (NTDTV)

OTTAWA—Conservative MP Garnett Genuis raised forced organ harvesting in China this week in the House of Commons in the hopes of securing government support for his private member’s organ trafficking bill.

“Canada needs to be vocal in standing up for international human rights, and in particular for the rights of persecuted minorities. Even above that, Canada needs legislation which would define in Canadian law our opposition to involuntary organ harvesting in cases where it comes back to our shores,” Genuis said on May 17.

“This really is a no-brainer and it should be a non-partisan issue.”

Genuis pointed out that Bill C-350, which aims to counter forced organ harvesting, is the same as Bill C-561 put forward by former Liberal justice minister Irwin Cotler. That bill only made it to first reading in the last Parliament.

Liberal MP Borys Wrzesnewskyj, who had previously put forward a similar bill that also failed to make it through the legislative process, seconded Bill C-350 when Genuis introduced it on April 10.

Bill C-350 would amend the Criminal Code to impose penal sanctions against those who, whether in Canada or abroad, knowingly acquire or trade in human organs that have been removed without donor consent or for financial gain. It would also amend the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act to render inadmissible those non-Canadians who engage in the trafficking of human organs.

Genuis referred to the harvesting of organs from Falun Gong prisoners of conscience in China while they are still alive—an atrocity that was first exposed in a 2006 report by Canadian lawyers Davd Matas and David Kilgour.

“Sometimes these organs are cut out of a person while he or she is still living and without anaesthetics, screaming in pain as the person’s body is cut apart. In many cases, organ harvesting is a form of further abuse, targeting members of persecuted religious minorities," ele disse.

According to “Bloody Harvest/The Slaughter: An Update,” released last June by Kilgour, Matas, and investigative journalist Ethan Gutmann, other religious minorities besides Falun Gong practitioners being killed to supply China’s highly lucrative organ transplant industry are Uyghur Muslims, House Christians, and Tibetans.

The report estimated that “between 60,000 e 100,000 organs are being transplanted in Chinese hospitals every year, with the source for most of those organs being prisoners of conscience, primarily Falun Gong practitioners.”

Canada needs legislation which would define in Canadian law our opposition to involuntary organ harvesting in cases where it comes back to our shores.

— Conservative MP Garnett Genuis

“There is a real urgency to move forward with this kind of basic human rights legislation given escalating human rights problems around the world, and given the emphasis this government is putting on Canada’s relationship with China,”Genuis disse.

Complex Issues

In reply to Genuis, Marco Mendicino, parliamentary secretary to Justice Minister Jody Wilson-Raybould, said the bill “raises some complex legal and social policy issues.”

“There are a number of complex issues that are raised by this proposed legislation specifically related to the extraterritoriality provisions, which would capture Canadians travelling abroad," ele disse.

“In addition, there are other international implications, including under existing United Nations conventions as well as the Council of Europe, which has adopted its own convention against trafficking in human organs. These are all international treaties and conventions, which we will be looking at very closely as we approach the second reading vote.”

Mendicino noted some of the aspects of the bill: “It would require medical practitioners who examine a person who has had an organ transplanted to report the identity of that person as well as other health information to this proposed new entity. As part of this regulatory regime, the bill would impose a duty on the person who receives an organ to obtain a certificate establishing that it was donated and not purchased.”

Genuis said “there is a lot of detail” in the bill and explained the importance of that.

“The detail is important for ensuring that there is effective administration of the provisions that are in place, that we are actually not just saying that we are against organ harvesting, but we have a mechanism in place to address it concretely.”

He said he is open to amendments to the bill, and asked Mendicino whether he could count on the government’s support at second reading.

Mendicino replied that “the government is taking a hard look at this bill, without making any comment about what our position will be at second reading.”

Genuis noted that there is currently no law preventing Canadian citizens from going abroad, acquiring an organ which they know or which they should know has been taken without consent, and then returning to Canada for continuing medical treatment.

He noted that organ transplantation in China is a booming industry, with the regime investing large amounts of money into new buildings, staff, and research and training in transplantation.

“Given this massive capital establishment coupled with the high volume of transplants, the transplantation industry in China is built on not just the ready supply of available organs in the present, but also on an expectation of an indefinite supply of organs for the future, " ele disse.

“As such, we should greet claims by the regime that this practice has ended with severe skepticism.”

“Bloody Harvest/The Slaughter: An Update” found that China’s state-driven transplantation industry transplants far more organs—by an order of magnitude—than can be accounted for by officially acknowledged sources, which Beijing says are limited to executed death-row prisoners and voluntary donors.

Israel, Spain, Itália, and Taiwan have passed laws restricting their citizens from travelling to China to receive organ transplants from illicit sources.

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Hongyan Lu fala em uma reunião em frente à embaixada chinesa em abril de 25, 2017, para marcar o 18º aniversário de recurso em larga escala dos praticantes do Falun Gong para a liberdade de crença na China em abril de 25, 1999, e para pedir o fim da perseguição ao Falun Gong. À sua direita é praticante do Falun Gong Joanna Qiao segurando uma placa em busca de ajuda para pedir a libertação da mãe de Lu, Huixia Chen, da detenção na China e de frente para três anos à prisão perpétua por sua crença. (Donna Ele / The Epoch Times)Hongyan Lu fala em uma reunião em frente à embaixada chinesa em abril de 25, 2017, para marcar o 18º aniversário de recurso em larga escala dos praticantes do Falun Gong para a liberdade de crença na China em abril de 25, 1999, e para pedir o fim da perseguição ao Falun Gong. À sua direita é praticante do Falun Gong Joanna Qiao segurando uma placa em busca de ajuda para pedir a libertação da mãe de Lu, Huixia Chen, da detenção na China e de frente para três anos à prisão perpétua por sua crença. (Donna Ele / The Epoch Times)

OTTAWA-O maior apelo para a liberdade de crença na história chinesa foi comemorado em frente à Embaixada da China em Ottawa de abril 25, 2017.

Em abril 25, 1999, mais que 10,000 pessoas se reuniram pacificamente em Pequim para pedir sua liberdade de praticar o Falun Gong ea liberação dos praticantes companheiros presos. Quarenta e cinco ou mais praticantes havia sido espancado e detido na cidade vizinha de Tianjin.

o 45 praticantes foram liberados naquela noite, por isso aqueles que se reuniram para apelação deixou em silêncio e foi para casa.

Contudo, apenas três meses após o apelo sem precedentes, então chinesa líder do Partido Comunista Jiang Zemin lançou uma campanha nacional de perseguição “erradicar” o Falun Gong que continua até hoje.

“Estamos honrando o espírito de paz, justiça, e compaixão com a qual esse recurso foi realizada 18 anos atrás,"Disse Xun Li, presidente da Associação do Falun Dafa do Canadá.

“Estou aqui para honrar a abril 25º apelação pacífica. Entretanto Espero também chamar a atenção para o caso de minha mãe,"Disse Hongyan Lu, um praticante do Falun Gong vivendo em Ottawa.

Hongyan contou como seu 60 anos mãe Huixia Chen sofria de hepatite B, cirrose, Problemas de estômago, e endometriose em 1998 quando ela começou a praticar o Falun Gong, também chamado Falun Dafa.

“Apenas alguns meses para praticar o Falun Gong naquele ano, todas as suas doenças milagrosamente foi embora e ela ficou boa-temperado,"Disse Hongyan.

Contudo, Huixia foi preso em junho 2016, juntamente com outros profissionais companheiros.

