Delivery workers sort parcels for their customers in Beijing, China on “Singles Day,” a holiday that has grown into the world’s busiest day for e-commerce, Nov. 11, 2016. (AP写真/アンディ・ウォン)Delivery workers sort parcels for their customers in Beijing, China on “Singles Day,” a holiday that has grown into the world’s busiest day for e-commerce, Nov. 11, 2016. (AP写真/アンディ・ウォン)

NEWS ANALYSIS

中国, the world’s largest e-commerce market, counts more than 400 million online shoppers even as half the country remains offline, but eager Canadian businesses face significant hurdles to gain market share.

Chinese e-commerce giants Alibaba and JD.com are making a big push in Canada trying to get more Canadian businesses to join their platforms and sell to the Chinese.

Alibaba’s billionaire chairman Jack Ma will be making his pitch to Canadian business—alongside Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau—at an event in Toronto called “Gateway 17” on Sept. 25.

The Toronto Region Board of Trade hosted JD.com in July for a business roundtable with more than 50 Canadian companies.

Canadian products have an excellent reputation in China. The growing Chinese middle class is leery of cheap Chinese goods and values the quality of Canada’s manufacturing and pristine environment for agro-food products.

More broadly, China is undergoing a lengthy transformation from an investment-oriented economy to a consumption-based one—away from heavy industry and toward the service sector. E-commerce has a vital role to play in the Chinese government’s strategy.

“E-commerce platforms are really helping to standardize market access in China to people of all income groups, which is an important priority in China,” said Jan De Silva, president and CEO of the Toronto Region Board of Trade, in a phone interview.

Reasons for Concern

E-commerce might simplify certain aspects of doing business in China, but pervasive challenges like lack of rule of law and intellectual property (IP) violations are but a couple of the difficulties foreign businesses face.

米国. President Donald Trump initiated a probe into China’s IP theft, which is estimated to be responsible for between 50 そして 80 percent of all IP violations that harm the U.S. 経済, による IP Commission Report. アメリカ. Chamber of Commerce estimates 86 percent of all counterfeit goods come from China and Hong Kong.

Bottles of wine from Clear Lake Wineries, an export operation of Ontario wines to China. (Courtesy Mary Whittle)

Bottles of wine from Clear Lake Wineries, an export operation of Ontario wines to China. (Courtesy Mary Whittle)

“A lot of product on Alibaba is counterfeit. Consumers know that too,” said Mary Whittle in a phone interview. She is the CEO of Clear Lake Wineries, a family-run business that exports Ontario wines to China.

しかしながら, China is cracking down on IP violations for good reason. It realizes that some of its companies can be global champions provided other companies don’t plunder their IP. So they must be protected. The number of settlements in the last few years is up roughly fourfold under the stronger judicial framework, says De Silva.

IP violations aren’t limited to fake goods. They can derail a business when an unscrupulous company learns of the legal name of a legitimate business and becomes the first to register or use that name in China. It then files a claim against the genuine business when it tries to register or use the name in China.

The Canadian Trade Commissioner Service (CTCS) warns that patents and trademarks registered in Canada or other countries are not usually protected in China and that regulatory enforcement can still be unsatisfactory. The CTCS website even has an extensive section on business risks related to corruption in China.

A lot of product on Alibaba is counterfeit. Consumers know that too.

— Mary Whittle, CEO, Clear Lake Wineries

Another warning from the CTCS, in a section titled “An Introduction to E-Commerce in China,” states: “Government policies regulating the marketplace are dense, complicated, and prone to changes without notice.”

An extreme example of China’s opaque regulatory enforcement is the case of John Chang and Allison Lu, owners of Lulu Island Winery based in B.C., who are facing a minimum of 10 years—and possibly life—in prison for alleged wine smuggling into China. The winery said it believed it had followed all the applicable laws, yet Chang has already been serving jail time.

“The arrest of Mr. Chang and Ms. Lu for a fabricated customs violation is an assault on their basic rights, a breach of China’s international trade obligations, and China’s own customs laws,” Conservative international trade critic Gerry Ritz said, as reported by the CBC in May.

In an email to The Epoch Times, Brianne Maxwell, spokesperson for Global Affairs Canada said: 「We are following the case of Mr. Chang and Ms. Lu closely. Canadian officials are in contact with the relevant Chinese authorities and are providing consular assistance to Mr. チャン, Ms. Lu and their family. Canadian representatives have raised the case with Chinese authorities at high levels. To protect the privacy of the individuals concerned, further details on this case cannot be released.

Rule of law is necessary for business to thrive in a legitimate manner. Clearly it still has a long way to go in China.

The Chinese e-commerce giants are basically facilitation and delivery mechanisms. But doing business in China is much more than filling an order. The Chinese consumer is bombarded with options and a variety of marketing schemes. The reality is that many countries are trying to sell to the Chinese, which makes marketing efforts to distinguish products costly. Competition is intense.

Whittle says she was told by JD.com that a business could spend $400,000 on a marketing campaign for a month and there’s no guarantee the message would register with consumers.

“It is a very difficult market to penetrate and you can do a lot of things right and it’s still hard, very difficult to break through the noise, competing against every other country and every other product,” Whittle said.

The e-commerce giants may be trying to put dollar signs in the heads of Canadian businesses, but there are many factors for success that are beyond their control.

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Sailors with the Chinese navy stand on the deck of a missile frigate in Manila on April 13, 2010. The Chinese regime is building a military base in Djibouti that will extend its military reach. (Ted Aljibe/AFP/Getty Images)Sailors with the Chinese navy stand on the deck of a missile frigate in Manila on April 13, 2010. The Chinese regime is building a military base in Djibouti that will extend its military reach. (Ted Aljibe/AFP/Getty Images)

China’s first overseas military base—located at a critical choke point for global trade looking to navigate the Suez Canal—could be a geopolitical game changer, but it has less impact in military terms.

Establishing the Djibouti base at the Horn of Africa signals the Chinese regime’s long-term strategic intentions, say experts. A Chinese Communist Party that once pledged to stay out of the affairs of other countries is now building military capacity far beyond its immediate border.

But the change is less important to China’s military capability than to its ability to directly intervene in global shipping. Earlier this year, the regime convinced Panama—home to the world’s other great shipping pass—to cut ties with Taiwan and fully back China’s claim on the island nation, which the regime describes as a breakaway province.

These moves follow a series of port deals that have given the regime the ability to ensure its critical shipping lanes.

Until now, しかしながら, none of those facilities have been for direct military use.

Establishing the Djibouti base reverses a long-standing military policy, said Gabe Collins, a researcher and co-founder of China Signpost.

“If you look at basic foreign policymaking throughout the vast majority of the PRC’s history, overseas bases are major redlines they weren’t willing to cross, and they pretty clearly crossed that now," 彼は言った. Collins co-authored a report on the base and its implications two years ago.

Territorial claims in the South China Sea. (VOA News)

Territorial claims in the South China Sea. (VOA News)

The change comes as the Chinese regime becomes increasingly bellicose in its expansive claim to a major swath of the South China Sea. The regime has also been vocal and threatening in its ongoing and multiple border disputes with India. Those disputes have reached an intensity not seen in decades.

Military reform

Personnel from China are now en route to build out the facility, carried on ships that are part of the regime’s rapidly modernizing military.

That military is being reformed to develop the capability to fight battles beyond its shores.

The People’s Liberation Army’s (PLA) aims to, among other things, “improve its ability to fight short-duration, high-intensity regional conflicts at greater distances from the Chinese mainland,” reads the secretary of defense’s 2017 report to Congress on Chinese military developments.

While the regime is most intent on potential conflict in the South and East China seas, Djibouti’s position on the northwestern edge of the Indian Ocean has fueled concern in strategic rival India that the PLA is gaining another position that could threaten Indian interests.

Limited military value

Fortunately for India, the actual military strategic value of the base is limited, said Collins. While it may be useful to launch attacks against much weaker foes in the Middle East or North Africa with limited attack capabilities, it is as much of a liability as it is an asset in a conflict with a greater power.

“I suspect that base would become a high explosive sponge fairly quickly. It’s a targeter’s dream because it’s built a way outside of the town," 彼は言った.

Using Djibouti as a base of operations to fight another great power would be like throwing stones from a house made of “very, very, very thin glass,” said Collins. The base wouldn’t last long, 彼は言った.

The base is more useful for power projection into regional conflicts, a refueling and resupply depot rather than a base of operations. The fact that the United States, France, and Japan have bases there reinforces the point. To date, China has used its commercial facility there for years in ongoing anti-piracy efforts and to evacuate 500 Chinese nationals from Yemen in 2015.

Those operations gave China the pretext to forward-deploy naval forces in the region. With its Djibouti foothold now being expanded for military use, the regime gains a base in a country that is relatively stable in a region rife with conflict. For an expansionist China looking to build geopolitical influence in Africa and with oil-rich Gulf states, it’s an important gain.

“If you have an amphibious ship with some armed helicopters on it, and you are dealing with insurgents in some countries in East Africa, or even Yemen or place like that, you just came to the table with a lot of currency and you can play all night long,” said Collins.

Even if India can have some confidence that the base has limited military value, the ability China gains to forward deploy its navy along a critical shipping lane has unsettling implications.

Pax Sinica

The Chinese regime has been working to secure its presence at the world’s most important chokepoints for shipping oil: the Strait of Malacca, the Suez Canal, the Strait of Hormuz, the Panama Canal, the Bab el-Mandeb Strait, and the Turkish Straits.

The Chinese reigme is working to gain influence at every major oil trade chokepoint. (大紀元)

The Chinese reigme is working to gain influence at every major oil trade chokepoint. (大紀元)

In doing so, the regime could play a major role securing or controlling world trade. That trade is now assured through the “Pax Americana,” a state of relative international peace overseen by the United States.

But a “Pax Sinica,” or “Chinese Peace,” could look very different, said Collins.

“One of the things you have to look at is the countries that are serving as security guarantor, you have to see what sort of mentality they bring to the table. Are they coming to this with a mercantilist mindset or much more with a globalist and trading oriented mindset,” asked Collin.

The United States has been an equal opportunity security provider, 彼は言った, basically indifferent to where oil was going, whether it be Europe or East Asia.

“We don’t discriminate at all in how we provide security based on the destination of the shipment and so I think that’s something that makes the Pax Americana unique," 彼は言った.

