North Korean soldiers patrol next to the border fence near the town of Sinuiju across from the Chinese border town of Dandong on Feb. 10, 2016. (JOHANNES Eisele / AFP / Getty Images)North Korean soldiers patrol next to the border fence near the town of Sinuiju across from the Chinese border town of Dandong on Feb. 10, 2016. (JOHANNES Eisele / AFP / Getty Images)

BEIJING/HONG KONG — China‘s central bank has told banks to strictly implement United Nations sanctions against North Korea, four sources told Reuters, amid U.S. concerns that Beijing has not been tough enough over Pyongyang’s repeated nuclear tests.

Tensions between the United States and North Korea have ratcheted up after the sixth and most powerful nuclear test conducted by Pyongyang on Sept. 3 prompted the United Nations Security Council to impose further sanctions last week.

Chinese banks have come under scrutiny for their role as a conduit for funds flowing to and from China‘s increasingly isolated neighbor.

The sources said banks were told to stop providing financial services to new North Korean customers and to wind down loans with existing customers, following tighter sanctions against Pyongyang by the United Nations.

US Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley (R) speaks with China’s Ambassador to the United Nations Liu Jieyi before voting on a US-drafted resolution toughening sanctions on North Korea, at the United Nations Headquarters in New York, el ago. 5, 2017. (EDUARDO MUNOZ ALVAREZ/AFP/Getty Images)

The sources said lenders were asked to fully implement United Nations sanctions against North Korea and were warned of the economic losses and reputational risks if they did not do so.

Chinese banks received the document on Monday, the sources said.

China‘s central bank did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

“At present, management of North Korea-related business has become an issue of national-level politics and national security,” according to the document seen by the sources.

The document directed banks to explain to any North Korean customers that “our bank is fulfilling our international obligations and implementing United Nations sanctions against North Korea. As such, we refuse to handle any individual loans connected to North Korea.”

The document did not specify whether existing North Korean account holders could still deposit or remove money from their accounts.

Frustrated that China had not done more to rein in North Korea, the Trump administration considered new sanctions in July on small Chinese banks and other firms doing business with Pyongyang, two senior U.S. officials told Reuters.

China‘s Big Four state-owned banks have stopped providing financial services to new North Korean clients, Reuters reported last week, with some measures beginning as early as the end of last year.

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The photo shows rights activists performing the roles of Chinese police and North Korean refugees outside the Chinese Embassy in Seoul on Feb. 21, 2012 during a rally demanding that Beijing scrap plans to repatriate arrested refugees from North Korea. The Chinese regime has intensified its crackdown on North Koreans who attempt to escape the Kim regime through China. (JUNG YEON-JE/AFP/Getty Images)The photo shows rights activists performing the roles of Chinese police and North Korean refugees outside the Chinese Embassy in Seoul on Feb. 21, 2012 during a rally demanding that Beijing scrap plans to repatriate arrested refugees from North Korea. The Chinese regime has intensified its crackdown on North Koreans who attempt to escape the Kim regime through China. (JUNG YEON-JE/AFP/Getty Images)

North Koreans who attempt to escape the brutal Kim regime through China are increasingly being apprehended by the Chinese regime and deported back, according to reports. Those who were forcefully returned face certain imprisonment, tortura, and even execution.

Human Rights Watch estimated that in July and August alone China apprehended 41 North Koreans attempting to flee their home country by crossing over into and through China, a steep increase from the 51 who are known to have been caught the entire previous year, from July 2016 to June 2017. North Korean escapees were caught in various locations inside China from the North Korea-China border all the way to Lao-China border in Yunnan Province.

The fact that North Koreans were being caught as far away as Yunnan means that some of them traveled thousands of miles inside China and were a short distance away from freedom before the Chinese regime’s security apparatus sealed their fate.

The intensified crackdown on North Korean escapees likely started in July, as China arrested a number of local guides that help North Koreans pass through China. As news of the crackdown spread, guides and activists within the existing “rescue network” became more reluctant to take the risk of transporting unfamiliar escapees as they were fearful of being betrayed to the Chinese authorities.

A North Korean soldier stands guard on a boat with locals on the Yalu River near the town of Sinuiju across from the Chinese border town of Dandong on Feb. 9, 2016. (JOHANNES Eisele / AFP / Getty Images)

A North Korean soldier stands guard on a boat with locals on the Yalu River near the town of Sinuiju across from the Chinese border town of Dandong on Feb. 9, 2016. (JOHANNES Eisele / AFP / Getty Images)

Among the 92 North Korean escapees that were caught since June 2016, solamente 46 are still in Chinese custody and the rest have been deported back to North Korea, according to Human Rights Watch. The North Korean regime imposes severe punishment on those attempting to escape the country. Most would be imprisoned in concentration camps and face torture and abuse, and some of them would be executed, according to Human Rights Watch.

The deportation of North Korean refugees back to North Korea has been identified as a violation of the 1951 UN Refugee Convention and its accompanying 1967 Protocol. China is a signatory country for both. Artículo 33 of the Convention, also known as the principle of non-refoulement, prohibits countries from expelling or returning a refugee where “his life or freedom would be threatened on account of his race, religión, nacionalidad, membership of a particular social group or political opinion.”

The Chinese regime considers North Korean refugees only as “illegal economic migrants” rather than refugees or asylum seekers, despite the fact that these North Koreans are internationally recognized as refugees who would face severe persecution upon return.

North Korea has also stepped up its own efforts to crackdown on defections. In a recent report, South Korea’s Ministry of Unification said that 780 North Koreans eventually reached safety in the South between January and August, a significant decline from the same period one year previously, el Telegraph reportado.

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A general view of New Zealand’s Parliament House in Wellington in this file photo. (Hagen Hopkins/Getty Images)A general view of New Zealand’s Parliament House in Wellington in this file photo. (Hagen Hopkins/Getty Images)

A Chinese-born MP from New Zealand’s ruling National Party has come under scrutiny for his former career teaching spies in China and his membership in the Chinese Communist Party. And while he is dismissing his background as being any reason for concern, those familiar with the inner workings of Beijing’s politics and intelligence activities are telling a different story.

The case is the latest episode in a series of recent events raising questions about Chinese influence in the internal affairs of Western democracies such as Australia, Canadá, y los Estados Unidos.

Last week, New Zealand’s Newsroom y el Financial Times, which had conducted a joint investigation into MP Jian Yang, released reports that Yang had attracted the interest of the country’s Security Intelligence Service for his links to China’s military academies.

Yang studied and then worked for several years at elite military academic institutions, including the PLA Air Force Engineering College and the Luoyang Foreign Language Institute.

He first became a member of New Zealand’s parliament in 2011 and was part of different committees at different periods of time, among them foreign affairs, defensa, and trade. He currently remains a parliamentary private secretary for ethnic affairs.

Yang has been a major fundraiser in the Chinese community for the National Party, and has, as the Financial Times put it, “big-spending anonymous donors.” The reference is to a 2016 fundraiser with then-Prime Minister John Key, in which six unnamed Chinese donors donated a total of $100,000 to a bid to change New Zealand’s flag, de acuerdo a local media reports. The donors wanted the Union Jack removed from the New Zealand flag because of the past China-Britain history.

New Zealand MP Jian Yang (New Zealand Parliament)

Speaking to reporters after the reports on his past emerged, Yang said he taught English language and American studies while at the Chinese military academies, adding that some of his students were trained to collect, monitor, and interpret information, according to The Associated Press.

Refuting “any allegations that question” his loyalty to New Zealand, Yang said he is a victim of a racist smear campaign.

“Although I was not born here I am proud to call myself a New Zealander, obey our laws, and contribute to this country,” he told reporters.

Yang said the military system has both ranking and non-ranking officers who are called civilians, and that he was one of the civilians.

“If you define those cadets, or students, as spies, sí, then I was teaching spies," él dijo. “I can understand that people can be concerned because they do not understand the Chinese system,”, Agregó, according to The Associated Press. “But once they understand the system, they should be assured that this is nothing, really, you should be concerned about.”

But it is precisely those who have a good understanding of the political system in China, including a defector who used to work for the same regime as Yang, who are sounding the alarm.

Military Background

Yonglin Chen was the first secretary at the Chinese consulate in Sydney, Australia, until he defected in 2005. He was in charge of the consulate’s political department, tasked with overseeing and interfering with the members of the Chinese community overseas.

Chen says Yang’s background with the Chinese military is not something that can be ignored.

According to Chen, someone who graduates from the PLA Air Force Engineering College holds the rank of a lieutenant; and if he graduates from the Luoyang Foreign Language Institute with a Master’s degree, he at least holds the rank of captain.

Speaking to the Chinese edition of The Epoch Times, Chen said Chinese military academy students and faculty are “completely brainwashed” and New Zealanders ought to be cautious when it comes to people with a background in the military.

Anne-Marie Brady, a professor at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand and a global fellow at the Wilson Center, writes in a paper that the People’s Liberation Army “would not have allowed anyone with Yang Jian’s military intelligence background to go overseas to study—unless they had official permission.”

Chinese Student Associations

Before coming to New Zealand and taking an academic position at the University of Auckland, Yang was a graduate student at the Australian National University (ANU) in Canberra. According to an “entrevista exclusiva” he gave to a Chinese-language publication, while at ANU he was chairman of the Chinese Student and Scholars Association (CSSA).

CSSAs, which are found on many campuses outside China including New Zealand, Australia, Canadá, REINO UNIDO., y los Estados Unidos, are known by researchers as extensions of China’s overseas diplomatic apparatus and are used to control Chinese students abroad.