Em primeiro 20 dias após a detenção, Huixia “foi torturado e bloqueado em uma cadeira feito de barras de metal e não pode mover-se,"Disse Hongyan. “Isso destruiu sua saúde e tornou difícil para ela andar ou levantar-se. Ela é muito fraco. Ela também foi forçado a suportar sessões de lavagem cerebral “.

Huixia é detido em Shijiazhuang Segundo Centro de Detenção.

“Meus parentes na China ainda estão lutando para obter quaisquer atualizações sobre minha mãe e, infelizmente, têm feito pouco progresso,”Hangyan disse. “Nós não temos idéia do que está acontecendo ou o que pode acontecer com a minha mãe sob um regime sem um sistema jurídico independente e eficaz.”

Hongyan observou que a experiência de sua mãe é típico das dezenas de milhões de praticantes do Falun Gong na China.

“Eu chamo para o fim da perseguição e da libertação de meu outro e todos os outros praticantes de Falun Gong encarcerados," ela disse.

“É hora de acabar com este crime o mal.”

Falun Gong é uma disciplina espiritual tradicional da escola budista. Ele consiste de meditação, exercícios de qigong, e os ensinamentos morais com base nos princípios da verdade, compaixão, e tolerância. A prática se espalhou rapidamente, devido aos benefícios profundas experimentadas pelos praticantes em sua saúde física e bem-estar mental e moral.

Ao final de 1990 pesquisas do governo chinês estimou que 70-100 milhões de pessoas tinham tomado a prática. Devido a paranóia sobre a imensa popularidade da prática, que não estava sob o controlo do estado, Partido líder Jiang lançou oficialmente a perseguição brutal em julho 1999.

Dentro 2006 Nações Unidas afirmou que 66 por cento das vítimas de tortura relatados eram praticantes de Falun Gong. o U.N. e outros grupos também relataram crescente evidência de estupro, tortura, propaganda de ódio generalizado, mortes, e colheita de órgãos forçado mesmo orquestrada pelo estado de praticantes de Falun Gong para abastecer o comércio transplante em expansão da China.

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Xiang Junbo, Chairman of China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC) at the National People's Congress March 12, 2016 em Pequim. (Lintao Zhang/Getty Images)Xiang Junbo, Chairman of China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC) at the National People's Congress March 12, 2016 em Pequim. (Lintao Zhang/Getty Images)

China’s powerful financial sector has officially been put on notice.

Xiang Junbo, chairman of the China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC), was placed under investigation for “severe disciplinary violations” last week, according to the Chinese Communist Party (CCP)’s top anti-corruption organ.

Tão longe, Xiang is the highest-ranking cadre from the financial industry caught in Chinese leader Xi Jinping’s anti-corruption campaign.

The inquiry into Xiang could open the floodgates on future investigations into the Chinese financial industry. Sources close to Zhongnanhai—headquarters compound of the CCP and the state council—told O Epoch Times that Xi is targeting corruption within the financial sector in 2017 and Xiang is the “first tiger” captured in the effort.

Sources suggested that Xiang’s crimes are “severe” and relate to the Chinese stock market volatility in recent years. The investigation could also lead to corruption implications of top officials at other financial regulatory bodies such as the China Banking Regulatory Commission and the China Securities Regulatory Commission.

Xiang, 60, has extensive connections and experience in China’s financial sector. Prior to his appointment at the CIRC, Xiang was chairman at the Agricultural Bank of China, one of China’s “Big Four” state-owned commercial banks. Before that, Xiang was a deputy governor at the People’s Bank of China, the country’s central bank. He worked at the Audit Commission earlier in his career.

The sacking of Xiang has surprised many in the Chinese financial sector. He was one of China’s top finance officials and a member of the CCP’s central committee. His commission oversaw an insurance industry with rapidly growing clout and a penchant for overseas asset acquisitions.

Chinese Premier Li Keqiang has been hawkish on reforming the financial sector in recent months. At a speech on March 21, Li urged authorities to take powerful measures to prevent corruption in the financial sector, which is vulnerable to the advent of shadow banking, bad assets, and illegal internet financing, according to state-controlled Xinhua.net.

The Xiao Jianhua Connection

Xiang’s capture was likely precipitated by the recent disappearance of CCP insider Xiao Jianhua, a billionaire Chinese investor residing in Hong Kong.

China’s insurance industry has garnered immense power—and controversy—during Xiang’s oversight.

Xiao disappeared from his residence at the Four Seasons Hotel in Hong Kong in late January, and was brought back to Beijing for interrogation. The Zhongnanhai source told The Epoch Times that Xiao provided information a number of top-level officials with allegiances to the “Jiang Faction.” His testimony could have served as one of the bread crumbs leading to Xiang’s investigation.

Xiao is among China’s richest individuals, with a sprawling investments across several sectors, including banking, propriedade, information technology, and rare-earth minerals. He was worth $5.8 billion as of 2016, according to the Hurun Report.

It’s unclear where Xiao currently stands politically in the current Jiang Faction-Xi Jinping divide, although he seems to have established connections to both. Dentro 2006 Xiao assisted Zeng Wei, the son of former Party vice-chairman Zeng Qinghong, to privatize Shandong Luneng through a series of shell companies owned by Xiao. Zeng was a top CCP official during the Jiang Zemin and Hu Jintao regimes.

And in 2012, an entity owned by Xiao acquired shares worth at least $2.4 million from Qi Qiaoqiao and Deng Jiagui, the sister and brother-in-law of Xi Jinping.

Insurers Gone Rogue

China’s insurance industry has garnered immense power—and controversy—during Xiang’s oversight in the last six years.

A partir de 2012 para 2016, China’s insurance sector grew 14.3 percent in overall and non-life insurance grew 16.5 percent in premiums volume, according to data from Munich Re. Ano passado, China overtook Japan to become the world’s second biggest insurance market by premiums.

Under governance of the Xiang-led CIRC, the insurance sector has turned into a den of corporate raiders.

Traditional insurers are bastions of conservatism, holding stable assets such as government securities and corporate bonds. Insurers by nature must consider preservation of their clients’ capital as paramount.

But not in China. Sensing opportunity in a low interest rate environment, over the last few years Chinese insurers expanded outside of traditional insurance activities by issuing wealth management products called universal life policies. These products, which offer high interest rates and are a hybrid between a bond and a life insurance policy, have been popular with consumers dissatisfied with bank deposit rates of around 1 por cento.

Munich_Re_China

(Fonte: Munich Re)

Flush with cash but saddled by promises to pay high yields, Chinese insurance companies poured money into risky and volatile assets not typically associated with insurers. These firms took large positions in Chinese publicly listed companies and snapped up overseas assets including foreign companies and real estate.

Evergrande Life—a unit of property developer China Evergrande Group—saw its premiums increase more than 40 fold in 2016.

Evergrande and Foresea Life—a unit of Baoneng Group—used their proceeds from universal life policies to amass a large stake in real estate developer China Vanke during the last year. UMA public and protracted dispute to wrest control of Vanke from founder and CEO Wang Shi ensued, creating a market firestorm which was finally dispelled after Beijing intervened late last year.

The raid on Vanke was far from the only instance of aggressive asset accumulation by insurers, but its virulent nature—Baoneng and Vanke engaged in a public war of words—created the most headaches for Beijing.

