United States Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer said on Monday that China’s manipulative trade practices and economic model represent an “unprecedented threat’. (Paul Huang / The Epoch Times)United States Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer said on Monday that China’s manipulative trade practices and economic model represent an “unprecedented threat’. (Paul Huang / The Epoch Times)

China’s manipulative trade practices and economic model represent an “unprecedented threat” to the world’s market-based economy and U.S. interests, said the incumbent United States Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer in a speech on Monday.

It was the first major public speech given by Lighthizer, a long term critic of China’s trade practices against the United States. Lighthizer told a crowd of over a hundred at the Center for Strategic and International Studies that China represents the one challenge facing the administration that is “substantially more difficult than those faced in the past.”

“The sheer scale of their coordinated efforts to develop their economy, to subsidize, to create ‘National Champions,’ to force technology transfers, and to destroy market, in China and throughout the world, is a threat to world trading system that is unprecedented,” said Lighthizer.

Lighthizer was referring to the hundreds if not thousands of Chinese state-owned enterprises (SOE) that are institutionally protected and promoted by the Chinese regime, hence known as the “national champions” of the Chinese economy.

Not only do Chinese state-owned enterprises receive extensive protection from the Chinese regime against foreign competition, they are also often the culprits in stealing technology and other intellectual properties from foreign companies. Large number of American companies have fallen victim to such abusive tactics by the Chinese, which has resulted in massive job losses on the part of American workers, according to Lighthizer and many other critics of China’s trade practices.

“Unfortunately the World Trade Organization is not equipped to deal with this problem,” Lighthizer said, “WTO and its predecessors, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), were not designed to successfully manage mercantilism on this scale.”

“We must find other ways to defend our companies, arbeiders, farmers, and indeed, our economic system,” said Lighthizer, “We must find ways to ensure our market-based economy prevails.”

Cargo ships berth at a port in Qingdao, east China's Shandong Province on June 8, 2016. (STR / AFP / Getty Images)

Abusive trade practices by the Chinese state-owned enterprises have inflicted significant harm on American companies and will be dealt with by the Trump administration, according to U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer. Photo showing cargo ships berthed at a port in Qingdao, China. (STR / AFP / Getty Images)

Lighthizer did not reveal specifics of the ongoing investigation regarding China’s alleged theft of intellectual property, a process that was started by President Trump on Aug. 14. He revealed, echter, that the investigators receive “an awful lot of complaints” from executives of American companies that were hurt by the abusive practices of the Chinese, with many complaining that they were forced to give up their technology and corporate secrets to their Chinese competitors.

Trump Continues Hawkish Stance

Lighthizer’s comment on Monday represents the latest signal that Trump’s campaign pledge of a hardline trade policy against China remains steadfast, despite the departure on Aug. 19 of White House Chief Strategist Steve Bannon, who was widely thought to be the administration’s primary advocate of a hawkish stance against China.

Lighthizer is not the only “trade hawk” inside Trump’s administration. Peter Navarro, an economist who is also known for outspoken criticism of the Chinese regime and of China’s trade practices against the United States, was selected by President Donald Trump to head the newly created National Trade Council and is believed to be playing a key role in forming the Trump administration’s trade policies.

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De toeristen lopen met hun bagage op de internationale luchthaven van Peking november 24, 2016.
(Fred Dufour / AFP / Getty Images)De toeristen lopen met hun bagage op de internationale luchthaven van Peking november 24, 2016.
(Fred Dufour / AFP / Getty Images)

Na verliet haar geboorteland China en de Verenigde Staten ingevoerd via een smokkel ring in 2014, Zheng Lili herinnert aan de climax van haar maandenlange reis, die haar nam over de hele wereld en de kosten tienduizenden dollars.

“Ik was bang om dood, happen naar lucht, Ik dacht dat ik zou daar te sterven.”Het was op dat moment, nadat ze stak de Rio Grande, dat zij hoorde politieagenten zeggen, "Welkom in Amerika!"

Haar eerste stop was Moskou. Van daar ging ze naar Cuba, wanneer een visum is niet vereist voor Chinese onderdanen verblijf van minder dan een maand, voordat ze uiteindelijk aankomen in Mexico-stad en beginnen aan hun tocht reisnoorden.

Bij Mexicaanse douane, de leider van de groep Zheng werd in had iedereen gezegd te glijden $200 in zijn of haar paspoort. Zij werden vervolgens geleid tot een speciale ingang en kreeg door zonder problemen. Vergezeld door een tiental anderen uit verschillende landen, Ze vertrekken om middernacht op een reis naar de Rio Grande Valley. Gedurende twee dagen achter elkaar, zij marcheerden over de muggen vergeven land, voortdurend klaar om zichzelf te gooien naar de grond om helikopters of patrouille voertuigen te ontwijken.

Zheng was zo uitgeput dat ze moest worden gedragen door haar zoon en een andere immigrant. “We keken uit naar gearresteerd na crossing, omdat het versnelt het proces,”Vertelde ze aan The Epoch Times.

Haar zoon werd op borgtocht vrijgelaten een maand later, en werd al snel politiek asiel verleend op grond van het christelijk geloof die hij van zijn vrome grootmoeder geleerd. Zheng werd twee jaar vastgehouden.

Zheng Lili's ervaring is niet uniek. augustus. 26 dit jaar, drieëntwintig Chinese werden gearresteerd oversteken van San Diego Otay Mesa grens, de grootste buste van illegale binnenkomst door de Chinese onderdanen via Mexico.

Samen met zeven Mexicanen, de groep werd ontdekt terwijl ze gaan door een cross-country tunnel van Mexico. Kwamen allemaal uit het zuidoosten van China-22 uit de kustprovincie Fujian en één uit de naburige provincie Guangdong.

Zheng, Ook uit Fujian, aangekomen in de Verenigde Staten in 2014 en bracht twee jaar in detentie voordat ze werd herenigd met haar man in 2016. Haar man, Chen Zhiqiang, was zelf een illegale immigrant: Hij had toegang eerder opgedaan meer dan twee decennia met een vals paspoort verkregen in Nederland. Chen en Zheng waren de laatste van 39 Chen bijgenaamd families in hun stad die naar huis vertrokken naar de Verenigde Staten.

Fujian is historisch gezien een van de grootste bronnen voor Chinese immigranten. Changle District, die in de late jaren 1970 werd een van de eerste Chinese havens opengesteld voor de internationale handel, kreeg de bijnaam “Dorp van Smugglers.” From 1980 naar 2005, over- 200,000 mensen werden gesmokkeld naar overzeese bestemmingen, volgens Sina, een online Chinese media groep.

in Fuzhou, hoofdstad van Fujian, tienduizenden “achtergelaten kinderen” woonden bij hun grootouders, volgens Beijing News. De ouders-niet-geautoriseerde immigranten die werkzaam zijn in de Verenigde Staten stuurden hun peuters terug omdat ze geen extra energie of tijd om voor hen te zorgen na zwoegen voor 13 uur per dag of meer. Changle District, die ligt in de buurt van Fuzhou en heeft circa 712,500 Bewoners, geteld 5,000 US-geboren kinderen in 2012. Bijna elke lokale huishouden had iemand die in het buitenland wonen.

Fujian heeft een lange traditie van emigratie, te beginnen in de oudheid als Chinese handelaren verliet het vasteland en vestigden zich in het buitenland, vaak in Zuidoost-Azië. In de vroege jaren 1960, Fujianese zeilers die werken in Hong Kong heeft ontdekt dat ze kunnen verdienen 15 keer zo veel in de Verenigde Staten, vonken een eerste golf van emigratie naar het westen.

Geleidelijk aan een uitgebreid netwerk en een bedrijfstak van de smokkel ontwikkeld. “Als andere mensen stapte uit en deden we niet, het maakte ons slecht uit,”Naamloos immigranten vertelden Sohu, een andere Chinese media site. Dorpelingen in Changle zou verrekening vuurwerk om te vieren wanneer iemand maakte naar de Verenigde Staten.

“Er zijn veel historische gevallen van Chinese mensen die in de Verenigde Staten illegaal op schepen brachten, in spoorweg coaches, verborgen in auto's, door tunnels, in het vliegtuig - elke denkbare manier dat mensen van de grens over kan denken,”Elliot Young, een geschiedenis professor aan Portland, Oregon Lewis en Clark College en auteur van het boek “Alien Nation,”Welke documenten China's geschiedenis van immigratie naar de Verenigde Staten, vertelde Voice of America.

“De Chinezen waren een van de eersten om deze manieren te ontduiken grenscontrole uitvinden,”Elliott Young heeft gezegd.

Zheng Qi (niet gerelateerd aan Zheng Lili), voorzitter van de Fukien Benevolent Association of America, maakte zijn weg naar Amerika met een Thailand toeristisch paspoort, volgens US-China Press. In zijn mislukte eerste poging, de in Hongkong gevestigde reisbureau heb hem een ​​visum naar Canada, die hem bereikten de Canadese grens voordat hij werd ontdekt en gerepatrieerd.

De Migration Policy Institute schattingen over 268,000 illegale of ongedocumenteerde immigranten uit China, waardoor ze de vijfde grootste groep onder ruim 11 miljoen illegale immigranten die in de Verenigde Staten, en de grootste van alle niet-Latijns-Amerikaanse landen. In een 2016 rapport, de MPI geïdentificeerd China als een van 's werelds grootste bronnen van immigranten.

Over een periode van zeven maanden van oktober 2016 om dit mei, de Californische grens patrouille opgepakt 663 Chinese die proberen illegaal de Verenigde Staten, een enorme sprong vanuit een louter 48 over dezelfde periode 2016, en gewoon 5 het jaar ervoor, NBC 7 gerapporteerd.

Smugglers zie Chinese klanten als winstgevender zijn dan die uit Latijns-Amerika en Mexico, omdat bendes hogere vergoedingen kan eisen als gevolg van de langere reisroute. In de afgelopen decennia, de kosten smokkelen immigrant meer dan verdubbeld, een stijging van $30,000 naar $50,000 naar $70,000, volgens de Council on Foreign Relations.

Zelden zijn deze vooraf betaald aan mensensmokkelaars vergoedingen, genaamd Shetou of “snakeheads” in het Chinees, volgens de professor Elliott Young.

Young merkte op dat de immigranten zou meestal regelen met de smokkelaar op een bepaalde hoeveelheid van de aanbetaling-around een paar duizend dollar-en “het werk van hun schuld in de Verenigde Staten door te werken in een bedrijf.” “Ze werken in restaurants, kledingstuk fabrieken en andere, vaak Chinese eigendom, ondernemingen," hij zei.

Een sarcastische Chinese uitdrukking beschrijft een typische illegale immigrant dag-tot-dag leven bij aankomst van de Verenigde Staten: “Overdag bij het fornuis, nighttime op het kussen, en in het weekend bij de advocaat.”

