Un hombre descansa junto a una casa en Elishku en la región de Xinjiang de China occidental. Elishku fue el escenario de un choque sangriento en julio 28, 2014 entre los aldeanos que protestaban contra las restricciones del régimen chino durante el mes sagrado del Ramadán y las tropas del gobierno. (Greg Baker / AFP / Getty Images)Un hombre descansa junto a una casa en Elishku en la región de Xinjiang de China occidental. Elishku fue el escenario de un choque sangriento en julio 28, 2014 entre los aldeanos que protestaban contra las restricciones del régimen chino durante el mes sagrado del Ramadán y las tropas del gobierno. (Greg Baker / AFP / Getty Images)

Globe and Mail periodista Nathan VanderKlippe, quien fue detenido brevemente por la policía china a principios de esta semana, Dice que viajó a Elishku en la región de Xinjiang de China volátil para saber más acerca de una 2014 violento enfrentamiento entre las autoridades chinas y los uigures étnicos que grupos de exiliados dicen que dieron lugar a 2,000 muertes.

VanderKlippe, corresponsal en Pekín del globo, estaba detenido la noche del miércoles, Ago. 23, del mismo modo que llegó a Elishku. Había su ordenador portátil confiscado por la policía secreta y fue lanzado a principios del jueves por la mañana.

Al igual que en el Tíbet, Xinjiang es una región muy sensible para el régimen comunista chino debido a la insatisfacción y ocasionales protestas del grupo minoritario más de la supresión del régimen chino de sus derechos y costumbres.

El Partido Comunista de China reprime la minoría Uigur grupo de actividad religiosa islámica. Los casos incluyen la restricción de los musulmanes de la observación de Ramadán, requiriendo a los hombres a afeitarse la barba, obligando a las mujeres a quitar el velo, y coaccionar a criar cerdos, considerado impuro en la cultura musulmana.

No se sabe mucho acerca de lo sucedido de julio 28, 2014, al final de Ramadán en Elishku. cuentas oficiales de China afirman que la confrontación violenta fue en respuesta a cuchillo- y las hachas de los uigures en un alboroto, y poner la cifra oficial de muertos en cerca de 100.

líder uigur exiliada Rebiya Kadeer, sin embargo, pruebas citadas desde el suelo que al menos 2,000 Uigures habían muerto en lo que llamó una matanza. Kadeer dijo a Radio Free Asia que este era el número de bajas más alto reportado en la historia de la violencia en Xinjiang.

Kadeer dijo que la evidencia incluye “mensajes de voz grabados de la gente en el barrio y testimonios escritos sobre exactamente lo que había tenido lugar en el municipio de Elishku Yarkanda Condado durante esta masacre”.

Supresión de la información independiente de los acontecimientos es muy común en China. Todavía no hay una explicación clara del número de víctimas mortales de la 1989 matanza de Tiananmen en Beijing, con el régimen chino poniendo el número de muertos entre las 200 a 300 mientras que otras estimaciones sitúan la cifra en más de 1,000.

deterioro de las condiciones

De acuerdo a un reporte de encuesta por el Club de China, los corresponsales extranjeros (FCCC), condiciones para la prensa internacional en China siguen deteriorándose.

de la CMCC 2016 encuesta indica 98 por ciento de los periodistas extranjeros informan que las condiciones rara vez se cumplen las normas internacionales y que se enfrentan a crecientes casos de acoso, obstrucción, y la intimidación de las fuentes locales y el personal.

Cerca de 60 por ciento de los periodistas informaron de que habían experimentado personalmente algún tipo de interferencia, acoso, o violencia mientras informaba en China.

A lo largo de su encuentro con las autoridades, VanderKlippe dijo que recordaba a la policía que la ley china le permite informar y entrevistar a cualquier persona que da el consentimiento. Sin embargo, sus captores le dijeron que la ley china no se aplica a la policía secreta, y menos aún se aplica a una región sensible como Xinjiang.

VanderKlippe escribió en un informe para el Globe que su calvario ofreció “una ventana a las formas leyes de China se reducen regularmente para postes indicadores que pueden ser ignorados en el servicio de los objetivos más amplios, y las autoridades toman contorsiones para reconciliar los dos “.

“También ilumina las medidas oficiales chinos toman para suprimir cuentas no autorizadas de una región donde las duras políticas de un estado autoritario han limitado la capacidad de un pueblo minoritario para llevar a cabo la vida en sus propios términos.”