While China’s intentions are unclear, its aggressive claims in the South China Sea and habit of using PLA hackers to steal commercial technology for China’s state-owned companies and high-priority industries are just two of many examples fueling allegations that the regime takes the mercantilist approach to trade.

At the moment, China can do little more than fly its flag in Djibouti, said Collins. It naval assets are limited to the few warships and support vessels that have made a passing presence there.

But that could change, and China could take a tactic it has used successfully in the South China Sea—using “coercive tactics, such as the use of law enforcement vessels and its maritime militia, to enforce maritime claims and advance its interests in ways that are calculated to fall below the threshold of provoking conflict.”

From that perspective, even if the base has little value in an actual war, it could boost efforts to otherwise assert the interests of the Chinese regime.

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Falun Dafa Association of Canada president Li Xun speaks during a rally outside the Chinese Embassy in Ottawa on June 26, 2017, calling for the release of Canadian citizen Sun Qian who is currently detained in China for practising Falun Gong. (Donna He/The Epoch Times)Falun Dafa Association of Canada president Li Xun speaks during a rally outside the Chinese Embassy in Ottawa on June 26, 2017, calling for the release of Canadian citizen Sun Qian who is currently detained in China for practising Falun Gong. (Donna He/The Epoch Times)

Starting June 25 and continuing for the next few days, rallies appealing for the rescue of a Canadian citizen detained in China are being held in several cities across the country.

Falun Gong practitioners and supporters are staging protests in front of the Chinese Embassy in Ottawa and the Chinese consulates in Vancouver and other cities to condemn the arrest of Vancouver resident Sun Qian and to call for her immediate release.

A Chinese-Canadian businesswoman who became a citizen in 2007, Sun was detained by the Chinese authorities in February for practising the traditional spiritual discipline Falun Gong, also called Falun Dafa.

As the vice president of Beijing Leadman Biochemistry, Sun travelled regularly between Vancouver and Beijing for work. While she was in her Beijing residence on Feb. 19, more than 20 plainclothes security agents barged in, ransacked her home, and took her away.

She has since been imprisoned at the Beijing First Detention Centre’s 414 Prison Room, a facility notorious for its brutal treatment of detainees.

“The arbitrary arrest and mistreatment violated her right to freedom of belief guaranteed under China’s own constitution and international law,” says a statement from the Falun Dafa Association of Canada (FDAC) on the occasion of the national appeal for Sun’s release.

After a visit with her lawyer on May 5, Sun was pushed to the ground by four male guards, sprayed in the face with a pungent chemical, and handcuffed and shackled, according to Sun’s sister, Sun Zan. The handcuffs and shackles remained on day and night from May 5 to May 18. She was also forced to wear the same socks and underwear for over two months.

ID card image of Sun Qian. (大紀元)

ID card image of Sun Qian. (大紀元)

“My daughter has not committed any crime,” wrote Sun’s 78-year-old mother in a statement. “On the contrary, she has become an even better person [through practising Falun Gong]. But under the CCP’s tyranny, she is now detained instead. I have no choice but to worry about my daughter.”

In a speech at the rally in Ottawa on June 26, Falun Gong practitioner Hongyan Lu called for Sun’s release and also talked of her mother, Huixia Chen, who has been detained in China a second time for her beliefs.

“On June 3, 2016, she was again illegally detained, enduring brutal torture and brainwashing even at 60 years of age, unable to have contact with family members,” Lu said. “In February this year, Canadian citizen Sun Qian was abducted from her Beijing residence, illegally held, and endured torture, also because she practises Falun Gong. These are only two cases out of the millions of cases of Falun Gong practitioners being cruelly persecuted in China.”

Since the Chinese regime launched its campaign of persecution against the practice in July 1999 due to fear over its immense popularity, Falun Gong adherents have been systematically subjected to arrest, torture, and killing. It has been estimated that hundreds of thousands, if not millions, remain unlawfully imprisoned.

“I hereby call for the immediate end to the persecution of Falun Gong, the immediate and unconditional release of Sun Qian and my mother Huixia Chen, as well as all illegally imprisoned Falun Gong practitioners. Let all those perpetrators of the persecution be brought to justice,” said Lu.

Falun Gong practitioner David Cordero speaks during a rally on June 25, 2017, calling for the release of Canadian citizen Sun Qian who is currently detained in China for practising Falun Gong. (Feng Tang/The Epoch Times)

Falun Gong practitioner David Cordero speaks during a rally on June 25, 2017, calling for the release of Canadian citizen Sun Qian who is currently detained in China for practising Falun Gong. (Feng Tang/The Epoch Times)

Health Problems Healed

According to the FDAC statement, Sun used to suffer from liver and heart problems as well as depression, but soon after she started practising Falun Gong in 2014, all her health issues disappeared.

Alice Zhang, who spoke at the rally in Vancouver on June 25, a day before the Ottawa rally, likened Sun’s improved health to that of her mother in China, who is also being held in China for practising Falun Gong.

“Like Sun Qian, my mother also had many illnesses for which she was unable to find a cure, and after practising Falun Gong she became healthy and no longer suffered from illness. But now she is being jailed by the Chinese communist regime,” she said.

“I have come here not only to appeal for the freedom of Sun Qian, but also for the release of my mother and all imprisoned Falun Gong practitioners. My hope is that all citizens in mainland China will soon have the right and freedom to practise Falun Gong.”

At the Vancouver rally, David Cordero said he finds it “inconceivable that the Chinese regime is actively building an international image while still persecuting a kind-hearted group of people who believe in truthfulness, 同情, そして、寛容,” referring to the guiding principles of the practice.

“This runs counter to the principles of international civil society," 彼は言った. “The Chinese regime should immediately release Sun Qian, and at the same time the Canadian government should make greater effort to urge the Chinese regime to release Sun Qian.”

MP Peter Kent speaks at a press conference in support of efforts to secure the release of Canadian citizen Qian Sun detained in China for her practice of Falun Gong, on Parliament Hill in Ottawa on May 9, 2017. (Jonathan Ren/NTD Television)

MP Peter Kent speaks at a press conference in support of efforts to secure the release of Canadian citizen Qian Sun detained in China for her practice of Falun Gong, on Parliament Hill in Ottawa on May 9, 2017. (Jonathan Ren/NTD Television)

Although Sun’s family members have not been allowed to visit her, she has received two consular visits since she was arrested. Several high-level Canadian officials have appealed for her release, including Conservative members of Parliament Peter Kent and Michael Cooper, former Liberal Justice Minister Irwin Cotler, NDP MP Cheryl Hardcastle, and Green leader Elizabeth May.

“We are grateful to the thousands of Canadians who have signed petitions calling for the release of Ms. Sun and we are also grateful to over a dozen MPs from all parties who have called for Ms. Sun’s immediate release and intervention from our government,” the FDAC statement said.

“We condemn the Chinese communist regime’s illegal detention of Ms. Sun, and we urge the Canadian government to intervene and solidify Ms. Sun’s immediate release and the release all jailed Falun Gong practitioners.”

Falun Gong practitioners  gather in front of the Chinese Consulate in Calgary to appeal for the release of Canadian citizen Sun Qian, who has been detained in China since Feb. 19 for her faith in Falun Gong. (大紀元)

Falun Gong practitioners gather in front of the Chinese Consulate in Calgary to appeal for the release of Canadian citizen Sun Qian, who has been detained in China since Feb. 19 for her faith in Falun Gong. (大紀元)
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Demonstrators march against the CETA trade deal near the European Parliament in Strasbourg, France on Feb.15, 2017. Globalization has not been kind to incomes of most of the middle class in developed world economies. (AP Photo/Jean-Francois Badias)Demonstrators march against the CETA trade deal near the European Parliament in Strasbourg, France on Feb.15, 2017. Globalization has not been kind to incomes of most of the middle class in developed world economies. (AP Photo/Jean-Francois Badias)

MONTREAL—Geopolitical risk is running high despite all seeming well with U.S. stock markets, but evaluating broader trends, which include “de-globalization” and China’s economic transition on asset prices and inflation, is critical at this time.

Volatility—the degree of fear in the market that can be measured by the VIX (S&P 500 volatility)—is extremely low. Meanwhile an elevated level of policy-related economic uncertainty prevails; investors have little confidence that impending government actions will work.

“It’s a little bit spooky how disengaged the two have been to each other,” said Lisa Emsbo-Mattingly, Fidelity Investment’s global asset allocation director of research, at the International Economic Forum of the Americas 6月に 12.

While it seems the world is heading for a period of synchronized economic growth, geopolitics—or non-market factors—such as aging populations and rising inequality remain headwinds.

Diversification has always been critical for investors to smooth market ups and downs on a path to achieving financial goals. In times of market stress, asset prices tend to move together (increased correlation) and it becomes costly to change a portfolio’s investment mix due to greater costs for buying and selling (worse liquidity).

Domestic Focus

With globalization having distributed economic growth toward emerging and frontier markets, アメリカ. hegemony has been eroded, said Marko Papic, senior vice president of Geopolitical Strategy at BCA Research, a 68-year-old Montreal-based independent investment firm.

“We know from history, when more countries get to say and pursue what they want, it is a less stable world,” Papic said. “Today we have the highest number of conflicts going on at the same time.”

China has its eye on filling the void left by the United States as the post-Cold War order crumbles. Under Donald Trump, German Chancellor Angela Merkel said the United States can no longer be a reliable partner.

Knowing what’s going on in China now is more important than ever.

— Paul Podolsky, partner, Bridgewater Associates

And Canada intends to play a bigger role on the international stage, based on recent comments from Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland.

“We worry that East Asia will be the powder keg of the 21st century,” Papic said. Chinese and American economic symbiosis is tenuous at best.

In a more multi-polar world, Papic argues that it will be smaller and medium-sized businesses that will benefit relative to the large multinationals that prospered as globalization took hold.

“Any economy, セクタ, or particular stock that derives most of its final demand from within the jurisdiction in which it is domiciled will be the [投資] theme of the next 15 に 20 年,” Papic said.

The China Factor

“Swings in the global economy come from the swings in China’s economy,” said Paul Podolsky, a partner at hedge fund Bridgewater Associates.

China’s boom came from its cheap cost of plentiful labor; しかしながら, that’s less true today than it used to be. Its more recent rapid buildup of debt has propped up the world economy.