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dan Blumenthal (centrum), Directeur van de Aziatische Studies aan de American Enterprise Institute, spreekt bij een discussie over het Amerikaanse-Korea relaties bij het Centrum voor Strategische en Internationale Studies, op september. 5, 2017, in Washington. (Paul Huang / The Epoch Times)dan Blumenthal (centrum), Directeur van de Aziatische Studies aan de American Enterprise Institute, spreekt bij een discussie over het Amerikaanse-Korea relaties bij het Centrum voor Strategische en Internationale Studies, op september. 5, 2017, in Washington. (Paul Huang / The Epoch Times)

WASHINGTON - In de nasleep van vorige week kernproef Noord-Korea, dat naar verluidt ontploft een waterstofbom, deskundigen wijzen erop dat de tijd is nu voor de Verenigde Staten om overweldigende druk toe te passen op China om zo te dwingen tot het opgeven van de ruwe Kim regime en een einde maken aan de seemly-eindeloze provocaties en agressie.

dan Blumenthal, Directeur van de Aziatische Studies aan de American Enterprise Institute, zei dinsdag dat het mogelijk is dat de Verenigde Staten en China tot een akkoord over de toekomst van het Koreaanse schiereiland te bereiken, met dien verstande dat de Verenigde Staten “maakt China voel me zoveel pijn over haar relatie met Noord-Korea”, zodat China uiteindelijk zou doen van haar steun voor de totalitaire Kim Jong-un regime.

Onder een panel van deskundigen die hebben deelgenomen aan de discussie op de Amerikaanse en Zuid-Korea strategie georganiseerd door het Centrum voor Strategische en Internationale Studies (CSIS) op september. 5, allemaal over eens dat een eenmaking van het Koreaanse schiereiland onder de democratische heerschappij van de Zuid-Korea gewenst zou zijn “einddoel” voor zowel de Verenigde Staten en Zuid-Korea. Echter, Dan Blumenthal was het meest uitgesproken als het ging om te pleiten voor een harde lijn beleid tegen China over zijn steun aan Noord-Korea.

“Wat we moeten doen, en wat we daadwerkelijk hebben gedaan, is om China af te schrikken,”Zei Dan Blumenthal, "[De Verenigde Staten moeten] maken China erg bang, en op zijn hielen over wat we gaan doen, en wat we kunnen doen.”

Blumenthal zei ook dat Trump's benadering van Noord-Korea is min of meer op de rechter baan: “De door de Trump administratie nu vastgestelde beleid is om Noord-Korea te binden als een verplichting voor China, te maken China voel me zoveel pijn heeft voor de betrekkingen met Noord-Korea,”Aldus Blumenthal, “Op een gegeven moment China zouden zeggen, genoeg is genoeg."

“China zal helpen zich te ontdoen van Kim regime, en geef hem een ​​mooie villa in Shenyang, met Dennis Rodman als zijn metgezel,”Aldus Blumenthal.

Na het zesde kernproef van Noord-Korea op zondag, president Trump zwoer dat de Verenigde Staten alle handel met welk land zaken doen met Noord-Korea zal stoppen. China is momenteel de grootste handelspartner van Noord-Korea's partner. Voorheen Trump heeft al vele malen gezegd dat hij “teleurgesteld” in China voor het niet helpen van de nucleaire agressies stop van Noord-Korea.

Een B-1B lange reeks strategische bommenwerper in een bestand foto. In juli van dit jaar de U.S. vlogen twee van de bommenwerpers boven de Noord-Koreaanse schiereiland in een demonstratie van kracht. Michael Green, de senior vice president voor Azië en Japan leerstoel aan CSIS, zei dat China moet worden gedwongen om te veranderen door middel van een gewelddadige aanpak, zoals de bouw van de angst voor een U.S. aanval op Noord-Korea in de hoofden van de Chinese regime heersers. (Courtesy USAF / Getty Images)

Een B-1B lange reeks strategische bommenwerper in een bestand foto. In juli van dit jaar de U.S. vlogen twee van de bommenwerpers boven de Noord-Koreaanse schiereiland in een demonstratie van kracht. Michael Green, de senior vice president voor Azië en Japan leerstoel aan CSIS, zei dat China moet worden gedwongen om te veranderen door middel van een gewelddadige aanpak, zoals de bouw van de angst voor een U.S. aanval op Noord-Korea in de hoofden van de Chinese regime heersers. (Courtesy USAF / Getty Images)

Michael Green, de senior vice president voor Azië en Japan leerstoel aan CSIS, zei dat hij het woord “stimuleren” voor het woord zou vervangen “schrikken”. Echter, Green ook erkend dat China moet worden gedwongen om te veranderen door middel van een gewelddadige aanpak, zoals de bouw van de angst voor een U.S. aanval [Noord-Korea] in de hoofden van de Chinese regime heersers.

Andere deskundigen uitgedrukt meer twijfel over de mogelijkheid dat het gedrag van de Chinese regime kunnen worden veranderd. Laura Rosenberger, Directeur van Alliance voor het beveiligen van de Democratie zei, “Ik ben pessimistischer op. We vergeten dat [het Chinese regime] heeft een communistische partijleiding. Dat is een existentiële kwestie.”

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Chinese President Xi Jinping in Xiamen, southeastern China's Fujian Province, op september. 5, 2017.
(WU HONG/AFP/Getty Images)Chinese President Xi Jinping in Xiamen, southeastern China's Fujian Province, op september. 5, 2017.
(WU HONG/AFP/Getty Images)

North Korea declared that it tested its sixth nuclear bomb on Sept. 3, a move emphatically condemned by UN Secretary General António Guterres and U.S. President Donald Trump, who threatened to stop trading with any country doing business with the reclusive communist country.

Of all the countries that have diplomatic ties with North Korea, Trump’s threat probably hits closest to home for the Chinese regime, North Korea’s largest and historically most loyal ally.

Over the years, China has supported its communist neighbor, fearing that a collapse of the Kim regime would send thousands of refugees pouring into the country.

The Chinese regime also uses North Korea as a bargaining chip with the United States, claiming that China is the only one that can bring North Korea to the table, says Chen Pokong, a China current affairs analyst.

But the Chinese regime also doesn’t want to deal with the backlash and instability in the region that North Korea has created.

<a href="http://img.theepochtimes.com/n3/eet-content/uploads/2017/07/12/GettyImages-689969574.jpg" class="light-box" data-lightbox="59aefff3999db" data-title="The test fire of a ballistic missile at an undisclosed location in North Korea in an undated photo released by North Korea’s official Korean Central News Agency on May 30, 2017.
(STR / AFP / Getty Images)”>The test fire of a ballistic missile at an undisclosed location in North Korea in an undated photo released by North Korea's official Korean Central News Agency on May 30, 2017.  (STR / AFP / Getty Images)

The test fire of a ballistic missile at an undisclosed location in North Korea in an undated photo released by North Korea’s official Korean Central News Agency on May 30, 2017.
(STR / AFP / Getty Images)

For these reasons, Beijing has shown its disapproval of North Korea’s brinkmanship, but at the same time, has not done a great deal to stop it.

Chinese leader Xi Jinping and Russian President Vladimir Putin, who were at a summit in China during the most recent nuclear test, both ambiguously vowed to “appropriately deal” with” the North’s provocations, according to Chinese-state-run media.

When North Korea fired a missile over Japan on Aug. 29, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying called for restraint from all parties and for everyone to study the “relevant resolutions by the UN Security Council.”

This raises the question of whether China, in the event of an all-out conflict, would ultimately take the side of the United States or its maverick neighbor.

While the Chinese regime under Mao signed a pact with North Korea in 1961 that obliged China to come to North Korea’s aid in the event of an attack, Xi’s administration has begun to show signs of ending China’s long-standing support for the Kim regime.

Earlier in August, China approved UN sanctions against North Korea after Trump put significant pressure on Beijing to rein in its rogue neighbor.

Beijing also announced in mid-August that it would ban imports of products like coal, fish, and iron from North Korea starting Sept. 5—a significant move considering that about 90 percent of North Korea’s export income comes from trade with China.

China has also reportedly been fortifying its border with North Korea by sending more troops to the region, holding military drills, and gathering intelligence through 24-7 toezicht.

Tegelijkertijd, China has declared that it “will never allow chaos and war on the peninsula,” according to China’s representative to the UN.

Further aggravating North Korea’s relationship with China is Pyongyang’s timing. Both the missile over Japan and the nuclear test come close to the Chinese regime’s 19th Party Congress, a once-in-five-year event at which China’s new leadership is chosen.

“The Chinese Communist Party needs to create a stable environment [ahead of the 19th Party Congress],” said Chen Pongkong. “That means the CCP is willing to compromise with others, even submit to humiliation. [North Korean leader] Kim Jong Un sees this, so he always picks this most crucial time to be provocative.”

ONS. President Donald Trump en de Chinese leider Xi Jinping lopen samen op de Mar-a-Lago landgoed in West Palm Beach, Fla., in april 7, 2017. (JIM WATSON / AFP / Getty Images)

ONS. President Donald Trump en de Chinese leider Xi Jinping lopen samen op de Mar-a-Lago landgoed in West Palm Beach, Fla., in april 7, 2017. (JIM WATSON / AFP / Getty Images)

When Trump and Xi met in person for the first time in April, North Korea was one of the topics of conversation. Coming out of that, Trump said he better understood the complexity of China’s situation and was optimistic that Xi would help the United States deal with North Korea.

“They have pressures that are tough pressures, and I understand. And you know, don’t forget, China, over the many years, has been at war with Korea—you know, wars with Korea. It’s not like, ‘Oh, gee, you just do whatever we say.’ They’ve had numerous wars with Korea,” he told White House reporters in July.

Although the Chinese regime has agreed to cooperate with the United States to sanction North Korea, their starting points differ. The Chinese regime advocates all sides coming to the table, whereas the United States wants North Korea to abandon its nuclear program before it will sit down to talks.

Recently however, Trump has hinted that negotiations, whether North Korea lays down its nuclear arsenal or not, are futile.

“North Korea is a rogue nation which has become a great threat and embarrassment to China, which is trying to help but with little success,” he tweeted Sept. 3. “South Korea is finding, as I have told them, that their talk of appeasement with North Korea will not work, they only understand one thing!"

What Kim Wants

Analysts believe that Kim Jong Un craves the respect that comes with being recognized as a nuclear power, and has no interest in abandoning its nuclear weapons.

“While geographically a small nation, if it is a big nuclear nation, the Kim empire—his dictator regime—will last forever. So Kim is pursuing the stability of his regime,” Chen Pongkong said.

“North Korea’s ultimate goal is to force the United States to accept it as a nuclear state, and to be able to talk to the United States on this basis,” said NTD TV’s East Asia political affairs analyst Wen Zhao.

