Ein chinesischer Mann steht in einem Jobcenter auf September 18, 2015 in Yiwu, Zhejiang Province, China in 2015. Chinas langsamer Wirtschaft hat sich für die Arbeit viele verzweifelte links, sie anfällig für Pyramidensysteme zu machen, die in kriminelle Syndikate entwickeln sich. (Kevin Frayer / Getty Images)Ein chinesischer Mann steht in einem Jobcenter auf September 18, 2015 in Yiwu, Zhejiang Province, China in 2015. Chinas langsamer Wirtschaft hat sich für die Arbeit viele verzweifelte links, sie anfällig für Pyramidensysteme zu machen, die in kriminelle Syndikate entwickeln sich. (Kevin Frayer / Getty Images)

Eine junge College-Absolventin wurde tot in der nördlichen Hafenstadt Tianjin gefunden. Polizei vermutet, das Foul von einem Pyramidensystem Bande beteiligt Tod. Solche Banden haben zu einer Reihe von verdächtigen Todesfällen in China verbunden worden.

Im Juli 14, der Körper von Li Wenxing, 23, wurde in der Nähe einer S Autobahn in Tianjin gefunden, beschrifteten Seite nach oben in einem kleinen Teich schwimmen. Autopsy Ergebnisse zeigten, dass Li ohne offensichtliche Verletzungen ertrunken.

in, gebürtig aus der Provinz Shandong, hatte sich von einer ländlichen Familie kommen und schloss sich der Welle der jungen Menschen Kleinstadt Häuser zu verlassen Karrieren in den großen Städten zu finden.

Li Wenxing, am Tag seiner College-Abschlussfeier gesehen, dachte, dass er beendet einen Job als Programmierer nehmen, sondern in einem Pyramidensystem laufen durch heftige con Künstlern. (Handout über EMG)

Li Wenxing, am Tag seiner College-Abschlussfeier gesehen, dachte, dass er beendet einen Job als Programmierer nehmen, sondern in einem Pyramidensystem laufen durch heftige con Künstlern. (Handout über EMG)

Chinesische Medien berichteten, dass ein Li Körper mit einem Buch von Notizen gefunden wurde offenbar in einer Klasse genommen mit dem Pyramidensystem bekannt als Diebeilei. Staatliche chinesische Medien sagten, fünf Diebeilei assoziierter Unternehmen wurden für Li Tod verhaftet und gestanden hat ihn in das System zu locken und ihn zwingt, in ihrem Schlafsaal zu bleiben.

Sechste Tone zitiert einen Beitrag von Li Schwester, die nach unten genommen, da wurde, in denen behauptet, dass sie die Autopsie ihres Bruders enthüllte er ausgehungert worden war.

Syndicate artige Pyramidensysteme sind in China fruchtbar und ernähren sich von gefährdeten und oft schlecht Opfer erzogen, die in gelockt werden über Nacht Lumpen zu Reichtum Geschichten.

Öffentliche Empörung über Li Tod wurde an beide Pyramide Betrug-die gerichteten aggressive Rekrutierungspraktiken zu verwenden, sind bekannt, Täuschung, und sogar gewalt sowie bei „Boss Zhipin,“Eine populäre chinesische Jobsuche Website, die gescheiterten Arbeitgeber Anzeigen auf seiner Website veröffentlichen zu screenen.

Die Baustelle hat eine Entschuldigung für diesen Fehler ausgegeben wird und hat versprochen, Änderungen vorgenommen werden.

Li war ein Schulabgänger, der dachte, er als Programmierer bei einer Firma, die er auf Boss Zhipin gefunden funktionieren würde. Er mußte Tianjin für den Job reisen, nicht entdecken später, bis dass er von einem Mitglied der Diebeilei sich als ein Software-Unternehmen geschrieben wurde.

Eine Polizei Aussage ergab, dass kurz nach dem Li in Tianjin am Mai angekommen 20, er wurde zu den Einrichtungen genommen von den Mitgliedern des Systems gesteuert, verleitet in als Rekrutieren der Anmeldung, und begann Geld von Freunden leihen.

Berichte sagten Lis Familie und Freunde Probleme haben ihn erreicht, und er würde nicht klar Erklärungen geben, warum er das Geld brauchte.

Was passiert ist, ist später noch nicht ganz klar,, aber in dem, was zu sein scheint am Juli Li letztes Telefonat zu seiner Familie 8, er sagte, „Egal, wer fordert Geld, geben Sie es nicht zu ihnen.“

Li Tod ist kein Einzelfall.

Früher in diesem Jahr, ein 24-jähriger Mann wurde in einem Dorf Fischteich in Tianjin gefunden Qu Pengxu namens tot.

Qu hatte auch ein Diebeilei Rekrut gewesen.

Ein weiterer Rekrut Zhang Chao benannt wurde im Juli tot aufgefunden 13.

Zhangs Körper war von drei Männern am Straßenrand in der Mitte der Nacht verlassen worden. Zhang starb an einem „Hitzschlag“ unter verdächtigen Umständen. Und es wurden ähnliche Fälle um China.

Ein anderer Student, Lin Huarong, 20, aus der Provinz Hunan, Ergebnis wurde in einem Fluss in der Provinz Hubei im Aug ertrunken. 4.

Lin wurde von einem Mitschüler in eine Pyramide Betrug gesaugt, als sie im Juli für einen Teilzeitjob gesucht.

Lins Vater sagte, er verlor den Kontakt mit seiner Tochter im gleichen Monat.

Chinesische Medien berichteten, dass Lin gezwungen wurde Gehirnwäsche Vorträge und ihr Handy erhalten wurde eingezogen.

Vier letzte Opfer, die nach Kontakt mit Pyramidensystemen in China gestorben. Großes Foto ist Qu pengxu. Rechts oben und unten sind Li Wenxing, Zhang Chao, und Lin Huarong. Hinter ihnen ist ein Bild des Teiches, wo Körper Li gefunden wurde. (Composite-Foto über EMG)

Vier letzte Opfer, die nach Kontakt mit Pyramidensystemen in China gestorben. (L) Qu Pengxu. (Von Top R und unten) Li Wenxing, Zhang Chao, und Lin Huarong. Hinter ihnen ist ein Bild des Teiches, wo Körper Li gefunden wurde. (Composite-Foto über EMG)

Solche Fälle spiegeln die Schwere des Problems, sagt China-Analyst Jason Ma.

Pyramidensysteme sind ein sich ständig verändernden Bedrohung, er sagte.

"Am Anfang, es wurde ‚Direktmarketing.‘ Seit Direktmarketing genannt vor zu China 30 Jahren eingeführt wurde,, es hat sich zu etwas völlig unkenntlich heute verwandelt.“

Ma sagte, dass in China heute, diese Pyramidensysteme geworden „ein gefährliches Geschäft.“

„Sehr viele Menschen haben Opfer solcher Betrügereien werden wieder und wieder. Heute in China, die sogenannte Pyramidensystem hat sich zu etwas sehr komplex geworden und es entwickelt sich ständig weiter ...“

Ma stellt fest, dass es schätzungsweise sind 600-700 Arten von Pyramide oder ähnlichen Betrügereien jetzt in China durch mehr verwendet als 1,000 Organisationen.

„‚Pyramidensystem‘ist ein Oberbegriff, der viel Boden bedeckt. Im Fall von Li Wenxing, er hatte seine persönliche Freiheit verloren und starb wahrscheinlich vor Missbrauch. Das ist wirklich nicht ein Pyramidensystem im herkömmlichen Sinne, es ist eine Gang-Stil Entführung," er sagte.