El pasado junio, Canadienses vieron un vistazo en su propio suelo de la forma en que China trata a los periodistas cuando ministro chino de Asuntos Exteriores, Wang Yi, regañó un periodista canadiense por hacer una pregunta relacionada con los derechos humanos en China durante una conferencia conjunta con el entonces ministro de Asuntos Exteriores de Canadá, Stéphane Dion en Ottawa.

En diciembre 2015, China deportado reportera francesa y el veterano periodista de China Ursula Gauthier por sus reportajes en el que denunció cobertura estatal-medios de comunicación chinos que equipara las protestas de los uigures con NOV. 15, 2015, ataques terroristas París.

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The deputy head of a provincial public security department has been arrested for bribery and abuse of power in China. Xiu Hui is now in the custody of the system he sat atop for many years where he dished out torture and severe punishment to persecuted groups.
The majority of Xiu’s victims were practitioners of Falun Gong, a traditional spiritual discipline that’s been persecuted in China since 1999.
According to state mouthpiece media People’s Daily Online, the procuratorate in Xinjiang Province announced that an investigation against Xiu was underway.
Ya que 2002, Xiu’s entire career was in public security in Xinjiang. From January 2002 to September 2010 he was party secretary and administration of re-education through labor. He then became party secretary and director of prisons until June 2013, when he was promoted to deputy head of public security.
But the crimes he is accused of are minor in comparison to the cruel torture he ordered on innocent people in his various positions, de acuerdo con Minghui.org, a website that provides up-to-date reports about the persecution of Falun Gong.
Falun Gong, a spiritual practice that teaches people to live by the principles of truthfulness, compasión, y la tolerancia, became targeted for persecution in China on July 20, 1999, when then Communist Party leader Jiang Zemin ordered a nationwide crackdown on the group.
Thousands of Falun Gong followers have been persecuted to death, and hundreds of thousands have been imprisoned in detention centers, brainwashing centers, campos de trabajo, and prisons. Countless more have been victims Before the launch of the suppression, there were an estimated 70 million Falun Gong followers in China, according to a state survey at the time.
Deaths Under Xiu’s Watch
Minghui notes 10 prominent cases of severely persecuted Falun Gong practitioners, nine to death, in labor camps under Xiu’s watch.
Ge Lijun, born in 1976, was expelled from a college in Xinjiang after the school learned he practiced Falun Gong meditation. De 1999 a 2009, Ge was sent to Ghangli City Forced Labor Camp three times for a total of six years. The last time he was released, in March 2009, he was in a poor health from being tortured with electric shocks, sleep deprivation, and other methods. Ge died three months later after local hospitals refused to treat him on order of the police and security bureau.
Niu Guifen passed away in November 2013, one year after being released from Xinjiang’s Women’s Prison. During her 4.5-year sentence, Niu was subjected to physical and psychological torture as authorities tried to coerce her into renouncing her beliefs.
Xie Zhenggong, originally an employee at Bayi Iron and Steel Company at Ürümqi, served a six-year prison at Xinjiang No. 5 Prison beginning in 2003. While incarcerated, Xie was physically abused by other inmates, who were told by prison authorities they would have their prison terms reduced if they could successfully coerce Xie into abandoning Falun Gong. Xie eventually died in March 2012 a la edad de 42.
The World Organization to Investigation the Persecution of Falun Gong (WOIPFG) has confirmed the serious human rights violations and persecution taking place at the Xinjiang No. 5 Prison.

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After gunmen claiming association with the terrorist organization ISIS wreaked havoc on Paris with homemade bombs and Kalashnikov rifles, killing at least 129, the Chinese Communist Party is attempting to leverage the incident to gain international support.
China, officials claim, also has a terrorist problem.
But experts on the Chinese region of Xinjiang home to the Uyghur Muslims say that the causes of outbursts of violence in that region bear little resemblance to extremist jihadi groups like ISIS.
The Chinese government is leveraging this situation to make Western audience accept what they say about Xinjiang.Patrick Meyers, independent researcherETH Zurich University