The issue is that plenty of economies—Canada, South Africa, オーストラリア, Brazil—depend on China’s continuing to operate a credit-driven economic model. しかしながら, if the Chinese authorities are able to pull off the difficult transition away from a debt-fuelled investment model toward a domestic consumption model, it will be painful for emerging markets and commodity-driven economies. But China will benefit in the long run.

“Their domestic economy, that really needs to be resolved before they start thinking about global domination,” Papic said about China, whose 19th communist party congress takes place in the fall.

国際通貨基金 (国際通貨基金) revised its forecast for Chinese GDP to grow 6.7 パーセントで 2017. This is up from a prior estimate of 6.6 パーセント. Chinese credit growth slowed in May under the tighter supervision of policy-makers.

We worry that East Asia will be the powder keg of the 21st century.

— Marko Papic, senior vice president, Geopolitical Strategy, BCA Research

“Knowing what’s going on in China now is more important than ever,” Podolsky said. He added that the short-term prognosis for China looks good—at least the rapid debt buildup is denominated in its own currency, of which more can be printed.

Specter of Inflation

As globalization grew, production moved to cheaper sources of labor—China and emerging markets. Among the reasons the populist wave rose is the failure of globalization to boost incomes for the middle class in developed world nations like the United States and United Kingdom.

Canada’s finance minister, Bill Morneau, has targeted helping the middle class in his two budgets. “We need to deal with the sense of anxiety people are facing,” he said in discussing the rejection of the status quo seen by the Brexit vote, Donald Trump’s election, and the Liberals returning to power in Canada in 2015.

As the global economy moves away from peak globalization, an upside risk for inflation develops. If free movement of capital and labor is restricted, supply is more costly to produce, resulting in higher prices.

“Our view is that we are exiting a deflationary period and entering an inflationary one slowly but surely,” Papic said. “And then gold will realize its role as a safe haven.”

米国. stock markets have been in a “Goldilocks” scenario, supported by low interest rates, low inflation, good corporate earnings, and a low threat of an imminent recession.

“I would not say there’s a lot of complacency in the market. The VIX is reflecting a very exuberant market,” Emsbo-Mattingly said, adding that the recovery emanated from a Chinese recovery, which has been good for cyclical stocks globally.

“My concern is we’re at peak valuations, peak growth. A lot of things are as good as they’re going to get,” Emsbo-Mattingly said.

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4月の国会議事堂のMPガーネットGENUIS 10, 2017. Genuis is urging the government to support his private member’s bill to combat organ trafficking. (NTDテレビ)4月の国会議事堂のMPガーネットGENUIS 10, 2017. Genuis is urging the government to support his private member’s bill to combat organ trafficking. (NTDテレビ)

OTTAWA—Conservative MP Garnett Genuis raised forced organ harvesting in China this week in the House of Commons in the hopes of securing government support for his private member’s organ trafficking bill.

“Canada needs to be vocal in standing up for international human rights, and in particular for the rights of persecuted minorities. Even above that, Canada needs legislation which would define in Canadian law our opposition to involuntary organ harvesting in cases where it comes back to our shores,” Genuis said on May 17.

“This really is a no-brainer and it should be a non-partisan issue.”

Genuis pointed out that Bill C-350, which aims to counter forced organ harvesting, is the same as Bill C-561 put forward by former Liberal justice minister Irwin Cotler. That bill only made it to first reading in the last Parliament.

Liberal MP Borys Wrzesnewskyj, who had previously put forward a similar bill that also failed to make it through the legislative process, seconded Bill C-350 when Genuis introduced it on April 10.

Bill C-350 would amend the Criminal Code to impose penal sanctions against those who, whether in Canada or abroad, knowingly acquire or trade in human organs that have been removed without donor consent or for financial gain. It would also amend the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act to render inadmissible those non-Canadians who engage in the trafficking of human organs.

Genuis referred to the harvesting of organs from Falun Gong prisoners of conscience in China while they are still alive—an atrocity that was first exposed in a 2006 report by Canadian lawyers Davd Matas and David Kilgour.

“Sometimes these organs are cut out of a person while he or she is still living and without anaesthetics, screaming in pain as the person’s body is cut apart. In many cases, organ harvesting is a form of further abuse, targeting members of persecuted religious minorities," 彼は言った.

According to “Bloody Harvest/The Slaughter: An Update,” released last June by Kilgour, マタス, and investigative journalist Ethan Gutmann, other religious minorities besides Falun Gong practitioners being killed to supply China’s highly lucrative organ transplant industry are Uyghur Muslims, House Christians, and Tibetans.

The report estimated that “between 60,000 そして 100,000 organs are being transplanted in Chinese hospitals every year, with the source for most of those organs being prisoners of conscience, primarily Falun Gong practitioners.”

Canada needs legislation which would define in Canadian law our opposition to involuntary organ harvesting in cases where it comes back to our shores.

— Conservative MP Garnett Genuis

“There is a real urgency to move forward with this kind of basic human rights legislation given escalating human rights problems around the world, and given the emphasis this government is putting on Canada’s relationship with China,” Genuis said.

Complex Issues

In reply to Genuis, Marco Mendicino, parliamentary secretary to Justice Minister Jody Wilson-Raybould, said the bill “raises some complex legal and social policy issues.”

“There are a number of complex issues that are raised by this proposed legislation specifically related to the extraterritoriality provisions, which would capture Canadians travelling abroad," 彼は言った.

“In addition, there are other international implications, including under existing United Nations conventions as well as the Council of Europe, which has adopted its own convention against trafficking in human organs. These are all international treaties and conventions, which we will be looking at very closely as we approach the second reading vote.”

Mendicino noted some of the aspects of the bill: “It would require medical practitioners who examine a person who has had an organ transplanted to report the identity of that person as well as other health information to this proposed new entity. As part of this regulatory regime, the bill would impose a duty on the person who receives an organ to obtain a certificate establishing that it was donated and not purchased.”

Genuis said “there is a lot of detail” in the bill and explained the importance of that.

“The detail is important for ensuring that there is effective administration of the provisions that are in place, that we are actually not just saying that we are against organ harvesting, but we have a mechanism in place to address it concretely.”

He said he is open to amendments to the bill, and asked Mendicino whether he could count on the government’s support at second reading.

Mendicino replied that “the government is taking a hard look at this bill, without making any comment about what our position will be at second reading.”

Genuis noted that there is currently no law preventing Canadian citizens from going abroad, acquiring an organ which they know or which they should know has been taken without consent, and then returning to Canada for continuing medical treatment.

He noted that organ transplantation in China is a booming industry, with the regime investing large amounts of money into new buildings, staff, and research and training in transplantation.

“Given this massive capital establishment coupled with the high volume of transplants, the transplantation industry in China is built on not just the ready supply of available organs in the present, but also on an expectation of an indefinite supply of organs for the future, " 彼は言った.

“As such, we should greet claims by the regime that this practice has ended with severe skepticism.”

“Bloody Harvest/The Slaughter: An Update” found that China’s state-driven transplantation industry transplants far more organs—by an order of magnitude—than can be accounted for by officially acknowledged sources, which Beijing says are limited to executed death-row prisoners and voluntary donors.

Israel, Spain, Italy, and Taiwan have passed laws restricting their citizens from travelling to China to receive organ transplants from illicit sources.

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Hongyan Lu speaks at a rally in front of the Chinese embassy on April 25, 2017, to mark the 18th anniversary of Falun Gong practitioners’ large-scale appeal for freedom of belief in China on April 25, 1999, and to call for an end to the persecution of Falun Gong. To her right is Falun Gong practitioner Joanna Qiao holding a sign seeking help to call for the release of Lu’s mother, Huixia Chen, from detention in China and facing three years to life imprisonment for her belief. (Donna He/The Epoch Times)Hongyan Lu speaks at a rally in front of the Chinese embassy on April 25, 2017, to mark the 18th anniversary of Falun Gong practitioners’ large-scale appeal for freedom of belief in China on April 25, 1999, and to call for an end to the persecution of Falun Gong. To her right is Falun Gong practitioner Joanna Qiao holding a sign seeking help to call for the release of Lu’s mother, Huixia Chen, from detention in China and facing three years to life imprisonment for her belief. (Donna He/The Epoch Times)

OTTAWA—The largest appeal for freedom of belief in Chinese history was commemorated in front of the Chinese Embassy in Ottawa on April 25, 2017.

4月に 25, 1999, more than 10,000 people gathered peacefully in Beijing to appeal for their freedom to practice Falun Gong and the release of arrested fellow practitioners. Forty-five or so practitioners had been beaten and detained in the nearby city of Tianjin.

ザ・ 45 practitioners were released that evening, so those who had gathered to appeal left quietly and went home.

しかしながら, just three months after the unprecedented appeal, then-Chinese Communist Party leader Jiang Zemin launched a nationwide campaign of persecution to “eradicate” Falun Gong that continues today.

“We are honouring the spirit of peace, justice, and compassion with which that appeal was held 18 数年前,” said Xun Li, president of the Falun Dafa Association of Canada.

“I am here to honour the April 25th peaceful appeal. Meantime I also hope to draw attention to my mother’s case,” said Hongyan Lu, a Falun Gong practitioner living in Ottawa.

Hongyan recounted how her 60-year old mother Huixia Chen suffered from hepatitis B, cirrhosis, stomach problems, and endometriosis in 1998 when she began practicing Falun Gong, also called Falun Dafa.

“Just a few months into practicing Falun Gong that year, all her illnesses miraculously went away and she became good-tempered,” said Hongyan.

しかしながら, Huixia was arrested in June 2016, together with other fellow practitioners.

In the first 20 days after the arrest, Huixia “was tortured and locked in a chair made of metal bars and not allowed to move,” said Hongyan. “This destroyed her health and made it hard for her to walk or stand up. She’s very weak. She has also been forced to endure brainwashing sessions.”

Huixia is detained in Shijiazhuang Second Detention Center.

“My relatives in China are still struggling to get any updates on my mother and unfortunately have made little progress,” Hangyan said. “We have no idea what’s happening or what may happen to my mother under a regime without an independent or effective legal system.”

Hongyan noted that her mother’s experience is typical of the tens of millions of Falun Gong practitioners in China.