Öffentliche Empörung wird auch bei der Polizei ausgerichtet wird über warum, nach so vielen Tragödien, Behörden haben auszumerzen Pyramidensysteme scheitern.

Durchgreifen auf solchen Gruppen flare von Zeit zu Zeit, mit einem derzeit im Gange, aber die Gruppen bestehen und sich entwickeln.

Einige behaupten, dass die Behörden in China können nicht solche Gruppen stoppen, weil sie von korrupten Beamten innerhalb des Regimes sanktioniert werden.

„Dies ist ein Extremfall auf andere von preying. Es ist eine Form der Korruption, die von der Spitze der KPCh-Führung der ganzen Weg Stielen,“, Sagte China News Analyst Heng Er.

„Die Behörden sind nicht in der Lage der größten Pyramidensystem Organisationen zu berühren, weil die Regierung den Rücken bekommen hat. CCTV hilft sogar fördert einige von ihnen," sagte er, weist auf das Pyramidensystem als ‚Shanxinhui‘ als Beispiel bekannt.

Die Gruppe behauptet, eine Frauen-Stiftung zu sein und mit dem KPC All-China Frauen-Zugehörigkeit verbundene.

„Diese Organisationen erhalten öffentliche Finanzierung, aber das Geld, das sie bekommen werden nicht zurückgezahlt werden, oder unten an die Anleger ausgezahlt. Die an der Spitze sind diejenigen, die das Geld bekommen," sagte er.

Er vergleicht dieses Szenario auf die weit verbreitete Korruption in China, die Parteifunktionäre Gewinn auf Kosten der Öffentlichkeit sieht.

Es ist Routine in China für die Kinder sehr kommunistische Parteikader platzieren, um an den Helmen von staatlichen Unternehmen, die China platziert werden Wirtschaft dominieren, und für Beamte Landverkäufe und andere Geschäfte zu manipulieren, um ihre eigenen Taschen zu füllen.

Chinesische Führer Xi Jinping hat durch die Durchführung eine massive Anti-Korruptions-Kampagne politisches Kapital verdient, die solche Praktiken zu unterdrücken will, aber es gibt Fragen darüber, ob das möglich ist, ohne Regimewechsel und Real Regel-of-law.

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Boxer Wen Yinhang, von Hubei, und Uiguren Tangtilahan konkurrieren auf der 13. National Spiel in Tianjin, China, vom Aug. 13. China hat die Auflösung des aktuellen nationalen Box-Teams inmitten Beschwerden ordnet an, dass der Wettbewerb in Ordnung gebracht wurde. (Sohu)Boxer Wen Yinhang, von Hubei, und Uiguren Tangtilahan konkurrieren auf der 13. National Spiel in Tianjin, China, vom Aug. 13. China hat die Auflösung des aktuellen nationalen Box-Teams inmitten Beschwerden ordnet an, dass der Wettbewerb in Ordnung gebracht wurde. (Sohu)

China hat sein nationales Box-Team inmitten Beschwerden über manipulierte Boxkämpfe in dem jüngsten Chinas Premier National Games aufgelöst, das Leitungsgremium angekündigt Spitzensport des Landes auf September. 7.

Die Qualifikation bestimmten Richter, die angeblich beteiligt waren, wird beendet.

Der Box-Wettbewerb stattfand in Tianjin zwischen August. 3 und 13 in Aufruhr wie mehrere Boxen Athleten beendet, empört über die Entscheidung, die sie als unfair,, weigerte sich, die Website aus Protest verlassen. Nachfolgende Spiele wurden als Folge verzögert.

Die beiden Boxer unter Scheinwerfern sind Wer Yinhang aus der Provinz Hubei in Zentralchina und seinem Gegner, Tangtilahan, eine ethnischen Uiguren von Xinjiang, die konkurrierte in den 75-kg Finale der Männer am August. 13. Wer wurde eine Punktzahl von bestimmten 5 nach 0 trotz vieler Zuschauer einige seiner Niederlage zu sein, was zu einem breiten Spekulationen, dass das Spiel in Wens Gunsten manipuliert wurde.

Wer Yinhang und Tangtilahan im Boxkampf im Aug. 13. (WeChat)

Wer Yinhang und Tangtilahan im Boxkampf im Aug. 13. (WeChat)

Wen, ein Athlet in dem nationalen Box-Team, bei der eingestellt wurde konkurrieren 2020 Olympischen Spiele in Tokio.

In einer Online Aufzeichnung der Live-Übertragung im staatlichen Central China Television, der Erzähler zu hören bei Wen jeering, die trägt ein rotes Outfit, wie Tangtilahan schlägt ihn ins Gesicht. „Eine solche überwältigenden Sieg," er sagt.

Aber Anhörung der Ankündigung von Wen Sieg, der Erzähler scheint verwirrt, sagen, es „keinen Sinn.“

Der Chinese Boxing Federation Regeln leugnen die Möglichkeit, Athleten für eine Überprüfung der Ergebnisse ansprechen, wenn die Partitur 0:5 oder 1:4.

Ähnliche Fragen wurden vom Aug angehoben. 4, wenn Sichuan Sportler Wang Gang besiegt Yilanbieke, auch Uiguren, während der 64-Kilogramm-Spiel.

„Eine Untersuchung wurde eingeleitet und Schiedsrichter, die gefunden werden, ernsthaft verletzt Disziplin haben wird verboten,“Die Boxen und Taekwondo-Center des Staates General Administration of Sport sagte in einer Erklärung, nach der englischen Xinhua.

„Die Vorfälle ausgesetzt, die Lücken der Boxen und Taekwondo-Zentrum in der Auswahl, Verwalten, und Verwenden Schiedsrichter,“Die Verabreichung, die in der Erklärung. „Die Boxen und Taekwondo Zentrum muss die Verantwortung dafür.“

In einer früheren Mitteilung, die Sportverwaltung kritisiert die Boxen und Taekwondo-Zentrum für das Problem nicht in ausreichendem und rechtzeitig Handhabung, und ordnete eine Untersuchung.

inzwischen, Chinesen haben mit dem Internet genommen ihre Unterhaltung oder Unzufriedenheit auszudrücken.

„Wen Yinhang wurde vier bis fünf Mal pro Runde gestanzt, aber er wurde noch mit einem Score von gekrönt 5 0“, schrieb ein Zuschauer auf Weibo, eine Twitter-ähnliche Social-Media-Website.

Ein anderer kommentiert: „Ich kann mich nicht ein Veteran Box-Fan Anspruch, aber ich habe einige Spiele angeschaut. Diese National Turnier ist einfach lächerlich ... Meine Frau, die noch nie Boxkampf schaut, heute gemeinsam mit mir und fragte, ‚Wie kann das [Wen] Sieg? Was genau ist der Standard für den Wettbewerb?‘Ich hatte keine gute Antwort für sie.“

Andere richteten ihre Kommentare zu den scheinbar manipulierten Ergebnisse. „Eine solche unzureichende Arbeits. Zumindest sollten Sie den Host oder Sprecher informieren, dies ist viel zu umständlich.“

Profi-Sport in China seit langem mit Korruption geplagt, Doping, und feste Ergebnisse. Wang Jing, die Ex-Champion in der weiblichen 100 Meter in der 2013 national Games, bekam eine lebenslange Sperre von Laufveranstaltungen für angebliches Doping. Im 2009, gefeierte Tauchen Trainer Ma Yanping beenden Monate vor einem geplanten Wettbewerb, die besagt, dass die Meister hinter verschlossenen Türen vorgeordnet worden war.

Eine Mitteilung vom Staat General Administration of Sports am September ausgestellt. 7, 2017 heißt es, dass das nationale Box-Team aufgelöst wird,.