As an industry, insurance has also been a major vehicle to funnel money abroad in the form of foreign acquisitions, at times in opposition to Beijing’s official stance on stemming the outflow of yuan. Anbang Life was at the forefront of such purchases, and made headlines in 2015 for purchasing New York’s Waldorf-Astoria hotel for nearly $2 bilhão. Dentro 2016, Anbang bought Strategic Hotels & Resorts from Blackstone Group for $6.5 bilhão. The company’s biggest gambit was a failed $14 billion bid to acquire Starwood Hotels & Resorts Worldwide.

For years, the cavalier investment strategies of insurers had the implicit blessing of the CIRC. After he took reins of the regulator, Xiang endorsed more flexible usage of insurance premiums and insisted on “giving innovation the biggest freedom” within the industry, according to a South China Morning Post report.

The insurance industry’s contribution to recent stock market gyrations (via equity purchases) and downward pressure on the Chinese yuan currency (through foreign asset purchases) could be factors in Xiang’s downfall. But allegations against Xiang may go beyond insurance given his previous stops at the Agricultural Bank of China and the People’s Bank of China.

Xiang had not seen in public for several weeks leading up to February, stirring rumors about a possible arrest. He reappeared on Feb. 22 em a news conference, and railed against the insurance industry for their recent activities. Xiang stated that the CIRC “will punish top executives and revoke their licenses, and definitely not allow the insurance industry to be turned into a regal club.”

The CIRC has stepped up efforts to rein in the activities of insurers in the last few months. A mid-December announcement lowered the ratios of equity to be held at insurers, and barred them from using insurance deposits to fund equity purchases. By the end of February, CIRC had already rejected four license applications, matching the total for all of 2016.

But for Xiang, it was perhaps too little too late.

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MP Garnett Genuis on Parliament Hill on April 10, 2017. He said he hopes his private member's bill aimed at combating forced organ harvesting in China receives all-party support. (NTDTV)MP Garnett Genuis on Parliament Hill on April 10, 2017. He said he hopes his private member's bill aimed at combating forced organ harvesting in China receives all-party support. (NTDTV)

OTTAWA—Conservative MP Garnett Genuis formally introduced his first-ever private member’s bill this week, aimed at combating a grave issue inflicting harm on spiritual believers in China, but also impacting Canadians.

Bill C-350 revives former Liberal MP Irwin Cotler’s Bill C-561, which aims to fight forced organ harvesting.

“This bill seeks to combat the scourge of forced organ harvesting, when organs are taken from people against their will, often gruesomely and without anaesthetic and while a person is still living, and often when the individual’s only so-called crime is engaging in a particular religious or spiritual practice, ” Genuis said in the House of Commons on April 10.

The bill amends both Canada’s Criminal Code and Immigration and Refugee Protection Act.

“It makes it a criminal offence for a person to acquire an organ that they know was acquired without consent. It also and makes those involved in forced organ harvesting inadmissible to Canada,” Genuis explained.

“As the government seeks to deepen Canada’s relationship with China, this bill is needed now more than ever,” he added. “It’s very important for Canada to prioritize human rights, and this is one important way we can do that.”

Genuis said in an interview with New Tang Dynasty Television (NTD) that the practice of forced organ harvesting from Falun Gong prisoners of conscience in China has been a major concern.

“It’s just terrible that people would be targeted for this, having committed no crime, simply exercising their rights under section 18 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights to practice a religious or spiritual practice based on their belief. Certamente, that’s a concern.”

As the government seeks to deepen Canada’s relationship with China, this bill is needed now more than ever.

- MP Garnett Genuis

Cotler, a former justice minister who wrote the original bill in 2015, said in a previous interview with NTD that the bill “will deter the Chinese engaged in this from continuing this criminality because it will send a message that they will be held accountable. It will combat the culture of impunity that has reigned thus far with regard to the organ harvesting and criminality that underpins it.”

“Regarding Canada,” he added, “it will ensure that we are not complicit in this and that Canadians do not engage in this practice, and they will be put on notice that they will be held accountable if Canadians are engaged in this practice.

“So it sends a dual message, both to those engaged in that criminality in Canada and those in Canada who are complicit in it. On both sides they will be held accountable.”

Genuis said that his fellow Conservatives “are very much behind” the issue, but all-party support is needed.

“To make it all the way, we need to build those bridges across party lines. We are well on our way to doing that. We have got clearly some strong support in other parties. Getting it all the way is going to require us to keep building on that. But there is no reason any party should be reluctant to do this. This is a basic human rights issue. It’s something that all parties should get behind," ele disse.

Genuis already has Liberal MP Borys Wrzesnewskyj’s support to second the bill. Wrzesnewskyj has in the past twice proposed a similar private member’s bill to combat forced organ harvesting in China.

“We will be cooperating and working hard to make sure we finally have a Parliament to pass this legislation,” Wrzesnewskyj said.

Conservative MP Garnett Genuis and Liberal MP Borys Wrzesnewskyj on Parliament Hill on April 10, 2017. Genuis already has Wrzesnewskyj's support to second Bill C-350. (NTDTV)

Conservative MP Garnett Genuis and Liberal MP Borys Wrzesnewskyj on Parliament Hill on April 10, 2017. Genuis already has Wrzesnewskyj’s support to second Bill C-350. (NTDTV)

The bill was inspired by the over 10 years of research done by two Canadian lawyers, David Matas and David Kilgour, on state-sanctioned organ harvesting from Falun Gong practitioners in China, which kills the victim in the process.

Matas and Kilgour, along with investigative journalist Ethan Gutmann, released a report in June 2016 which estimated, based on evidence such as hospital data and doctors’ statements, that Chinese hospitals have performed some 60,000 para 100,000 transplants a year since 2000, with the source for most of the organs coming from prisoners of conscience, primarily Falun Gong practitioners.

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Former religious freedom ambassador Andrew Bennett (eu) and Canada’s former ambassador to China David Mulroney at the 6th Parliamentary Forum on Religious Freedom in Ottawa on April 4, 2017. (Donna He/Epoch Times)Former religious freedom ambassador Andrew Bennett (eu) and Canada’s former ambassador to China David Mulroney at the 6th Parliamentary Forum on Religious Freedom in Ottawa on April 4, 2017. (Donna He/Epoch Times)

OTTAWA—With Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and Canada’s new ambassador to China, John McCallum, ambitious to pursue ever greater engagement with the world’s most populous nation, two former ambassadors on April 3 addressed the annual parliamentarians’ forum on religious freedom concerned about rights violations in that country.

“China remains one of the world’s most egregious violators of freedom of religion,” former religious freedom ambassador Andrew Bennett told a packed audience. Bennett is a senior fellow at think tank Cardus, where he chairs a group dedicated to celebrating the importance of faith in Canadian society.

“Let’s be clear, there is no debate about the lack of religious freedom in China. Its government is tightly controlled by an avowedly atheist party,” said David Mulroney, Canada’s former ambassador to China and current president of St. Michael’s College at the University of Toronto.

Completing the panel were human rights advocates and representatives from various faith groups, including the Falun Gong, Tibetan, and Uyghur communities, along with reigning Miss World Canada Anastasia Lin, whom Chinese authorities declared persona non grata for her outspoken views on rights abuses in China.

Hope and resilience were uplifting themes, but also cautionary advice amid the stark reality of rights abuses as Bennett and Mulroney charted proposals for moving forward to increase protection for religious believers in China.