“I call for the end of the persecution and the release of my other and all other incarcerated Falun Gong practitioners,” she said.

“It’s time to end this evil crime.”

Falun Gong is a traditional spiritual discipline of the Buddhist school. It consists of meditation, qigong exercises, and moral teachings based on the principles of truthfulness, 同情, そして、寛容. The practice spread quickly due to the profound benefits experienced by practitioners in their physical health and mental and moral wellbeing.

By the late 1990s Chinese government surveys estimated that 70–100 million people had taken up the practice. Due to paranoia over the immense popularity of the practice, which was not under state control, Party leader Jiang officially launched the brutal persecution in July 1999.

に 2006 the United Nations stated that 66 percent of reported victims of torture were Falun Gong practitioners. The U.N. and other groups have also reported growing evidence of rape, torture, widespread hate propaganda, deaths, and even state-orchestrated forced organ harvesting of Falun Gong practitioners to supply China’s booming transplant trade.

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ザイアン・ジャンボ, 中国保険監督管理委員会の委員長 (CIRCUS) 全国人民代表大会マーチで 12, 2016 北京で. (リンタオ・ザン /ゲッティイメージズ)ザイアン・ジャンボ, 中国保険監督管理委員会の委員長 (CIRCUS) 全国人民代表大会マーチで 12, 2016 北京で. (リンタオ・ザン /ゲッティイメージズ)

中国の強力な金融セクターは公式通知に置かれています.

ザイアン・ジャンボ, 中国保険監督管理委員会の委員長 (CIRCUS), 先週「厳しい規律違反」のための調査の下に置かれました, 中国共産党によると (CCP)さん トップ腐敗防止のオルガン.

これまでのところ, 翔は、中国の指導者クシー・ジンピングの反腐敗キャンペーンに巻き込まれ、金融業界から最高ランク幹部であります.

翔へのお問い合わせは、中国の金融業界に将来の調査に水門を開くことができます. ソースは、CCPの中南海・本部化合物に近く、国務院-語りました 大紀元 Xiがで金融セクター内腐敗をターゲットにしていること 2017 と翔は努力でキャプチャ「最初の虎」であります.

ソースは、翔の犯罪は「深刻」であり、近年では中国の株式市場の変動に関連することが示唆されました. 調査はまた、中国銀行業監督管理委員会、中国証券監督管理委員会などの他の金融規制機関で幹部の腐敗の影響につながる可能性.

翔, 60, 中国の金融セクターにおける豊富な接続と経験を持っています. CIRCに就任する前, 翔は、中国農業銀行の会長でした, 中国の「四大」国有商業銀行の一つ. それ以前は, 翔は、中国人民銀行の副知事でした, 国の中央銀行. 彼は以前の彼のキャリアの中で、監査委員会に勤務していました.

翔の解雇は、中国の金融セクターの多くを驚かせました. 彼は中国のトップ金融当局者の1とCCPの中央委員会のメンバーでした. 彼の任務は、急速に成長している影響力や海外資産買収のための傾向と保険業界を監督しました.

中国の李克強首相は、ここ数カ月の間に金融セクターの改革にタカ派的となっています. 月の演説で、 21, 李は金融セクターの腐敗を防止するための強力な措置をとるために当局に促しました, 影の銀行の出現に対して脆弱です, 不良資産, 違法なインターネットの資金調達, 状態制御Xinhua.netに従って.

シャオ建華接続

翔のキャプチャは可能性の高いCCPインサイダーシャオ建華の最近の消失によって沈殿させました, 香港在住の億万長者中国の投資家.

中国の保険業界は、計り知れないパワーと論争-時の翔の監督を獲得しています.

シャオは、1月下旬香港のフォーシーズンズホテルで彼の住居から姿を消しました, そして尋問のために北京に戻しました. 中南海ソースはシャオはに情報に忠誠を持つトップレベルの職員の数を提供することをエポックタイムズに語った「江派。」彼の証言は翔の捜査につながるパン粉の一つを務めたかもしれません.

シャオは、 中国で最も豊かな個人間, いくつかの部門間の広大な投資と, 銀行を含みます, プロパティ, 情報技術, 希土類鉱物. 彼は価値がありました $5.8 のよう億 2016, Hurun報告書によると.

シャオは現在、現行の江沢民派閥・クシー・ジンピングで政治的に立っている場所は不明です, 彼は、両方への接続を確立しているようだが、. に 2006 シャオ 支援ゼン・ウェイ, かつての党副会長曽慶紅の息子, シャオが所有するシェル企業の一連の山東魯能を民営化します. 曽は、ジャン・ゼミンとヒュー・ジンタオ政権時のトップCCPの公式ました.

そして、中 2012, シャオが所有するエンティティが価値が株式を取得し、少なくとも $2.4 チーQiaoqiaoと鄧小Jiaguiから百万, 姉と弟の義理のクシー・ジンピングの.

保険会社はローグゴーン

中国の保険業界は、過去6年間で巨大なパワーと論争-時の翔の監督を獲得しています.

から 2012 に 2016, 中国の保険業界が成長しました 14.3 全体的および非生命保険のパーセントは増加しました 16.5 保険料の量のパーセント, ミュンヘン再保険からのデータによると. 昨年, 中国は保険料で世界第二の最大の保険市場になるために日本を抜い.

翔主導CIRCの統治の下で, 保険部門は、企業の侵略者の巣窟になっています.

従来の保険会社は、保守主義の砦です, こうした政府証券や社債などの安定した資産を保有. 本来、保険会社は最優先事項として、顧客の資本の保全を考慮しなければなりません.

しかし、中国ではありません. 低金利環境での機会を感知します, 過去数年間で中国の保険会社はユニバーサル生命保険と呼ばれる資産運用商品を発行することにより、外部の伝統的な保険業務の拡大しました. これらの製品, 高い金利を提供し、債券や生命保険とのハイブリッドであります, 周りの銀行の預金金利に不満の消費者に人気となっています 1 パーセント.

Munich_Re_China

(ソース: ミュンヘン再保険)

現金で洗い流すが、高い利回りを支払うことを約束で抱え, 中国の保険会社は通常、保険会社に関連付けられていない危険な揮発性資産にお金を注ぎ. これらの企業は、中国の上場企業の中で大きな位置を取り、外国企業や不動産などの海外資産を飛びつい.

Evergrandeライフ不動産開発中国Evergrandeの単位の保険料は、以上に増やすグループは、見ました 40 で倍 2016.

EvergrandeとForeseaライフBaonengの単位昨年中に不動産デベロッパー中国万科に大きな利害関係を蓄積するためにユニバーサル生命保険からの収益をグループでは、使用します. A 公共と長引く紛争 創業者兼最高経営責任者(CEO)ワング・シから万科のコントロールを奪い取るために続きました, 北京は昨年末に介入した後、最終的には払拭された市場で旋風を作成します.

万科の襲撃は、保険会社によって積極的な資産の蓄積の唯一のインスタンスから遠く離れました, しかし、その病原性の性質上、Baonengと万科は北京のための最も頭痛を作成した単語の公共戦争に従事しました.

業界として、, 保険は、外国買収の形で海外にお金を集中させる主要な車両となっています, 元の流出を語幹に北京の公式見解に反対の回で. Anbang人生は、このような購入の最前線にいました, とに見出しを作りました 2015 ほとんどのためにニューヨークのウォルドルフ・アストリアホテルを購入します $2 10億. に 2016, Anbangは、戦略的なホテルを買いました & ブラックストーン・グループからリゾーツについて $6.5 10億. 同社の最大の策略に失敗しました。 $14 億スターウッドホテルを取得するための入札 & リゾートワールドワイド.

長年, 保険会社のキャバリア投資戦略は、CIRCの暗黙の祝福を持っていました. 彼は、レギュレータの手綱を取った後、, 翔は、保険料のより柔軟な使用を承認し、業界内で「技術革新に最大の自由を与えること」を主張しました, サウスチャイナ・モーニング・ポストの報告によれば.

最近の株式市場の乱高下に保険業界の貢献 (株式の購入を経由して) 中国人民元通貨の下落圧力 (外国資産購入による) 翔の没落要因かもしれません. しかし、翔に対する疑惑は、農業、中国の銀行、中国人民銀行の彼の前の停止特定の保険を越えて行くこと.

翔は、2月に至るまでの数週間のために公の場で見たことがなかったです, 可能逮捕の噂を攪拌. 彼は、2月に再び現れ. 22 に 記者会見, そして彼らの最近の活動のために保険業界激しく非難. 翔は、CIRCは「トップ幹部を処罰し、そのライセンスを取り消すと表明しました, そして間違いなく保険業界は堂々とクラブに変身することはできませ。」

CIRCは、過去数ヶ月で保険会社の活動に手綱するための努力を強化しています. 12月中旬の発表は、保険会社で開催される自己資本の比率を下げます, そして、株式の購入資金を調達するために保険預金を使用してからそれらを禁止. 2月の終わりまでに, CIRCは、すでに4許可申請を却下していました, のすべての合計をマッチング 2016.

しかし、翔のための, それは遅すぎるかもしれない少なすぎました.

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4月の国会議事堂のMPガーネットGENUIS 10, 2017. 彼は中国に強制臓器収穫との闘いに向けた彼のプライベートメンバの法案は、すべてのパーティのサポートを受けたいと考えていると述べました. (NTDテレビ)4月の国会議事堂のMPガーネットGENUIS 10, 2017. 彼は中国に強制臓器収穫との闘いに向けた彼のプライベートメンバの法案は、すべてのパーティのサポートを受けたいと考えていると述べました. (NTDテレビ)

オタワ・保守党MPガーネットGENUISが正式に今週の彼の初の民間メンバーの法案を導入しました, 中国での精神的な信者に害を負わ重大な問題との闘いに向けました, だけでなく、カナダ人に影響を与えます.

ビルC-350は、旧自由党MPアーウィン・コットラーのビルC-561を復活します, 強制臓器収穫を戦うことを目指しています.

「この法案は、強制的に臓器収穫の惨劇を戦うしよう, 臓器は、彼らの意志に反して、人々から取られたときに, 多くの場合、陰惨と麻酔なしの人はまだ生きている間に, そして多くの場合、個々の唯一のいわゆる犯罪は、特定の宗教的または精神的な慣行に従事したとき, 」GENUISは、4月に下院で言いました 10.