North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un (C) in Pyongyang on Fe. 22, 2017. (STR / AFP / Getty Images)

North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un (C) in Pyongyang on Fe. 22, 2017. (STR / AFP / Getty Images)

Echter, it doesn’t look likely that the United States and other nuclear nations will willingly allow North Korea to be a nuclear power.

If Trump carries through on his threat to cut trade ties with North Korea’s backers, he could be looking at a trade war with one of the United States’ largest trading partners—China.

Trump has made no secret about the fact that he wants to re-negotiate trade deals with the world’s second largest economy, saying to reporters in July, “I’ve been going a little bit easier [on China] because I’d like to have their help … But we have to fix the trade with China because it’s very, very non-reciprocal.”

“In terms of North Korea, our strength is trade," hij voegde toe.

The United States is China’s largest importer. If Trump follows through with his threats, the Chinese regime could be forced to choose between the survival of its own economy and that of North Korea’s.

“Once the pressure is high enough, I believe the Xi government will choose the option with the least negative consequences,” said Chen Kuide, the chief editor of China in Perspective, a digital Chinese language magazine out of Princeton that covers China’s democracy movement and rights issues.

Van NTD.tv

NTD News’ Tina Lin contributed to this article.

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ONS. Rep. Jim BridenstineONS. Rep. Jim Bridenstine

Longtime space advocate Rep. Jim Bridenstine (R-Okla.) has been nominated by President Trump to be the next administrator of NASA. Birdenstine is known for his strong support for a new manned mission to the Moon, and for his belief that the United States needs to challenge China’s ever-expanding presence in space.

The nomination of the former Navy pilot and three-term Congressman from Oklahoma has been expected for some time, and was finally announced on Sept. 1. Previously, Trump tasked Vice President Mike Pence to lead a re-established the National Space Council aimed at reinvigorating and reasserting the U.S. presence in the space.

Bridenstine has been an active voice in the Congress for increasing the U.S. commitment to the space program. In 2016 Bridenstine introduced H.R. 4945, the American Space Renaissance Act, which sought to reform and modernize the U.S. space program in a comprehensive manner. While the act did not move forward, some of its elements were incorporated into later legislation.

The nomination could face a challenge in the Senate and has already prompted criticism from Florida’s two senators, Republican Marco Rubio and Democrat Bill Nelson. Florida is the home to NASA, and both Rubio and Nelson have complained that Bridenstine, a politician, lacks management experience.

Echter, some observers have speculated that Rubio’s opposition might have been partially motivated by Bridenstine’s support for Rubio’s primary opponent Ted Cruz in the 2016 GOP presidential campaign, which caused relations between the Oklahoman and the Floridian to become bitter.

The private space flight industry has largely welcomed the news of Bridenstine’s nomination. Commercial Spaceflight Federation (CSF), a private spaceflight advocacy group composed of space industry giants such as SpaceX and XCOR Aerospace, issued a uitspraak praising President Trump’s nomination of Bridenstine.

“NASA needs dedicated and inspired leadership, and Representative Bridenstine is an outstanding choice to provide precisely that,” said S. Alan Stern, board chair of CSF.

evenzo, several space experts have voiced support for Bridenstine. "[Jim Bridenstine] understands space technology, economics and policy better than most of the people who advise our other policy makers on these topics,” said space researcher and educator Greg Autry. Previously Greg Autry had served as the Trump administration’s liaison to NASA. “Far from being a politician, Bridenstine is a well-informed aviator and leader,” Autry said.

Challenging China’s Presence in Space

Bridenstine has previously expressed serious concerns about China’s space ambitions, as he sees the U.S. presence in space and competition with other adversaries there as intimately linked with national security. Bridenstine’s support for a new manned mission to the Moon is partially motivated by China’s ever-expanding presence on and around the Moon.

In this July 20, 1969 file photo, astronaut Edwin E. “Buzz” Aldrin Jr. stands next to a U.S. flag planted on the moon during the Apollo 11 missie. Aldrin and Neil Armstrong were the first men to walk on the lunar surface. Jim Bridenstine, Trump’s newly nominated administrator of NASA, vows to compete with China in space by launching new manned mission to the Moon. (Neil A. Armstrong/NASA)

“As the cis-lunar economy develops, competition for locations and resources on the Moon is inevitable,” Jim Bridenstine wrote in a Blog post in 2016, “The Chinese currently have landers and rovers on the Moon. The United States does not.”

In another Blog post in 2015, Bridenstine wrote that: “We are seeing the Russians and Chinese attempt to deny space to us. The Russians are launching things into space that are not being registered with the agencies they would normally be registered with.”

“Space is no longer uncontested,” Bridenstine wrote. “It’s being contested, and it’s congested.”

If confirmed by the Senate, Bridenstine will head an agency that currently has an annual budget of more than $19 miljard. The current budget however takes up less than 0.5 percent of the total federal budget, a tiny portion compared to NASA’s heyday. During the 1960s the United States allocated almost 5 percent of the annual federal budget to NASA to fund the manned space missions to the Moon.

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Senator Joel Anderson speaks in front of the California State Capitol in Sacramento during a rally to support a resolution condemning the Chinese Communist Party's persecution of Falun Gong practitioners, op aug. 29, 2017. (Mark Cao/Epoch Times)Senator Joel Anderson speaks in front of the California State Capitol in Sacramento during a rally to support a resolution condemning the Chinese Communist Party's persecution of Falun Gong practitioners, op aug. 29, 2017. (Mark Cao/Epoch Times)

SACRAMENTO, CA—Impassioned speeches asking Californians to stand together against tyranny were heard at the State Capitol on Aug. 31 when around 200 Human Rights activists gathered to show support for SJR 10—a resolution that condemns the Chinese Communist Party for its ongoing persecution of Falun Dafa practitioners.

State legislators as well as three survivors of the brutal persecution, implored Californians to stand together against the “egregious state-sponsored violence,” as one Senator put it, that is now occurring in China.

op augustus. 29, the resolution had passed the Judiciary Committee hearing unanimously. But then on Sept. 1, the day following the rally, the State Senate unexpectedly voted to refer SJR 10 back to the Rules Committee—essentially blocking it from coming to a vote in the Senate.

Foreign Interference

The action appears to be the direct result of interference by the Chinese communist regime in American governmental affairs.

That morning, the members of the Senate received by email an unsigned letter on the stationary of the Chinese Consulate in San Francisco.

“We would like to urgently draw the attention of the California legislature to SJR-10,” the letter begins. “This may deeply damage the cooperative relations between the state of California and China.”

Later, the letter points out the high level of trade China has with California, the great number of tourists from China who visit the state, and how China is the largest source of foreign students who attend California’s colleges and universities.

Then it directly asks legislators not to support the resolution, “so as not to sabotage the friendship and sustainable development between California and China.”

The author of the resolution, Senator Joel Anderson, knew that passing an official condemnation of China’s human rights abuses would not be easy.

At the rally Anderson said: “I proudly stand here with everyone to condemn the Chinese Government for their persecution of Falun Gong practitioners. … It takes great courage to stand up against persecution, to stand up against one of the greatest nations in the world—China—and to call them out for their practice of harvesting organs and the genocide they have created against Falun Gong. Samen, we’ve taken our first steps towards defending freedom and human rights.”

Falun Dafa, ook bekend als Falun Gong, is a traditional Chinese spiritual discipline that consists of performing gentle exercises and living by the principles of truthfulness, mededogen, en tolerantie. First brought to the public in 1992, it spread rapidly throughout China and by 1999 er waren 70 miljoen 100 million people practicing.

Fearing its popularity—there were more Falun Gong practitioners than members of the Communist Party—then Chinese leader Jiang Zemin banned the practice and enlisted the nation’s entire security complex, media, and judiciary to participate in a massive persecution campaign that continues today.

orgaanroof

The persecution over 18 years has amounted to genocide. At the rally, Anderson used this weighty word and called for it to stop.

“In World War II, there were deniers who said the Holocaust didn’t exist, who said it wasn’t happening. We now know that the Holocaust happened and that millions of Jews lost their lives. I will not stand by and watch millions of Falun Gong practitioners lose their lives,” Anderson said.

“If you feel strongly and you believe that nobody should be persecuted or executed for their body parts because they practice a faith, then you need to call your legislator and tell them that they need to stop genocide in China," hij zei.

Anderson was referring to the murder of Falun Gong practitioners to supply China’s flourishing organ transplantation industry.

In juli 2006, Canada’s former secretary of state (Asia/Pacific) David Kilgour and international human rights lawyer David Matas released a report, "Bloody Harvest,” which investigated allegations that Chinese state institutions were “harvesting organs from live Falun Gong practitioners, killing the practitioners in the process.”

Kilgour and Matas determined it was true.

Former Canadian Secretary of State for Asia-Pacific David Kilgour presents a revised report about continued murder of Falun Gong practitioners in China for their organs, as report co-author lawyer David Matas listens in the background, on Jan. 31, 2007. (The Epoch Times)

Former Canadian Secretary of State for Asia-Pacific David Kilgour presents a report about the murder of Falun Gong practitioners in China for their organs, as report co-author lawyer David Matas listens in the background, on Jan. 31, 2007. (The Epoch Times)

In 2016, Kilgour and Matas, joined by Ethan Gutmann (author of “The Slaughter: massamoorden, orgaanroof, and China’s Secret Solution to Its Dissident Problem” ) released an updated report.

De rapport explains that it represents “a meticulous examination of the transplant programs of hundreds of hospitals in China, drawing on media reports, official propaganda, medische tijdschriften, hospital websites and a vast amount of deleted websites found in archive.”

The researchers analyzed hospital revenue, bed counts, bed utilization rates, chirurgische personeel, training programmas, state funding and more, and concluded that China performs 60,000 naar 100,000 transplants per year—not 10,000 as the regime claims.

The authors determined that most of the organs come from Falun Gong practitioners, with a lesser number from other prisoners of conscience drawn from Tibetans, Oeigoeren, en House christenen.

Call to Action

Rally at the California State Capitol in Sacramento support of resolution SJR 10, which condemns the Chinese Communist Party for its ongoing persecution of Falun Dafa practitioners, augustus. 31, 2017. (Mark Cao/Epoch Times)

The rally was part celebration that the resolution had passed out of the Judiciary Committee and part encouragement, to help whip up support for the resolution in Senate.

At the heart of Anderson’s resolution were three statements:

Resolved by the Senate and the Assembly of the State of California, jointly, That the Legislature expresses support for Falun Gong practitioners’ 18-year nonviolent resistance against persecution, which exemplifies uncompromising courage and human spirit; and be it further

Resolved, That the Legislature condemns any government-sanctioned persecution of Falun Gong practitioners in the People’s Republic of China or elsewhere; and be it further

Resolved, That the Legislature urges the President and the Congress of the United States to condemn any government-sanctioned persecution of Falun Gong practitioners in the People’s Republic of China or elsewhere;

Joining Senator Anderson in authoring SJR 10 are four State Assembly members—Democrats Adrin Nazarian and Cristina Garcia, and Republicans Randy Voepel and Tom Lackey—making the resolution a bipartisan effort.