The “acerca de” section on the Facebook page of the CSSA at ANU says in Chinese that the association is “supported by the Chinese Embassy in Australia. los website of the CSSA at the University of Canberra says in Chinese that the Association is “under the administration of the Chinese Embassy in Australia.”

According Brady, CSSAs are “one of the main means the Chinese authorities use to guide Chinese students and scholars on short-term study abroad.”

Americans were treated to a not-so-secret experience of CSSAs’ mission earlier this year when the CSSA at the University of California–San Diego rallied Chinese students to stop a scheduled speech of the Dalai Lama, Tibet’s spiritual leader, at the university. The CSSA published a statement on WeChat (a Chinese instant messaging platform) that states, “the Chinese Student and Scholar Association has asked the Chinese Consulate in Los Angeles for instructions and, having received the instructions, is going to implement them.”

After defecting, Chen explained how the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) uses overseas student and community groups acting as front organizations to influence Western government officials and societies.

“The control of the overseas Chinese community has been a consistent strategy of the Chinese Communist Party and is the result of painstaking planning and management for dozens of years,” he said in a past interview. “It’s not just in Australia. It is done this way in other countries like the U.S. and Canada, too.”

Many of the CCP’s overseas espionage and initiatives to exert influence are organized by the United Front Department and the Overseas Chinese Affairs Office, Chen said.

Brady explains that the United Front takes its origin from a “Leninist tactic of strategic alliances.”

“United front activities incorporates working with groups and prominent individuals in society; information management and propaganda; and it has also frequently been a means of facilitating espionage,” she writes.

De acuerdo a Michel Juneau-Katsuya, former chief of Asia-Pacific for the Canadian Security Intelligence Service, the CCP has set up several organizations such as the National Congress of Chinese Canadians (NCCC) to act as its “agents of influence” in Canada. He said the CCP exerts influence among the Chinese diaspora and the broader public in other countries through similar organizations. The NCCC has strongly denied being a front for a foreign communist power.

“What is very important [para china] is to have certain organizations that become agents of influence of their own within the community, to be capable to identify first the dissidents, and be capable after that to lobby very much the local government of any country,” Juneau-Katsuya said.

Influence

A principios de este año, the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation warned the country’s major political parties against taking millions in donations from individuals with close links to the Chinese regime, as this would make the nation vulnerable to Beijing’s influence.

The issue of China’s campaign to infiltrate and influence Australia, including shaping government policies and exerting influence over the Chinese community and media in Australia, were given more extensive attention in the press earlier this year. There has since been calls for banning donations from foreign sources to political parties.

In Canada, much of what happened in Australia with million-dollar donations would already be illegal due to legislated donation limits, at least on a federal level. Sin embargo, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau was last year criticized by opposition parties for attending cash-for-access fundraisers attended by wealthy people from the Chinese-Canadian community, one of whom had an ongoing business initiative needing government approval. One of these events was attended by Zhang Bin, a political adviser to the Chinese government, according to The Globe and Mail. Trudeau ended the controversial cash-for-access fundraisers early this year.

In her paper, Brady lists several CCP policies that aim to gain control over foreign nations. Among them: appoint foreigners with access to political power to high profile roles in Chinese companies or Chinese-funded entities in the host country; co-opt foreign academics, entrepreneurs, and politicians to promote China’s perspective in the media and academia; the use of mergers, acquisitions, and partnerships with foreign companies, universidades, and research centres in order to acquire local identities that enhance influence activities; and potentially, access to military technology, commercial secrets, and other strategic information.

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Chinese students studying inside a building at a university in Beijing on May 30, 2013. (Wang Zhao / AFP / Getty Images)Chinese students studying inside a building at a university in Beijing on May 30, 2013. (Wang Zhao / AFP / Getty Images)

One of Beijing’s most popular tourist destinations, a library nestled within a natural landscape, was recently shut down by the authorities due to its collection containing pirated books.

The Liyuan Library is located on the outskirts of the city in the village of Huairou. En 2014, it won a major international architecture design award for its incorporation of the natural surroundings and public service to the local community. The building’s exterior is covered in firewood to let in subtle natural light, while the interior is framed by timber beams.

The library is frequented by thousands of visitors a year, and made it to Business Insider’s lista of the world’s greatest libraries.

But an online post published on Sept. 19 to WeChat, China’s popular text messaging service, revealed that books in the library were actually counterfeit copies.

The post author uploaded screenshots of the books, which included a pirated copy of the Chinese version of “Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince” with text in jumbled Chinese and English. In one passage, the text contained a message in Chinese seemingly from the translator: “How do you translate this sentence??? Can someone help?"

(Screenshot via WeChat/Zuo Shu)

(Screenshot via WeChat/Zuo Shu)

A copy of a popular Chinese novel, “White Deer Plain,” listed different publishers on its cover and inside page.

The library soon issued a declaración on WeChat, explaining that most of its collection are publicly donated books. En 2013, the library launched an event where readers could take a book from its collection if they donated three to the library. Como resultado, many of the collection’s legal copies were taken, while pirated books were added, according to the statement.

The same day the online post appeared, el Noticias de Beijing newspaper reported that the authorities temporarily shut the library down.

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  • Autor: <a href="http://www.theepochtimes.com/n3/author/annie-wu-2/" rel="author">Annie Wu</un>, <a href="http://www.theepochtimes.com/" title="Epoch Times" rel="publisher">época</un>
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los ejercicios de Falun Gong en la Plaza Dag Hammarskjold, cerca de la sede de las Naciones Unidas en Nueva York de sept. 19, 2017, para crear conciencia sobre la persecución dentro de China que se encuentra ahora en su 18 año.  (Benjamin Chasteen / La Gran Época)los ejercicios de Falun Gong en la Plaza Dag Hammarskjold, cerca de la sede de las Naciones Unidas en Nueva York de sept. 19, 2017, para crear conciencia sobre la persecución dentro de China que se encuentra ahora en su 18 año.  (Benjamin Chasteen / La Gran Época)

NUEVA YORK-Que acababan de llegar a los Estados Unidos hace un poco más de una semana, pero que estaban listos para decirle al mundo acerca de lo que soportaron.

Por delante de la Asamblea General de las Naciones Unidas en Nueva York, dos hermanas de China se unió a un grupo de unos 80 meditando manifestantes fuera del U.N. edificio. Rui y Xing son practicantes de Falun Dafa, una práctica espiritual que el régimen chino en gran medida ha perseguido desde 1999. Se les pide que usen seudónimos por miedo a las repercusiones de sus padres que viven en China, que también practicar Falun Dafa (también conocido como Falun Gong).

Rui Xing y eran simplemente 11 y 8 años de edad cuando su padre fue detenido y condenado a prisión por 14 un año y medio de su fe en la antigua disciplina budista. Al sentirse amenazado por la creciente popularidad de Falun Dafa en China alcance 100 millones de practicantes en su pico, según fuentes Falun Gong, o 70 millones de acuerdo con una encuesta realizada por el Estado, las autoridades comunistas lanzaron una campaña sistemática en 1999 para erradicar la práctica.

los ejercicios de Falun Gong en la Plaza Dag Hammarskjold, cerca de la sede de las Naciones Unidas en Nueva York de sept. 19, 2017, para crear conciencia sobre la persecución dentro de China que se encuentra ahora en su 18 año.  (Benjamin Chasteen / La Gran Época)

los ejercicios de Falun Gong en la Plaza Dag Hammarskjold, cerca de la sede de las Naciones Unidas en Nueva York de sept. 19, 2017, para crear conciencia sobre la persecución dentro de China que se encuentra ahora en su 18 año. (Benjamin Chasteen / La Gran Época)

En su casa, en Gansu, una región central de China,, Rui Xing y recuerdan a la policía local de irrumpir y mantenerlos bajo vigilancia casa, vigilar de custodia 24/7 durante semanas. Seis años después, su madre también fue detenido y condenado a prisión. Esta vez, la policía también se alistó administradores y profesores de la escuela de Rui a espiarla. 17 y 14 años, fueron dejados a su suerte, con la ayuda de algunos practicantes de Falun Dafa que vivían cerca. Rui Xing y se les dijo que no podían solicitar préstamos de estudiantes universitarios.

“Queremos decirle a los delegados de China para detener la persecución, de manera que los practicantes en China pueden creer libremente. Son personas que conocemos, personas que siguen sufriendo,”Dijo Rui en chino.

practicantes meditan para crear conciencia sobre la persecución dentro de China que se encuentra ahora en su 18 año en la Plaza Dag Hammarskjold, cerca de la sede de las Naciones Unidas en Nueva York, mientras que los líderes mundiales se reúnen de sept. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / La Gran Época)

practicantes meditan para crear conciencia sobre la persecución dentro de China que se encuentra ahora en su 18 año en la Plaza Dag Hammarskjold, cerca de la sede de las Naciones Unidas en Nueva York, mientras que los líderes mundiales se reúnen de sept. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / La Gran Época)

A pesar de los fuertes vientos el martes, los practicantes de Falun Dafa fuera de la U.N. Llegamos temprano en la mañana para comenzar su protesta silenciosa. La mayoría eran o bien realizar los ejercicios o sosteniendo firmemente a sus banderas desplegadas que amenazaba con colapsar contra el viento, con mensajes impresos como “el mundo necesita la verdad, compasión, tolerancia”tres principios-y céntricas de La Fe por‘llevar Jiang Zemin a la justicia’en Inglés y Chino. Jiang era el líder de China que inició la persecución.