法案は、カナダの刑法や移民・難民保護法の両方を改訂します.

「それは、彼らが知っている臓器を取得する人のための犯罪行為が同意なしに取得された可能. また、これとカナダへの許容できない強制臓器収穫に関与したものになります,「ひざまずいを説明しました.

「政府は中国とカナダの関係を深めることを目指していたよう, この法案は、今まで以上に必要とされています," 彼が追加した. カナダは人権を優先するために、「これは非常に重要です, これは、我々はそれを行うことができます一つの重要な方法です。」

GENUISは新唐人電視台とのインタビューで語りました (NTD) 中国の良心の法輪功の囚人から強制的に臓器収穫の練習が主要な関心事となっていること.

「それは、人々が、このために標的にすることだけひどいです, 何の罪を犯していないました, 単にセクションの下にその権利を行使 18 自分の信念に基づいて、宗教的または精神的な練習を練習する世界人権宣言の. 確かに, それが心配です。」

政府は、中国とカナダの関係を深めることを目指していたよう, この法案は、今まで以上に必要とされています.

- ム・ガーネットひざまずい

Cotler, で原案を書いた元司法大臣 2015, 法案は「それは、彼らが責任を負うことになるメッセージを送信しますので、この犯罪を続けてから、このに従事する中国を抑止することNTDと以前のインタビューで語りました. それは、それを支える臓器収穫や犯罪に関連して、これまでに君臨した不処罰の文化と戦うだろう。」

「カナダについて," 彼が追加した, 「それは我々がこの中で共謀していないことが保証されますとカナダ人がこのような行為に従事しないこと, そして、彼らはカナダ人がこのような行為に従事している場合、彼らは責任を開催するとの通知に置かれます.

「だから、デュアルメッセージを送信します, それに加担している者はカナダにいる犯罪に従事したものとカナダのものと両方. 両側には、彼らは責任を開催されます。」

GENUISは、彼の仲間の保守党が問題「非常に遅れている」と述べました, しかし、すべてのパーティのサポートが必要とされています.

「それをすべての方法を作るために, 私たちは、党の行に渡って、それらのブリッジを構築する必要があります. 我々はそれを行うに我々の方法でもあります. 私たちは、他の当事者に明確にいくつかの強力なサポートを持っています. それを取得するすべての方法は、その上の建物を維持するために私たちを必要としています. しかし、いずれの当事者がこれを行うには消極的であるべき理由はありません. これは、基本的人権の問題です. これは、すべての当事者が背後に取得すべきものです," 彼は言った.

GENUISはすでに二法案へのリベラルMPボリーズ・ルゼインウースキージのサポートを持っています. Wrzesnewskyjは過去に二回、中国に強制臓器収穫に対抗するための同様のプライベートメンバの法案を提案しました.

「我々は、我々は最終的にこの法案を渡すために議会を持っていることを確認するために、ハード協力して働くことになります,」Wrzesnewskyjは言いました.

保守党MPガーネットGENUISと4月の国会議事堂のリベラルMPボリーズ・ルゼインウースキージ 10, 2017. GENUISは、すでに第二ビルC-350にWrzesnewskyjのサポートを持っています. (NTDテレビ)

保守党MPガーネットGENUISと4月の国会議事堂のリベラルMPボリーズ・ルゼインウースキージ 10, 2017. GENUISは、すでに第二ビルC-350にWrzesnewskyjのサポートを持っています. (NTDテレビ)

法案はオーバーに触発されました 10 2人のカナダの弁護士によって行われた研究の年, デビッド・マタスとデビッド・キルガー, 中国における法輪功学習者からの状態公認臓器収穫に, その過程で被害者を殺します.

マタスとキルガー, 調査ジャーナリストイーサン・ガットマンと一緒に, 6月中に報告書を発表 2016 推定されました, そのような病院のデータと医師のステートメントとして証拠に基づいて、, 中国の病院はいくつかを実行したこと 60,000 に 100,000 以来、年に移植します 2000, 臓器のほとんどのソースは良心の囚人から来ると, 主に法輪功学習者.

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Former religious freedom ambassador Andrew Bennett (L) and Canada’s former ambassador to China David Mulroney at the 6th Parliamentary Forum on Religious Freedom in Ottawa on April 4, 2017. (Donna He/Epoch Times)Former religious freedom ambassador Andrew Bennett (L) and Canada’s former ambassador to China David Mulroney at the 6th Parliamentary Forum on Religious Freedom in Ottawa on April 4, 2017. (Donna He/Epoch Times)

OTTAWA—With Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and Canada’s new ambassador to China, John McCallum, ambitious to pursue ever greater engagement with the world’s most populous nation, two former ambassadors on April 3 addressed the annual parliamentarians’ forum on religious freedom concerned about rights violations in that country.

“China remains one of the world’s most egregious violators of freedom of religion,” former religious freedom ambassador Andrew Bennett told a packed audience. Bennett is a senior fellow at think tank Cardus, where he chairs a group dedicated to celebrating the importance of faith in Canadian society.

“Let’s be clear, there is no debate about the lack of religious freedom in China. Its government is tightly controlled by an avowedly atheist party,” said David Mulroney, Canada’s former ambassador to China and current president of St. Michael’s College at the University of Toronto.

Completing the panel were human rights advocates and representatives from various faith groups, including the Falun Gong, Tibetan, and Uyghur communities, along with reigning Miss World Canada Anastasia Lin, whom Chinese authorities declared persona non grata for her outspoken views on rights abuses in China.

Hope and resilience were uplifting themes, but also cautionary advice amid the stark reality of rights abuses as Bennett and Mulroney charted proposals for moving forward to increase protection for religious believers in China.

What Canada Can Do

Mulroney said Canada took a very important step forward by creating an Office of Religious Freedom led by Bennett. しかしながら, now that this initiative has been dissolved by the Liberals and folded into an Office of Human Rights, Freedoms and Inclusion, he had some recommendations for the government on how he believes this change can continue to improve on the effort.

The government should make it clear, through projects and funding, that the office truly is open to promoting the broad spectrum of human rights in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Mulroney said. It should also “listen and learn” about local conditions and needs and reach out to partners across Canada who are dedicated to advancing religious freedom.

As well, “building Canadian bridges to China’s inspiring and courageous religious believers is, in my view, smart diplomacy,” Mulroney said.

Building Canadian bridges to China’s inspiring and courageous religious believers is, in my view, smart diplomacy.

— David Mulroney , Canada’s former ambassador to China

Bennett agreed, adding that “the first step needs to be greater awareness-raising and education of the elites in this country around the role of religion,” including the role it plays in geopolitics and even international trade.

その間に, he said the key is “to recognize the depth of the problem, that China is among the countries with the most severe government restrictions on religious freedoms, and that has to be factored in how the Canadian government approaches human rights.”

“Canadian corporations that are engaged in investment, export, and trade in China should also, in their corporate social responsibility frameworks, factor this in,” said Bennett.

又, “it means to engage very publicly with the Chinese government on its human rights record,” said Bennett, adding that governments and advocacy groups need to do much more to expose Chinese government actions and demand improvements in behaviour.

Bennett also cautioned against treating China as “special” and saying that the regime operates and governs in a different way and has different values. “To use this as an argument for not taking action against human rights violations is moral relativism at its worst," 彼は言った.

“We need to reflect that Canadian values are not simply Canadian values. The values of freedom, democracy, justice, rule of law, and human rightsthese are cosmopolitan rights that speak to a universal, objective truth. That must be the basis for our engagement with the Chinese government and indeed with all governments,” said Bennett.

Co-host David Anderson, MP, at the 6th Parliamentary Forum on Religious Freedom in Ottawa on April 4, 2017. (Donna He/Epoch Times)

Co-host David Anderson, MP, at the 6th Parliamentary Forum on Religious Freedom in Ottawa on April 4, 2017. (Donna He/Epoch Times)

‘A Cautionary Note’

“We should not be under any illusion, as China engages more and more with the political, economic, and social frameworks of the world, that that is having any impact on their human rights record,” Bennett said.

He said the more China engages in international fora, one would hope that there would be pressure put on the country to improve its record on human rights including religious freedom. “But they remained unmoved.”

Bennett added “a cautionary note for those countries such as Canada and our allies who continue to seek deeper relations with China, political relationships, trading relationships, defence relationships—we need to hold the Chinese government’s feet to the fire.”

We should not be under any illusion, as China engages more and more with the political, economic, and social frameworks of the world, that that is having any impact on their human rights record.

— Former religious freedom ambassador Andrew Bennett

Persecuted For Their Faith

Joel Chipkar, spokesperson for Falun Dafa Association of Canada, described the persecution of Falun Gong practitioners launched by former Chinese leader Jiang Zemin in 1999.

“He unleashed a relentless propaganda campaign that blanketed the country, and also created an extra-legal police force, called the 610 office, with absolute power that hunts down, arrests, and can even kill practitioners without trial.”

Carole Samdup, executive director of the Canada Tibet Committee, as part of her talk showed images of China’s repression of religious freedom in Tibet.

“Here what you see is a video that was smuggled out depicting nuns being forced to dance on the stage, which actually breaks their religious vow. And the next slide will show some other nuns who were required to sing patriotic songs.”

Rukiye Turdush, former president of the Uyghur Canadian Society, said the Chinese government puts serious restrictions on religious publications. “Chinese police forces can search Uyghurs’ home any time, without any searching warrant, and they confiscate the Koran, Bible, or any kind of religious books.”

In an interview after the forum, Mulroney expressed his “great admiration for religious believers in China.”

“I was always deeply impressed by their courage, and by what they are contributing to the rest of Chinese society. So I think it should be a real priority for Canadians to reach out and support believers in China.”

Joel Chipkar of the Falun Dafa Association of Canada speaks at the 6th Parliamentary Forum on Religious Freedom in Ottawa on April 4, 2017. (Donna He/Epoch Times)

Joel Chipkar of the Falun Dafa Association of Canada speaks at the 6th Parliamentary Forum on Religious Freedom in Ottawa on April 4, 2017. (Donna He/Epoch Times)

‘It’s Incumbent On Us’ to Speak Out

“Canada does have to be extremely careful that it is not naive in its relationship,” said MP Judy Sgro in an interview after the forum. “And there needs to be conditions as we move forward on rights.”