Eine Mitteilung vom Staat General Administration of Sports am September ausgestellt. 7, 2017.
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  • Autor: <a href="http://www.theepochtimes.com/n3/author/eva-fu/" rel="author">Eva Fu</ein>, <a href="http://www.theepochtimes.com/" title="Epoch Times" rel="publisher">Epoch Times</ein>
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Human rights lawyer Jiang Tianyong on trial at Changsha Intermediate People’s Court on Aug. 22, 2017. (Screenshot via Youtube/China Hot Video)Human rights lawyer Jiang Tianyong on trial at Changsha Intermediate People’s Court on Aug. 22, 2017. (Screenshot via Youtube/China Hot Video)

Prominent Chinese human rights lawyer Jiang Tianyong was put on trial Tuesday, August. 22 for “subversion of state power.”

Jiang Tianyong’s wife told the Chinese language version of NTD TV that she thought it was a show trial and that Jiang had been tortured into pleading guilty.

Jiang disappeared last November after visiting another human rights lawyer, Xie Yang, who had been detained in what has come to be called the 709 Crackdown, so-named because the roundup of lawyers began two years ago on July 9.

Six months after his disappearance, Jiang’s father received a letter from the Changsha Municipal Public Security Bureau that his son had been charged with “subversion of state power.”

Chinese human rights lawyer Jiang Tianyong and his wife Jin Ling Ling, at time before he was arrested by the Chinese regime.  (NTD.tv)

Chinese human rights lawyer Jiang Tianyong and his wife Jin Ling Ling, at time before he was arrested by the Chinese regime. (NTD.tv)

Jiang had a history of defending persecuted groups such as underground Christians, Tibeter, and Falun Gong practitioners, and had taken on high-profile cases such as that of the Nobel Peace Prize nominated rights lawyer Gao Zhisheng, and blind rights activist Chen Guangcheng.

Before Jiang’s trial, his parents were taken into custody, a common tactic in China used to pressure those who refuse to toe the Party line.

Jiang’s wife, Jin Bianling, decried Chinese authorities for not telling her if her husband was assigned defense lawyer or not, and if so, what his or her name might be.

The trial was held at Changsha Intermediate People’s Court. Videos posted by Chinese netizens show the wife of human rights lawyer Li Heping and the wife of human rights activist Zhai Yanmin being taken away by security for attempting to attend the trial.

Reuters reported an anonymous Western diplomat saying that a handful of diplomats who also tried to attend the trial were told that the room was full and were turned away.

The court released a video of the trial on Chinese social media Weibo.

In the video, Jiang can be seen reading parts of a written statement in which he admits to using social media to criticize the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and seeking to “overthrow the socialist system” after going abroad and attending legal training sessions.

Jin Bianling, who fled with her daughter to the United States in 2013, told NTD Television that Jiang must have endured unbearable torture to have pleaded guilty.

“You can see at the beginning of the trial, when Jiang Tianyong was brought into the court, his face was red the whole time," Sie sagte. “Either he was tortured or he was force-fed drugs.”

If true, this wouldn’t be unprecedented.

Other human rights lawyers and activists who were arrested during the 709 Crackdown have told the media that they were tortured during detention, and some were injected with nerve-damaging drugs.

Jin demanded that the court acquit her husband and refused to recognize any verdict that declared him guilty.

Joint Statement

Im August. 19, Jiang’s wife and family members of two other persecuted activists, released a joint statement saying that the CCP’s attempts to intimidate them into pressuring their loved ones were “laughable.”

“You are using harassment, Täuschung, and violence on those who show support for their loved ones, then you will definitely receive harassment, Täuschung, and violence as retribution in the future,” the statement reads.

“Regardless of what tricks you use, we will firmly adhere to one principle: If all of our 709 family members don’t come home, we will never give up.”

The eight family members were calling attention to Jiang, human rights lawyer Wang Quanzhang, and the father of human rights activist Wu Gan who was abducted by police shortly before Wu Gan was to go to trial.

Wang was arrested in the 709 Crackdown, and has been held in detention on charges of being a “threat to national security.”

Wang Quanzhang, with his wife Li Wenzu and son. Wang was detained in August 2015, and hasn't been seen since. (Courtesy of Wang Quanzhang's family)

Wang Quanzhang, with his wife Li Wenzu and son. Wang was detained in August 2015, and hasn’t been seen since. (Courtesy of Wang Quanzhang’s family)

Despite the Chinese regime’s distaste for his activities, Wang was recently nominated for the Dutch government’s Human Rights Tulip award for his advocacy work.

He has defended persecuted groups such as underground Christians and Falun Gong practitioners, and has worked with self-taught paralegals, or “barefoot lawyers,” and human rights activists to defend the disenfranchised.

His wife has tried to sue Tianjin No. 2 Intermediate People’s Court for not following legal procedures in his case. She says the court had six months to try him or ask for a postponement, and has done neither.

Aber danach 14 tries to enter China’s Supreme Court, she hasn’t been successful in filing the lawsuit.

A day before releasing the joint statement, she posted a video on Twitter of herself trying to get past a Supreme Court bailiff. In the video, the bailiff blocks her way, denying her access to the building.

Wang Quanzhang’s lawyer, Yu Wensheng, said attempts to meet with officials from the Tianjin court have also been unsuccessful, and said he wasn’t even able able to finish filing his defense papers at the court.

“They are not being reasonable at all," er sagte.

In their joint statement, the families called for justice for all the lawyers and activists who were rounded up in the 709 Crackdown, and demanded their release.

NTD China News reporters Yi Ru, Li Yun, and Li Peiling contributed to this article.

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Falun Gong practitioners exercise in Chengdu, China's Sichuan Province before the persecution began in 1999.  (courtesy of en.minghui.org)Falun Gong practitioners exercise in Chengdu, China's Sichuan Province before the persecution began in 1999.  (courtesy of en.minghui.org)

Over the past year, an increasing number of Falun Gong practitioners have been released without charge, nach Minghui.org, a clearinghouse for information on the ongoing persecution of Falun Gong in China.

This differs starkly from standard procedure in the Chinese regime’s 18-year-long persecution campaign, in which millions have been thrown into various forms of detention for practicing the traditional spiritual discipline.

Zum Beispiel, a Falun Gong practitioner in Tianjin City, Li Zhenjun, was told of his sentence—three years in a forced labor camp—by a police officer reading from a piece of paper. There was no judge and no jury. Eigentlich, no legal basis exists that would justify the banning of Falun Gong.

Vor kurzem, there have been signs that the persecution is abating—not because of an official change in policy—but because some local authorities sympathetic to Falun Gong have chosen to disobey official directives, instead releasing or simply not arresting adherents in the first place.

Since the beginning of 2017, mindestens 54 Falun Gong practitioners have been released without charge after the court, procuratorate, or police decided to throw out their case. Another 90 have not yet been released, but their prosecution has been halted after a court rejected the case or a higher court ordered a retrial.

A local procuratorate in Henan Province returned the case of four Falun Gong practitioners to the police in late July, citing “insufficient evidence.” Their families, lawyers, and fellow Falun Gong practitioners in China and abroad had pressured the authorities, demanding their immediate release after they were arrested in March.

Falun Gong, auch bekannt als Falun Dafa, is a traditional Chinese spiritual discipline combining five slow exercises with a moral philosophy rooted in the principles of truthfulness, Barmherzigkeit, und Toleranz.

First introduced to the public in 1992, the practice proliferated across China, attracting 70 nach 100 million adherents by 1999, according to official and practitioner estimates.