What Canada Can Do

Mulroney said Canada took a very important step forward by creating an Office of Religious Freedom led by Bennett. Contudo, now that this initiative has been dissolved by the Liberals and folded into an Office of Human Rights, Freedoms and Inclusion, he had some recommendations for the government on how he believes this change can continue to improve on the effort.

The government should make it clear, through projects and funding, that the office truly is open to promoting the broad spectrum of human rights in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Mulroney said. It should also “listen and learn” about local conditions and needs and reach out to partners across Canada who are dedicated to advancing religious freedom.

As well, “building Canadian bridges to China’s inspiring and courageous religious believers is, in my view, smart diplomacy,” Mulroney said.

Building Canadian bridges to China’s inspiring and courageous religious believers is, in my view, smart diplomacy.

— David Mulroney , Canada’s former ambassador to China

Bennett agreed, adding that “the first step needs to be greater awareness-raising and education of the elites in this country around the role of religion,” including the role it plays in geopolitics and even international trade.

enquanto isso, he said the key is “to recognize the depth of the problem, that China is among the countries with the most severe government restrictions on religious freedoms, and that has to be factored in how the Canadian government approaches human rights.”

“Canadian corporations that are engaged in investment, export, and trade in China should also, in their corporate social responsibility frameworks, factor this in,” said Bennett.

Além disso, “it means to engage very publicly with the Chinese government on its human rights record,” said Bennett, adding that governments and advocacy groups need to do much more to expose Chinese government actions and demand improvements in behaviour.

Bennett also cautioned against treating China as “special” and saying that the regime operates and governs in a different way and has different values. “To use this as an argument for not taking action against human rights violations is moral relativism at its worst," ele disse.

“We need to reflect that Canadian values are not simply Canadian values. The values of freedom, democracia, justiça, Estado de Direito, and human rights-these are cosmopolitan rights that speak to a universal, objective truth. That must be the basis for our engagement with the Chinese government and indeed with all governments,” said Bennett.

Co-host David Anderson, MP, at the 6th Parliamentary Forum on Religious Freedom in Ottawa on April 4, 2017. (Donna He/Epoch Times)

Co-host David Anderson, MP, at the 6th Parliamentary Forum on Religious Freedom in Ottawa on April 4, 2017. (Donna He/Epoch Times)

‘A Cautionary Note’

“We should not be under any illusion, as China engages more and more with the political, economic, and social frameworks of the world, that that is having any impact on their human rights record,” Bennett said.

He said the more China engages in international fora, one would hope that there would be pressure put on the country to improve its record on human rights including religious freedom. “But they remained unmoved.”

Bennett added “a cautionary note for those countries such as Canada and our allies who continue to seek deeper relations with China, political relationships, trading relationships, defence relationships—we need to hold the Chinese government’s feet to the fire.”

We should not be under any illusion, as China engages more and more with the political, economic, and social frameworks of the world, that that is having any impact on their human rights record.

— Former religious freedom ambassador Andrew Bennett

Persecuted For Their Faith

Joel Chipkar, spokesperson for Falun Dafa Association of Canada, described the persecution of Falun Gong practitioners launched by former Chinese leader Jiang Zemin in 1999.

“He unleashed a relentless propaganda campaign that blanketed the country, and also created an extra-legal police force, called the 610 office, with absolute power that hunts down, arrests, and can even kill practitioners without trial.”

Carole Samdup, executive director of the Canada Tibet Committee, as part of her talk showed images of China’s repression of religious freedom in Tibet.

“Here what you see is a video that was smuggled out depicting nuns being forced to dance on the stage, which actually breaks their religious vow. And the next slide will show some other nuns who were required to sing patriotic songs.”

Rukiye Turdush, former president of the Uyghur Canadian Society, said the Chinese government puts serious restrictions on religious publications. “Chinese police forces can search Uyghurs’ home any time, without any searching warrant, and they confiscate the Koran, Bible, or any kind of religious books.”

In an interview after the forum, Mulroney expressed his “great admiration for religious believers in China.”

“I was always deeply impressed by their courage, and by what they are contributing to the rest of Chinese society. So I think it should be a real priority for Canadians to reach out and support believers in China.”

Joel Chipkar of the Falun Dafa Association of Canada speaks at the 6th Parliamentary Forum on Religious Freedom in Ottawa on April 4, 2017. (Donna He/Epoch Times)

Joel Chipkar of the Falun Dafa Association of Canada speaks at the 6th Parliamentary Forum on Religious Freedom in Ottawa on April 4, 2017. (Donna He/Epoch Times)

‘It’s Incumbent On Us’ to Speak Out

“Canada does have to be extremely careful that it is not naive in its relationship,” said MP Judy Sgro in an interview after the forum. “And there needs to be conditions as we move forward on rights.”

“It’s important that we are not afraid to identify the lack of freedom that our Chinese brothers and sisters are experiencing and to draw attention of the international community to these injustices,” said MP Harold Albrecht. “It’s incumbent upon us as Canadians.”

Canada does have to be extremely careful that it is not naive in its relationship.

— Liberal MP Judy Sgro

“It just shows that there is a lot more work to do before China joins the international community and is recognized as a member in good standing that respects human rights,” said MP Andrew Saxton. “We just have to continue to engage to make sure they are moving in the right direction.”

“I think it’s true that the regime in the PRC really does want to make sure their government is seen as being respectable and is seen as conforming with international norms,” said MP Scott Reid. “So whenever they are confronted with evidence that the world is rejecting something they are doing, it does have a certain impact.”

Miss World Canada Anastasia Lin speaks at the 6th Parliamentary Forum on Religious Freedom in Ottawa on April 4, 2017. (Donna He/Epoch Times)

Miss World Canada Anastasia Lin speaks at the 6th Parliamentary Forum on Religious Freedom in Ottawa on April 4, 2017. (Donna He/Epoch Times)

Optimistic Outlook

Mulroney said he spent much time with faith groups in 2009–2012 when he served as ambassador to China, and saw the hope it offered to China’s religious believers.

“I quickly became aware that something as simple as showing up with a message of Canadian concern and support can become, as my colleague the German ambassador eloquently put it, like a candle in the dark for people who are otherwise alone and abandoned," ele disse.

MP Garnett Genuis, co-chair of the forum along with MP David Anderson, called on the attendees to help advance the protection of religious freedom in China.

“It’s wonderful that we are able to end this evening on an optimistic note about the triumph of the human spirit over evil,”Genuis disse. “Now it’s up to all of you to take the information you gained … and look for ways to become more engaged.”

“Canada can be a candle in the dark, so that we actually, by participating and by bringing up these issues, shine light on the subject and encourage the Chinese government to do better than they have in the past,” said Anderson. “We do have a significant influence, and we can use that influence and hopefully make some great change.”

Lin, the keynote speaker at the forum, said that a few years ago while preparing for her role as a victim of torture in the movie “The Bleeding Edge,” she spent time with two sisters who had escaped China to Canada in order to internalize their experience of abuse when imprisoned for practicing Falun Gong.

Vancouver residents Jing Tian and Jing Cai described to Lin the horrific pain of being shocked with electric batons on their heads, having bamboo shoots shoved under their fingernails, and brutal, life-threatening force-feeding techniques.

“All these tortures were part of the Chinese Communist Party’s psychological reprogramming to make one renounce one’s belief,” said Lin, adding that she was inspired by the sisters’ inner power that enabled them to stay strong.

“That power was the belief of the sisters—truth, kindness, and forgiveness," ela disse.