“It’s important that we are not afraid to identify the lack of freedom that our Chinese brothers and sisters are experiencing and to draw attention of the international community to these injustices,” said MP Harold Albrecht. “It’s incumbent upon us as Canadians.”

Canada does have to be extremely careful that it is not naive in its relationship.

— Liberal MP Judy Sgro

“It just shows that there is a lot more work to do before China joins the international community and is recognized as a member in good standing that respects human rights,” said MP Andrew Saxton. “We just have to continue to engage to make sure they are moving in the right direction.”

“I think it’s true that the regime in the PRC really does want to make sure their government is seen as being respectable and is seen as conforming with international norms,” said MP Scott Reid. “So whenever they are confronted with evidence that the world is rejecting something they are doing, it does have a certain impact.”

Miss World Canada Anastasia Lin speaks at the 6th Parliamentary Forum on Religious Freedom in Ottawa on April 4, 2017. (Donna He/Epoch Times)

Miss World Canada Anastasia Lin speaks at the 6th Parliamentary Forum on Religious Freedom in Ottawa on April 4, 2017. (Donna He/Epoch Times)

Optimistic Outlook

Mulroney said he spent much time with faith groups in 2009–2012 when he served as ambassador to China, and saw the hope it offered to China’s religious believers.

“I quickly became aware that something as simple as showing up with a message of Canadian concern and support can become, as my colleague the German ambassador eloquently put it, like a candle in the dark for people who are otherwise alone and abandoned," 彼は言った.

MP Garnett Genuis, co-chair of the forum along with MP David Anderson, called on the attendees to help advance the protection of religious freedom in China.

“It’s wonderful that we are able to end this evening on an optimistic note about the triumph of the human spirit over evil,” Genuis said. “Now it’s up to all of you to take the information you gained … and look for ways to become more engaged.”

“Canada can be a candle in the dark, so that we actually, by participating and by bringing up these issues, shine light on the subject and encourage the Chinese government to do better than they have in the past,” said Anderson. “We do have a significant influence, and we can use that influence and hopefully make some great change.”

Lin, the keynote speaker at the forum, said that a few years ago while preparing for her role as a victim of torture in the movie “The Bleeding Edge,” she spent time with two sisters who had escaped China to Canada in order to internalize their experience of abuse when imprisoned for practicing Falun Gong.

Vancouver residents Jing Tian and Jing Cai described to Lin the horrific pain of being shocked with electric batons on their heads, having bamboo shoots shoved under their fingernails, and brutal, life-threatening force-feeding techniques.

“All these tortures were part of the Chinese Communist Party’s psychological reprogramming to make one renounce one’s belief,” said Lin, adding that she was inspired by the sisters’ inner power that enabled them to stay strong.

“That power was the belief of the sisters—truth, kindness, and forgiveness,” she said.

“I think of them when I find myself in the darkness,” she continued. “My family [in China] was under great pressure from the Chinese regime in an effort to silence me after I won the Miss World Canada title.”

The Chinese regime “might succeed for a while, arresting human rights lawyers and believers, banning books and blocking websites, but they can never censor the human spirit,” she said.

“They can never take away … the hope and faith in us. They can never take away the human spirit.”

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Canadian Defense Minister Peter MacKay speaks during the plenary session at the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) 11th Asia Security Summit in Singapore on June 3, 2012. The IISS is being attended by defence officials from around the world.     AFP PHOTO / ROSLAN RAHMAN        (Photo credit should read ROSLAN RAHMAN/AFP/GettyImages)Canadian Defense Minister Peter MacKay speaks during the plenary session at the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) 11th Asia Security Summit in Singapore on June 3, 2012. The IISS is being attended by defence officials from around the world.     AFP PHOTO / ROSLAN RAHMAN        (Photo credit should read ROSLAN RAHMAN/AFP/GettyImages)

The Chinese ambassador’s recent remarks that Canada should keep human rights and national security concerns out of free trade negotiations don’t sit well with former cabinet minister Peter MacKay.

“It’s surprising that the Chinese envoy would even suggest such a thing,” said MacKay, a former minister of justice, defence, and foreign affairs in former prime minister Stephen Harper’s government, in a phone interview.

In the negotiations, we have to be cognizant of the fact that we are a democratic country, we place a high priority on human rights, we believe firmly in the rule of law.

— Peter MacKay, former cabinet minister

According to a March 24 Globe and Mail report, Lu Shaye, the Chinese ambassador to Canada, said China will regard as trade protectionism any attempt by Canada to block Chinese firms from taking over Canadian companies. Lu added that Beijing doesn’t want human rights to be used as a “bargaining chip” in the talks.

MacKay believes it is critically important for Canada to have human rights and national security issues on the table when discussing trade deals with China.

“I think that our trade pursuit and the protection of our national interests, our security interests, are inseparable," 彼は言った.

“And I believe as well that in the negotiations, we have to be cognizant of the fact that we are a democratic country, we place a high priority on human rights, we believe firmly in the rule of law. … These are notable differences between Canada and China.”

MacKay noted that there is ample evidence of Chinese cyber attacks and intrusions against Canada, indicating that protection of our national interests needs to be foremost in the minds of anyone embarking on trade discussions with China.

In one well-publicized case in 2014, a Chinese state-sponsored cyberattack hacked into the computer systems of Canada’s National Research Council. According to a March 30 Globe report, federal documents show that the cyberattack cost Canada hundreds of millions of dollars.

The Liberal government sparked renewed concern last month when it approved a Chinese company’s takeover of Montreal high-tech firm ITF Technologies, a deal previously blocked by the Conservative government under Harper. The applications of the Canadian company’s laser technology products include making weapons.

“Without national security clearance, it opens up Canada and all of our interests—critical infrastructure, our national security, our banks, our institutions—it opens them up for certain risks, and it will also by the way cause serious concerns amongst our allies, the United States, Great Britain, オーストラリア, and New Zealand,” MacKay said.

History of Hostilities

Western intelligence agencies have often warned that China’s state-owned and private enterprises act in the interest of the Chinese Communist Party to the detriment of the West. Canada decided to block Chinese telecom giant Huawei from a government communications network project in 2012 due to security risks.

A 米国. congressional national security report released in 2012 concluded that risks associated with Huawei’s and Chinese telecom company ZTE’s “provision of equipment to U.S. critical infrastructure could undermine core U.S. national-security interests.”

In another case publicized in 2011, as previously reported by Epoch Times, Chinese hackers penetrated the computers of the finance, defence, and treasury departments in Canada.

Chinese officials have often taken a hostile stance against Canada’s allies. In a Chinese-language propaganda video released in 2015 to commemorate China’s World War II victory against Japan, Chinese military is shown destroying U.S. maritime forces and occupying the Japanese island of Okinawa.

A 2013 documentary film produced by two senior generals in the Chinese military labels the United States as China’s enemy.

‘Eyes Wide Open’ Beats Naiveté

Although an interview with a Global Affairs Canada spokesperson wasn’t possible, department spokesperson Natasha Nystrom said in an emailed statement that Canada is in the early stages of exploratory trade talks with China.

“We are also seeking Canadians’ views on whether and how to pursue a Canada-China FTA [free trade agreement]. The government’s approach is one that puts the interests of Canadians, including the opportunities that exist for the middle class and crucially, our values, front and centre,” Nystrom wrote.

John McCallum, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s former immigration minister and now Canada’s ambassador to China, said in an interview with the Toronto Star that he is eager to do “even more” than already suggested by Trudeau to improve relations with China. He insisted the Trudeau government will ensure that promoting and protecting human rights remains a priority, and any agreements with China will take these concerns into account.

I think they’re being really naive and really don’t necessarily understand who they’re dealing with.

— Randy Hoback, MP

Randy Hoback, a Conservative MP and vice-chair of the parliamentary committee on international trade, says Canadian administrators shouldn’t be naive when dealing with China.

“They were going to allow the approval of the telecom company out of Montreal, where our security people are saying ‘no way, you cannot let this happen.’ This should be a very dangerous precedent,” says Hoback.

“You have to go into this type of situation with your eyes wide open, and I think they’re being really naive and really don’t necessarily understand who they’re dealing with.”

With reporting by Matthew Little

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行進 30, 2017

A photo of the state-owned China National Offshore Oil Corp. (CNOOC) platform outside its headquarters in Beijing, 中国. After Canada approved CNOOC’s takeover of Canadian oil and gas producer Nexen, it vowed to reject any future foreign takeovers in the oil sands sector by state-owned companies. (AP写真/アンディ・ウォン)A photo of the state-owned China National Offshore Oil Corp. (CNOOC) platform outside its headquarters in Beijing, 中国. After Canada approved CNOOC’s takeover of Canadian oil and gas producer Nexen, it vowed to reject any future foreign takeovers in the oil sands sector by state-owned companies. (AP写真/アンディ・ウォン)

Canada’s need to attract foreign capital and China’s desire for strategic investments abroad are playing an elaborate game of cat and mouse.

Business ties between the two are deepening. Canada and China are currently engaged in free-trade talks and Canada proposes to invest $256 million over five years to join the China-led Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB). Two years ago, the two countries opened the first North American renminbi trading hub in Toronto.

ザ・ Globe and Mail recently reported that as part of China’s free-trade talks with Canada, Beijing seeks “unfettered access for Chinese state-owned firms to all key sectors of the Canadian economy.” But experts say state-owned enterprise (SOE) investment disadvantages Canada from both economic and—coming from China—ethical perspectives.

“When it comes to Chinese investment, the biggest issue is state-owned enterprises,” said Jack Mintz, President’s Fellow of The School of Public Policy at the University of Calgary, in a phone interview.

On March 27, インクルード Liberals reversed A 2015 Harper government ruling that prevented a Chinese takeover of Montreal high-tech firm ITF Technologies due to national security concerns. The newly approved purchase by O-Net Communications gives China an edge in weapons technology.

Foreign investment has historically been a critical component of building Canada, said Bank of Canada Governor Stephen Poloz in a speech at Durham College in Oshawa on March 28. His speech pushed for open economies and noted that foreign investment is needed to fund infrastructure in Canada given the inadequate domestic savings base and relatively small population with its vast geography.