Wang Luorui, un practicante que había sido detenido 11 tiempos en China, dijo que espera que el presidente estadounidense Donald Trump ejercerá presión sobre China para llevar a Jiang a la justicia. “Permitirá a Falun Gong para llevar a los valores universales de la veracidad, compasión, y la tolerancia a la población china," ella dijo.

practicantes meditan para crear conciencia sobre la persecución dentro de China que se encuentra ahora en su 18 año en la Plaza Dag Hammarskjold, cerca de la sede de las Naciones Unidas en Nueva York, mientras que los líderes mundiales se reúnen de sept. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / La Gran Época)

practicantes meditan para crear conciencia sobre la persecución dentro de China que se encuentra ahora en su 18 año en la Plaza Dag Hammarskjold, cerca de la sede de las Naciones Unidas en Nueva York, mientras que los líderes mundiales se reúnen de sept. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / La Gran Época)

Wang Cun Ling, un practicante de Shanghai, dijo que su fe le ayudó a convertirse en un maestro responsable y solidaria que fue mentor de muchos estudiantes en China que aplicaron con éxito a las mejores universidades. Con la influencia que el U.N. tiene el mundo, que espera para transmitir el mensaje a todas las personas que Falun Dafa es bueno. “Queremos decirle a la gente la verdad [sobre Falun Gong] en una tranquila, manera compasiva," ella dijo.

practicantes meditan para crear conciencia sobre la persecución dentro de China que se encuentra ahora en su 18 año en la Plaza Dag Hammarskjold, cerca de la sede de las Naciones Unidas en Nueva York, mientras que los líderes mundiales se reúnen de sept. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / La Gran Época)

practicantes meditan para crear conciencia sobre la persecución dentro de China que se encuentra ahora en su 18 año en la Plaza Dag Hammarskjold, cerca de la sede de las Naciones Unidas en Nueva York, mientras que los líderes mundiales se reúnen de sept. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / La Gran Época)
practicantes meditan para crear conciencia sobre la persecución dentro de China que se encuentra ahora en su 18 año en la Plaza Dag Hammarskjold, cerca de la sede de las Naciones Unidas en Nueva York, mientras que los líderes mundiales se reúnen de sept. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / La Gran Época)

practicantes meditan para crear conciencia sobre la persecución dentro de China que se encuentra ahora en su 18 año en la Plaza Dag Hammarskjold, cerca de la sede de las Naciones Unidas en Nueva York, mientras que los líderes mundiales se reúnen de sept. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / La Gran Época)
practicantes de Falun Gong sostienen pancartas y realizar ejercicios para aumentar la conciencia sobre la persecución dentro de China que se encuentra ahora en su 18 año en la Plaza Dag Hammarskjold, cerca de la sede de las Naciones Unidas en Nueva York de sept. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / La Gran Época)

practicantes de Falun Gong sostienen pancartas y realizar ejercicios para aumentar la conciencia sobre la persecución dentro de China que se encuentra ahora en su 18 año en la Plaza Dag Hammarskjold, cerca de la sede de las Naciones Unidas en Nueva York de sept. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / La Gran Época)

FD-A-20170919-Benjamin-chasteen0206

practicantes de Falun Gong sostienen pancartas y realizar ejercicios para aumentar la conciencia sobre la persecución dentro de China que se encuentra ahora en su 18 año en la Plaza Dag Hammarskjold, cerca de la sede de las Naciones Unidas en Nueva York de sept. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / La Gran Época)

practicantes de Falun Gong sostienen pancartas y realizar ejercicios para aumentar la conciencia sobre la persecución dentro de China que se encuentra ahora en su 18 año en la Plaza Dag Hammarskjold, cerca de la sede de las Naciones Unidas en Nueva York de sept. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / La Gran Época)
practicantes meditan para crear conciencia sobre la persecución dentro de China que se encuentra ahora en su 18 año en la Plaza Dag Hammarskjold, cerca de la sede de las Naciones Unidas en Nueva York, mientras que los líderes mundiales se reúnen de sept. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / La Gran Época)

practicantes meditan para crear conciencia sobre la persecución dentro de China que se encuentra ahora en su 18 año en la Plaza Dag Hammarskjold, cerca de la sede de las Naciones Unidas en Nueva York, mientras que los líderes mundiales se reúnen de sept. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / La Gran Época)
practicantes de Falun Gong sostienen pancartas y realizar ejercicios para aumentar la conciencia sobre la persecución dentro de China que se encuentra ahora en su 18 año en la Plaza Dag Hammarskjold, cerca de la sede de las Naciones Unidas en Nueva York de sept. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / La Gran Época)

practicantes de Falun Gong sostienen pancartas y realizar ejercicios para aumentar la conciencia sobre la persecución dentro de China que se encuentra ahora en su 18 año en la Plaza Dag Hammarskjold, cerca de la sede de las Naciones Unidas en Nueva York de sept. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / La Gran Época)
practicantes meditan para crear conciencia sobre la persecución dentro de China que se encuentra ahora en su 18 año en la Plaza Dag Hammarskjold, cerca de la sede de las Naciones Unidas en Nueva York, mientras que los líderes mundiales se reúnen de sept. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / La Gran Época)

practicantes meditan para crear conciencia sobre la persecución dentro de China que se encuentra ahora en su 18 año en la Plaza Dag Hammarskjold, cerca de la sede de las Naciones Unidas en Nueva York, mientras que los líderes mundiales se reúnen de sept. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / La Gran Época)
practicantes de Falun Gong sostienen pancartas y realizar ejercicios para aumentar la conciencia sobre la persecución dentro de China que se encuentra ahora en su 18 año en la Plaza Dag Hammarskjold, cerca de la sede de las Naciones Unidas en Nueva York de sept. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / La Gran Época)

practicantes de Falun Gong sostienen pancartas y realizar ejercicios para aumentar la conciencia sobre la persecución dentro de China que se encuentra ahora en su 18 año en la Plaza Dag Hammarskjold, cerca de la sede de las Naciones Unidas en Nueva York de sept. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / La Gran Época)
practicantes de Falun Gong sostienen pancartas y realizar ejercicios para aumentar la conciencia sobre la persecución dentro de China que se encuentra ahora en su 18 año en la Plaza Dag Hammarskjold, cerca de la sede de las Naciones Unidas en Nueva York de sept. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / La Gran Época)

practicantes de Falun Gong sostienen pancartas y realizar ejercicios para aumentar la conciencia sobre la persecución dentro de China que se encuentra ahora en su 18 año en la Plaza Dag Hammarskjold, cerca de la sede de las Naciones Unidas en Nueva York de sept. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / La Gran Época)
los ejercicios de Falun Gong en la Plaza Dag Hammarskjold, cerca de la sede de las Naciones Unidas en Nueva York de sept. 19, 2017, para crear conciencia sobre la persecución dentro de China que se encuentra ahora en su 18 año. (Benjamin Chasteen / La Gran Época)

los ejercicios de Falun Gong en la Plaza Dag Hammarskjold, cerca de la sede de las Naciones Unidas en Nueva York de sept. 19, 2017, para crear conciencia sobre la persecución dentro de China que se encuentra ahora en su 18 año. (Benjamin Chasteen / La Gran Época)
practicantes de Falun Gong sostienen pancartas y realizar ejercicios para aumentar la conciencia sobre la persecución dentro de China que se encuentra ahora en su 18 año en la Plaza Dag Hammarskjold, cerca de la sede de las Naciones Unidas en Nueva York de sept. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / La Gran Época)

practicantes de Falun Gong sostienen pancartas y realizar ejercicios para aumentar la conciencia sobre la persecución dentro de China que se encuentra ahora en su 18 año en la Plaza Dag Hammarskjold, cerca de la sede de las Naciones Unidas en Nueva York de sept. 19, 2017. (Benjamin Chasteen / La Gran Época)
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Xue holds a notebook declaring that she withdraws from the Chinese Communist Party on Sept. 8, 2017. (RFA)Xue holds a notebook declaring that she withdraws from the Chinese Communist Party on Sept. 8, 2017. (RFA)

The career of an Olympic doctor—who had blazed a trail to success at an early age—came to a screeching halt when she refused to inject the top Chinese gymnasts with steroids. After almost two decades of mistreatment, she is seeking asylum in Germany and has severed all ties with the Chinese Communist Party.

Xue Yinxian, 79, was born in a revolutionary family, and her early life as a privileged “second generation red”—child of veteran officials—went just as expected.

In her 20s, she entered the General Administration of Sport of China, the country’s top sports bureau. She later became the personal doctor for Olympians such as Li Ning, known in China as “Prince of Gymnastics,” and Lou Yun, a two-time gold medalist at the Olympic Games in 1984 y 1988. She was also the chief doctor overseeing the 11 national teams.

Everything changed in the late 1970s when a wave of state-sponsored doping hit China’s sports scene. Sports doctor Chen Zhanghao had been sent to study the advantages of stimulants and returned to China proclaiming their power to combat fatigue.

Shortly afterwards, Xue said all athletes were required to take the drugs.

The state sports bureau later established a research team on doping, which Chen led.

Xue said athletes were often not told what they were injected with—steroids and growth hormones were referred to as “special nutritional medicine” and promoted across the country as a part of “scientific training.”

“The campaign ruined our nation’s athletes for life,” Xue said.