Voepel also spoke at the rally, affirming the importance of the resolution and the message it sends to the Chinese regime.

“It makes the vital statement that we stand against oppression—against a regime that wants to control the minds and bodies of its own people,” Voepel said. “Organ harvesting is big money over there—it’s an underground economy.

“That is pure evil in the world, and I will stand up against evil in any way I can.”

Three Falun Gong practitioners who now live in California also spoke, sharing heartbreaking stories of being arrested, brainwashed, and brutally tortured simply because they would not give up their beliefs.

randyvoepel

Resolution co-author Assemblyman Randy Voepel speaks during a rally on Aug. 29, 2017 in Sacramento, in support of Falun Gong practitioners’ peaceful resistance in the face of persecution. (Mark Cao/Epoch Times)

They also described how while in labor camps, only Falun Gong prisoners were given regular blood tests and brief medical exams, which was odd since clearly the regime did not care for the health of prisoners it was torturing. They believed these tests were for the purpose of establishing a living organ bank. One medical researcher compared detained practitioners to lobsters in the tank in a seafood restaurant, ready to be plucked out whenever needed.

David Xu was a financial software engineer in China. His good friend was tortured to death while imprisoned in 2011. In april 2016, Xu feared it was his turn.

Kidnapped from his home, he was taken to a brainwashing center where he endured extreme torture. The most frightening moments for him were when his blood was taken. He was well aware of the regime’s practice of harvesting the organs of Falun Gong practitioners and was terrified for his life. He went on a hunger strike for 18 days before he was released.

Safe in America, he can’t stop worrying about his friends and family back in China. “Even though I escaped, It is hard for me to find peace in my heart because there are still so many Falun Gong practitioners in prison there.”

His story is echoed by Jie Li and Yolanda Yao. Speaking to the crowd, they both shared chilling stories of imprisonment, martelen, and mysterious blood tests. They saw fellow practitioners beaten mercilessly, and then saw them disappear.

Yolanda Yao, now a resident of Sunnyvale, had to give up her PhD studies because of the persecution. She was arrested in 2011 and spent two years imprisoned. “Words cannot describe the pain I have felt. I experienced firsthand the brutality of the persecution of Falun Gong practitioners. Those were the darkest moments of my life.”

Imprisoned in the Beijing Women’s Labor Camp, she spoke of being subjected to around-the-clock brainwashing sessions and unrelenting mental and physical torture. Forced to sit in a child’s chair for 10 naar 11 hours every day, her legs and feet would swell immensely, resulting in severe bruising and ulceration in her back and hips.

She was also forced to perform to slave labor in summer temperatures surpassing 100 graden, and was once soaked in pesticide when the 70-pound barrel she was carrying on her back leaked all over her.

The most horrific thing she experienced, echter, were the blood tests she and fellow Falun Gong practitioners were given three times a year. Like Xu, she was aware of the forced organ harvesting, and was certain that their blood was being tested to evaluate them as potential candidates.

Although she is safe in California, her heart is still in China with her elderly parents who are both imprisoned for their beliefs. “The suffering and torment I experienced in the labor camp still haunts me to this day. It horrifies me to know that my parents are suffering the same fate.”

Her only solace is the hope that through international pressure and individual actions they will be released. She ended her speech with a plea:

“I humbly ask for your help in raising public awareness of this brutal persecution and hope that together we can bring an end to 18 years of harassment, martelen, killing, and most heinous of all, forced organ harvesting of Falun Gong practitioners.”

State Assembly Member Tom Lackey shares his hope that the people of California will stand together and oppose these crimes. “That you have a government that would actually approve such a hurtful and wicked practice is just unimaginable. These people have no control—those of us who do need to speak very loudly so we can influence the government and pressure them to change this policy so that lives can be saved.”

Additional reporting by Stephen Gregory

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New Balance shoes at the New York Fashion Week on July 16, 2015. (Kena Betancur/AFP/Getty Images)New Balance shoes at the New York Fashion Week on July 16, 2015. (Kena Betancur/AFP/Getty Images)

A Chinese court recently awarded New Balance over 10 miljoen yuan ($1.5 miljoen) for trademark infringement, one of the highest compensations for such a violation granted to foreign companies.

The Intermediate People’s Court of Suzhou, a major coastal city in southeastern Jiangsu Province, ruled the three defendants—Zheng Chaosong, Xinpingheng (a Chinese translation of New Balance) Sporting Goods, and Bosidake Trading company—violated New Balance’s trademark by copying its iconic sloping “N” logo.

The court said the trio that made shoes under the brand New Boom had shown a “malice by free-riding,” which led to “confusion by a large number of consumers,” according to a copy of the ruling obtained by The New York Times. The ruling has not been made public at press time.

The ruling came just three days after President Trump initiated a probe into China’s alleged intellectual property theft. The IP Commission Report estimates that Chinese counterfeit goods cost the U.S. $600 billion annually.

New Balance might also have benefited from China’s new trademark law implemented on May 1, 2014, welke increased the upper limit of trademark infringement awards from $75,000 naar $450,000.

New Balance’s battle for protecting its trademark rights in China has been a lengthy and difficult one.

Founded in 1906 in Boston, a city known for one of the world’s oldest annual marathon events, New Balance is one of the top foot gear manufacturers.

New Balance made its first entry into Chinese markets in 1995 under the transliteration Niu Balun, and has since fought with several Chinese manufacturers and a shoe supplier that exploited its brand by selling its shoes at dirt cheap prices.

Unlike many Western countries, China awards trademarks by the order companies file them. In 2012, Apple was made to pay $60 million to a local competitor that registered the trademark iPad.

In 2013, New Balance lost its dispute with Chinese shoemaker Xin Bailun, which claimed to have registered in June, 2004, two years before New Balance started promoting the same brand name. New Balance appealed, and lost again in June 2016, and was ordered to pay the Chinese company 5 miljoen yuan (rond $750,000).

The recent court ruling marked an unprecedented victory for New Balance and other western brands that tried to compete with their Chinese rivals in a market troubled with piracy and inadequate brand protection.

Afgelopen jaar, the legendary basketball star Michael Jordan prevailed in a 5-year dispute over a local sportswear company that used his name. Under Armour, ondertussen, won a $15 million lawsuit this past June against Chinese company Uncle Martin, which directly copied its logo and sneaker design.

“For every big brand that is infringed in China, there are many, many less famous brands that are victims of this situation,” Paolo Beconcini, an experienced consultant on Chinese intellectual property cases at law firm Squire Patton, told BBC in an interview.

“It sends a strong and powerful message that should make it easier for foreign brands doing business here,” Carol Wang, a lawyer at Lusheng Law Firm told Reuters on behalf of New Balance.

China, the second largest market for sports gear, has seen a growing interest in jogging and fitness activities. New Balance occupied about 1.8 percent of Chinese shoe market in 2016, in vergelijking met 7 percent for Adidas and 7.8 percent for Nike, according to Euromonitor.

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  • Auteur: <a href="http://www.theepochtimes.com/n3/author/eva-fu/" rel="author">Eva Fu</een>, <a href="http://www.theepochtimes.com/" title="Epoch Times" rel="publisher">Epoch Times</een>
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The Qiaodan brand logo is displayed at a Qiaodan store in Hangzhou in China's Zhejiang province on December 8, 2016.(STR / AFP / Getty Images)The Qiaodan brand logo is displayed at a Qiaodan store in Hangzhou in China's Zhejiang province on December 8, 2016.(STR / AFP / Getty Images)

Basketball icon Michael Jordan’s legal battle with Chinese sporting goods brand Qiaodan Sports Company looks to be far from over even after winning a lawsuit against them late last year.

That lawsuit, decided by China’s highest court after several lower courts ruled against Jordan, established Jordan’s ownership of the legal rights to the Chinese transliteration of his name.

In juli, echter, Qiaodan filed a lawsuit against Jordan and Fangda Partners, the law firm representing him in China, claiming an infringement of reputation. According to China News Service, the company is demanding compensation of 1.1 miljoen yuan ($160 thousand) for the “malicious slander” and damage to its reputation caused by a letter sent by Fangda to the organizers of the 13th National Games of China. Qiaodan claimed that the letter had twisted content from the Supreme People’s Court’s (SPC) decision in an attempt to stop the organizers from working with the sportswear company.

Qiaodan also demanded a retraction of the letter along with a public apology.

Qiaodan’s lawyer, Chen Ruojian, said that the company “has had to undertake much effort to maintain its business relationship with its partners after Jordan and his lawyers made this attack.”

Jordan maintained in the previous lawsuit, die vier jaar duurde, that the use of his name was misleading Chinese consumers into believing that he was affiliated with the brand.

In a statement released after the December ruling, hij zei, "Chinese consumers deserve to know that Qiaodan Sports and its products have no connection to me.”

The ruling by the SPC was one rarely seen in a legal system infamous for favoring Chinese companies in intellectual property rights cases involving foreign companies. In May of 2016, Apple lost a trademark case against a Chinese leather goods company that uses the iPhone name for its products. Footwear company New Balance was forced to pay $16 million after a court ruled that they had violated the trademark rights of a Chinese individual who owned the Chinese version of the company’s name. Other Western companies and celebrities such as Starbucks, Tesla, en het Amerikaanse. President Donald Trump have also encountered legal battles in the past over the right to use their name in China.

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Hundreds of Falun Gong practitioners hold a candlelight vigil at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington on July 20, 2017, to honor those who have died during the persecution in China that the Chinese regime started on July 20, 1999. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)Hundreds of Falun Gong practitioners hold a candlelight vigil at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington on July 20, 2017, to honor those who have died during the persecution in China that the Chinese regime started on July 20, 1999. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

WASHINGTON—Numerous candlelights flickered in the darkness as hundreds of Falun Dafa practitioners held a vigil in front of the Lincoln Memorial to remember the victims of the Chinese communist regime’s persecution of the practice.

The traditional Chinese spiritual discipline of Falun Dafa, ook bekend als Falun Gong, was first introduced in China in 1992. Many Chinese were attracted to the practice for its physical benefits and moral philosophy rooted in the principles of truthfulness, mededogen, en tolerantie. It has been persecuted since July 1999 after it became too popular in the eyes of a former communist leader, who ordered it to be eliminated.