Falun Gong’s popularity and independent moral beliefs drew the ire of then-Party chief Jiang Zemin, who ordered its eradication. “Destroy their reputation, ruiniert sie finanziell, und zerstört sie körperlich,” Jiang ordered.

The persecution has continued for the past 18 Jahre. Minghui berichtet 78 cases of Falun Gong practitioners being sentenced to prison in May 2017 und 117 cases in April. According to a February 2017 report by Freedom House, a US-based NGO, the severity of the persecution remains “very high.”

Besides being imprisoned, brainwashed, and tortured into renouncing their beliefs, Falun Gong practitioners have also been harvested and killed for their organs, which fuel China’s lucrative transplant industry.

China performs between 60,000 und 100,000 transplants every year, with organs mostly sourced from Falun Gong practitioners as well as other prisoners of conscience, according to a nearly 700-page report published in June 2016.

But at the same time, many top officials who spearheaded the persecution have been ousted for corruption in the past few years, including Zhou Yongkang, China’s former security czar, und Li Dongsheng, the former head of a Gestapo-like agency tasked with persecuting Falun Gong.

Back when former Party chief Jiang Zemin was in power, he specifically promoted officials who actively suppressed Falun Gong.

Schon seit 2013, current leader Xi Jinping’s anti-corruption campaign has disciplined over 1 million officials, including many of those responsible for persecuting Falun Gong adherents.

And as a result of the extensive grassroots efforts of Falun Gong practitioners in China and abroad—from flyering around cities in the middle of the night to phoning Chinese officials—more and more local officials have chosen to disobey official policy on suppressing adherents.

Freedom House estimates that millions and even tens of millions continue to practice Falun Gong in China and speak out against the persecution.

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Der ehemalige Chongqing Chef Sun Zhengcai, 53, unter Untersuchung wurde im Juli setzen 24. (bowenpress.com)Der ehemalige Chongqing Chef Sun Zhengcai, 53, unter Untersuchung wurde im Juli setzen 24. (bowenpress.com)

Eine Reihe von chinesischen Beamten aus mehreren Provinzen haben beeilten sich, ihre Unterstützung für die Untersuchung in Sun Zhengcai zeigen, ein leistungsfähiges Kader, die die Kommunistische Partei Organisation in der Stadt Chongqing vor seiner letzten Absetzung der Leitung.

Sun ist einer der ranghöchsten Beamten, die von chinesischen Führer Xi Jinping umfassende Anti-Korruptions-Kampagne gespült werden. Beim 53, Sun war einer der jüngsten Mitglieder des Politbüros, die 25-Personen-Entscheidungsgremium des chinesischen Regimes, und er wurde von Beobachtern als potenzieller Nachfolger Xi Jinping als Chinas nächster Führer gesehen.

Im Juli 15, Sun wurde von seiner Position und eine Woche später entfernt, Untersucht setzen für „schwere Verletzungen der Disziplin,“Ein Begriff synonym mit Korruption.

In verdrängte Sun Zhengcai, Xi Jinping hat seine Position gestärkt, belegt durch die Vielzahl von Beamten-auch aus den Städten Peking, Tianjin, und Shanghai und den Provinzen Jilin und Hunan-die eifrig „demonstrierte Loyalität“ haben Xi und seine Anti-Korruptions-Kampagne.

Ihre Bereitschaft, sich zu distanzieren von Sun legt nahe, dass Sun Verbrechen, obwohl unklar, Besonders schwerwiegend sind.

Im Juli 26, eine Dringlichkeitssitzung des Landesbeamten wurde in Zhongnanhai gehalten, die Peking-Verbindung, die die Führung der Kommunistischen Partei Gastgeber. Beobachter glauben, dieses Treffen wurde als Mittel zur Schwächung innere Opposition zu Xi Jinping einberufen.

Der Fall von Sun und die Ausdrücke der Unterstützung für seine Untersuchung zeigen, dass Xi die Oberhand gegen den mächtigen gegnerischen Fraktion von ehemaligen Parteichef Jiang Zemin helmed gewinnt, in den Monaten später zu einer großen Partei Umschichtung bis in diesem Jahr.

Während seiner Zeit an der Macht aus 1993 nach 2003, Jiang förderten eine Kultur der kleptocracy, Korruption, und Machtmissbrauch in China. Er behauptete, starke informelle Netzwerke in das kommunistische Regime selbst, nachdem er von Parteichef Hu Jintao abgelöst, und viele Beamte bleiben in Jiangs Fraktion gebunden.

Chongqing, eine Provinz-Ebene Stadt mit einer Bevölkerung von einigen 30 Million, ist ein wichtiges Handels- und Industriezentrum. Vor dem Xi Aufstieg an der Macht 2012, es war von Bo Xilai ausgeführt wurde, ein prominentes Jiang Verbündeten. Bo wurde zu lebenslanger Haft verurteilt in 2013.

Sun Zhengcai war einmal oben aide zu zwei Verbündeten von Jiang Zemin und es gelang ihm Bo als Parteichef von Chongqing. Vor dieser Aufgabe, er hatte ein Parteisekretär der Provinz Jilin im Nordosten Chinas gewesen, wo die Jiang Fraktion genießt auch Einfluss.

Im Februar, Disziplinar Agentur Partei, die aus führt die Anti-Korruptions-Kampagne, die Chongqing Verwaltung wegen Nicht gründlich reinigen sich von den korrupten Einflüssen seiner ehemaligen Chef gerügt, Bo Xilai, und seine rechte Hand, Wang Lijun.

„Wenn Sun Zhengcai kam zum Büro in Chongqing, er sollte das ‚Rest Gift‘ von Bo Xilan und Wang Lijun reinigen, aber er konnte nicht nur so tun, sondern auch abgesprochen mit dem ‚Rest Gift‘,“, Sagte ein Peking Prinzchen-ein Begriff für die Kinder des revolutionären Parteiführers in einem Interview mit der Epoch Times. Er bat um anonym zu bleiben, seine Identität zu schützen.

„Sun Frau setzte eine Dame Club in Peking und hatte enge Beziehungen zu Gu Liping, die Frau von Ling Jihua," er fügte hinzu. Ling Jihua ist Teil der Jiang-Fraktion und der ehemalige Top-Berater von der Kommunistischen Partei China. Er wurde wegen Korruption im Juli gespült 2015.

Das Prinzchen Peking fügte hinzu, dass Sun auch persönliche Gewinne aus dem ‚One-Gürtel zu gewinnen gesucht, Eine Straße‘Initiative, die als Eckpfeiler des Xi Jinping Außenpolitik vermarktet wurde.

Der Zeitpunkt der Sonne Säuberung fällt vor allem mit einem jährlichen Treffen von Top-Parteiführern bei Beidaihe, ein Badeort ein paar Dutzend Meilen von Peking entfernt. Sie werden zukünftige Pläne für die Partei abzugrenzen und den Dienstplan der neuen Parteiführung konfigurieren, die am Ende dieses Jahres auf dem 19. Nationalen Kongress bestimmt wird.

„Sun Zhengcai war im Grunde Jiang Zemins designierte, generationsübergreifenden Nachfolger,“Sagte der prince Peking. „Sun Zhengcai Sturz schneidet die Jiang Fraktion ab von ihrem Fluchtweg. Es ist unmöglich für ihn Xi Jinping in Zukunft erfolgreich zu sein.“

Xi Jinping entschied Sun zu verdrängen eine Wiederholung von a zu vermeiden 2012 Putschversuch von Bo Xilai und Sicherheit czar Zhou Yongkang, sagte unabhängigen politischen Kommentator Hua Po.