“I think of them when I find myself in the darkness,” she continued. “My family [na China] was under great pressure from the Chinese regime in an effort to silence me after I won the Miss World Canada title.”

The Chinese regime “might succeed for a while, arresting human rights lawyers and believers, banning books and blocking websites, but they can never censor the human spirit," ela disse.

“They can never take away … the hope and faith in us. They can never take away the human spirit.”

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Canadian Defense Minister Peter MacKay speaks during the plenary session at the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) 11th Asia Security Summit in Singapore on June 3, 2012. The IISS is being attended by defence officials from around the world.     AFP PHOTO / ROSLAN RAHMAN        (Photo credit should read ROSLAN RAHMAN/AFP/GettyImages)Canadian Defense Minister Peter MacKay speaks during the plenary session at the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) 11th Asia Security Summit in Singapore on June 3, 2012. The IISS is being attended by defence officials from around the world.     AFP PHOTO / ROSLAN RAHMAN        (Photo credit should read ROSLAN RAHMAN/AFP/GettyImages)

The Chinese ambassador’s recent remarks that Canada should keep human rights and national security concerns out of free trade negotiations don’t sit well with former cabinet minister Peter MacKay.

“It’s surprising that the Chinese envoy would even suggest such a thing,” said MacKay, a former minister of justice, defence, and foreign affairs in former prime minister Stephen Harper’s government, em entrevista por telefone.

In the negotiations, we have to be cognizant of the fact that we are a democratic country, we place a high priority on human rights, we believe firmly in the rule of law.

— Peter MacKay, former cabinet minister

According to a March 24 Globe and Mail report, Lu Shaye, the Chinese ambassador to Canada, said China will regard as trade protectionism any attempt by Canada to block Chinese firms from taking over Canadian companies. Lu added that Beijing doesn’t want human rights to be used as a “bargaining chip” in the talks.

MacKay believes it is critically important for Canada to have human rights and national security issues on the table when discussing trade deals with China.

“I think that our trade pursuit and the protection of our national interests, our security interests, are inseparable," ele disse.

“And I believe as well that in the negotiations, we have to be cognizant of the fact that we are a democratic country, we place a high priority on human rights, we believe firmly in the rule of law. … These are notable differences between Canada and China.”

MacKay noted that there is ample evidence of Chinese cyber attacks and intrusions against Canada, indicating that protection of our national interests needs to be foremost in the minds of anyone embarking on trade discussions with China.

In one well-publicized case in 2014, a Chinese state-sponsored cyberattack hacked into the computer systems of Canada’s National Research Council. According to a March 30 Globe report, federal documents show that the cyberattack cost Canada hundreds of millions of dollars.

The Liberal government sparked renewed concern last month when it approved a Chinese company’s takeover of Montreal high-tech firm ITF Technologies, a deal previously blocked by the Conservative government under Harper. The applications of the Canadian company’s laser technology products include making weapons.

“Without national security clearance, it opens up Canada and all of our interests—critical infrastructure, our national security, our banks, our institutions—it opens them up for certain risks, and it will also by the way cause serious concerns amongst our allies, os Estados Unidos, Great Britain, Austrália, and New Zealand,” MacKay said.

History of Hostilities

Western intelligence agencies have often warned that China’s state-owned and private enterprises act in the interest of the Chinese Communist Party to the detriment of the West. Canada decided to block Chinese telecom giant Huawei from a government communications network project in 2012 due to security risks.

UMA NOS. congressional national security report released in 2012 concluded that risks associated with Huawei’s and Chinese telecom company ZTE’s “provision of equipment to U.S. critical infrastructure could undermine core U.S. national-security interests.”

In another case publicized in 2011, as previously reported by Epoch Times, Chinese hackers penetrated the computers of the finance, defence, and treasury departments in Canada.

Chinese officials have often taken a hostile stance against Canada’s allies. In a Chinese-language propaganda video released in 2015 to commemorate China’s World War II victory against Japan, Chinese military is shown destroying U.S. maritime forces and occupying the Japanese island of Okinawa.

UMA 2013 documentary film produced by two senior generals in the Chinese military labels the United States as China’s enemy.

‘Eyes Wide Open’ Beats Naiveté

Although an interview with a Global Affairs Canada spokesperson wasn’t possible, department spokesperson Natasha Nystrom said in an emailed statement that Canada is in the early stages of exploratory trade talks with China.

“We are also seeking Canadians’ views on whether and how to pursue a Canada-China FTA [free trade agreement]. The government’s approach is one that puts the interests of Canadians, including the opportunities that exist for the middle class and crucially, our values, front and centre,” Nystrom wrote.

John McCallum, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s former immigration minister and now Canada’s ambassador to China, said in an interview with the Toronto Star that he is eager to do “even more” than already suggested by Trudeau to improve relations with China. He insisted the Trudeau government will ensure that promoting and protecting human rights remains a priority, and any agreements with China will take these concerns into account.

I think they’re being really naive and really don’t necessarily understand who they’re dealing with.

— Randy Hoback, MP

Randy Hoback, a Conservative MP and vice-chair of the parliamentary committee on international trade, says Canadian administrators shouldn’t be naive when dealing with China.

“They were going to allow the approval of the telecom company out of Montreal, where our security people are saying ‘no way, you cannot let this happen.’ This should be a very dangerous precedent,” says Hoback.

“You have to go into this type of situation with your eyes wide open, and I think they’re being really naive and really don’t necessarily understand who they’re dealing with.”

With reporting by Matthew Little

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marcha 30, 2017

Uma foto da China National Offshore Oil Corp estatal. (CNOOC) plataforma de fora de sua sede em Pequim, China. Depois Canadá aprovou aquisição de petróleo e gás produtora canadense Nexen da CNOOC, ele prometeu rejeitar quaisquer futuras aquisições estrangeiras no setor de areias de petróleo por empresas estatais. (AP Photo / Andy Wong)Uma foto da China National Offshore Oil Corp estatal. (CNOOC) plataforma de fora de sua sede em Pequim, China. Depois Canadá aprovou aquisição de petróleo e gás produtora canadense Nexen da CNOOC, ele prometeu rejeitar quaisquer futuras aquisições estrangeiras no setor de areias de petróleo por empresas estatais. (AP Photo / Andy Wong)

necessidade do Canadá para atrair capital estrangeiro e desejo da China para investimentos estratégicos no exterior estão jogando um jogo elaborado de gato e rato.

laços comerciais entre os dois são aprofundamento. Canadá e China estão atualmente envolvidos em negociações de livre comércio e do Canadá propõe a investir $256 milhões em cinco anos para se juntar à Infra-estrutura do Banco Asiático de investimento liderado pela China (AIIB). Dois anos atrás, os dois países abriu o primeiro centro de comércio renminbi norte-americana em Toronto.

o Globe and Mail informou recentemente que, como parte das negociações de livre comércio da China com o Canadá, Pequim procura “acesso irrestrito para as empresas estatais chinesas a todos os sectores-chave da economia canadense.” Mas especialistas dizem que empresa estatal (SOE) investimento desvantagens Canadá, tanto econômica e-vem a partir de perspectivas China-éticos.

“Quando se trata de investimento chinês, o maior problema é as empresas estatais,”Disse Jack Mintz, Fellow do presidente da Escola de Política Pública da Universidade de Calgary, em entrevista por telefone.