A woman joins Falun Gong practitioners hold a candlelight vigil at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington on July 20, 2017, to honor those who have died during the persecution in China that the Chinese regime started on July 20, 1999. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

A woman joins Falun Gong practitioners in a candlelight vigil at Lincoln Memorial in Washington on July 20, 2017, to honor the lives lost since the Chinese regime launched the persecution eighteen years ago. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

Vanaf dat moment, hundreds of thousands of practitioners have been thrown into prisons, werkkampen, and brainwashing centers where they are coerced through physical and psychological torture into renouncing their beliefs. A large but indefinite number of Falun Gong practitioners have also been killed for their organs to fuel China’s lucrative transplant industry, volgens reports.

Falun Dafa practitioners gathered in Washington D.C. in juli 20 for a series of events, including a rally, parade, and a candlelight vigil, to honor the lives lost over the past eighteen years.

Pooja Mor joins Falun Gong practitioners during a candlelight vigil around the Lincoln Memorial Reflecting Pool in Washington on July 20, 2017, to honor those who have died during the persecution in China that the Chinese regime started on July 20, 1999. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

Pooja Mor, a fashion model, joins Falun Gong practitioners during a candlelight vigil around the Lincoln Memorial Reflecting Pool in Washington on July 20, 2017, to honor the lives lost since the Chinese regime launched the persecution eighteen years ago. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

Pooja Mor, a 25-year-old Indian fashion model, joined in the day’s events in DC to show her support. Mor started practicing Falun Dafa two and a half years ago after her agent in India introduced it to her.

“Before I used to blame people for everything wrong that happened in my life. After learning Falun Dafa, I started to look within,” Mor said. “Instead of finding faults with others, I first look to see where I’m lacking.”

Falun Dafa practitioner Yang Guangyu, a native of Beijing who came to the US in 2009, zei, “Falun Dafa practitioners simply want to cultivate themselves, to promote moral values, and to improve their health.” Yang was detained in late 2001 in a prison and later a forced labor camp for peacefully defending Falun Dafa in Beijing’s Tiananmen Square, a popular site of protest in China.

Many tourists and visitors who passed by the candlelight vigil expressed their sympathy and shock at the human rights abuses occurring in China.

“I have trouble understanding why something like this would be persecuted in China,” said Catherine Ramos, a tourist from New Jersey.

Lynne DePalma, who was with Ramos, zei, “It’s a communist country, so it’s a closed society. And a lot of things that go on, the world doesn’t know about unless people do something like this and bring it to the world’s attention.”

“It’s an atrocity, and it shouldn’t be happening,” DePalma added. “It’s immoral. It’s abusive.”

Ma Cunxia, a Falun Gong practitioner from Changchun City in northeastern China, called on the U.S. government to take a firmer stance. “I hope the government, particularly the Trump administration, can act on America’s founding values of human rights and freedom of belief and call for an end to this 18-year-long persecution.”

Eva Fu contributed to this report.

Hundreds of Falun Gong practitioners hold a candlelight vigil at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington on July 20, 2017, to honor those who have died during the persecution in China that the Chinese regime started on July 20, 1999. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

Falun Gong practitioners hold a candlelight vigil at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington on July 20, 2017, to honor the lives lost since the Chinese regime launched the persecution eighteen years ago. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

A woman joins Falun Gong practitioners hold a candlelight vigil at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington on July 20, 2017, to honor those who have died during the persecution in China that the Chinese regime started on July 20, 1999. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

A woman joins Falun Gong practitioners at a candlelight vigil at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington on July 20, 2017, to honor the lives lost since the Chinese regime launched the persecution eighteen years ago. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

Hundreds of Falun Gong practitioners hold a candlelight vigil at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington on July 20, 2017, to honor those who have died during the persecution in China that the Chinese regime started on July 20, 1999. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

Falun Gong practitioners hold a candlelight vigil at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington on July 20, 2017, to honor the lives lost since the Chinese regime launched the persecution eighteen years ago. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

A woman joins Falun Gong practitioners hold a candlelight vigil at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington on July 20, 2017, to honor those who have died during the persecution in China that the Chinese regime started on July 20, 1999. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

A woman joins Falun Gong practitioners at a candlelight vigil at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington on July 20, 2017, to honor the lives lost since the Chinese regime launched the persecution eighteen years ago. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

Hundreds of Falun Gong practitioners hold a candlelight vigil at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington on July 20, 2017, to honor those who have died during the persecution in China that the Chinese regime started on July 20, 1999. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

Falun Gong practitioners hold a candlelight vigil at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington on July 20, 2017, to honor the lives lost since the Chinese regime launched the persecution eighteen years ago. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

A little boy joins Falun Gong practitioners hold a candlelight vigil at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington on July 20, 2017, to honor those who have died during the persecution in China that the Chinese regime started on July 20, 1999. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

A little boy joins Falun Gong practitioners at a candlelight vigil at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington on July 20, 2017, to honor the lives lost since the Chinese regime launched the persecution eighteen years ago. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

Hundreds of Falun Gong practitioners hold a candlelight vigil at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington on July 20, 2017, to honor those who have died during the persecution in China that the Chinese regime started on July 20, 1999. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

Falun Gong practitioners hold a candlelight vigil at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington on July 20, 2017, to honor the lives lost since the Chinese regime launched the persecution eighteen years ago. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

A woman joins Falun Gong practitioners hold a candlelight vigil at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington on July 20, 2017, to honor those who have died during the persecution in China that the Chinese regime started on July 20, 1999. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

A woman joins Falun Gong practitioners at a candlelight vigil at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington on July 20, 2017, to honor the lives lost since the Chinese regime launched the persecution eighteen years ago. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

Hundreds of Falun Gong practitioners hold a candlelight vigil at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington on July 20, 2017, to honor those who have died during the persecution in China that the Chinese regime started on July 20, 1999. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

Falun Gong practitioners hold a candlelight vigil at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington on July 20, 2017, to honor the lives lost since the Chinese regime launched the persecution eighteen years ago. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

A woman joins Falun Gong practitioners hold a candlelight vigil at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington on July 20, 2017, to honor those who have died during the persecution in China that the Chinese regime started on July 20, 1999. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

A woman joins Falun Gong practitioners at a candlelight vigil at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington on July 20, 2017, to honor the lives lost since the Chinese regime launched the persecution eighteen years ago. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

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Hundreds of Falun Gong practitioners march in a parade in Washington D.C. in juli 20, 2017. The parade is calling for an end to a brutal persecution in China that started on July 20, 1999. (Larry Dye/The Epoch Times)Hundreds of Falun Gong practitioners march in a parade in Washington D.C. in juli 20, 2017. The parade is calling for an end to a brutal persecution in China that started on July 20, 1999. (Larry Dye/The Epoch Times)

WASHINGTON—In the early afternoon of July 20, over- 1,000 practitioners and supporters of the Falun Gong spiritual discipline held a parade to protest 18 years of deadly repression by the communist regime in China. The parade goers, mostly wearing Falun Gong’s signature yellow T-shirts, marched from Capitol Hill through downtown Washington, D.C.. to the Lincoln Memorial.

This year’s events also included a rally at Capitol Hill and a candlelight vigil before the Washington Monument.

Falun Gong, a spiritual practice that teaches a set of meditation exercises and cultivation of the principles of truthfulness, mededogen, en tolerantie, was marked for persecution on July 20, 1999, by then-Chinese Communist Party leader Jiang Zemin. Vanaf dat moment, the Chinese authorities have pursued a violent campaign of elimination against the practice.

“The Chinese regime’s persecution has been completely irrational and violent. We petition peacefully. We carry no weapons. We have only kind intentions. But what we face are police, police cars, armed police. The armed police face you as if you are a terrible enemy,” said Liu Zhaohe, a 64-year-old philosophy professor who came from Beijing to the United States this March.

 Liu Zhaohe, a former philosophy professor, and his wife Wang Lurui participate in a Falun Gong parade in Washington D.C on July 20, 2017. (Irene Luo/Epoch Times)

Liu Zhaohe, a former philosophy professor, and his wife Wang Lurui participate in a Falun Gong parade in Washington D.C on July 20, 2017. (Irene Luo/The Epoch Times)

His wife, 60-year-old Wang Lurui, was arrested 11 times while putting up Falun Gong banners and meditating in public, including several occasions when she went to Tiananmen Square. She was also fired from her position as a hospital administrator in Beijing.

“Since coming here, we continue to nonviolently, rationally oppose the persecution so everyone knows that Falun Dafa is good and that truthfulness, mededogen, and tolerance are universal moral principles,"Wang zei.

Millions of Falun Gong adherents in China and abroad have used a variety of peaceful means to raise awareness about and counteract the persecution, sometimes at great personal risk. Human rights researchers estimate that Chinese authorities have detained millions of practitioners, and that hundreds of thousands are held in forced labor camps and brainwashing centers.

Sinds 2006, investigations have revealed that a large but yet indeterminate number of Falun Gong adherents have been executed and had their organs harvested in state and military-run hospitals across China.

Li Jianying, a middle-aged woman from Taiyuan, Shanxi Province, was driven to escape China in 2015 when someone reported her practice of Falun Gong to the police. She now lives in Middletown, upstate New York, and raises awareness about Falun Gong in the community as a volunteer. Her 79-year-old mother, also a practitioner, is still in China.

“I want to see her again, but I can’t go back,"Li zei. “You go back and they arrest you at the airport.”

Each year, Falun Gong practitioners in the U.S. and around the world hold commemorative events to mark the anniversary of the persecution.

During the parade, practitioners carried banners calling for the end of the persecution and live organ harvesting and for Jiang Zemin to be brought to justice. A military-style marching band composed of Falun Gong practitioners joined in. Other marchers held photos of those who had been killed in the persecution.

Passers-by were shocked to learn of the violence against the group.

Wilna LaPorte, who works in a Washington, D.C.. public defense service, was drawn to the serene, traditional Chinese music.

Wilna LaPorte. (Eva Fu/The Epoch Times)

Wilna LaPorte. (Eva Fu/The Epoch Times)

“I can’t believe this is going on,” she said between tears after hearing about China’s organ transplantation industry, which has heavily targeted Falun Gong practitioners. “I don’t see why human lives should be commercialized when there are so much that has already been commercialized from China.”

“People need to be made aware of what’s happening in different countries, not only here,” said Cynthia Simms, who works as an educational administrator.

“A lot of times, we don’t know what other people go through and what they have to deal with on a day to day basis.”

Liu Zhaohe, the former professor from Beijing, said that the Chinese authorities “persecute all independent thoughts, independent beliefs.”

Hij voegde toe: “There’s no freedom of belief, freedom of speech. This is the most immoral thing done by the Chinese regime. They don’t just destroy you physically, but also destroy you mentally, force you to ‘transform.’ They stifle your thoughts so you do not have your own thoughts.”

With reporting by Eva Fu and Irene Luo.