A Xi loyalistischen, Chen Min'er, hat Sun Platz als Chongqing Chef genommen. Chen arbeitete mit Xi Jinping, wenn Xi Parteichef der Provinz Zhejiang war von 2002 nach 2007 bevor sie die verarmte Provinz Guizhou geschickt führen. Als Chongqing Chefs sitzen normalerweise auf dem Elite-Politbüro, Chens Platzierung gibt Xi die Möglichkeit, einen anderen Platz auf dem 25-köpfigen Körper während des 19. Nationalen Kongresses nab.

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Juli 24, 2017

Hundreds of Falun Dafa practitioners hold a candlelight vigil in Washington on July 20, 2017 to remember the victims of the Chinese regime’s persecution of the practice that began on July 20, 1999. The candles in the front form the Chinese characters for truthfulness, Barmherzigkeit, und Toleranz, the three main tenets of Falun Dafa. (Benjamin Chasteen/The Epoch Times)Hundreds of Falun Dafa practitioners hold a candlelight vigil in Washington on July 20, 2017 to remember the victims of the Chinese regime’s persecution of the practice that began on July 20, 1999. The candles in the front form the Chinese characters for truthfulness, Barmherzigkeit, und Toleranz, the three main tenets of Falun Dafa. (Benjamin Chasteen/The Epoch Times)

Holding the corner of a banner under the intense midday sun on a 100-plus-degree day, Chinese-American medical scientist and Falun Gong practitioner Hu Zongyi shared his understanding of where the Xi Jinping leadership might be headed on the Falun Gong issue.

"[Xi] doesn’t necessarily have any intention to persecute Falun Gong,” said the middle-aged scientist, speaking before the start of a parade in Washington commemorating the 18th anniversary of the beginning of the persecution of Falun Gong in China.

“If those officials, who have blood on their hands, are cleaned out, it will be easier for Xi to end this,” Hu added. “If he really wants to resolve this problem, well, doesn’t he talk about reviving traditional Chinese culture? If he thinks he needs to disband the Communist Party in order to end the persecution, he can take this step first, or do both at the same time.”

Hu’s assessment might seem overly optimistic in light of the continued suppression in China. The website Minghui.org, which serves as a clearinghouse for information about the persecution of Falun Gong, identified nearly 400 practitioners who were sentenced to prison between January to May this year. Im Juli 11, Yang Yuyong, one of about 20 practitioners from Tianjin who were arrested as part of a local security effort, died in a hospital seemingly from the injuries he sustained from torture and abuse, nach Minghui.

Chinese leader Xi Jinping attends the World Economic Forum in Davos on Jan. 17, 2017. (Fabrice Coffrini/AFP/Getty Images)

Chinese leader Xi Jinping attends the World Economic Forum in Davos on Jan. 17, 2017. (Fabrice Coffrini/AFP/Getty Images)

Yet the Xi leadership has overseen several policies that suggest that Xi is at least considering future reconciliation. The labor camp system has been shuttered. Some practitioners have walked away mostly unpunished after lodging criminal complaints against former Party leader Jiang Zemin, or have received no punishment at all. Xi has made unusual gestures (such as stressing the importance of helping lawful petitioners, which includes those complaining about Jiang) near the anniversaries of dates related to the persecution. The”610 Office,” which coordinates the persecution, has received an official rebuke and its leadership has been (figuratively) decapitated. Local courts are throwing out practitioner cases, citing lack of evidence to prosecute.

There appears to also be a correlation between Xi’s anti-corruption campaign and a gradual weakening of the persecution. Aside from being linked with Jiang’s political faction, many of the officials arrested for corruption happen to be involved in persecuting practitioners, according to Minghui.org and the World Organization to Investigative the Persecution of Falun Gong, which closely tracks the persecution.

It is still unclear whether Xi Jinping will eventually end the persecution. But if he does bite the proverbial bullet, it is tough to imagine that the Party can survive the scandal of the persecution—including grisly, large-scale crimes like forced organ harvesting.

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Falun Gong practitioner Yang Yuyong passed away on July 12 after eight months of being detained for his spiritual beliefs. His body was covered with wounds and bruises. (Radio Free Asia)Falun Gong practitioner Yang Yuyong passed away on July 12 after eight months of being detained for his spiritual beliefs. His body was covered with wounds and bruises. (Radio Free Asia)

Yang Yuyong and nearly 20 other Falun Gong practitioners in the Chinese port city of Tianjin were arrested and detained by local security forces last December. After eight months in police custody, Yang passed away in a hospital on July 11, seemingly from the wounds he sustained from torture and abuse.

But even in death Yang hasn’t escaped the control of Chinese authorities. Tianjin police are restricting access to his grave, and the hospital’s head doctor appears to have listed a bogus cause of death. Yang’s family is now demanding an investigation.

Die Praktizierenden von Falun Gong, a traditional Chinese spiritual practice, have been targeted for suppression by the Chinese authorities since July 1999 when former Communist Party leader Jiang Zemin launched a persecution campaign. Heute, hundreds of thousands of practitioners continue to be held in some form of detention, where they suffer vicious abuse. Researchers say that the Chinese regime is profiting from the forced live organ harvesting of practitioners.

Yang Yuyong, who was 56, had been arrested multiple times since the start of the persecution. Am Dezember. 7, he and his wife were again arrested, this time as part of a large sweep of Falun Gong practitioners in Tianjin, and were held in Wuqing District Detention Center.

In early January, Yang went on hunger strike to protest his imprisonment. His jailors responded by shackling his ankles and wrists together, forcing him into a painful bent position. Two heavy metal balls were also attached to the shackles around his feet.

In another incident, Yang’s jailors instructed thirteen detention center inmates to beat him unconscious. One of Yang’s lawyers said that the inmates had also cursed at and sexually abused him.

Then on July 11, the Tianjin authorities notified Yang’s family of his death at 3:40 p.m. that day. The hospital’s head doctor said that Yang had sustained a lung infection and a very high fever, implying that he had died of illnesses.

Yang’s family, aber, believes that the official medical account of Yang Yuyong’s death was falsified. Yang had no history of illness, and had appeared healthy when Yang’s lawyers visited him a fortnight ago.

Ebenfalls, when Yang’s family arrived at the hospital, they found his body covered in wounds and bluish-purple bruises as well as cuts on his toenails that suggested his feet had been stabbed with bamboo sticks or needles. They also noticed grotesque wounds on the back of his ears, nach Minghui.org, a clearinghouse for information on the Chinese regime’s ongoing persecution of Falun Gong.

Further, a friend of Yang’s said that his body was already rigid by the time his family saw him at the hospital at 6:00 p.m., which suggests that Yang had passed away much earlier than 3:40 p.m. as the Tianjin authorities had claimed. Yang’s friend wishes to remain anonymous out of safety concerns.

Zu Ende 100 policemen came to the hospital in the early morning of July 13 to take the body of Falun Gong practitioner Yang Yuyong against the wishes of his family. They formed a human wall to the entrance of the hospital. (Minghui.org)

Events quickly took an alarming turn. At about 3:00 a.m. the following day, 14 police cars pulled into the hospital’s parking lot. Nearly a hundred police officers, including special forces dressed all in black, swarmed out and surrounded the hospital, forming two rows to make a human wall extending to the entrance, nach Minghui.

Ignoring the family’s wishes, the newly arrived security forces took Yang’s corpse to a cemetery near the hospital and tried to block anyone from taking pictures. The police are monitoring the entrance to the cemetery, as well as registering names and videorecording visitors to Yang’s grave.