Em março 27, a liberais revertida uma 2015 Harper decisão do governo que impediu uma aquisição chinesa de Montreal empresa de alta tecnologia ITF Technologies devido a preocupações de segurança nacional. A compra recém-aprovado pela O-Net Communications dá à China uma vantagem em tecnologia de armas.

O investimento estrangeiro tem sido historicamente um componente crítico de construção de Canadá, disse o Bank of Canada governador Stephen Poloz em um discurso em Durham College em Oshawa em março 28. Seu discurso empurrou para economias abertas e observou que o investimento estrangeiro é necessário para financiar infra-estruturas no Canadá, dada a inadequada doméstica base de economia e população relativamente pequena, com sua vasta geografia.

Último outono, o governo liberal criado um novo órgão federal, o “Invista no Canadá Hub,”Para melhor coordenar os esforços para atrair capital estrangeiro. O governo também elevou o limite para a revisão das compras externas de empresas canadenses para $1 bilhões em 2017 e dois anos mais cedo do que o previsto inicialmente e publicou novos regulamentos de aquisições com preocupações de segurança nacional.

Quando se trata de investimento chinês, o maior problema é as empresas estatais.

- Jack Mintz, A Escola de Política Pública, Universidade de Calgary

O ministro das Finanças Bill Morneau está batendo o tambor, dizendo Canadá é um ótimo lugar para investir dado o sistema bancário sólido, altamente qualificados e mão de obra qualificada, Estado de Direito, e baixos custos de imposto de negócio.

SOEs

fronteiras abertas e investimento estrangeiro aumentar a concorrência e pressão sobre empresas canadenses para um melhor desempenho. Com o capital estrangeiro poderia vir novas tecnologias e uma melhor gestão.

Mas quando é estatais fazendo a aquisição de, dadas as suas isenções fiscais e outros subsídios, ele cria uma situação de desigualdade, Disse Mintz.

“Há um argumento econômico que nós não queremos apenas ter altas avaliações para as empresas simplesmente porque alguém está disposto a comprá-los por causa de algum incentivo estado,”Mintz disse.

debate considerável cercado de dezembro 2012 Harper government approval of Nexen’s takeover by the state-owned China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC).

Duanjie Chen, formerly an economist at The School of Public Policy at the University of Calgary, wrote a report in 2013 about China’s SOEs stating that the Chinese government had engineered their phenomenal growth by granting them cheap or free inputs (capital, imobiliária, etc.), “in order to create globally dominant corporate powers.”

“Placing a lower priority on human rights, the environment, social justice, and corporate rectitude give China and its SOEs an edge that have helped them in their goal of leapfrogging competing world economic powers, including Canada,” Chen wrote.

We have to make sure there are clear benefits to the Canadian economy if we enter into an agreement.

- Jack Mintz, A Escola de Política Pública, Universidade de Calgary

“Sem esses subsídios explícitos e implícitos, Empresas estatais da China têm realmente provado ser muito menos competitiva economicamente do que seus rivais do setor privado,”Chen acrescentou.

“Eu não tenho um problema com as empresas privadas que entram em Canadá e compra de ativos,”Mintz disse, mas observou que, com as estatais, Canadá não está recebendo os benefícios do investimento estrangeiro e realmente fica benefícios negativos.

Solavancos na estrada

De acordo com um novo relatório da empresa de pesquisa de Rhodium Group e escritório de advocacia global de Branco & Caso, China se tornou a segunda maior fonte de investimento estrangeiro em 2016, com US $ 140 bilhões, ou 14 por cento do total mundial.

O relatório faz o caso que o capital chinesa ainda é vastamente sub-implantado globalmente. Mas a implantação da capital está começando a reunir-se com a resistência.

ofertas de saída da China foram diminuindo até agora em 2017. A partir de março 20, apenas US $ 25 bilhões em ofertas, qual é 70 por cento menos do que o mesmo período de 2016, foram anunciados, de acordo com um relatório CNBC citando dados Dealogic.

controles de capital mais rígidas na China para conter o declínio do yuan parecem estar fazendo Beijing mais seletivo com seus investimentos estrangeiros de saída.

China também enfrenta crescente escrutínio de seus investimentos no exterior, Embora o Canadá está progredindo na direção oposta. Alguns sectores são acreditados para ser mais estratégico para a implantação capital chinesa, tais como recursos naturais e tecnologia de duas áreas que apontam caminho do Canadá.

A Nexen areias betuminosas instalação perto de Fort McMurray, Canadá, é visto nesta fotografia aérea de julho 10, 2012. Nexen foi vendida para a China CNOOC Ltd. em dezembro 2012. (A Canadian Press / Jeff McIntosh)

A oilsands instalação Nexen perto de Fort McMurray, Canadá, é visto nesta fotografia aérea de julho 10, 2012. Nexen foi vendida para a China CNOOC Ltd. em dezembro 2012. (A Canadian Press / Jeff McIntosh)

Uma queixa comumente levantadas contra a China é uma falta de reciprocidade. “China única realizou progressos limitados no nivelamento ainda mais o campo de jogo para as empresas estrangeiras na China, que ainda enfrentam inúmeras restrições de investimento formal, bem como a alegada discriminação informal,”De acordo com o Grupo Rhodium e branco & Relato de caso.

“Esta falta de abertura recíproca está alimentando a frustração em particular nas economias avançadas, que seguem princípios de abertura e não discriminação para os investidores estrangeiros chineses e outros “.

Particularmente com os setores da economia chinesa dominadas por empresas estatais, Chen afirmou, “E, ao contrário Canadá, China guarda zelosamente os setores em que suas empresas estatais exercem controle absoluto ou forte, não permitindo quaisquer concorrentes domésticos, do sector privado ou entrada sem estrangeira.”

Em atrair investimento estrangeiro, Mintz informa Canadá para colocar fortes limites para as empresas públicas. “É uma questão de princípio," ele disse. “As empresas públicas são comprometidos pela política que eles têm de trabalhar com. E isso inclui empresas mistas,”Mintz disse.

empresas mistas são parcialmente de propriedade estatal. O Grupo Rhodium, que acompanha o investimento chinês nos Estados Unidos, reparte-se a propriedade do investimento para o governo de propriedade contra, pelo menos, 80 por cento de propriedade privada. mas fora dos EUA. e as agências de inteligência canadenses têm advertido no passado que as empresas ainda não-estatais agir no interesse do governo chinês.

“Nós temos que certificar-se de que há benefícios claros para a economia canadense se entrar em um acordo,”Mintz disse.

O Canadá é uma nação exportadora e China é a segunda maior economia do mundo. Parece inevitável que mais capital chinesa vai encontrar uma casa no Canadá.

“Queremos tudo isso para ser justo e China nem sempre é justa,”Disse Paul Frazer, presidente do PD Frazer Associates, um consultor de assuntos governamentais com sede em Washington, em entrevista por telefone.

O governo Harper tinha tomado uma postura mais dura em aquisições estrangeiras da China, mas os liberais parecem estar revertendo essa posição com um olho na conclusão de um acordo de livre comércio com a China.

Siga Rahul no Twitter @RV_ETBiz

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Gordon Chang was a bit early when he wrote the book “The Coming Collapse of China” in 2001.

He predicted the collapse of the Chinese economy and the downfall of the communist party within ten years and his prediction is four years overdue.

Contudo, the core arguments he made in the book are more valid than ever as Chang continues to provide us with an uncensored behind-the-scenes view of the Chinese political economy.

Epoch Times spoke to Chang about a superficially stable China in 2017 and what is causing the real friction under the surface.

epoch Times: China managed to stabilize its economy in 2016, will the regime be able to continue in 2017?