Hundreds of Falun Gong practitioners march in a parade in Washington D.C. in juli 20, 2017. The parade is calling for an end to a brutal persecution in China that started on July 20, 1999. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

Hundreds of Falun Gong practitioners march in a parade in Washington D.C. in juli 20, 2017. The parade is calling for an end to a brutal persecution in China that started on July 20, 1999. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

Hundreds of Falun Gong practitioners march in a parade in Washington D.C. in juli 20, 2017. The parade is calling for an end to a brutal persecution in China that started on July 20, 1999. (Larry Dye/The Epoch Times)

Hundreds of Falun Gong practitioners march in a parade in Washington D.C. in juli 20, 2017. The parade is calling for an end to a brutal persecution in China that started on July 20, 1999. (Larry Dye/The Epoch Times)

Hundreds of Falun Gong practitioners march in a parade in Washington D.C. in juli 20, 2017. The parade is calling for an end to a brutal persecution in China that started on July 20, 1999. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

Hundreds of Falun Gong practitioners march in a parade in Washington D.C. in juli 20, 2017. The parade is calling for an end to a brutal persecution in China that started on July 20, 1999. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

Hundreds of Falun Gong practitioners march in a parade in Washington D.C. in juli 20, 2017. The parade is calling for an end to a brutal persecution in China that started on July 20, 1999. (Larry Dye/The Epoch Times)

Hundreds of Falun Gong practitioners march in a parade in Washington D.C. in juli 20, 2017. The parade is calling for an end to a brutal persecution in China that started on July 20, 1999. (Larry Dye/The Epoch Times)

Hundreds of Falun Gong practitioners march in a parade in Washington D.C. in juli 20, 2017. The parade is calling for an end to a brutal persecution in China that started on July 20, 1999. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

Hundreds of Falun Gong practitioners march in a parade in Washington D.C. in juli 20, 2017. The parade is calling for an end to a brutal persecution in China that started on July 20, 1999. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

Hundreds of Falun Gong practitioners march in a parade in Washington D.C. in juli 20, 2017. The parade is calling for an end to a brutal persecution in China that started on July 20, 1999. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

Hundreds of Falun Gong practitioners march in a parade in Washington D.C. in juli 20, 2017. The parade is calling for an end to a brutal persecution in China that started on July 20, 1999. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

Hundreds of Falun Gong practitioners march in a parade in Washington D.C. in juli 20, 2017. The parade is calling for an end to a brutal persecution in China that started on July 20, 1999. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

Hundreds of Falun Gong practitioners march in a parade in Washington D.C. in juli 20, 2017. The parade is calling for an end to a brutal persecution in China that started on July 20, 1999. (Benjamin Chasteen / The Epoch Times)

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The Tianlangxing, a Chinese People’s Liberation Army-Navy Type 815 Dongdiao-class auxiliary general intelligence ship, passed through the Tsugaru Strait off the coast of Japan on July 2, and stayed off the Alaskan coast during the July 11th test of a U.S. missile defence system. (Courtesy Japanese Ministry of Defence)The Tianlangxing, a Chinese People’s Liberation Army-Navy Type 815 Dongdiao-class auxiliary general intelligence ship, passed through the Tsugaru Strait off the coast of Japan on July 2, and stayed off the Alaskan coast during the July 11th test of a U.S. missile defence system. (Courtesy Japanese Ministry of Defence)

The Chinese spy ship that sailed international waters off the coast of Alaska during a recent missile defense test was a class that had never been seen before in Northern Command’s area-of-responsibility, a spokesperson said Friday.

It was the first Chinese military vessel in the area since 2015 when a Chinese “surface action group” transited through, said Michael Kucharek, a spokesperson for North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) en het Amerikaanse. Northern Command.

Kucharek would not speculate as to what the ship was doing in the area, but mentioned several times that it was in international waters where it had the right of free navigation.

A military source familiar with the incident told The Epoch Times it was the same ship as reported by the Diplomat on July 4th, a Chinese People’s Liberation Army-Navy Type 815 Dongdiao-class auxiliary general intelligence (AGI) vessel.

Chinese state-owned media, the English language China Daily, reported on the ship in January in an article based on a report from a People’s Liberation Army (PLA) news outlet. The report focused on a newly commissioned ship, the Kaiyangxing.

The ship that was present for the missile test was the Tianlangxing, which passed through the Tsugaru Strait off the coast of Japan on July 2, according to the Japanese Ministry of Defense.

According to the PLA report cited by the China Daily, the PLA Navy now operates six electronic reconnaissance vessels. The report also gave specific information about the ships such as their capabilities and functions.

“Until now, the PLA Navy has never made public so many details about its intelligence collection ships,” said the report.

The newly launched Kaiyangxing was capable of conducting all-weather, round-the-clock reconnaissance on multiple and different targets,” the China Daily reported.

“The ship is so sophisticated that only a few countries, such as the United States and Russia, are capable of developing it,” it continued.

The China Daily quoted an unnamed source in the shipbuilding industry saying that the United States had 15 such ships.

The Tianlangxing arrived off the coast of Alaska shortly before the July 11 test of the Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) system against an intermediate-range ballistic missile.

A spokesperson for the Missile Defense Agency told The Epoch Times it was the fastest target the system has been tested against so far.

The ship stayed approximately 100 miles off the Alaskan coast.

The THAAD system is designed to protect against intermediate- and short-range ballistic missiles, like those North Korea has amassed and threatened to launch against Japan and South Korea.

China is North Korea’s closest ally and major trading partner, accounting for 75 percent of North Korea’s imports and exports.

China’s ruling Communist Party, which has a faction that is close to the North Korean regime, has denounced the THAAD system that is now partially deployed in South Korea.

Speaking at an emergency meeting of the UN Security Council in juli 5, the day after North Korea successfully tested an intercontinental ballistic missile that experts say could reach Alaska, representatives of China and Russia both called for the system to be dismantled.

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A Chinese policeman asks not to take pictures outside Zhongnanhai which serves as the central headquarters for the Communist Party of China after the sacking of politician Bo Xilai from the countries powerful Politburo, in Beijing on April 11, 2012. (MARK RALSTON/AFP/Getty Images)A Chinese policeman asks not to take pictures outside Zhongnanhai which serves as the central headquarters for the Communist Party of China after the sacking of politician Bo Xilai from the countries powerful Politburo, in Beijing on April 11, 2012. (MARK RALSTON/AFP/Getty Images)

Despite the Chinese regime’s constant fear that U.S. policy makers have long been plotting a U.S.-led “regime change” in China, a senior former official under the Obama administration said there was never any such plan nor even any discussion remotely associated with the idea. This revelation sheds further light on the paranoid nature of the Chinese regime, but likely also raises questions concerning the Obama administration’s commitment to promoting such U.S. principles such as democracy and freedom in the world’s largest authoritarian nation.

Evan Medeiros, who served six years from 2009 naar 2015 in the Obama administration as a senior China specialist, attended a Thursday panel at the Center for Strategic & International Studies to discuss his thoughts on the latest U.S.-China Relations reports published by American and Chinese think tanks and scholars.

Medeiros said that the fear of a U.S.-orchestrated “regime change” has been one of the most defining features of the Chinese regime’s perceptions toward the United States for decades, and that such fear still dominates the Chinese regime’s thinking about U.S.-China relations even today. Speaking on the basis of his six years of experience steering U.S.-China policy for Obama’s White House, echter, Medeiros attested that there was never any discussion among Obama and senior officials concerning the possibility of regime change in China.

According to Medeiros, there was “not a single conversation” in which neither President Obama, nor Vice President Biden, nor the national security advisor raised any issue concerning China’s political system and its potential threat to American national security. Behind the curtain, the Obama administration never contemplated let alone attempted a change to the authoritarian rule of the Chinese regime. “Not even once, not even remotely close,” said Medeiros.

President Barack Obama speaks during a bilateral meeting with Chinese leader Xi Jinping at the Annenberg Retreat at Sunnylands in Rancho Mirage, Calif., in juni 7, 2013. (JEWEL SAMAD/AFP/Getty Images)

President Barack Obama speaks during a bilateral meeting with Chinese leader Xi Jinping at the Annenberg Retreat at Sunnylands in Rancho Mirage, Calif., in juni 7, 2013. (JEWEL SAMAD/AFP/Getty Images)

Evan Medeiros was regarded by many as being among the most pro-China policymakers in the White House during the Obama administration. According to Bill Gertz, a conservative critic of the Obama administration’s China policy, Evan Medeiros had written in academic writings before his White House posting that the Chinese military posed little or no threat to the interests of the United States, and that Beijing’s policies are generally benign.

Medeiros’s remark on Thursday likely provides additional evidence to support the long-held criticism among conservatives and many rights activists that the Obama administration did not do enough to influence the Chinese regime nor to assert fundamental U.S. principles such as democracy and freedom.

The Obama administration’s belief that China’s authoritarian regime poses no threat to American national security has been hotly contested by many others. Peter Navarro, a former professor in economics who now serves as President Trump’s director of the National Trade Council is known for his view that China’s Communist Party regime and its expansionist foreign policies pose direct threats to U.S. national interests and national security.

Although the Obama administration showed no interest in changing China’s political system, Evan Medeiros insisted that it still paid attention to “questions and concerns about human rights in China, [the regime’s] crackdown on political freedom.”

Just last week, the Congressional-Executive Commission on China (CECC) held a public hearing on China’s human rights abuses, in which Congressman Chris Smith, who is also the chairman of the CECC, criticized the Obama administration’s lack of effort in promoting human rights issues in China and slammed Obama’s China policy as “eight years of retreat.” The Congressionally-mandated CECC had been “pleading” with the Obama administration to take firm action on China’s human rights abuses to no avail, said Chris Smith.

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The homepage of the Chinese edition of The Epoch Times on July 6. (Screenshot/The Epoch Times)The homepage of the Chinese edition of The Epoch Times on July 6. (Screenshot/The Epoch Times)

New research suggests that a series of large-scale cyberattacks on The Epoch Times, starting in January and continuing to the present, are part of a coordinated campaign.

CitizenLab of the University of Toronto published a rapport in juli 5, which detailed the cyberattacks and noted that several Chinese-language news outlets were targeted at the same time, apparently by the same group of hackers, and using the same methodologies.

The Epoch Times runs the largest Chinese-language news outlet not under the control of the Chinese Communist Party, and frequently publishes stories on topics forbidden in China such as the persecution of Falun Gong. The Epoch Times is part of Epoch Media Group, and its sister media, New Tang Dynasty Television (NTD), was also hit with cyberattacks at the same time.

The hackers took several steps in their attempts to breach and disable the targeted websites. They created mirror images of the official websites, with Internet URLs that were only slightly different from the originals. If someone were to misspell the intended website address, they could instead be directed to the fake site, which would then ask for the user’s login credentials—information the hackers were trying to steal.