Yang’s family is demanding an investigation into the cause of his death as well as the release of Yang’s wife and fellow Falun Gong practitioner Meng Xianzhen. Meng was imprisoned in the same detention center as her husband.

“The first thing we need to do is make them release my mother since she did not commit any crime in the first place. After what happened to my father, I worry about her safety,” said Yang’s daughter in an interview with Radio Free Asia. “The next step is to seek justice for my father.”

Yang’s two children have asked the detention center to release their mother, but they were told to fire one of their lawyers, Wen Donghai, because of his alleged “anti-China” background.

Yang’s children met with authorities on July 14 without their lawyers, who had been denied entry. The authorities then used their mother’s safety to threaten them to privately settle the matter of their father’s death and to stop publicizing the incident on the internet. Yang’s children, aber, declined.

Yang’s lawyers have tried to file criminal complaints against the head of the Wuqing District Detention Center and a guard surnamed Liu for torturing him. The Wuqing District Procuratorate has refused to accept the complaint, while the Tianjin Procuratorate and the Tianjin Police Department have not responded.

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Wang Yu, the lawyer of late Chinese human rights activist Cao Shunli, poses during an interview in Hong Kong on March 20, 2014. The 52-year-old Cao, who died in police detention on March 14, 2014 in Beijing, was said to have dark marks all over her body, her lawyer disclosed, citing Cao's relatives. Cao was set to travel to Switzerland to take part in a UN Human Rights Council review last September but police detained her at Beijing's international airport, her lawyer Wang Yu told AFP on March 14. AFP PHOTO / Philippe Lopez (Photo credit should read PHILIPPE LOPEZ/AFP/Getty Images)Wang Yu, the lawyer of late Chinese human rights activist Cao Shunli, poses during an interview in Hong Kong on March 20, 2014. The 52-year-old Cao, who died in police detention on March 14, 2014 in Beijing, was said to have dark marks all over her body, her lawyer disclosed, citing Cao's relatives. Cao was set to travel to Switzerland to take part in a UN Human Rights Council review last September but police detained her at Beijing's international airport, her lawyer Wang Yu told AFP on March 14. AFP PHOTO / Philippe Lopez (Photo credit should read PHILIPPE LOPEZ/AFP/Getty Images)

Beijing-based human rights lawyer Wang Yu was released on bail last August, but she continues to languish under house arrest at her parents’ home in Ulanhot, Inner Mongolia.

Over ten internal security agents monitor Wang and her family around the clock, restricting their communication with the outside world and barring them from returning to their home in Beijing, according to Chinese human rights lawyer Wen Donghai, who recently visited Wang on June 23.

“Their every move is being watched, and at least two security agents follow them whenever they leave home. There are surveillance cameras everywhere in the house, even in their bedroom,” Wen told Radio Free Asia. “Indeed, surveillance of Wang Yu is at an intolerable level.”

Wang, 46, was among the first human rights lawyers to be arrested as part of the nationwide crackdown on rights lawyers and activists in 2015. The Chinese authorities have questioned or detained over 300 lawyers, activists, and legal personnel, including Wang and her activist husband, Bao Longjun.

Wang was one of China’s leading rights defenders, having championed dissidents and prisoners of conscience. She advocated for the Uyghur academic Ilham Tohti, the activist Cao Shunli, as well as several practitioners of Falun Gong, the traditional Chinese spiritual discipline that former Communist Party boss Jiang Zemin marked for brutal persecution in 1999.

The Chinese regime reacted to Wang’s best legal efforts by slandering her reputation and squashing her defense of China’s downtrodden.

Im Juli 2015, a week prior to her arrest, Wang was dragged out of a court in Hebei Province and “tossed out like a bag onto the street,” for trying to attend the cross-examination of a Falun Gong practitioner, according to an eyewitness.

After months of being held incommunicado, Wang was officially charged in Jan 2016 with “subversion of state power,” a major offense often levied upon human rights defenders.

Prior to Wang’s supposed release on bail in August 2016, she gave a confession—likely coerced—that was aired widely on state media. In the footage, Wang said she wouldn’t accept a human rights award from a United States professional organization, denounced her colleagues, and suggested “foreign forces” had used her firm to smear the Chinese regime.

Wang and her family remained under constant surveillance after her release. In a statement published on human rights blog Weiquan.net, Bao Longjun, Wang’s husband, said that his family was accompanied by internal security agents during the entire duration of their trip to Tianjin to visit family on June 25.

After the Wangs returned to Inner Mongolia on June 30, they realized that their travel bags had been searched by the security agents at some point in their travels. Some of their personal belongings in the bags has also gone missing, Bao said.

Bao had demanded that the security agents produce paperwork justifying the surveillance of his family, but received no response. The agents also refused to explain why the Wang family was kept under house arrest in Inner Mongolia, and not allowed to return to their home in Beijing.

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Peking Parteisekretär Cai Qi nimmt an einer Sitzung des Peking Komitees der Politischen Konsultativkonferenz des Chinesischen Volkes in Peking am Jan. 12, 2017. (Reuters)Peking Parteisekretär Cai Qi nimmt an einer Sitzung des Peking Komitees der Politischen Konsultativkonferenz des Chinesischen Volkes in Peking am Jan. 12, 2017. (Reuters)

Cai Qi verbrachte 14 Jahre in mehreren bescheidenen offiziellen Positionen in der ostchinesischen Provinz Zhejiang. Endlich, im 2013, Cai wurde zum Stellvertreter des Landes Nummer zwei.

In den letzten vier Jahren, aber, Cai hat im mittleren Management Karriere Progression etwas ähnlich einem multinationalen Unternehmen Mitarbeiter genossen ein zusätzliches Angebot mit Übernachtung-Chief Executive Officer gemacht wird, um den Vorstand beizutreten.

Cai wurde zuerst von Zhejiang gerupft sein stellvertretender Direktor der nationalen Sicherheit Organ des chinesischen Regimes in 2014. Dann Cai wurde gemacht Handeln und voll Peking Bürgermeister, und landete später den Top-Job in Peking Gemeinde-Sekretär der Kommunistischen Partei von Peking in einem Zeitraum von sechs Monaten zwischen 2016 und 2017.

Als Peking Chef, Cai, 60, auch scheint für einen Sitz im Politbüro-25-köpfigen Elite Entscheidungsgremium-kommen, um den 19. National Congress eingesperrt, ein Schlüssel Partei Konklave, am Ende des Jahres.

Die Xi Jinping Führung des kürzlich erfolgten Ernennung von Cai und mehr als ein Dutzend andere leitende Positionen Provinz hat Köpfe drehten sich, weil sie technisch nicht-Eliten-keines der neu beförderten Beamten sind im Zentralkomitee sind, eine Sammlung von über 300 Ministerebene Beamten.

Xi hat wahrscheinlich zu erhöhen Cai und andere gewählt, die sind entweder Xi ehemalige Arbeitskollegen oder Akademiker und Technokraten, seine Kontrolle über das chinesische Regime zu mehr Konsolidierung in vollem Umfang.

Politisches Deathmatch

Auf Papier, Generalsekretär Xi Jinping scheint bereits sehr mächtig zu sein, Sein „Kern“ Führer des chinesischen Regimes, die Top-Militär Vorarbeiter, und Leiter von mehreren wichtigen politischen Entscheidungsgruppen.

Aber in Wirklichkeit, Xi ist weniger einflussreich als seine vielen Titel vorschlagen.

Schon vor seinem Amtsantritt in 2012, Xi wurde mit einer mächtigen politischen Fraktion von ehemaligen kommunistischen Parteichef Jiang Zemin helmed zu kämpfen gezwungen. Jiangs Fraktion ist seit über zwei Jahrzehnten zuvor dominant, und ist verantwortlich für die Verewigung der Korruption, kleptocracy, und Verfolgung in China.