That did not deter China’s foreign minister, Wang Yi, from pronouncing at a Group of 20 summit on Nov. 15: “China is also a victim of terrorism, and attacking the ‘East Turkestanterrorist forces represented by the East Turkestan Islamic Movement should become an important part of international counterterrorism.
Uyghur separatists refer to Xinjiang by its former name East Turkestan.
The day priorand the day after the Nov. 13 Paris attacksseveral state-run media outlets in China posted pictures of black clad armed police storming what looked to be homes in rural Xinjiang.
“France’s Paris was hit by its worst terrorist attack in history, with hundreds dead and injured. On the other side of the world, police in China’s Xinjiang, after a 56-day pursuit, carried out a full assault on the terrorists and got great results,” read the text that followed the images.
After the article attracted a strong negative reaction, it was taken down.
“The Chinese government is leveraging this situation to make Western audience accept what they say about Xinjiang,” said Patrick Meyers, an independent researcher with ETH Zurich University in Switzerland.
“China’s accusation against Uyghurs has special political purpose: China links Uyghurs and terrorism to suppress and attack both,” said Dilxat Raxit, a spokesman with the Germany-based World Uyghur Congress, en una entrevista telefónica.
There are indeed violent outbursts in Xinjiang, Raxit said, but “Uyghurs lashing out at the Communist Party has nothing to do with international terrorism.
añadió, “Calling it ‘terrorismis to avoid the international society accusing the Communist Party of having a policy of suppression in Xinjiang.
Iron Fisted Rule
Xinjiang is a massive region in the west of China. It was invaded (“liberatedin Party discourse) by the People’s Liberation Army in 1949, and put under iron-fisted rule in which the native Uyghur population, a Turkic Muslim people, have been marginalized and repressed in their own homeland.
Uyghurs widely feel that Han people, the dominant ethnic group in China, have migrated en masse and dominated the government and society, leaving Uyghurs on the sidelines. UN 2000 census found that Uyghurs made up only 43 percent of the population as compared to 40 percent Han Chinesea stark contrast to before the communist takeover, where almost 90 percent of the population was Uyghur.
Police control is strict, and there are numerous limitations on the free exercise of religionincluding the choice to grow a beard, or fast during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan.
Uyghurs are the victim of human right oppression because in Xinjiang, there are no human rights, libertad de expresión, freedom of press, and freedom of belief.Erkin Emet, profesor, Ankara University

This May, Party authorities in Laskuy, a township in the major Xinjiang city of Hotan, even ordered restaurants and supermarkets to prominently display cigarettes and alcohol, two taboo items for Muslims.
As is the case with many minority religious and ethnic groups, the Party has sought to suppress Uyghur culture and language ever since it came to rule the territory. Por ejemplo, school children are taught solely Mandarin Chinese in classrooms, and they are forgetting their Uyghur mother tongue.
‘ReactiveAttacks in China
Uyghur groups say that it is partly in reaction to the Chinese regime’s policies that some individuals have taken up armsfive assailants stabbed 33 people to death at a train station in Yunnan Province in March 2014; five Uyghurs attacked a market in Urumqi, the capital of Xinjiang, en mayo 22, 2014, asesinato 39.
Experts look upon these outbursts as something quite different than a group like ISIS, which has an explicitly religious extremist ideology, and functions as a well-organized, well-funded terrorist outfit.
“Uyghurs are very, very angry with China’s policies there, and some groups of people are also unhappy with the situation and hence they act in a violent way,” said Meyers.
Raxit said that Uyghur violence takes place “when people can’t take it anymore,” and that “Beijing has an unshirkable responsibility.
One of the most well-known cases was the massive demonstration by thousands of Uyghurs in Urumqi, en 2009, prompted by a case of racial violence in a factory in the southern Chinese province of Guangdong.
The acts of violencestabbings at railway stations, knife or bomb attacks at marketsare “reactive events,” Meyers said, typically carried out by aggrieved Uyghur individuals or small groups. “Something small happens to them, and they form improvised groups.
On the other hand, agregó, “The events in Paris were organized and planned. They’re different in nature.
Because international news discusses terrorism and Islam on a very superficial level, the parallel the Chinese government is trying to draw “will work, and the international audience will accept it,” Meyers said.
Erkin Emet, a professor at Ankara University in Turkey who specializes in Xinjiang research and the Turkish language, said China has been linking the Uyghurs with terrorism since after the attacks on the World Trade Center on Sept. 11, 2001.
“Uyghurs are the victim of human right oppression because in Xinjiang, there are no human rights, libertad de expresión, freedom of press, and freedom of belief,” Emet said.
In his opinion, aunque, the international community won’t be convinced by the Chinese regime’s attempt to link terrorism and the Uyghursbut the Party might score a propaganda coup on home soil.
Juliet Song contributed to this report.

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