Gordon Chang: China looks strong but it’s actually weak. It has passed the point of no return.

They put in an enormous amount of debt, and they did stabilize the economy. The manufacturing sector is a beneficiary; we are starting to see some inflation. But the cost of this is enormous. It’s the old tactics of using debt to generate growth. It shows desperation more than anything.

There are some things that China should do regarding reform in 2017, but they won’t get it done because of the political imperative. This year we have a half a decade event, the party congress in the fall of this year, where they will either announce a new leader or Xi Jinping remains in control. That is a critical one.

I think they will be successful holding the line through the party congress. After that, they are going to fail.

So they are going to try and hold the line. Xi Jinping has relentlessly taken the economics portfolio from Li Keqiang. He gets the credit, but he also gets the blame. He is not going to want to see a major disruptive event between now and the party congress. It should be obvious, but a lot of people take this into account.

I think they will be successful holding the line through the party congress. After that, they are going to fail. They are going to prevent adjustments for as long as they have the ability to do so. Their ability to create jobs, holding the GDP growth close to 7, all of this stuff they are going to try and do.

Even if it was growing at the official rate, China is creating debt 5x faster than incremental GDP. Beijing can grow the economy with ghost cities and high-speed railways to nowhere but that’s not free, it’s not sustainable.

After the party congress, China is going to go into free fall.

The only thing that can change the Chinese economy is fundamental economic reform. But they are moving in a regressive manner, Beijing is stimulating again. It’s taking China away from a consumption economy, toward the state, away from private companies.

China is not going to have another 2008, it’s going to be a Chinese 1929.

The Chinese dream wants a strong state, and it’s not compatible with market reform. Even if Xi were up for liberalize and change, it would be too little too late. Stimulus is going to increase the underlying imbalances. That’s going to make it more difficult to adjust.

epoch Times: What is happening beneath the superficial stability?

Sr. Chang: Look at what happened last year, capital outflows were probably higher than 2015. E 2015 was unprecedented, somewhere between $900 billion and a $1 trillion dollars.

The Chinese people see what other people have seen and it doesn’t make sense anymore. They see the economy is not growing. People are concerned about the political direction of the country, and people see the end is not that far away, so they move their money out.

People are also leaving. Young Chinese used to come to America to get an education; then they went back. Now Chinese kids get an education, they try to work for an investment bank, and they try to stay. Things are not as good at home as Beijing maintains.

To stop the capital outflows and maintain stability, they put in draconian capital controls starting in October, novembro 2016.

They put some real limitations on outbound investment for corporates and multinationals. They can do this, but how much longer? They are disincentivizing people to put money into China because they don’t know they can take it out again. In spite of the controls, they had record outflows. Capital outflows in the second half, when the controls started, were higher than in the first half.

They are going to continue to smooth things out after the Congress, but they won’t have the ability to continue the game. The whole thing is about confidence, and there is a failure of confidence in China.

epoch Times: They are also using their foreign exchange reserves to manage the decline of the currency. The International Monetary Fund (FMI) for example says the $3 trillion they have is enough to run the economy.

Gordon Chang: They can just give you any number, and you don’t know whether it’s the right one, just like GDP. You cannot go to the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) and look through their books. They can report anything, and you don’t’ know. They have a high incentive to fake that number.

We also know they have a synthetic short position because they are selling derivatives through the state banks. If you look at the estimates of foreign exchange reserves each month, they always outperform the surveys. China always outperforms, it doesn’t take a genius to figure out that the FX number can’t be right. Misreporting their FX reserve declines minimizes the problems, so people keep believing in the currency.

They can report anything, and you don’t’ know. They have a high incentive to fake that number.

So I think they don’t have the $3 trilhão. They have done the trick Brazil pulled in 2014 of selling derivatives instead of actual dollars. According to my sources, there’s $500 billion dollars still to be accounted for.

Then there are illiquid investments in the Chinese foreign exchange reserves, por aí $1 trilhão. According to my estimates, you are then down to $1.5 trillion in usable money to defend the currency. The FX reserves aren’t as big and as liquid as Beijing wants them to be.

epoch Times: So they will have to devalue sooner or later.

Gordon Chang: I don’t think they are going to devalue before the 19th party congress later this year.

Then they are going to devalue, but not as far north of eight [current rate is 6.9 per dollar] as it needs to be. The insufficient devaluation will shake confidence; people think it’s not enough, it has to be more. Eventually, someone is going to figure out that their reserve numbers are wrong. But the one thing they need to defend their currency is foreign currency.

Xi Jinping says the Chinese dream is a strong China. So he is responsible for everything and depreciation never benefits the Chinese consumers. They continue to make stupid decisions. It’s the political system; the political imperative is too strong. It would be too embarrassing to do wholesale reform. He wants to appear strong. They have always tried to prevent natural economic adjustments—by doing that they have made the underlying imbalances bigger.

So in the end, China is not going to have another 2008, it’s going to be a Chinese 1929.

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Grace in Ancient Times illustration by Epoch TimesGrace in Ancient Times illustration by Epoch Times

Qi Xi (620-545 B.C.) was a Minister of State for Jin during the Spring and Autumn Period. He was a selfless, broad-minded person who handled matters in a fair and just manner.

The encyclopedic Chinese classic text Lushi Chunqiu from around 239 B.C —also known as The Annals of Lu Buwei, prime minister of the state of Qin—recorded that when Qi Xi recommended people for public service, he only wished for the good ones to be appointed and disregarded whether the people he recommended had opposed him, or whether they were his own kin.

One day, the Duke of Jin asked Qi: “There is an opening for county magistrate at Nan Yang. Who could be assigned to this post?"

Qi replied: “Xie Hu could be assigned to this post”

The Duke said: “Was Xie Hu not your enemy? How come you recommend him?"

“Your Highness was asking who could handle this job, not who is my enemy!” said Qi.

The Duke then appointed Xie Hu as county magistrate of Nan Yang. It turned out that he really did a good job and the people were full of praise for him.

Qi Xi's statue stands in Qi County in Shanxi Province. This was Qi Xi's land territory to provide him with remuneration. (Internet photo)

Qi Xi’s statue stands in Qi County in Shanxi Province. This was Qi Xi’s land territory to provide him with remuneration. (Internet photo)

After a while, the Duke asked Qi another question: “We need a high ranking army officer in the capital. Who could handle this post?"

Qi replied: “Qi Wu can do it.”

The Duke said: “Is Qi Wu not your son? How come you recommend your own son?"

“Your Highness was asking who could handle this job as a high ranking army officer, not asking who is my son!” said Qi.

The Duke then appointed Qi Wu to the post. He really did a good job and received praise from everyone.

When Confucius heard about this, he said to his students: “To recommend your enemy is not being toady; to put forward your son should not be for self-benefit; only when one has high merit can one recommend people like this. Qi Xi was, assim sendo, a real selfless, fair one!"

Edited by Damian Robin.