Jiang Fraktion Eliten hatte ursprünglich geplant, von Xi zu entsorgen, ein Kompromisskandidat zwischen Jiang und dann scheidenden chinesischen Staatschef Hu Jintao, in einem Coup, nach Quellen innerhalb der Partei und einem Konto von einer Obama-Regierung offiziell nach Washington Gratis Beacon Reporter Bill Gertz. Xi Jinping selbst erschienen verweisen auf den Umsturzversuch in offiziellen Reden, wo er in Ungnade gefallenen Jiang Eliten zu bilden „Cliquen und Kabalen“ auf „Wrack und Spaltung“ der Partei beschuldigt.

In den letzten fünf Jahren, Xi hat sich bemüht, das Gleichgewicht der Macht durch eine Anti-Korruptions-Kampagne zu verschieben, die mit dem Untergang vieler Jiang Verbündeten und Anhänger in verschiedenen Verwaltungsorgane und des Militärs geführt hat. Mehr als eine Million Beamte seit Korruption untersucht wurden, 2013, von denen über 200 Eliten sind Partei, nach den chinesischen staatlichen Medien.

Beamte, möglicherweise unzufrieden mit nicht in der Lage einen einfachen Vermögen durch Korruption zu machen, die Xi Führung passiv zu sein, wieder gefunden durch Verweigerung oder schlecht Durchführung Aufträge von Partei zentraler kürzlich wurde, nach dem chinesischen Gelehrten oder indirekten Anspielungen in Berichte der Anti-Korruptions-Agentur Partei.

Das Ergebnis der „Todeskampf“Zwischen der Xi Führung und Jiangs Fraktion ist Stagnation in der chinesischen Regime in den letzten fünf Jahren, Xi ist nicht in der Lage gewesen, durch erhebliche wirtschaftliche schieben, legal, oder Sicherheitsreformen.

Umbildung der Provinzen

Angesichts der aktuellen politischen Situation in den chinesischen Regimen, das Xi Jinping Führung der letzte Erhebung von Peking Chef Cai Qi und mehrere anderen Beamten Provinz Positionen trotz ihres Nicht-Elite-Status nach oben scheint eher aus dire Notwendigkeit geboren zu werden als ein vorsätzlicher Versuch, mit dem Regime Konvention zu brechen.

Wenn Xi waren Beamte aus dem aktuellen Pool von ZK-Mitgliedern zu fördern, oder in vielen wichtigen provinzieller Ebene Verwaltungen wie Beijing, Chongqing, oder Xinjiang, er läuft Gefahr, den chinesischen „tiefen Staat“ verschanzen, die Fraktion Jiang Zemins zurückverfolgt werden können Linien von Beamten, deren politische Patronage umfasst.

Xi wird unwahrscheinlich nicht in der Lage zu gehen, will weitere fünf Jahre richtig durch seine Politik zu schieben. Stapel die Nummer eins und zwei Büros in der wichtigsten Provinzen mit Loyalisten oder in der Lage Akademikern und Technokraten ohne politische Ausrichtung ist ein Weg aus der Sackgasse zu brechen.

Xi Bemühungen um politische Umgruppierung ist am besten in Peking gesehen.

Peking Parteichef Cai Qi arbeitete mit Xi in den südlichen Provinzen Fujian und Zhejiang. New amtierender Bürgermeister Chen Jining war Präsident der renommierten Tsinghua-Universität, bis 2015 bevor er als Minister für Umweltschutz dienen,. Zwei neue Peking städtischen Parteiausschussmitglieder, der politische Beratungsorgan Chef, und der Gesetzgeber Chef waren alle hereingebracht von außerhalb Peking.

Xi entweder repliziert oder erscheint bewirken ähnliche politische Termine in den anderen Schlüssel provinzieller Ebene Verabreichungen, wie Tianjin im Prozess zu sein, Chongqing, Guangdong, Xinjiang, und Shanghai, lange die Operationsbasis von Jiang Zemin.

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Several hundred of 200,000 pro-democracy student protesters face to face with policemen outside the Great Hall of the People in Tiananmen Square in Beijing on April 22, 1989. (Catherine Henriette/AFP/Getty Images)Several hundred of 200,000 pro-democracy student protesters face to face with policemen outside the Great Hall of the People in Tiananmen Square in Beijing on April 22, 1989. (Catherine Henriette/AFP/Getty Images)

Twenty-eight years ago, China—along with the Soviet bloc—seemed on the cusp of political change.

Beginning with college students and university staff around the country, millions of people joined the nationwide demonstrations—for human rights, an end to corruption, and democratic reform—that had been sparked off by the death of Hu Yaobang, the liberal Chinese Communist Party former leader, in April 1989.

Despite widespread sympathy for the movement, and nearly a decade of economic change and social openness, the CCP declared martial law in Beijing; im Juni 4, 1989, soldiers and tanks of the People’s Liberation Army entered the capital and killed hundreds, maybe thousands of unarmed protesters in Tiananmen Square—the “gate of heavenly peace.”

Crowds of Beijing residents watch the military block access  to Tiananmen Square  in Beijing on June 7, 1989. (AP Photo/Sadayuki Mikami)

Crowds of Beijing residents watch the military block access to Tiananmen Square in Beijing on June 7, 1989. (AP Photo/Sadayuki Mikami)

In the final days before the imposition of martial law, Zhao Ziyang, Hu’s successor to the Party leadership, spoke to the students in Beijing, “We came too late. We are sorry. You talk about us, criticize us, it is all necessary.”

Twenty days after the Tiananmen Massacre, Zhao Ziyang was forced out of office and placed under house arrest. According to the Tiananmen Papers, a scholarly reconstruction of events during the demonstrations and massacre, while Zhao was never formally accused of any crime, he was blamed by Party hardliners for supposedly engineering the pro-democratic demonstrations.

In Zhao’s place the remaining Party leaders installed Jiang Zemin, a man whose deleterious influence in Chinese politics and brutal legacy in the suppression of human rights lingers to this day.

The Paradox of Reform

Following the death of chairman Mao Zedong in 1976, China had begun its “reform and opening up” era, unleashing the entrepreneurial potential of hundreds of millions of Chinese. The crazed fanaticism, state terror, and starvation of the chairman’s rule appeared a thing of the past.

Marx, Lenin, and Mao seemed to take a backseat in the tide of market prosperity and budding political reform. General secretary of the Chinese Communist Party, Hu Yaobang, took an opening and went so far as to say that none of Mao’s ideas were relevant in modern China’s economic modernizations.

Chinese Communist Party Secretary General Zhao Ziyang (C) addresses the student hunger strikers through a megaphone at dawn 19 Kann 1989.  (AFP/Getty Images)

Chinese Communist Party Secretary General Zhao Ziyang (C) addresses the student hunger strikers through a megaphone at dawn 19 Kann 1989. (AFP/Getty Images)

And in 1987, the mantle of leadership passed to Zhao Ziyang, a disciple of Hu’s political reforms. Though a high-ranking bureaucrat and a dedicated Party member, Zhao, in the words of scholar Julian B. Gewirtz, “prioritized substance over style” and envisioned a China both rich and democratic. In one of the more radical proposals, he called for the independence of the government from the Communist Party.

Under Zhao’s continued leadership, Gerwitz said in a statement published on the commentary website ChinaFile, “it’s not at all hard to imagine that Chinese society would be much more pluralistic, democratic, law-abiding, Messe, and open to the outside world.”