Tegelijkertijd, the hackers launched a series of large-scale distributed denial of service (DDoS) cyberattacks against the main websites, which attempted to overload the websites and force them offline. It also included more personal attacks that attempted to compromise computers and social media accounts of individual reporters.

Ronald Deibert, director of The Citizen Lab, wrote in a blog post that while all of the targets were “news websites that publish content critical of the Chinese government,” it is also difficult to attribute the attack to an official state agency. Deibert noted “It is possible the operators behind this campaign are ‘hackers for hire’—typical of the way in which a lot of cyber espionage is outsourced in China.”

The Epoch Times is targeted frequently by the Chinese regime, and methods have included cyberattacks, physical attacks, and threats. Several of the past attacks have been attributed by The Epoch Times to organs of the Chinese Communist Party.

In maart, when the cyberattacks were increasing in strength and frequency, Stephen Gregory, publisher of the English-language edition of The Epoch Times, noted they “started just when The Epoch Times began publishing a new series on the Communist Party.”

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  • Auteur: <a href="http://www.theepochtimes.com/n3/author/joshua-philipp/" rel="author">Joshua Philipp</een>, <a href="http://www.theepochtimes.com/" title="Epoch Times" rel="publisher">Epoch Times</een>
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**

Terms commonly used during the Cold War have again emerged amid allegations that Russia tried to interfere with the 2016 ONS. elections. These words and phrases, which were all but forgotten in recent history, include “active measures,” “agents of influence,” and “disinformation,” and they are tied to campaigns meant to alter public perception and influence political decision-making.

While it has been a struggle to prove that Russia’s alleged campaign to influence the U.S. presidential election had any effect, these strategies of influence are in fact being used heavily against the United States—only now, most are carried out not by Russia, but by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP).

All of these systems fall under an umbrella strategy known as “political warfare,” and the Chinese regime has at least an entire military branch and two political branches, as well as large-scale systems for information control, to carry out its aims on a massive scale.

“We haven’t even begun to coordinate ourselves to take on this challenge,”Zei Richard Fisher, senior fellow on Asian military affairs with the International Assessment and Strategy Center.

“Any political activity undertaken by a dictatorship that, at its core, is devoted to the destruction of freedom, warrants the broad attention of Western security organs," hij zei.

Political warfare is a unique system of fighting that targets many things we would not normally think of as military targets, using systems most of us would not regard as weapons.

“Political warfare seeks to influence emotions, motives, objective reasoning, and behavior of foreign governments, organisaties, groups, and individuals in a manner favorable to one’s own political-military objectives,” states a 2013 rapport on the CCP’s political warfare operations from politics and security think tank Project 2049 Institute.

This form of warfare can include any number of methods that can alter public opinion or political policy. It can take the form of an agent of influence laughing and shaking hands in political or business circles; beautiful female spies being sent to date or marry foreign policymakers and thought leaders; financial deals allowing agents to exert influence over a targeted industry; or professors and think tank employees getting friendly invites to speak in China, where they are wooed into thinking the world is wrong about the CCP.

Even civilian populations are targeted. Campaigns include paying for CCP propaganda to run in foreign news outlets, such as the “China Watch” inserts published by American newspapers including The Wall Street Journal and The Washington Post.

Through these means, the CCP’s political warfare systems aim to alter foreign views on its policies, lay down new interpretations of its authoritarian rule, or influence foreign policy to advance its interests.

“In an orchestrated campaign of good cop/bad cop, Chinese officials have gone directly to U.S. public opinion, trying to appeal to sentimental feelings of cooperation and partnership while literally threatening war,” states the Project 2049 rapport, quoting a report from J. Michael Waller of the Institute of World Politics.

“The operation is aimed at five levels: the American public at large, journalists who influence the public and decision-makers, business elites, Congres, and the president and his inner circle," er staat.

An Unseen War

The CCP has several departments heavily focused on political warfare. These include its military’s General Political Department, as well as its Propaganda Department, United Front Department, and Overseas Chinese Affairs Office.

According to Fisher, echter, its operations are not limited to just these departments, and “there could be extensive overlap between them—this is not uncommon in Chinese active measure endeavors.”

"In China, intelligence is stratified,” Fisher said. The regime’s intelligence departments at nearly any level, in any city, “can be approved to run independent and international operations.”

He also noted that there is a formlessness to political warfare operations—the focus is the goal, not the method.

“In no given order of priority, they could include compromising a political target, enlisting a political target, and defaming, damaging the reputation of a political target. It could also include short-term or sophisticated long-term propaganda, or directed information campaigns," hij zei, adding that among many other things, political warfare includes altering information or manufacturing false information.

Political warfare has different names under different regimes. The Chinese regime’s lexicon refers to it as “liaison work,” according to Project 2049, while the Soviet Union referred to it as “active measures.”

It also overlaps with many other forms of unconventional warfare. Among its main components is psychological warfare, used to impact an opponent’s will to fight, or to change its interpretation of events. An example would be Soviet propaganda that fed popular opinion in the United States with the aim of ending the Vietnam War.

Psychological warfare under the CCP’s military “is the employment of psychology, through such means as propaganda, to sap the will of an opponent’s military and civilian populace, as well as to counter an opponent’s effort to do the same,” states Dean Cheng, in een 2012 rapport in Special Warfare, het U.S.. Army special operations bulletin.

Under the CCP, these same strategies are employed directly in its military strategy. The communist regime’s “Three Warfares” concept uses psychological warfare, media warfare (to spread propaganda), and legal warfare (to manipulate legal systems), volgens een 2015 rapport from U.S. Special Operations Command.

It notes that under the CCP, “media warfare seeks to influence domestic and international public opinion to build support for military actions and dissuade adversaries from actions contrary to China’s interests,” while legal warfare “uses international and domestic law to claim the legal high ground or assert Chinese interests.”

Subversive Movements

The goals of the CCP’s political warfare operations, and its agents of choice, need to be examined in context.

Carrying out visible, “overt,” and technically legal intelligence operations requires the use of foreign agents of influence, who are typically recruited from the diaspora of the regime’s citizens living abroad or from devotees to the regime’s ideology.

The main culprit of political warfare used to be Russia under the Soviet Union. Its main tools for these operations were its ideological supporters in foreign societies—journalists, professors, and activist community organizers, bijvoorbeeld.

It recruited these often unofficial “agents of influence” through ideological subversion, converting them into believers of its communist doctrine. Fisher said that “by and large, the Soviet ground force was ideologically inclined,” since the Soviets did not have major ethnic communities around the globe they could call upon.

This differs from Russian political warfare operations today, which are comparatively limited in scope. Its supporters are typically region-locked, in Eastern European states, and only among the ethnic Russian communities.

Most of its political warfare operations further abroad, such as in the United States, are carried out by smaller numbers of more official spies, and through electronic means—such as online state media, social media posts, and cyberattacks.

The CCP, echter, maintains agents from both its ethnic diaspora and supporters of its ideology, in levels close to those the Soviets had during the Cold War. The key difference, according to Fisher, is what they’re aiming to accomplish and what steps they’re taking to achieve their goals.

Volgens een 2013 rapport from the Council on Foreign Relations, the United States used to run and counter such operations, but “the U.S. government has gotten out of the habit of waging political warfare since the end of the Cold War.”

The Long-Term Objective

The CCP’s political warfare systems are still under the influence of a faction led by former CCP leader Jiang Zemin, who officially ruled the Party from 1989 naar 2002. Jiang’s faction still has sway over several key regime organs—such as propaganda and security—and has put the current leader, Xi Jinping, in a life and death struggle.

The objectives of Jiang’s system differ in several ways from past political warfare systems. The Soviet Union’s political warfare operations, bijvoorbeeld, were aimed more directly at destabilizing foreign societies in order to foment communist revolution, and thereby export its political and ideological model.

The CCP’s political warfare goals, echter, aren’t as simple, and according to Fisher, they appear to be playing out in two stages.

The first stage, hij zei, is to grow the CCP’s political and economic power globally, and to “promote the notion and to convince most of the world of the inevitability of China’s rise.” The communist regime will continue this stage, hij zei, until it is able to displace the United States as the “central political and strategic authority around the globe.”

If it can achieve that goal, it will move to the second phase of exporting its authoritarian “China model” of governance. Fisher said at this stage, its operations “would be much closer to the Soviet method of ‘active measures,’ which would mean going out and defending the China model—attacking and defeating all opposition to China’s position.”

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15220086_587481194786303_6011597163027712910_n-115220086_587481194786303_6011597163027712910_n-1

WASHINGTON—The evidence of forced organ harvesting of large numbers of Falun Gong practitioners in China continues to mount.

Afgelopen jaar, two reports were published that broadened our picture of the scale and method of this atrocity. "Bloody Harvest/ The Slaughter—An Update” by investigators David Matas, David Kilgour, and Ethan Gutmann was released on June 22 in Washington, D.C.. This report shows detailed evidence of the massive number of organ transplants taking place in Chinese hospitals. It analyzed hospital revenue, bed telt en bezettingsgraad, surgical personnel and other data and reached the conclusion that China is performing 60,000 naar 100,000 transplants per year, far exceeding the Chinese government’s claim of 10,000 per jaar.

The other report, “Summary Report of the Crime of Live Organ Harvesting in China,” by the World Organization to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong (WOIPFG), was published in August. It provides extensive evidence that the organ harvesting is orchestrated from the top levels of the Chinese government and is not a crime of just some rogue hospitals and unethical surgeons. The WOIPFG report claims that organ harvesting is a state sanctioned crime on a massive scale that is going on at this moment, with the aim to kill practitioners of Falun Gong, een traditionele Chinese spirituele discipline, who will not renounce their faith.

Now comes WOIPFG’s second major documentary film, “Harvested Alive – Ten Years of Investigation,” which samples the key findings of their report from last year.

Hearing actual audio of high-level Chinese Communist Party (CCP) ambtenaren, surgeons and hospital personnel speak nonchalantly of their role in the forced organ harvesting of innocent prisoners of conscience provides a horrifying perception that the printed page of the WOIPFG report cannot come close in emotional impact.

Dhr. Li Jun (r), director and producer, Awards-Winning Documentary,

Dhr. Li Jun (r), director and producer, Awards-Winning Documentary, “Harvested Alive, 10 Years of Investigation,” answers questions after the English premiere of the documentary, juni- 23, at a Congressional building in Washington, D.C.. To his right is Dr. Peng Tao, who is the co-producer of the awards-winning film. (Gary Feuerberg / Epoch Times)

The film won the Hollywood International Independent Documentary Awards best director and foreign documentary feature for January 2017.

WOIPFG was founded on Jan. 20, 2003. Its stated mission is to investigate and expose the criminal conduct of individuals and organizations involved in the persecution of Falun Gong. Seeking hard data to make its case, WOIPFG investigated more than 865 hospitals and over 9500 surgeons in China.