As a physician, Xue saw the danger of stimulants more clearly than most of her contemporaries. She said the side effects included severe liver damage and brittle bones, as well as liver and brain cancer. But the teenage girl athletes paid the steepest price.

“The ‘powerful energizer’ did get them through the door to the professional team.” Xue said. “I saw some like that—she broke the provincial records…but now she is penniless and has mental problems.”

What bothered Xue most was the lack of drug regulations. “At least on the national team there were medical doctors watching them taking doses and taking responsibility for it, but who cared about the regional teams?"

Li Ning during the XXIII Olympic Summer Games at the Edwin W. Pauley Pavilion in Los Angeles, California, on 4th August 1984. (Trevor Jones/Getty Images)

Li Ning during the XXIII Olympic Summer Games at the Edwin W. Pauley Pavilion in Los Angeles, California, on 4th August 1984. (Trevor Jones/Getty Images)

En julio 1988, two months before the Seoul Olympic Games, Xue was asked to inject gymnast Li Ning with performance-enhancing drugs.

She declined and retaliation followed swiftly.

While cooperative doctors enjoyed lucrative rewards and promotion, Xue was removed from her post. Her email and phone were monitored. A police car was permanently parked outside of her home.

“Li Ning is a celebrity,” she had told officials.” If this should be found out, it’s not only you, me, and Li Ning who would lose face, our national image would be gone as well.”

“What the sports committee wanted were champions, not athletes,” Li Ning told Southern Weekly en 2012.

Before the 2008 Beijing Olympics, she got a visit from the vice director of the state sports bureau, who warned her not to “say anything unfavorable against the nation,” according to Yang Weidong, Xue’s son and a contemporary artist.

Xue’s husband, who had just had brain surgery, got into a physical confrontation with the official, during which he fell to the ground and again wounded his head. He died three months later.

En 2012, Xue gave an interview to Australia’s Fairfax Media in which she blew the whistle on China’s state-enforced doping, the first time the regime had been directly implicated in the practice.

Seeking Asylum

Xue has suffered two strokes, and once lost her ability to speak. When she sought treatment at Beijing Hospital and China-Japan Friendship Hospital, two of the major state-run hospitals in Beijing, she received nothing more than examinations.

“For two years they wouldn’t treat my mom,” said Yang Weidong, Xue’s son and a contemporary artist. “The hospitals didn’t specify the reasons, but whenever we arrived at the hospital, the police would also be there.”

Before Xue was allowed to leave the country to seek medical help, her home was searched as the police attempted to find the 68 work journals that Xue wrote as a medical doctor—journals that help document her allegations of state-sponsored doping.

The police were a step too late: months earlier Xue’s family had transported the journals overseas.

Xue escaped to Germany in June with her her son and daughter-in-law, and applied for asylum. All three were transferred to a refugee camp in Mannheim on Aug. 29.

Xue Yinxian in 1988. (foto de archivo)

Xue Yinxian in 1988. (foto de archivo)

Xue told Radio Free Asia that she had stopped paying Party membership dues after her husband’s death. de sept. 8, 2017, she had a picture taken of her holding a notebook on which she had written, "Xue Yinxian declares: [I] withdraw from the Chinese Communist Party. Dated 9.8.2017.”

With that gesture, Xue cut her last ties to the Chinese regime. Hasta la fecha, alrededor 280 million Chinese have chosen to repudiate their connections with the Party and its affiliated organizations.

en agosto. 28, the abuse Xue has fought against was again in the news. The Court of Arbitration for Sport confirmed that two Chinese weightlifters were guilty of doping and stripped them of the gold medals they had won at the 2008 Beijing Olympics.

The finding against the two weightlifters is the latest instance of the doping scandal that has shaken Olympic sports. Retesting of samples from the 2008 y 2012 Olympics in Beijing and London found about 50 doping cases and at least 25 medals were voided—most cases were involved athletes from the former Soviet Union, de acuerdo con la Associated Press.

China, one of the top countries in weightlifting, won seven medals at the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro, including five gold.

Additional reporting by Chang Chun and Zhang Ting.

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Estados Unidos Representante Comercial Robert Lighthizer dijo el lunes que las prácticas comerciales de manipulación de China y el modelo económico representan una “amenaza sin precedentes’. (Paul Huang / La Gran Época)Estados Unidos Representante Comercial Robert Lighthizer dijo el lunes que las prácticas comerciales de manipulación de China y el modelo económico representan una “amenaza sin precedentes’. (Paul Huang / La Gran Época)

prácticas comerciales de manipulación de China y modelo económico representan una “amenaza sin precedentes” a la economía basada en el mercado mundial y U.S. intereses, dijo el titular representante comercial de Estados Unidos Robert Lighthizer en un discurso el lunes.

Fue el primer discurso público importante dado por Lighthizer, un crítico a largo plazo de las prácticas comerciales de China contra Estados Unidos. Lighthizer a una multitud de más de un centenar en el Centro de Estudios Estratégicos e Internacionales que China representa un desafío para la administración que es “sustancialmente más difícil que los que enfrentó en el pasado.”

“La magnitud de los esfuerzos coordinados para desarrollar su economía, subsidiar, para crear ‘campeones nacionales,’Para forzar la transferencia de tecnología, y para destruir el mercado, en China y en todo el mundo, es una amenaza para el sistema de comercio mundial que no tiene precedentes,”Dijo Lighthizer.

Lighthizer se refería a los cientos, si no miles de empresas estatales chinas (SOE) que están institucionalmente protegida y promovida por el régimen chino, por lo tanto, conocido como los “campeones nacionales” de la economía china.

No sólo las empresas estatales chinas reciben una amplia protección contra el régimen chino contra la competencia extranjera, También suelen ser los culpables de robar tecnología y otras propiedades intelectuales de empresas extranjeras. Un gran número de empresas estadounidenses han sido víctimas de este tipo de tácticas abusivas por parte de los chinos, que se ha traducido en la pérdida masiva de empleos por parte de los trabajadores estadounidenses, de acuerdo con Lighthizer y muchos otros críticos de las prácticas comerciales de China.

“Por desgracia, la Organización Mundial del Comercio no está equipado para hacer frente a este problema,”Dijo Lighthizer, “La OMC y sus predecesores, el GATT (GATT), no fueron diseñados para manejar con éxito el mercantilismo en esta escala “.

“Tenemos que encontrar otras maneras de defender nuestras empresas, trabajadores, agricultores, y de hecho, nuestro sistema económico,”Dijo Lighthizer, “Tenemos que encontrar la manera de asegurar nuestra economía basada en el mercado prevalece.”

Los buques de carga atraque en un puerto de Qingdao, Provincia de Shandong, este de China de junio 8, 2016. (STR / AFP / Getty Images)

prácticas comerciales abusivas por parte de las empresas estatales de China han causado un daño significativo a las compañías estadounidenses y serán tratados por la administración Trump, de acuerdo con U.S. Representante Comercial Robert Lighthizer. Foto que muestra la carga de los buques amarrados en un puerto de Qingdao, China. (STR / AFP / Getty Images)

Lighthizer no reveló detalles de la investigación en curso sobre el presunto robo de propiedad intelectual de China, un proceso que era empezado por el presidente de Trump el ago. 14. reveló, sin embargo, que los investigadores reciben “una gran cantidad de quejas” de los ejecutivos de empresas estadounidenses que se vieron afectadas por las prácticas abusivas de los chinos, con muchos quejándose de que se vieron obligados a abandonar su tecnología y secretos corporativos a sus competidores chinos.

Trump Continúa postura con respecto

El comentario de Lighthizer el lunes representa la última señal de que la promesa de campaña de Trump de una política comercial de línea dura contra China se mantiene firme, a pesar de la salida el ago. 19 de la Casa Blanca, jefe de estrategias de Steve Bannon, que fue ampliamente cree que es el principal defensor de la administración de una postura de línea dura contra China.

Lighthizer no es el único “halcón comercio” dentro de la administración de Trump. Peter Navarro, un economista que también es conocido por abierta crítica del régimen chino y de las prácticas comerciales de China contra Estados Unidos, fue seleccionado por el presidente Donald Trump para dirigir el recién creado Consejo Nacional de Comercio y se cree que está jugando un papel clave en la formación de las políticas comerciales de la administración Trump.

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TORONTO-El documental “The Hustle de China,”Que se estrenó recientemente en el Festival Internacional de Cine de Toronto, muestra cómo cientos de empresas chinas que cotizan en las bolsas de valores de América del Norte pueden causar mil millones de pérdidas para los inversores debido a la falta de supervisión adecuada.

Estas firmas chinas entran en la U.S. mercado de valores a través de adquisiciones inversas con empresas estadounidenses y los ingresos de informe y activos que no tienen una base de la realidad, inflar tanto valor de las acciones de las empresas.

Hacer una historia sobre las transacciones financieras complejas para el espectador todos los días era uno de los mayores desafíos que enfrentan los Jed Rothstein, director de “The China prisa.”

“Los delitos financieros son por su naturaleza muy compleja; su complejidad es lo que permite el fraude,”Dijo Rothstein, el productor / director detrás de “Antes de la primavera después de la caída” y “Killing in the Name”.

“Tratamos de hacerlo lo más fácil de entender como sea posible sin dejar de hacer seguro de que es preciso. ... Así que ese es el desafío,”Dijo el realizador en una entrevista.