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  • etiquetas:, , ,
  • Autor: <a href="http://www.theepochtimes.com/n3/author/zhu-li/" rel="author">Zhu Li</uma>, <a href="http://www.theepochtimes.com/" title="Epoch Times" rel="publisher">epoch Times</uma>
  • Categoria: Geral

caminhões de carga conduzir através de um pool de contêineres no porto de mar em Qingdao, no leste da província de Shandong da China nesta foto de arquivo. Canadá pretende fazer mais negócios com a China em meio a uma crescente onda de protecionismo. (Chinatopix via AP) caminhões de carga conduzir através de um pool de contêineres no porto de mar em Qingdao, no leste da província de Shandong da China nesta foto de arquivo. Canadá pretende fazer mais negócios com a China em meio a uma crescente onda de protecionismo. (Chinatopix via AP)

Enquanto sentimento protecionista está em ascensão, empresas canadenses estão sendo incentivados a fazer mais com China, que parece estar em forte contraste com a mensagem U.S. as empresas estão recebendo da administração Trump entrante.

A experiência de fora dos EUA. empresas na China está piorando. O governo canadense e as empresas têm de ser claro sobre seus objetivos em lidar com a China, a fim de ter sucesso, bem como ser cauteloso e capaz de reconhecer quando as ações chinesas não são necessariamente de longo prazo benefício canadense, de acordo com Paul Frazer, president of PD Frazer Associates and a Washington-based government affairs consultant on Canada-U.S. relations.

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s cabinet shuffle aims at strengthening Canada’s business relationship with China. enquanto isso, president-elect Donald Trump’s tough talk on China has ranged from losses of American jobs to currency manipulation. He has appointed hardline trade representatives to continue to be tough on China.

“I don’t think that what Mr. Trump does with China will necessarily spill over negatively to what Canada would like to do with China,” Frazer said in a telephone interview. Frazer has previously served as minister of public affairs at the Canadian Embassy in Washington, as the consulate general in New York, e em Praga como embaixador na República Checa e na Eslováquia.

Trabalhando com a China é um elevador muito mais pesado.

- Paul Frazer, Presidente, PD Frazer Associates

Mas Frazer parece ter algum céticoism sobre o Canadá está tentando realizar com a China. “Eu não tenho certeza de que temos uma imagem clara do que o Canadá quer fazer com a China ainda quer, ou como ele está indo para ir sobre a tentativa de alcançar objetivos específicos.”

Frazer tem defendido o governo canadense para brilhar a sua própria trilha e não simplesmente montar os coattails dos Estados Unidos nas relações internacionais.

empresas canadenses perceber que seus maiores oportunidades de crescimento estão na China; Contudo, o maior desafio tem sido a facilidade com que ele pode fazer negócios nos Estados Unidos, Disse Frazer. Os Estados Unidos têm a infra-estrutura, Estado de Direito, e transparência que a China não faz.

“Trabalhar com a China é um elevador muito mais pesado, como você pode imaginar,”Frazer disse.

‘Buy America’

A ascensão do espectro protecionista não é nova e “Buy America” não é algo que acaba de sair recentemente, Frazer disse. “Ele vai voltar muitos anos e cada vez que provou ser prejudicial.”

Com cadeias de fornecimento profundamente integrado em todo o Canadá, os Estados Unidos, México, e globalmente, a preocupação é a reação automática de chamadas mais fortes para incorporar “Buy America” onde quer que pode ser feito. Como isso poderia desencadear respostas de natureza semelhante em outras partes do mundo, o que pode sinalizar uma espiral descendente de maior protecionismo, é algo que ninguém quer ver, Disse Frazer. Isso ameaçaria seriamente empregos no Canadá e nos Estados Unidos.

empresas canadenses têm vindo a dizer que os regulamentos e as barreiras comerciais já estão prejudicando o crescimento das exportações, de acordo com o Banco do Canadá de Business Survey Outlook lançado Jan. 9. “A percepção do crescente protecionismo leva um número de empresas para manter ou construir uma presença estrangeira,”O BoC afirmou.

China não vai estar acostumado a lidar com os gostos de Trump e isso pode torná-lo mais ansiosos para fazer negócios com o Canadá, embora em escala muito menor.

“Onde os canadenses terão que ter cuidado é reconhecer onde eles podem ser aproveitados, onde eles são mais um peão em um jogo maior,”, Disse Frazer.

Na reunião do Fórum Econômico Mundial da próxima semana em Davos, Suíça, China será frente e no centro com uma delegação “maior do que nunca” encabeçada pelo presidente Xi Jinping, “Sublinhando a determinação da China para assumir um papel de liderança global como outras grandes potências são prejudicadas por disputas internas doméstica," de acordo com um Bloomberg relatório. Os EUA. presença será mínimo pelos padrões históricos.

Canadá está em uma posição vulnerável devido à sua dependência das exportações. A economia tem sido no marasmo desde o final 2014 devido aos preços das commodities fracos e crescimento das exportações de sinalização.

Com o aumento do custo de produção na China, os investidores podem começar a procurar em outro lugar o que leva mais tempo para estabelecer uma maior transparência nos regulamentos e do Estado de Direito.

Alguns alemão e fora dos EUA. empresas acreditam sentimento protecionista está subindo na China. Os fabricantes de automóveis alemães têm de usar parceiros locais para fabricar carros na China.

A Câmara Americana mais recente do levantamento Comércio, realizado no início deste ano, mostrou que os obstáculos regulamentares estão forçando uma pequena parte de fora dos EUA. empresas para mover atividades longe da China. Oitenta e três por cento de tecnologia, industrial, e empresas do setor de recursos naturais são os mais pessimistas sobre a atitude de Pequim para empresas estrangeiras. NOS. empresas na China eram menos rentável na China em 2015 em comparação com 2014.

NOS. Política

Uma boa dose de incerteza enfrenta empresas canadenses, que estão em um modo de esperar para ver, de acordo com uma entrevista de Bloomberg com John Manley, presidente e CEO do Conselho Empresarial do Canadá.

Conforme se aproxima a inauguração do Trump, o foco está se voltando para como o governo irá funcionar.

Fazer as coisas não é um slam dunk eo Partido Republicano não é realmente unidos, Disse Frazer. “É encobertas no momento, porque eles têm um presidente que os trouxe para o baile com muito sucesso,”Frazer disse.

Ele também disse que, devido à tensão natural entre a Casa Branca eo Congresso, poderia haver um remendo rochoso após Jan. 20 como um número de questões são abordadas, incluindo a reforma da saúde.

“Não é um sistema parlamentar,”Frazer disse. “Não é um primeiro-ministro com uma maioria.

“É um presidente que tem que contar com a cooperação, colaboração, e a capacidade de persuadir as pessoas no Congresso para fazer o que ele gostaria de ver feito.

“E eles vão empurrar para trás.”

Com reportagem adicional de Fan Yu

Siga Rahul no Twitter @RV_ETBiz

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1.6 million people in China die every year because of air pollution, so many people protect themselves using face masks. (AOL Screenshot)1.6 million people in China die every year because of air pollution, so many people protect themselves using face masks. (AOL Screenshot)

Beijing-based designer Zhijun Wang makes antipollution masks by re-purposing running shoes. assim, smog masks just got more fashionable.

The evolution of smog masks can seem dystopian, but they’re an important safety precaution in China. 1.6 million people in China die every year because of air pollution.

“Every day I have to think about it. I have to wear a face mask to go outside. Is tomorrow going to be so horrifying that I won’t be able to run outside? So I thought, ‘Can I use my own approach to express how I feel about this?’” Wang said.

Runners in Beijing are particularly affected by pollution. It’s recommended that they check the Air Quality Index for smog levels, wear masks during their workout, and even skip days with unsafe pollution levels.

So as pollution gets worse and smog masks get more elaborate, it seems pretty fitting to see designer masks made from running shoes.

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