Last fall, the Liberal government created a new federal body, the “Invest in Canada Hub,” to better coordinate efforts to attract foreign capital. The government also raised the threshold for the review of foreign purchases of Canadian companies to $1 billion in 2017—two years sooner than originally planned—and published new rules regarding takeovers with national security concerns.

When it comes to Chinese investment, the biggest issue is state-owned enterprises.

— Jack Mintz, The School of Public Policy, University of Calgary

Finance Minister Bill Morneau is beating the drum, saying Canada is a great place to invest given the sound banking system, highly educated and skilled workforce, rule of law, and low business tax costs.

国有企業

Open borders and foreign investment increase competition and put pressure on Canadian businesses to perform better. With foreign capital could come new technologies and better management.

But when it is SOEs doing the acquiring, given their tax breaks and other subsidies, it creates an uneven playing field, said Mintz.

“There’s an economic argument that we don’t want to just have high valuations for companies simply because somebody’s willing to buy them up because of some state incentive,” Mintz said.

Considerable debate surrounded the December 2012 Harper government approval of Nexen’s takeover by the state-owned China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC).

Duanjie Chen, formerly an economist at The School of Public Policy at the University of Calgary, wrote a report in 2013 about China’s SOEs stating that the Chinese government had engineered their phenomenal growth by granting them cheap or free inputs (capital, 不動産, etc.), “in order to create globally dominant corporate powers.”

“Placing a lower priority on human rights, the environment, social justice, and corporate rectitude give China and its SOEs an edge that have helped them in their goal of leapfrogging competing world economic powers, including Canada,” Chen wrote.

We have to make sure there are clear benefits to the Canadian economy if we enter into an agreement.

— Jack Mintz, The School of Public Policy, University of Calgary

“Without these explicit and implicit subsidies, China’s SOEs have actually proven to be far less economically competitive than their private-sector rivals,” Chen added.

“I don’t have a problem with private companies coming into Canada and buying assets,” Mintz said, but noted that with SOEs, Canada is not getting the benefits of foreign investment and actually gets negative benefits.

Bumps in the Road

According to a new report by research firm Rhodium Group and global law firm White & Case, China became the second-largest source of foreign investment in 2016, with US$140 billion or 14 percent of the global total.

The report makes the case that Chinese capital is still vastly under-deployed globally. But deploying the capital is starting to meet with resistance.

Outbound deals from China have been slowing so far in 2017. As of March 20, just US$25 billion in deals, which is 70 percent less than the same period in 2016, have been announced, によります CNBC report citing Dealogic data.

Tighter capital controls in China to stem the decline in the yuan appear to be making Beijing more selective with its outbound foreign investment.

China is also facing increased scrutiny of its investments abroad, although Canada is making strides in the opposite direction. Certain sectors are believed to be more strategic for Chinese capital deployment, such as natural resources and technology—two areas that point Canada’s way.

A Nexen oil sands facility near Fort McMurray, カナダ, is seen in this aerial photograph on July 10, 2012. Nexen was sold to China's CNOOC Ltd. in December 2012. (The Canadian Press/Jeff McIntosh)

A Nexen oilsands facility near Fort McMurray, カナダ, is seen in this aerial photograph on July 10, 2012. Nexen was sold to China’s CNOOC Ltd. in December 2012. (The Canadian Press/Jeff McIntosh)

A complaint commonly levelled against China is a lack of reciprocity. “China has only made limited progress in further levelling the playing field for foreign companies in China, which still face numerous formal investment restrictions as well as alleged informal discrimination,” according to the Rhodium Group and White & Case report.

“This lack of reciprocal openness is fuelling particular frustration in advanced economies, which follow principles of openness and non-discrimination for Chinese and other foreign investors.”

Particularly with sectors of the Chinese economy dominated by SOEs, Chen stated, “And unlike Canada, China jealously guards the sectors in which its SOEs exert absolute or strong control, disallowing any private-sector competitors—domestic or foreign—free entry.”

In attracting foreign investment, Mintz advises Canada to put strong limits on SOEs. “It’s a matter of principle," 彼は言った. “SOEs are compromised by the politics they have to work with. And that includes mixed enterprises,” Mintz said.

Mixed enterprises are partially state-owned. The Rhodium Group, which tracks Chinese investment in the United States, breaks down the ownership of the investment into government-owned versus at least 80 percent privately owned. しかし、米. and Canadian intelligence agencies have warned in the past that even non-state-owned firms act in the interests of the Chinese government.

“We have to make sure there are clear benefits to the Canadian economy if we enter into an agreement,” Mintz said.

Canada is an exporting nation and China is the world’s second-largest economy. It seems inevitable that more Chinese capital will find a home in Canada.

“We want all of this to be fair and China is not always fair,” said Paul Frazer, president of PD Frazer Associates, a Washington-based government affairs consultant, in a phone interview.

The Harper government had taken a harder stance on China’s foreign acquisitions, but the Liberals appear to be reversing that stance with an eye on completing a free-trade agreement with China.

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彼は著書「中国の来る崩壊」を書いたときゴードン・チャン少し早かったです 2001.

彼は10年以内に中国経済の崩壊と共産党の没落を予測し、彼の予測は4年遅れて.

しかしながら, チャンは、中国の政治経済の無修正舞台裏ビューをご提供し続けている彼は本の中で作られたコアの引数は、これまで以上に有効です。.

大紀元は、表面的に安定した中国の約チャンに話を聞きました 2017 そして、表面の下に実際の摩擦を引き起こしているもの.

大紀元: 中国はで経済を安定させるために管理しました 2016, 政権はで続けることができるようになります 2017?

ゴードン・チャン: 中国が強く見えますが、それは実際には弱いです. これは、ノーリターンのポイントを通過しました.

彼らは債務の膨大な量に置きます, そして彼らは、経済を安定させるでした. 製造業は、受益者であります; 我々はいくつかのインフレを見始めています. しかし、これのコストは膨大です. これは、成長を生成するために借金を使用しての古い戦術です. それは何よりも絶望多くを示してい.

中国が中に関する改革を行う必要があることがいくつかあります。 2017, しかし、彼らはそれがために政治が不可欠で終わらないだろう. 今年は半分の十年のイベントを持っています, 今年の秋に党大会, 彼らはどちらかの新しいリーダーを発表するか、クシー・ジンピングコントロールに残っています. それは重要なものです.

私は、彼らが党大会を通じてラインを保持している成功になると思います. その後, 彼らが失敗しようとしています.

そこで、彼らは試してみて、ラインを保持しようとしています. クシー・ジンピング執拗リ・ケキアンから経済学のポートフォリオをとっています. 彼は信用を得ます, 彼はまた、非難を取得します. 彼は今と党大会の間の主要な破壊的なイベントを見たいと思ってするつもりはありません. それは明白でなければなりません, しかし、多くの人々は、このことを考慮して.

私は、彼らが党大会を通じてラインを保持している成功になると思います. その後, 彼らが失敗しようとしています. 彼らは、限り、彼らがそうする能力を持っているとの調整を防ぐために予定されています. 雇用を創出する能力, に近いGDP成長率を保持しています 7, このようなもののすべては、彼らがしようとしてやろうとしています.

それは公式な速度で成長していた場合でも、, 中国は速く増分GDPよりも債務の5倍を作成しています. 北京はどこに幽霊都市と高速鉄道で経済を成長することができますが、それは自由ではありません, それは持続可能ではありません.

党大会後, 中国は自由落下に入るために起こっています.

中国経済を変えることができる唯一のことは、基本的な経済改革であります. しかし、彼らは回帰的に動いています, 北京は再び刺激されます. これは、消費経済から中国を離れて取っています, 状態の方へ, 離れて民間企業から.

中国は別のものを持っているつもりされていません 2008, 中国になるだろう 1929.

中国の夢は強い状態を望んでいます, そして、それは市場改革と互換性がありません. Xiが自由化や変更のためにアップした場合でも、, それは遅すぎる少なすぎるだろう. 刺激は根本的な不均衡を高めるために起こっています. それは調整することがより困難になるだろう.

大紀元: 表面的な安定性の下で何が起こっています?

氏. チャン: 昨年何が起こったのかを見てください, 資本流出は、おそらくよりも高かったです 2015. そして 2015 前例のないました, どこかの間 $900 億円、A $1 兆ドル.

中国の人々は他の人が見ているものを見ると、それはもう意味がありません。. 彼らは、経済が成長していない参照します. 人々は国の政治の方向性について懸念しています, そして人々は終わり、その遠くではありません見ます, そう、彼らは彼らのお金を動かします.

人々はまた残しています. 若い中国人は教育を受けるためにアメリカに来るために使用されます; その後、彼らは戻って行きました. 今、中国の子供たちが教育を受けます, 彼らは投資銀行のために働くことを試みます, そして彼らが滞在してみてください. 北京は維持として物事は自宅のように良いものではありません.

資本流出を停止し、安定性を維持するために、, 彼らは10月に開始厳格な資本規制に入れます, 11月 2016.

彼らは、法人および多国籍企業のアウトバウンド投資にいくつかの実際の制限を置きます. 彼らはこれを行うことができます, しかし、どれだけ長く? 彼らは、彼らはそれを再び取り出すことができるかわからないので、中国にお金を入れて人々をdisincentivizingています. コントロールにもかかわらず, 彼らは、レコード流出していました. 後半の資本流出, コントロールが起動したとき, 前半に比べて高かったです.

彼らは議会後の事を滑らかにするために継続しようとしています, しかし、彼らはゲームを続ける能力を持っていません。. 全体のことは自信についてです, 中国の自信の失敗があります.

大紀元: 彼らはまた、通貨の下落を管理するために、彼らの外貨準備を使っています. 国際通貨基金 (国際通貨基金) 例えば語ります $3 彼らが持っている兆経済を実行するのに十分です.

ゴードン・チャン: 彼らはただあなたに任意の番号を与えることができます, そしてあなたはそれが正しいものだかどうかわかりません, ただGDPのような. あなたは外国為替の国家管理に行くことができません (安全) そして彼らの本に目を通します. 彼らは何かを報告することができます, あなたは「知りません. 彼らは、偽の、その番号への高いインセンティブを持っています.