Jed Rothstein, el director de “The China Hustle”, se sienta para una entrevista con La Gran Época de sept. 9, 2017 durante el Festival Internacional de Cine de Toronto. (Becky Zhou / La Gran Época)

Entre los participantes en el mercado aparecen en el documental es Carson Block, fundador de la firma de investigación de inversiones Muddy Waters, el cual jugó un papel decisivo en el colapso de las EET-enumerado Sino-Forest, una empresa forestal con demandas de operaciones masivas en China.

En julio, la Comisión de Valores de Ontario dictaminó que Sino-Forest y varios de sus ejecutivos defraudó a los inversores y engañó a los investigadores.

Bloquear y otros investigadores aparecen en el documental utilizado equipos de investigación para la creación de cámaras e incluso realizar visitas a las instalaciones secretas de operaciones de las empresas chinas que cotizan en la Bolsa de Nueva York, a menudo con gran riesgo para los miembros del equipo.

Uno de los investigadores, Chino-canadiense Kun Huang, fue encarcelado durante dos años en China después de la firma trabajó para cuestionado las afirmaciones de producción de SILVERCORP Metals Inc., una empresa con sede en Vancouver, con operaciones en China. Huang ha puesto en marcha una demanda contra SILVERCORP, alegando que en connivencia con las autoridades locales en China para que lo arresten.

“Creo que hay una gran cantidad de oportunidades para invertir y ganar dinero en todo el mundo, pero cuando las reglas de los mercados no pueden traducirse a través de las mismas fronteras que el dinero puede, crea oportunidades de fraude, como vimos en la película de la ‘China Hustle’,”Dijo Rothstein.

Con la presentación de informes por Becky Zhou

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Three legislators of Taiwan, Hsu Yung-ming, Yu Wan-ju, and Chang Hung-lu led the march to United Nations Headquarters during the Sept. 16 ‘Keep Taiwan Free’ march. Hundreds of activists held a rally in New York City on Saturday afternoon to protest Taiwan’s exclusion from the United Nations. (Paul Huang / La Gran Época)Three legislators of Taiwan, Hsu Yung-ming, Yu Wan-ju, and Chang Hung-lu led the march to United Nations Headquarters during the Sept. 16 ‘Keep Taiwan Free’ march. Hundreds of activists held a rally in New York City on Saturday afternoon to protest Taiwan’s exclusion from the United Nations. (Paul Huang / La Gran Época)

Hundreds of activists held a rally in New York City on Saturday afternoon to protest Taiwan’s exclusion from the United Nations and other international organizations. Taiwanese Americans, Chinese dissidents, and international supporters of Taiwan joined force with activists and politicians from Taiwan to push for Taiwan’s international participation as U.N. General Assembly started its new session.

China’s role in excluding Taiwan from the international community of nations was highlighted as activists kicked off their march to the UN Headquarters from the Consulate General of the People’s Republic of China in Hell’s Kitchen. In support of the rally prominent Chinese dissidents Yang Jianli and Teng Biao gave speeches in front of the consulate.

“China’s relentless and increasingly oppressive tactics to exclude Taiwan from the global community have only harmful consequences for mankind,” said Yang Jianli, who was jailed by the Chinese government from 2002 a 2006 for his pro-democracy activism. “Surely Taiwan has much to contribute to the world, and the UN should open its doors to the vibrant democracy of 23 million people.”

Chinese dissident Yang Jianli gives a speech on Sept. 16 in front of China's Consulate General Office in New York City to protest China's blocking of Taiwan from the United Nations and other international organization. (Paul Huang / La Gran Época)

Chinese dissident Yang Jianli gives a speech on Sept. 16 in front of the Consulate General of the People’s Republic of China in New York City to protest China’s blocking of Taiwan from the United Nations and other international organizations. (Paul Huang / La Gran Época)

The “Keep Taiwan Free” rally was organized by the New York-based Committee for Admission of Taiwan to the UN and was held to coincide with the 72nd Regular Session of the UN General Assembly, cual convened de sept. 12 and runs through Sept. 25. Among those attending was a delegation from the Taiwan United Nations Alliance (TAIUNA)—a Taiwanese NGO that for 14 years has organized an annual trip to the United States to work for Taiwan’s inclusion in the UN.

A crowd of 600 participated in the event, according to organizers. Starting at 4 pm, the marchers walked across Manhattan and eventually reached the Dag Hammarskjold Plaza in front of the UN Headquarters at around 5pm. The march was peaceful and caught the attention of many New Yorkers who were strolling through midtown on Saturday afternoon.

Hundreds of activists held a march on Saturday afternoon from the Consulate General of the People's Republic of China in Hell's Kitchen to the UN Headquarters on the other side of the Manhattan, to protest Taiwan's exclusion from the United Nations and other international organizations. (Paul Huang / La Gran Época)

Hundreds of activists held a march on Saturday afternoon from the Consulate General of the People’s Republic of China in Hell’s Kitchen to the UN Headquarters on the other side of the Manhattan, to protest Taiwan’s exclusion from the United Nations and other international organizations. (Paul Huang / La Gran Época)

Ting, a Taiwanese student studying in America, said that she participated in the rally because she wants her country to be recognized by other people, and she feels strongly about Taiwan having such an identity. An estimated 57,000 Taiwanese students are studying internationally around the world, most of them are in countries that don’t recognize Taiwan’s statehood diplomatically, including the United States, dónde 21,000 Taiwanese students are believed to be studying.

TAIUNA President Michael Tsai, who is also a former Minister of Defense of Taiwan, said that no one should be barred from participation in the UN. Tsai argued that even Palestine, held to be a “non-state entity” by many, was able to join the U.N. as an observer two years ago. Asi que, “why can’t Taiwan?"

Michael Tsai (middle), Taiwan's former Minister of Defense and president of the Taiwan United Nations Alliance, said that no one should be barred from participation in the UN. (Paul Huang / La Gran Época)

Michael Tsai (middle), Taiwan’s former Minister of Defense and president of the Taiwan United Nations Alliance, said that no one should be barred from participation in the UN. (Paul Huang / La Gran Época)

Hsu Yung-ming, a Taiwanese legislator from the New Power Party flew from Taiwan and joined the rally. “Many people say the push for UN membership is impossible for Taiwan, but they fail to see what’s at stake here,” said Hsu. “Taiwan needs to make its voice heard by the international community. We need to make this an issue, and for the world to see there are 23 million people currently being excluded from the UN.”

Chang Hung-lu and Yu Wan-ju, two other legislators from the Democratic Progressive Party—the current ruling party of Taiwan—also joined the rally. “The fact that China has the power to exclude others from the United Nations is a violation of its founding philosophy, which is supposed to include everyone,” said Yu.

June Lin, one of the young Taiwanese Americans during the Sept. 16 'Keep Taiwan Free' march, gave a speech at the Dag Hammarskjold Plaza next to the UN Headquarters. (Paul Huang / La Gran Época)

June Lin, one of the young Taiwanese-Americans during the Sept. 16 ‘Keep Taiwan Free’ march, gave a speech at the Dag Hammarskjold Plaza next to the UN Headquarters. (Paul Huang / La Gran Época)

At Dag Hammarskjold Plaza next to the UN Headquarters, activist students took turns giving speeches supporting Taiwan’s return to the UN. June Lin, one of the young Taiwanese-Americans, said that the recent trial of Lee Ming-che, a Taiwanese citizen imprisoned by China, is the latest example why Taiwan needs to make its voice heard on the international stage.

Taiwan under the name “Republic of China” was kicked out of the UN by the 1971 General Assembly Resolution 2758 to make way for the People’s Republic of China. Taiwan has tried without success to reenter the U.N. ya que 1993.

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En esta foto de archivo de un barco chino se abre camino hacia el puente de puerta de los leones en el puerto de Vancouver,  una de las pasarelas más importantes de América del Norte a Asia.(CP Foto / Chuck Stoody)En esta foto de archivo de un barco chino se abre camino hacia el puente de puerta de los leones en el puerto de Vancouver,  una de las pasarelas más importantes de América del Norte a Asia.(CP Foto / Chuck Stoody)

ANÁLISIS DE NOTICIAS

Como TLC negociaciones con Estados Unidos muestran un progreso lento, un nueva encuesta muestra que más canadienses quieren aumentar las relaciones comerciales más allá de los Estados Unidos, con Europa y el Reino Unido-jurisdicciones con las instituciones democráticas similares como Canadá y tomando los primeros lugares.

China toma el cuarto lugar como socio comercial de elección, un hallazgo similar a las encuestas periódicas en los últimos años muestran una disminución en el interés de los canadienses en el libre comercio con China.

El gobierno federal sigue adelante con las conversaciones de libre comercio con China, sin embargo, con una decisión sobre el posible acuerdo con el gigante asiático se espera este otoño, según The National Post.

La Gran Época contactó Asuntos Globales Canadá para una actualización sobre las negociaciones de libre comercio entre Canadá y China, pero las respuestas a preguntas que no fueron proporcionados por cierre de esta edición. fase de consulta pública del gobierno sobre la propuesta de acuerdo se cerró en junio.

Como U.S. Presidente Donald Trump juega duro en las negociaciones del TLC, la búsqueda de un acuerdo de libre comercio con China de Canadá ha sido citado por algunos como un intento de enviar una señal a su vecino del sur que Canadá no está limitado en la elección cuando se trata de los socios comerciales.

Sin embargo, el gobierno liberal comenzó las negociaciones sobre un posible acuerdo de libre comercio con China inmediatamente después de su llegada al poder en el otoño de 2015. Eso fue mucho antes del triunfo, entonces candidato presidencial republicano, criticado términos del TLCAN por ser demasiado a favor de Canadá como presidente de los Estados Unidos.