The English language premiere of the film was held on Capitol Hill at the House of Representatives’ Rayburn Office Building, in juni 23. Producer and director Li Jun, co-producer Dr. Peng Tao, and Dr. Wang Zhiyuan, who narrates the film, were present at the showing and answered questions from the audience. WOIPFG officials and Ethan Gutmann, one of the principle investigators of live organ harvesting in China, also spoke before the screening.

Shortly before the U.S. premiere, the film became available for viewing online. This film and the original Chinese language version were produced by Deerpark Productions, with the latter released in Nov. 2016.

Hospital Boiler Room ‘Cremations’

The host of the film is Dr. Wang Zhiyuan, whose words are translated. Dr. Wang spent 30 years as an aviation military doctor in China and then came to the U.S. in 1995 to conduct research in cardiovascular disease at Harvard School of Public Health. He was the founder of WOIPFG, and is its president. In the movie, he says that after practicing medicine and saving lives for 30 jaar, he never imagined he would devote the next 10 years investigating doctors taking the lives of innocent people.

Dr. Wang Zhiyuan, founder and president of the World Organization to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong (WOIPFG), speaks at a forum held in a Congressional building in Washington, D.C., on forced organ harvesting in China, juni- 23. (Gary Feuerberg / Epoch Times)

Dr. Wang Zhiyuan, founder and president of the World Organization to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong (WOIPFG), speaks at a forum held in a Congressional building in Washington, D.C., on forced organ harvesting in China, juni- 23. (Gary Feuerberg / Epoch Times)

In the film, Wang said his life changed forever on March 9, 2006, when he heard allegations of large-scale organ harvesting of Falun Gong prisoners while they were alive in the Sujiatun Thrombosis Hospital in Shenyang. A woman using the alias “Annie” claimed her ex-husband, an eye surgeon driven by guilt, confessed to her that he had extracted corneas from more than 2,000 Falun Gong beoefenaars.

Wang, who was skeptical, said that he and his WOIPFG colleagues decided they must investigate further. They were looking for evidence, but the doctors and nurses at the Sujiatun hospital were no help. Then Wang called the hospital boiler room and learned that corpses were being burned there. From his own experience, he thought that was most unusual as deceased patients are normally moved to the hospital morgue and sent to a funeral home for cremation.

Wang thought that [burning corpses in the hospital boiler room] was most unusual as normally the deceased patients are moved to the hospital morgue and sent to a funeral home for cremation.

Wang found this matter disturbing and so based on it and the other allegations at Sujiatun, he and his WOIPFG colleagues began a preliminary investigation. WOIPFG investigators in 2006-2007 called 23 hospitals in China asking if there were liver organs available from Falun Gong practitioners. In the movie, we hear a recording on Mar. 6, 2006 of a doctor from Shanghai Fudan University, Zhongshan Hospital Transplant Center, reply, “All we have is of this type.”

High Level CCP Officials Know

WOIPFG investigators, posing as working out of other CCP offices, elicited several statements via telephone from high level officials, who unbeknownst to whom they were really talking to, acknowledged and confirmed their involvement in organ harvesting. Here are some examples from the documentary.

Tang Junie, Vice Chairman, Liaoning Province Political & Legal Affairs Commission, was asked about orders to take organs from Falun Gong practitioners for transplant surgeries. Hij zei, “I was in charge of this. De [CCP] Central Committee was actually managing this issue, and it had widespread impact.” Tang also said the matter was discussed at Central Committee meetings.

Li Changchun, Politburo Standing Member, was asked about Bo Xilai, who, a week before, had come under investigation by the CCP Discipline Committee. When the caller (WOIPFG investigator) asked on April 17, 2012 about Bo’s involvement in the crime of harvesting organs from Falun Gong practitioners, Li answered immediately, “Zhou Yongkang is in charge of this; he knows; go ask him.”

Zhou Yongkang was at the time a member of the Politburo Standing Committee, the most important decision making body in the Chinese regime. As domestic security czar, Zhou wielded enormous power in general, and specifically over the Falun Gong detainees in concentration camps. He was later sentenced in June 2015 to life imprisonment on corruption-related changes.

When active on the Standing Committee, Zhou was once asked by investigators about the more than 20 Falun Gong practitioners who had escaped a military post (i.e., concentration camp). He was not in denial or surprised, and said he would investigate himself, according to WOIPFG’s Director for Public Awareness Dr. Charles Lee, who spoke at the Capitol forum.

WOIPFG investigators played a careful ruse on serving Politburo Standing Committee member Zhang Gaoli to get him to unwittingly acknowledge Jiang Zemin’s principle role in the organ harvesting of millions of live Falun Gong practitioners. Jiang, the former CCP boss, launched the persecution of Falun Gong on July 20, 1999, and coerced the other members of the Politburo to go along with his wishes.

WOIPFG knew when Zhang would be out of the country in Kazakhstan. After Zhang arrived and checked into the hotel, WOIPFG investigator called him, posing as “Secretary Liu,” who works at Jiang Zemin’s office. The investigator told Zhang that tens of thousands of Falun Gong practitioners had lodged criminal complaints against Jiang at the Supreme People’s Procuratorate for harvesting the organs of millions of Falun Gong practitioners, and that the subject will be brought up at the next Politburo meeting. In the recording, he asked Zhang if he could stop it from discussion and investigation. We hear Zhang’s voice reply, "Ja! Ja!"

The WOIPFG investigator repeats four times that Jiang had ordered the organ harvesting of millions of live Falun Gong practitioners and that the responsibility was very serious. Without any reservation or disagreement, Zhang promised he would prevent the investigation and told the caller to tell Jiang not to worry. He ended the call wishing Jiang a long life and good health.

All phone recordings are tagged with receipts from the telephone companies with the time, duration and phone numbers called. The voices of the high-level officials in the recordings can be compared to their voices available online and elsewhere and verified by acoustic labs, states WOIPFG.

Altogether, WOIPFG holds the recordings as evidence that organ pillaging in China is a crime that is directed by the CCP and carried out by the military, staatsinstellingen, ziekenhuizen, and transplantation professionals.

The above is only a sampling of the recordings pertaining to high-level officials’ knowledge and influence in a massive state sanctioned crime in the murder of thousands of practitioners since 2000. There is more evidence in the documentary on other aspects of the crime.

Police Guard Comes Forward

One recorded interview is especially chilling and shocking. It was from the only actual witness of the gruesome surgery in the film. At a military hospital in Shenyang, an armed security guard from Liaoning Province witnessed the killing of practitioners for their organs in 2002.

What the security guard described was “too vividly horrible,” said WOIPFG president Wang Zhiyuan, and said he suffered from insomnia and depression after hearing the testimony. In 2009, the security guard’s conscience bothered him and so he contacted WOIPFG with which he had been in contact for over a month. The security guard recalled witnessing two military doctors extracting the heart, lever, cornea, and the brain (“sucked the brain pulp out”) from a still-living female Falun Gong practitioner without the use of anesthetic.

He witnessed two doctors extracting the heart, lever, cornea, and the brain from a female Falun Gong practitioner without the use of anesthetic.

“When the knife touched her chest, she shouted, ‘Falun Dafa hao,’” which means Falun Dafa is good. The heart was carved out first. She had been tortured with electric batons for a week, hij zei. Wang concluded that this was not normal surgery but instead was “a continuation of torturing of Falun Gong practitioners.”

Why Premiere at the U.S. Capital

Li Jun, the director and producer of “Harvested Alive,” said after the screening that they consciously chose the capital of the United States, Washington, D.C., and the U.S. Congress to hold the English premiere. Speaking through a translator he said, “It is very apparent that this crime [of pillaging organs from Falun Gong practitioners on a massive scale] is state-sanctioned by the CCP. We want the U.S. government as the world leader, to do something about it.”

Dr. Peng Tao, the co-producer of “Harvested Alive,” hopes the film will enable everyone to “understand the crimes the CCP has committed and we have to stop it.”

Dr. Wang expressed frustration that the world does not pay much attention to what is going on in China. “It’s a shame to the human race. That’s why I wanted to tell the U.S. government and the entire world, we should really work to stop this.”

If even half of the claims made by your documentary are true, we must call organ trafficking in China truly barbaric and a crime against humanity.

— Congressman Chris Smith (R-N.J.), brief, juni- 23, 2017

Congressman Chris Smith (R-N.J.), co-chair of the Congressional Executive Commission of China (CECC), wrote a letter to be read at the premiere screening of “Harvested Alive.” Observing that he held a hearing on this issue in 1998, Rep. Smith said that trafficking organs for profit has been happening in China for two decades and that the evidence in the documentary shows that not much has changed.

“If even half of the claims made by your documentary are true, we must call organ trafficking in China truly barbaric and a crime against humanity.”

Rep. Smith continued, “We need a concerted effort to stop this barbaric practice—in China and globally.”

Dr. Wang said that in this month of June, a hospital in Jilin Province is giving away free liver transplants to 10 kinderen. (He noted that on April 28, 2006, a hospital in Hunan Province, where the persecution of Falun Gong had been particularly severe, ran a promotion announcing 20 free liver or kidney transplants.) Wang said the hospital’s “give away” could only mean an abundance of organs and a very large pool of practitioners available to be harvested and killed.

In the U.S. which has a much more mature system of organ donation, the wait time for a liver organ is two to three years. In China, echter, the wait time is one to two weeks.

When asked by The Epoch Times what is behind the free organs, Wang zei, “I think [the CCP] very likely wants to eliminate all the Falun Gong practitioners who still remain in the concentration camps as soon as possible.”

Data Tipping Point

Ethan Gutmann said regarding the past year, 2016-2017, that the two reports alluded to at the beginning of this article were significant for the power of raw data and have brought on a “global tipping point” in the acceptance of live organ harvesting. Referring to the emergency liver transplants discussed in the film, hij zei, “There is a stable of people ready to be killed.” There is no question there is live organ harvesting going on, hij zei.

Ethan Gutmann, investigative writer and author of

Ethan Gutmann, investigative writer and author of “The Slaughter (1914) en zijn 2016 updates, participates in a forum on forced organ harvesting of prisoners of conscience. Event took place on Capitol Hill, Washington, D.C., juni- 23. (Leo Shi/ Epoch Times)

Gutmann, who is also the author of the 2014 book “The Slaughter,” noted that both reports had received rigorous scrutiny by researchers at the CECC. After devoting two months checking over the sources, the CECC researchers authenticated the documents, which Gutmann said was a testament to their validity.

Forced organ harvesting in China has gained widespread acceptance in the past year, Gutmann zei. The human rights organizations Freedom House and Amnesty International report on it now, and even the New York Times, which had ignored the issue for over a decade, is now reporting on it, he added.

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