我々はまた、彼らは国営銀行を通じてデリバティブを販売しているので、彼らは、合成ショートポジションを持って知っています. あなたは毎月外貨準備の見積もりを見れば, 彼らは常に調査をアウトパフォーム. 中国は常に凌駕します, それは、FX番号が正しいことができないことを把握するために天才を取ることはありません。. 彼らのFX準備金の下落を誤報すると、問題を最小限に抑えます, その人は、通貨を信じ続けます.

彼らは何かを報告することができます, あなたは「知りません. 彼らは、偽の、その番号への高いインセンティブを持っています.

だから私は、彼らが持っていないと思います $3 兆. 彼らはブラジルで引っ張っトリックを行っています 2014 代わりに、実際のドルのデリバティブを販売します. 私の情報源によると、, あります $500 億ドル、まだ計上されます.

その後、中国の外貨準備における非流動的な投資があります, 周りに $1 兆. 私の推計によると、, あなたは、その後にダウンしています $1.5 通貨を守るために使用可能なお金で兆. 外貨準備は、北京は彼らがなりたがっているほどの大きさと、液体ではありません.

大紀元: そこで彼らは、遅かれ早かれ切り下げる必要があります.

ゴードン・チャン: 私は、彼らが今年後半に19党大会前に切り下げるしようとしているとは思いません.

その後、彼らは切り下げるしようとしています, しかしない限り北8の [現在のレートは、 6.9 ドルあたり] それがあることが必要であるとして、. 不十分な切り下げは信頼を揺るがします; 人々はそれが十分ではないと思います, それはより多くのことを持っています. 結局, 誰かが彼らの予備番号が間違っていることを把握しようとしています. しかし、彼らは彼らの通貨を守るために必要な一つのことは、外国通貨であります.

クシー・ジンピング中国の夢が強い中国であると言います. そこで彼はすべてのために責任があると減価償却費は決して中国の消費者に利益をもたらしていません. 彼らは愚かな決定を作り続けます. それは政治システムです; 政治不可欠では強すぎます. 卸売改革を行うにはあまりにも恥ずかしいだろう. 彼は強い見えるしたいです. 彼らは常に彼らは根本的な不均衡が大きく作られていることを実行して調整-自然経済を防ぐようになっています.

最終的にはそう, 中国は別のものを持っているつもりされていません 2008, 中国になるだろう 1929.

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Grace in Ancient Times illustration by Epoch TimesGrace in Ancient Times illustration by Epoch Times

Qi Xi (620-545 紀元前) was a Minister of State for Jin during the Spring and Autumn Period. He was a selfless, broad-minded person who handled matters in a fair and just manner.

The encyclopedic Chinese classic text Lushi Chunqiu from around 239 B.C —also known as The Annals of Lu Buwei, prime minister of the state of Qin—recorded that when Qi Xi recommended people for public service, he only wished for the good ones to be appointed and disregarded whether the people he recommended had opposed him, or whether they were his own kin.

One day, the Duke of Jin asked Qi: “There is an opening for county magistrate at Nan Yang. Who could be assigned to this post?」

Qi replied: “Xie Hu could be assigned to this post”

The Duke said: “Was Xie Hu not your enemy? How come you recommend him?」

“Your Highness was asking who could handle this job, not who is my enemy!” said Qi.

The Duke then appointed Xie Hu as county magistrate of Nan Yang. It turned out that he really did a good job and the people were full of praise for him.

Qi Xi's statue stands in Qi County in Shanxi Province. This was Qi Xi's land territory to provide him with remuneration. (Internet photo)

Qi Xi’s statue stands in Qi County in Shanxi Province. This was Qi Xi’s land territory to provide him with remuneration. (Internet photo)

After a while, the Duke asked Qi another question: “We need a high ranking army officer in the capital. Who could handle this post?」

Qi replied: “Qi Wu can do it.”

The Duke said: “Is Qi Wu not your son? How come you recommend your own son?」

“Your Highness was asking who could handle this job as a high ranking army officer, not asking who is my son!” said Qi.

The Duke then appointed Qi Wu to the post. He really did a good job and received praise from everyone.

When Confucius heard about this, he said to his students: “To recommend your enemy is not being toady; to put forward your son should not be for self-benefit; only when one has high merit can one recommend people like this. Qi Xi was, therefore, a real selfless, fair one!」

Edited by Damian Robin.

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  • 著者: <a href="http://www.theepochtimes.com/n3/author/zhu-li/" rel="author">Zhu Li</A>, <a href="http://www.theepochtimes.com/" title="Epoch Times" rel="publisher">大紀元</A>
  • カテゴリー: 一般的な

Cargo trucks drive through a container pool at a seaport in Qingdao in eastern China's Shandong province in this file photo. Canada aims to do more business with China amid a rising wave of protectionism. (Chinatopix via AP) Cargo trucks drive through a container pool at a seaport in Qingdao in eastern China's Shandong province in this file photo. Canada aims to do more business with China amid a rising wave of protectionism. (Chinatopix via AP)

While protectionist sentiment is on the rise, Canadian businesses are being encouraged to do more with China, which appears to be in stark contrast to the message U.S. businesses are getting from the incoming Trump administration.

The experience of U.S. businesses in China is worsening. The Canadian government and businesses have to be clear on their objectives in dealing with China in order to succeed, as well as be wary and able to recognize when Chinese actions are not necessarily of long-term Canadian benefit, による Paul Frazer, president of PD Frazer Associates and a Washington-based government affairs consultant on Canada-U.S. 関係.

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s cabinet shuffle aims at strengthening Canada’s business relationship with China. その間に, president-elect Donald Trump’s tough talk on China has ranged from losses of American jobs to currency manipulation. He has appointed hardline trade representatives to continue to be tough on China.

“I don’t think that what Mr. Trump does with China will necessarily spill over negatively to what Canada would like to do with China,” Frazer said in a telephone interview. Frazer has previously served as minister of public affairs at the Canadian Embassy in Washington, as the consulate general in New York, and in Prague as ambassador to the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

Working with China is a much heavier lift.

— Paul Frazer, President, PD Frazer Associates

But Frazer seems to hold some skepticism about what Canada is trying to accomplish with China. “I’m not sure we have a clear picture of what Canada wants to do with China yet either, or how it’s going to go about trying to achieve specific objectives.”

Frazer has advocated for the Canadian government to blaze its own trail and not simply ride the coattails of the United States in international relations.

Canadian businesses realize that its biggest growth opportunities lie in China; しかしながら, the biggest challenge has been the ease with which it can do business in the United States, said Frazer. The United States has the infrastructure, rule of law, and transparency that China doesn’t.

“Working with China is a much heavier lift, as you can imagine,” Frazer said.

‘Buy America’

The rise of the protectionist spectre is not new and “Buy America” isn’t something that has just emerged recently, Frazer said. “It goes back many years and every time it’s proved to be harmful.”

With supply chains deeply integrated across Canada, the United States, メキシコ, and globally, the worry is the knee-jerk reaction to stronger calls to embed “Buy America” wherever it can be done. How that could trigger responses of a similar nature in other parts of the world, which can signal a downward spiral of increased protectionism, is something nobody wants to see, said Frazer. This would seriously threaten jobs in both Canada and the United States.

Canadian businesses have been saying that regulations and trade barriers are already hurting export growth, according to the Bank of Canada’s Business Outlook Survey released Jan. 9. “The perception of rising protectionism leads a number of businesses to maintain or build a foreign presence,” the BoC stated.

China won’t be accustomed to dealing with the likes of Trump and this could make it more eager to do business with Canada, albeit on a much smaller scale.

“Where the Canadians will have to be careful is to recognize where they may be taken advantage of, where they’re more a pawn in a bigger game,” said Frazer.

At next week’s World Economic Forum meeting in Davos, Switzerland, China will be front and centre with a “larger-than-ever” delegation headed by president Xi Jinping, “underscoring China’s determination to assume a global leadership role as other major powers are hobbled by domestic infighting,” according to a ブルームバーグ 報告する. アメリカ. presence will be minimal by historical standards.

Canada is in a vulnerable position due to its dependence on exports. The economy has been in the doldrums since late 2014 due to weak commodity prices and flagging export growth.

With the rising cost of production in China, investors may start looking elsewhere the longer it takes to establish greater transparency in regulations and the rule of law.

Some German and U.S. companies believe protectionist sentiment is rising in China. The German automakers have to use local partners to manufacture cars in China.

The most recent American Chamber of Commerce survey, conducted earlier this year, showed that regulatory obstacles are forcing a small portion of U.S. companies to move activities away from China. Eighty-three percent of tech, industrial, and natural resource sector companies are the most downbeat on Beijing’s attitude toward foreign companies. 米国. businesses in China were less profitable in China in 2015 as compared to 2014.

米国. Politics

A good deal of uncertainty faces Canadian businesses, which are in a wait-and-see mode, according to a Bloomberg interview with John Manley, president and CEO of the Business Council of Canada.

As Trump’s inauguration approaches, the focus is turning to how the administration will function.

Getting things done is not a slam dunk and the Republican Party is not really united, said Frazer. “It’s papered over at the moment because they have a president who brought them to the dance very successfully,” Frazer said.

He also said that due to the natural tension between the White House and Congress, there could be a rocky patch after Jan. 20 as a number of issues are broached—including health-care reform.

“It’s not a parliamentary system,” Frazer said. “It’s not a prime minister with a majority.

“It’s a president who has to rely on the cooperation, collaboration, and the ability to persuade the folks in Congress to do what he would like to see done.

“And they will push back.”

With additional reporting from Fan Yu

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1.6 million people in China die every year because of air pollution, so many people protect themselves using face masks. (AOL Screenshot)1.6 million people in China die every year because of air pollution, so many people protect themselves using face masks. (AOL Screenshot)

Beijing-based designer Zhijun Wang makes antipollution masks by re-purposing running shoes. So, smog masks just got more fashionable.

The evolution of smog masks can seem dystopian, but they’re an important safety precaution in China. 1.6 million people in China die every year because of air pollution.

“Every day I have to think about it. I have to wear a face mask to go outside. Is tomorrow going to be so horrifying that I won’t be able to run outside? So I thought, ‘Can I use my own approach to express how I feel about this?’” Wang said.

Runners in Beijing are particularly affected by pollution. It’s recommended that they check the Air Quality Index for smog levels, wear masks during their workout, and even skip days with unsafe pollution levels.

So as pollution gets worse and smog masks get more elaborate, it seems pretty fitting to see designer masks made from running shoes.

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