La encuesta Angus Reid publicado la semana pasada pidió a los canadienses en los que su gobierno debe buscar desarrollar lazos comerciales más estrechas. Alrededor 45 por ciento eligió los EE.UU., seguido de cerca por los Estados Unidos en torno 40 por ciento. El tercer lugar con 30 por ciento asistió al Reino Unido, que está en el medio de salir de la UE y será por sí misma en ningún conversaciones comerciales. China, con cerca 25 por ciento, llegó en cuarto.

Angus Reid señala que el interés de los canadienses para el desarrollo de vínculos comerciales más estrechos con China ha estado en declive desde la empresa de investigación empezó por primera vez su sondeo periódico sobre el tema en 2014.

Incluso entre propia base de apoyo de los liberales, es decir. los que votaron en el liberal 2015 elección federal, apoyo para un acuerdo de libre comercio es inferior a dos de cada cinco.

Imperio de la ley

Los liberales iniciativas “conexión humana” y “intercambios de pueblo a pueblo” entre China y Canadá en los últimos años fueron citados como un intento de revertir las tendencias negativas de votación de puntos de vista de los canadienses sobre China, pero parece que no han tenido éxito en la fabricación de los canadienses más receptivos a las relaciones comerciales más estrechas.

Tal vez sea porque no son los representantes elegidos por el pueblo chino que supervisan los asuntos de su país, pero una sola entidad no elegido que controla todas las ramas del poder, incluyendo el poder judicial, en un sistema de partido único.

El control estatal manifiesta en China es algo que preocupa a Dean Allison, recién nombrado crítico de comercio internacional de los conservadores, si un acuerdo de libre comercio entre Canadá y China siga adelante.

“Desde luego, no le importa hacer ofertas con el pueblo chino. Es cuando se tiene el estado involucrada en una forma tan grande que nos da algunos grandes preocupaciones,", Dijo en una entrevista.

Esa es la lección Amy Chang espera que los canadienses que quieran hacer negocios en China aprender. Los padres de Chang, John Chang y Allison Lu, Los ciudadanos canadienses que son dueños de bodegas de B.C. y Ontario, Actualmente se encuentran detenidos por las autoridades chinas en Shanghai sobre una supuesta disputa valoración en aduana.

Según Chang, las autoridades chinas han penalizado una disputa comercial en el caso de sus padres.

“Si esto es un problema con respecto a la subvaloración, entonces pueden hágamelo saber y podemos hacer frente a esta diplomáticamente. No hay necesidad de tener ciudadanos canadienses detenidos y encarcelados en el extranjero,”Chang dijo a The Canadian Press en la primavera pasada, cuando visitó Ottawa para pedir a los políticos federales de ayuda para conseguir que sus padres publicado el.

"[Beijing] Realmente es un gobierno que no juega por las reglas, no se basa en reglas,”Dijo Allison. "[En China] tenemos violaciónes claras del estado de derecho, ya que existiría aquí en Canadá “.

Esto significa que cuando se trata de un acuerdo de libre comercio con China, no hay garantía de la igualdad de condiciones, él dijo.

“Si usted y yo están tomando decisiones en Canadá sobre la base de los negocios y el interés personal y cómo funciona la economía de mercado, eso es una cosa, pero estamos compitiendo con una operación estatal organizado y controlado de forma sistemática. Creo que sesga la igualdad de condiciones,”Dijo Allison.

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WeChat, the most popular messaging app in China, now warns users that it actively stores a whole range of private data and will readily share them with the Chinese authorities if needed. (Matthew Robertson/Epoch Times)WeChat, the most popular messaging app in China, now warns users that it actively stores a whole range of private data and will readily share them with the Chinese authorities if needed. (Matthew Robertson/Epoch Times)

China’s most popular messaging app WeChat now warns users in a privacy statement about how much of their private data the company shares with the Chinese regime. To no one’s surprise, it’s just about everything users type into the app.

Developed by the Chinese internet company Tencent, WeChat is China’s equivalent of WhatsApp and is used by 662 million mobile users, which makes it the dominant messaging app in China and one of the largest in the world.

WeChat users who updated to the latest patch are greeted with a new prompt that requires them to accept the privacy policy in order to continue using the app. Upon careful reading, the new privacy policy acknowledges that WeChat collects a whole range of data from its users, and to comply with “applicable laws or regulations” would readily share them with the Chinese regime.

Private log data from users such as “information about what you have searched for and looked at while using WeChat,” and “people you’ve communicated with and the time, data and duration of your communications” are among the things that WeChat freely stores and uses to customize advertisement and direct marketing.

WeChat users who updated to the latest patch are greeted with a new prompt that requires them to accept the privacy policy in order to continue using the app. (Screenshot captured by Twitter user @lotus_ruan)

WeChat users who updated to the latest patch are greeted with a new prompt that requires them to accept the privacy policy in order to continue using the app. (Screenshot captured by Twitter user @lotus_ruan)

WeChat also admits that it would “retain, preserve or disclose” users’ data to “comply with applicable laws or regulations.” Because China’s law enforcement agencies and security apparatus do not need a search warrant to seize a citizen’s property or private data, the Chinese regime would essentially have access to just about everything WeChat users send through the app.

Users who refuse to accept the latest privacy policy would be unable to access WeChat with their accounts, until they change their mind and click the “accept” button. sin embargo, because users can resume using the app anytime with their pre-existing data intact, WeChat likely plans to store all the data for a prolonged period, even when a user explicitly refuses to let WeChat manage his or her own data anymore.

The new privacy policy contains few surprises for those that have long been criticizing WeChat for lacking privacy and security protections for its users. Después de todo, observers have attributed the dominance of WeChat in China to the company’s close collaboration with the Chinese regime in implementing self-censorship and surveillance mechanisms in the app.

WeChat certainly got an assist from the Chinse regime when it started a partial blocking of WhatsApp in July. The blocking of WhatsApp eliminated one of the few remaining messaging apps available for users in China that was not controlled by the authoritarian regime.

The Chinese regime also recently announced on Sept. 7 a new regulation mandating that the participants of WeChat message groups be responsible for managing the information posted in their respective groups. Esencialmente, this means that a user in a message group could be held liable and even persecuted for information that others post in the group.

It has long been noted that WeChat is among the most heavily censored messaging apps. UN 2016 survey done by Amnesty International that ranks the world’s most popular messaging apps in terms of privacy protection for users gave WeChat a score of 0 fuera de 100, meaning that users of WeChat receive little or no encryption protection for their communications and the app is completely exposed to censorship and surveillance by the Chinese regime.

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Los turistas caminan con su equipaje en el Aeropuerto Internacional de Beijing de noviembre 24, 2016.
(Fred Dufour / AFP / Getty Images)Los turistas caminan con su equipaje en el Aeropuerto Internacional de Beijing de noviembre 24, 2016.
(Fred Dufour / AFP / Getty Images)

Después de haber dejado su China natal y entrado en los Estados Unidos a través de una red de contrabando en 2014, Zheng Lili recuerda el clímax de sus meses de duración viaje, que la tomó todo el mundo y costar decenas de miles de dólares.

"Estaba muerto de miedo, Buscando aliento, Pensé que iba a morir allí.”Fue en ese mismo momento, después de cruzar el Río Bravo, que escuchó policías dicen, "Bienvenido a América!"

Su primera parada fue en Moscú. A partir de ahí se fue a Cuba, donde no se requiere un visado para los nacionales chinos que permanecen menos de un mes, antes de llegar finalmente en la Ciudad de México y de emprender su viaje al norte caminata.

En la aduana mexicana, el líder del grupo Zheng se había dicho en todo el mundo para deslizarse $200 en su pasaporte. A continuación, se llevaron a una entrada especial y consiguieron pasar sin problemas. Acompañado por una docena de personas de diferentes países, se pusieron en marcha a media noche en un viaje al Valle del Río Grande. Durante dos días seguidos, marcharon sobre la tierra infestada de mosquitos, constantemente listo para lanzarse al suelo para evadir helicópteros o vehículos de patrulla.

Zheng se había vuelto tan agotada que tuvo que ser llevado por su hijo y otro inmigrante. “Todos miramos adelante a ser detenido después de la travesía, ya que acelera el proceso de,”, Dijo a La Gran Época.

Su hijo fue liberado bajo fianza un mes más tarde, y pronto se le concedió asilo político a causa de la fe cristiana que aprendió de su abuela devota. Zheng fue detenido durante dos años.

La experiencia de Zheng Lili no es único. Ago. 26 este año, veintitrés chinos fueron detenidos el cruce fronterizo de Otay Mesa, en San Diego, la más grande del busto de la entrada ilegal de ciudadanos chinos a través de México.

Junto con siete mexicanos, el grupo fue descubierto mientras estaban pasando por un túnel a través del país de México. Todos ellos procedentes de China y el sureste de 22 de la provincia costera de Fujian y uno de la vecina provincia de Guangdong.

Zheng, también de Fujian, llegado a los Estados Unidos en 2014 y pasó dos años en prisión antes de que ella se reunió con su marido en 2016. Su marido, Chen Zhiqiang, fue él mismo un inmigrante ilegal: que había ganado la entrada de más de dos décadas antes, con un pasaporte falso obtenido en los Países Bajos. Chen Zheng y fueron el último de 39 familias de apellido Chen-en su ciudad que se fue de casa para los Estados Unidos.

Fujian ha sido históricamente una de las fuentes más grandes de inmigrantes chinos. changle Distrito, que a finales de 1970 se convirtió en uno de los primeros puertos de China se abrió para el comercio internacional, ganado el apodo de “pueblo de contrabandistas.” De 1980 a 2005, encima 200,000 personas habían sido objeto de tráfico a destinos en el extranjero, de acuerdo con Sina, un grupo de medios de comunicación chinos en línea.

en Fuzhou, capital de Fujian, decenas de miles de “niños dejados atrás” vivían con sus abuelos, según Beijing News. Los padres no autorizada de los inmigrantes que trabajan en Estados Unidos y enviado a sus niños de vuelta porque no tenían energía o tiempo extra para cuidar de ellos Después de trabajar durante 13 horas al día o más. changle Distrito, que se encuentra cerca de Fuzhou y tiene alrededor 712,500 residentes, contado 5,000 los niños nacidos en EE.UU.- 2012. Casi todos los hogares local había alguien que viven en el extranjero.

Fujian tiene una larga tradición de emigración, comenzando en la antigüedad como los comerciantes chinos abandonaron el continente y se establecieron en el extranjero, a menudo en el sudeste de Asia. A principios de 1960, fujianés marineros que tomaron el trabajo en Hong Kong descubrieron que podían ganar 15 veces más en los Estados Unidos, desatando una primera oleada de emigración a Occidente.

Poco a poco una extensa red y una industria de contrabando desarrollados. “Cuando otras personas se bajaron y no lo hicimos, nos hizo quedar mal,”Los inmigrantes no identificado dijo Sohu, otro sitio de medios de comunicación chinos. Los aldeanos de Changle serían lanzar fuegos artificiales para celebrar cada vez que alguien lo hizo a los Estados Unidos.

“Ha habido una gran cantidad de casos históricos de los chinos que se ponen en los Estados Unidos de manera ilegal en los barcos, en los entrenadores de ferrocarril, escondido en los coches, a través de túneles, en los aviones - todas las formas imaginables que los seres humanos pueden pensar en cruzar la frontera,”Elliot joven, profesor de historia en Portland, de Oregon Lewis y Clark College y autor del libro “Alien Nation,”, Que documenta la historia de la inmigración de China a los Estados Unidos, dijo a la Voz de América.

“Los chinos fueron los primeros en inventar estas formas de eludir el control fronterizo,”Dijo Elliott joven.

Zheng Qi (no relacionado con Zheng Lili), presidente de la Asociación de Beneficencia Fuchién de América, hecho su camino en los Estados Unidos con un pasaporte turístico de Tailandia, de acuerdo con EE.UU.-China Press. En su fallido primer intento, la agencia de viajes basada en Hong Kong le consiguió un visado de viaje a Canadá, que le llegó a la frontera con Canadá antes de ser descubierto y repatriado.

los Instituto de Políticas de Migración estimaciones sobre 268,000 inmigrantes ilegales o indocumentados procedentes de China, convirtiéndose en el quinto grupo más grande entre más de 11 millones de inmigrantes ilegales que residen en los Estados Unidos, y el más grande de todos los países no latinoamericanos. En un 2016 informe, MPI identificó a China como una de las fuentes más importantes del mundo de los inmigrantes.

Durante un período de siete meses a partir de octubre 2016 para este mes de mayo, la patrulla fronteriza de California aprehendido 663 China tratando de entrar ilegalmente a los Estados Unidos, un gran salto desde una mera 48 durante el mismo período en 2016, Y solo 5 el año anterior, NBC 7 reportado.

Contrabandistas ven los clientes chinos como más rentables que los de América Latina o México, ya que las bandas pueden exigir tasas más altas debido a la ruta de viaje más largo. En las últimas décadas, el costo de contrabando de un inmigrante ha más que duplicado, pasando de $30,000 a $50,000 a $70,000, de acuerdo con el Consejo de Relaciones Exteriores.

Rara vez son estos los honorarios pagados por adelantado a contrabandistas, shetou llamada o “cabezas de serpiente” en Chino, según el profesor Elliott joven.

Joven observó que los inmigrantes se suele acordar con el traficante en una cierta cantidad de pago-en torno a unos pocos miles de dólares hacia abajo-y “trabajar para pagar su deuda en los Estados Unidos, trabajando en un negocio.” “Ellos trabajan en los restaurantes, fábricas de ropa y otros, menudo china de propiedad, empresas," él dijo.

Una expresión china sarcástica describe un típico del inmigrante ilegal en el día a día de la vida al llegar a los Estados Unidos: “Durante el día en la cocina, la noche en la almohada, y “fin de semana en el abogado de.

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A Chinese man stands inside a job center on September 18, 2015 in Yiwu, Zhejiang Province, China in 2015. China’s slower economy has left many desperate for work, making them vulnerable to pyramid schemes that are evolving into criminal syndicates. (Kevin Frayer / Getty Images)A Chinese man stands inside a job center on September 18, 2015 in Yiwu, Zhejiang Province, China in 2015. China’s slower economy has left many desperate for work, making them vulnerable to pyramid schemes that are evolving into criminal syndicates. (Kevin Frayer / Getty Images)

A young college graduate was found dead in the northern port city of Tianjin. Police suspect the death involved foul play by a pyramid scheme gang. Such gangs have been connected to a number of suspicious deaths across China.

En julio 14, the body of Li Wenxing, 23, was found near a suburban highway in Tianjin, floating faceup in a small pond. Autopsy results showed that Li drowned with no apparent injuries.

en, a native of Shandong Province, had come from a rural family and joined the wave of young people leaving small-town homes to find careers in big cities.

Li Wenxing, seen on the day of his college graduation ceremony, thought he was taking a programming job but ended up in a pyramid scheme run by violent con artists. (Handout via EMG)

Li Wenxing, seen on the day of his college graduation ceremony, thought he was taking a programming job but ended up in a pyramid scheme run by violent con artists. (Handout via EMG)

Chinese media reported that a Li’s body was found with a book of notes apparently taken at a class connected to the pyramid scheme known as Diebeilei. Chinese state media said five Diebeilei associates have been arrested for Li’s death and have confessed to luring him into the scheme and forcing him to stay at their dormitory.

Sixth Tone quotes a post from Li’s sister that has since been taken down, in which she claimed the autopsy of her brother revealed he had been starved.

Syndicate-like pyramid schemes are prolific in China and feed on vulnerable and often poorly educated victims who are lured in by overnight rags-to-riches stories.

Public outcry over Li’s death has been directed at both pyramid scams—which are known to use aggressive recruiting practices, deception, and even violence—as well as at “Boss Zhipin,” a popular Chinese job hunting website that failed to screen employers posting ads on its site.

The job site has issued an apology for that failure and has promised changes will be made.

Li was a recent graduate who thought he was going to work as a programmer at a company he found on Boss Zhipin. He had to travel to Tianjin for the job, not discovering until later that it was posted by a member of Diebeilei posing as a software company.

A police statement revealed that shortly after Li arrived in Tianjin on May 20, he was taken to facilities controlled by members of the scheme, tricked into signing up as a recruit, and began borrowing money from friends.

Reports said Li’s family and friends had problems reaching him and he wouldn’t give clear explanations for why he needed the money.

What happened later is not yet entirely clear, but in what seems to have been Li’s last phone call to his family on July 8, él dijo, “No matter who calls for money, don’t give it to them.”

Li’s death is not an isolated case.

A principios de este año, a 24-year-old man named Qu Pengxu was found dead in a village fish pond in Tianjin.

Qu had also been a Diebeilei recruit.

Another recruit named Zhang Chao was found dead on July 13.

Zhang’s body had been abandoned by three men on the roadside in the middle of the night. Zhang died from a “heat stroke” under suspicious circumstances. And there have been other similar cases around China.

Another college student, Lin Huarong, 20, from Hunan Province, was found drowned in a river in Hubei Province on Aug. 4.

Lin got sucked into a pyramid scam by a classmate when she was searching for a part-time job in July.

Lin’s father said he lost contact with his daughter that same month.

Chinese media reported that Lin was forced to receive brainwashing lectures and her cellphone was confiscated.

Four recent victims who died after coming into contact with pyramid schemes in China. Large photo is Qu pengxu. Top right and down are Li Wenxing, Zhang Chao, and Lin Huarong. Behind them is a picture of the pond where Li's body was found. (Composite photo via EMG)

Four recent victims who died after coming into contact with pyramid schemes in China. (L) Qu Pengxu. (From Top R and down) Li Wenxing, Zhang Chao, and Lin Huarong. Behind them is a picture of the pond where Li’s body was found. (Composite photo via EMG)

Such cases reflect the severity of the problem, says China analyst Jason Ma.

Pyramid schemes are an ever changing menace, él dijo.

“In the beginning, it was called ‘direct marketing.’ Since direct marketing was introduced to China thirty years ago, it has transformed into something completely unrecognizable today.”

Ma said that in China today, these pyramid schemes have become “a dangerous business.”

“A great many people have become victims of such scams again and again. Today in China, the so-called pyramid scheme has turned into something extremely complex and it is constantly evolving …”

Ma notes that there are an estimated 600-700 types of pyramid or similar scams now being used in China by more than 1,000 organizaciones.

“‘Pyramid scheme’ is an umbrella term that covers a lot of ground. In the case of Li Wenxing, he had lost his personal freedom and likely died from abuse. This is really not a pyramid scheme in the conventional sense, it is a gang-style kidnapping," él dijo.

Public outrage is also being aimed at the police over why, after so many tragedies, authorities have failed to stamp out pyramid schemes.

Crackdowns on such groups flare up from time to time, with one currently underway, but the groups persist and evolve.

Some allege that authorities in China can’t stop such groups because they are sanctioned by corrupt officials within the regime.

“This is an extreme case of preying upon others. It is a form of corruption that stems all the way from the top of CCP leadership,” said China news analyst Heng He.

“The authorities are unable to touch the largest pyramid scheme organizations because the government has got their backs. CCTV even helps promotes some of them,” said He, pointing to the pyramid scheme known as ‘Shanxinhui’ as an example.

The group claims to be a women’s foundation and is affiliated with the CCP’s All-China Women’s Affiliation.

“These organizations get public financing but the money they get will not be repaid, or paid out to investors at the bottom. Those at the top are the ones that get the money,” said He.

He compares that scenario to the endemic corruption in China that sees Party officials profit at public expense.

It’s routine in China for the children of highly place Communist Party cadre’s to be placed at the helms of state-owned enterprises that dominate China’s economy, and for officials to manipulate land sales and other business dealings to line their own pockets.

Chinese leader Xi Jinping has earned political capital by carrying out a massive anti-corruption campaign that aims to stifle such practices but there are questions over whether that is possible without regime change and real rule-of-law.

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Boxers Wen Yinhang, from Hubei, and Uyghur Tangtilahan compete at the 13th National Game in Tianjin, China, el ago. 13. China has ordered the dissolution of the current National boxing team amidst complaints that the competition was rigged. (Sohu)Boxers Wen Yinhang, from Hubei, and Uyghur Tangtilahan compete at the 13th National Game in Tianjin, China, el ago. 13. China has ordered the dissolution of the current National boxing team amidst complaints that the competition was rigged. (Sohu)

China has dissolved its national boxing team amidst complaints about rigged boxing matches in the recent China’s premier National Games, the country’s top sports’ governing body announced on Sept. 7.

The qualifications of certain judges who were allegedly involved will be terminated.

The boxing competition that took place in Tianjin between Aug. 3 y 13 ended in an uproar as several boxing athletes, indignant of the ruling that they deemed unfair, refused to leave the site in protest. Subsequent matches were delayed as a result.

The two boxers under spotlight are Wen Yinhang from Hubei Province in central China and his opponent, Tangtilahan, an ethnic Uyghur from Xinjiang, who competed in the men’s 75-kilogram final on Aug. 13. Wen was given a score of 5 a 0 despite many onlookers being certain of his defeat, leading to broad speculation that the match was rigged in Wen’s favor.

Wen Yinhang and Tangtilahan at the boxing match on Aug. 13. (WeChat)

Wen Yinhang and Tangtilahan at the boxing match on Aug. 13. (WeChat)

Wen, an athlete in the national boxing team, was set to compete at the 2020 Olympic Games in Tokyo.

In an online recording of the live broadcast on state-run Central China Television, the narrator can be heard jeering at Wen, who wears a red outfit, as Tangtilahan punches him in the face. “Such an overwhelming victory," él dice.

But hearing the announcement of Wen’s victory, the narrator appears baffled, saying it “made no sense.”

The Chinese Boxing Federation rules deny athletes the chance to appeal for a review of the results if the score is 0:5 o 1:4.

Similar questions were raised on Aug. 4, when Sichuan athlete Wang Gang defeated Yilanbieke, also a Uyghur, during the 64-kilogram match.

“An investigation has been launched and umpires who are found to have seriously violated discipline will be banned,” the Boxing and Taekwondo Center of the State General Administration of Sport said in a statement, according to the English Xinhua.

“The incidents exposed the loopholes of the boxing and taekwondo center in selecting, managing, and employing referees,” the administration said in the declaración. “The boxing and taekwondo center must take responsibility for it.”

In an earlier notice, the sports administration criticized the boxing and taekwondo center for not handling the issue in a sufficient and timely manner, and ordered an investigation.

mientras tanto, Chinese have taken to the internet to express their amusement or discontent.

“Wen Yinhang was punched four or five times every round, but he still got crowned with a score of 5 to 0,” one spectator wrote on Weibo, a Twitter-like social media site.

Another commented: “I can’t claim myself a veteran boxing fan, but I have watched some matches. This National tournament is simply ridiculous… My wife, who has never watched boxing match, joined me today and she asked, ‘how can this [Wen] win? What exactly is the standard for the competition?’ I had no good answer for her.”

Others directed their comments towards the apparently rigged results. “Such insufficient work. At least you should inform the host or narrator, this is way too awkward.”

Professional sports in China have long been plagued with corruption, doping, and fixed results. Wang Jing, the former champion in female 100 meter in the 2013 National Games, got a lifetime ban from running events for alleged doping. En 2009, acclaimed diving coach Ma Yanping quit months before a scheduled competition, stating that the champions had been pre-arranged behind closed doors.

A notice issued by the State General Administration of Sports on Sept. 7, 2017 states that the national boxing team will be disbanded.

A notice issued by the State General Administration of Sports on Sept. 7, 2017.
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  • Autor: <a href="http://www.theepochtimes.com/n3/author/eva-fu/" rel="author">Eva Fu</un>, <a href="http://www.theepochtimes.com/" title="Epoch Times" rel="publisher">época</un>
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Top graft buster Wang Qishan attends opening session of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference on March 3, 2016 en Beijing, China. (Lintao Zhang / Getty Images)Top graft buster Wang Qishan attends opening session of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference on March 3, 2016 en Beijing, China. (Lintao Zhang / Getty Images)

Wang Qishan, China’s most powerful official after Communist Party leader Xi Jinping, has made a series of public appearances recently, after having disappeared from public view for months. Wang’s absence from the media led to speculation about his political future, to which he retorted with three appearances in the space of a week. Such appearances are bellwethers of political vitality in China’s opaque political system.

Footage from state broadcaster China Central Television (CCTV) showed Wang, who heads the Communist Party’s anti-corruption agency, attending a national disciplinary inspection assembly on Sep. 8.

At the meeting, Wang stressed the importance of reflecting on the results of anti-corruption work carried out since Xi Jinping took power in 2012, and expressed resolve to continue with “unremitting efforts.”

“Party Central fully affirms the disciplinary inspection work,"Dijo Wang.

Observers of Chinese politics closely watch signs of Wang’s presence (or absence) in the media for hints on whether he will continue to serve in the Politburo Standing Committee after the leadership reshuffling at the Communist Party’s 19th National Congress. The Standing Committee is the Party’s executive leadership and is composed of seven cadres, including Wang and Xi, who heads the body.

According to an unofficial convention of the regime, members of the Standing Committee who reach the age of 68 at the time of the Party Congress are expected to retire; officials aged 67 or younger may stay for the next five-year term. Wang Qishan, who is a key ally for Xi Jinping in his anti-corruption campaign, turned 69 this July.

Two days before Wang appeared on television, he attended a political seminar honoring his late father-in-law, the former vice premier Yao Yilin. Wang was accompanied by his wife and eldest grandson.

Besides the presence of four Politburo members, the Hong Kong-based Oriental Daily took special notice of two officials—Xi Yuanping, younger brother of Chinese president Xi Jinping, and Li Zhanshu, Xi’s right-hand man. “Xi Jinping sent two representatives to the meeting, one official and one personal…to show his respect,” the informe dice.

Wang was also addressed, apparently for the first time by Chinese state media, as the leader of the “Central Leading Group for Inspection Work.”

de Sept. 3 a 5, Wang also paid a three-day visit to the central Chinese province of Hunan where he held a discipline inspection symposium, as reported both on CCTV and the official website of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection that Wang heads.

Given Wang’s tendency to keep a low profile, the prominent media exposure is highly unusual, and has been seen as a pointed rebuttal of rumors that he has been diagnosed of late stage liver cancer. Independent political commentator Zhou Xiaohui says the media reports should also be read as a hint that Wang remains in Xi Jinping’s favor.

Since May, Guo Wengui, a fugitive Chinese billionaire who resides in an $67 million luxury apartment in Manhattan overlooking Central Park, has made various unproven corruption charges against Wang and his family members using social media. Guo has been linked with the political network grouped around former Party leader Jiang Zemin; the anti-corruption campaign under Xi and Wang has targeted hundreds of cadres aligned with Jiang. Guo faces a number of lawsuits from Chinese funcionarios, actresses, y empresas for unpaid debts and defamation.

Xin Ziling, a retired official at the National Defense University, believes that Wang’s political position is protected on account of the indispensable role he plays in Xi’s administration.

“Xi Jinping, Li Keqiang, and Wang Qishan are going to be the core in the 19th National Congress,” Xin told The Epoch Times. Li Keqiang is the premier. “If they take down Wang Qishan, it’s effectively saying that Xi’s anti-corruption effort was wrong.”

“Once you shoot the arrow, there’s no getting it back,” Zhou Xiaohui said. “The tone coming from state media has been that anti-corruption is going to continue, and Xi would be handicapping himself if he loses Wang Qishan.”

Wang’s absence has typically been associated with the purge of “big tigers”—the Chinese term for high-ranking corrupt officials. The last time Wang returned to public view after 40 days of silence, the authorities announced the investigation of prominent Chongqing Party secretary Sun Zhengcai, extinguishing the hopes in some quarters that he would be a candidate for succeeding Xi Jinping in the leadership.

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  • Autor: <a href="http://www.theepochtimes.com/n3/author/eva-fu/" rel="author">Eva Fu</un>, <a href="http://www.theepochtimes.com/" title="Epoch Times" rel="publisher">época</un>
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