But the Party had its own logic, one that could be seen even before the death of Hu Yaobang and the tragedy at Tiananmen.

Hardliners in the CCP, including Deng Xiaoping, the real source of power and political patronage in the China of the day, had previously acted—as in the example of the campaign to rid China of western “spiritual pollution”—to curb political liberalization. Hu Yaobang was a controversial figure, and the latter half of the 1980s saw his downfall.

Triumph of Party Character

The concept of “Party character”—”dang xing” in Mandarin—was a constant throughout CCP rule, and has proved a formidable tool ensuring cohesion of the communist regime and enlisting cooperation from its individual members.

Class struggle and materialist dialectics, the philosophical core of the Marxist-Leninism enshrined in CCP doctrine, informed the mass murders and unprecedented famine under Mao, and remained unchanged in the years following. Economic development, legal modernization, and loosening of social norms could make Chinese richer and more materially satisfied, but the Communist Party retained its basic ideological character.

At a time when political reforms in the Soviet Union led to the wholesale collapse of eastern European communist regimes, the strength of Party character doomed Hu and Zhao even in their capacities as general secretary—the highest rank in the CCP.

A poster displayed in late 1966 in a Beijing street shows how to deal with a so-called ‘enemy of the people’ during the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution. (Jean Vincent/AFP/Getty Images)

Zhao Ziyang was not the first Party leader to be disgraced. In the chaos of the Cultural Revolution, brought on by Mao Zedong in the 1960s, General Secretary Liu Shaoqi was hounded by Red Guards as a “capitalist-roader” and brought down as attempts to defend himself with a copy of the Chinese constitution were simply ignored. He was tortured and held in inhuman conditions until his death two years later.

Chen Duxiu, founder of the CCP, was opposed to the use of violence and favored cooperation with the republican Chinese government in power at the time. He was squeezed out of his position and eventually expelled from the Party as a “right-wing opportunist.”

After Tiananmen

Heute, little trace remains of the social movement that swept through Beijing, Harbin, Shenyang, Guangzhou, Hefei, Chengdu, and other Chinese metropolises in the spring of 1989. Zhao Ziyang lived under house arrest until his death in 2005.

With Zhao’s successor Jiang Zemin, China continued its march into capitalism without democracy. The aims of reform—transparent government, Rechtsstaatlichkeit, greater democratization and growth of civil society—reversed course as money and patronage became the caustic lubricants of an affluent China’s political economy.

Chinese policeman approach Falun Gong practitioners who traveled across China to Tiananmen Square to stage peaceful appeals against the persecution in 2001.  (Courtesy of Minghui)

Chinese policeman approach Falun Gong practitioners who traveled across China to Tiananmen Square to stage peaceful appeals against the persecution in 2001. (Courtesy of Minghui)

While clad in western suits and enjoying the fruits of crony capitalism, the Party organization under Jiang retained the machinery of communism from Tiananmen—and the ideological culture for its use. Diesmal, the offense was not a matter of politics, but a clash of faith.

Im 1999, Jiang Zemin ordered a comprehensive campaign to destroy Falun Gong, a Chinese spiritual practice taken up by over 70 million people since its first public teaching in 1992.

And like in 1989, the persecution was foreshadowed by signs of mounting CCP pressure—the slanderous articles of communist pundits like He Zuoxiu, the banning of Falun Gong books in 1996—culminating in the arrests in April 1999 of over 40 Falun Gong practitioners in Tianjin, northern China.

Falun Gong adherents protested, gathering before the CCP leadership compound at Zhongnanhai in Beijing. Premier Zhu Rongji received several representatives inside the building, but his actions, as those of Zhao Ziyang ten years earlier, meant little.

Chinese President Jiang Zemin (L) together with Premier Zhu Rongji during a departure ceremony at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing 03 Juni 2002. (Goh Chai Hin / AFP / Getty Images)

Chinese President Jiang Zemin (L) together with Premier Zhu Rongji during a departure ceremony at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing 03 Juni 2002. (Goh Chai Hin / AFP / Getty Images)

Jiang Zemin, who had risen to power in the wake of the bloody resolution of events on June 4th, saw a similar situation in the rise of Falun Gong in the 1990s. He called Falun Gong “the most serious political incident since June 4” in a Politburo meeting, according to scholars.

The 2000s and beyond would see the development of the most brutal persecution campaign in contemporary China—complete with dehumanizing propaganda, labor camp sentences, and the surgical murder of hundreds of thousands for their organs.

Communism is estimated to have killed at least 100 millionen Menschen, yet its crimes have not been fully compiled and its ideology still persists. The Epoch Times seeks to expose the history and beliefs of this movement, which has been a source of tyranny and destruction since it emerged. Read the whole series at ept.ms/DeadEndCom

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Li Heping (Recht), a prominent Chinese human rights lawyer, was released last week after nearly two years in prison. (Radio Free Asia)Li Heping (Recht), a prominent Chinese human rights lawyer, was released last week after nearly two years in prison. (Radio Free Asia)

After nearly two years behind bars, Li Heping, a prominent Chinese human rights lawyer, was released from prison last week.

Both his friends and his wife said he was barely recognizable—once robust and healthy, he is now thin and emaciated, his hair turned white, a radical transformation for someone only in his mid-forties.

Im Juli 9, 2015, he was taken away by Tianjin public security officers and sentenced with “subversion of state power.” His arrest was part of a nationwide crackdown in 2015—known colloquially as the “709 Incident”—which targeted over 250 human rights lawyers and activists.

After two years of painstaking advocacy on his behalf, Wang Qiaoling, Li’s wife, was finally able to secure his release. Li was given a four-year suspended sentence, which means he still cannot practice law as before.

Human rights lawyer Li Heping, formerly youthful and robust, looked markedly different and almost unrecognizable after being imprisoned and tortured. (Radio Free Asia)

Representing the Vulnerable

Li Heping garnered prominence for defending political dissidents and vulnerable groups in China, including underground Christians, victims of forced evictions, as well as practitioners of the persecuted Falun Gong spiritual practice.

He also sought to appeal on behalf of blind activist Chen Guangcheng and fellow rights attorney Gao Zhisheng. Im 2006, he defended environmental activist Tan Kai, founder of the environmental group “Green Watch.”

Im 2007, along with five other Beijing-based human rights lawyers, Li represented Wang Bo, a Falun Gong practitioner, in a prominent case in Shijiazhuang City. In their defense of Wang Bo’s innocence, they jointly published “The Constitution is Supreme, Freedom of Religion”—the first time Chinese lawyers applied Chinese law to systematically defend Falun Gong practitioners as innocent. The defense statement would be frequently referenced by rights lawyers later on when representing Falun Gong practitioners.

As he continued to take on high-profile cases, Li was subjected to increasing harassment, surveillance, and threats by Chinese security forces. In Sep. 2007, he was abducted by plainclothes police and shocked with electric batons for several hours before being left in the woods in the suburbs of Beijing. Im 2009, Chinese authorities refused to renew his law license, thus depriving him of his right to practice law and forcing him to turn to legal consultation work instead.

Mounting tensions culminated with his arrest in July, 2015 along with numerous other human rights defenders.

From Defender to Persecuted

According to Li’s wife, Wang Qiaoling, Li was subjected to constant surveillance while detained—with people guarding him even as he used the bathroom—and tortured with beatings and electric shocks.

Außerdem, while imprisoned, Li was regularly forced to consume unknown drugs, ostensibly for high blood pressure, a condition he did not have.

The drugs resulted in bodily weakness, pain in his muscles, and blurry vision. Other human rights defenders released from prison, including Li’s younger brother, Li Chunfu, have discussed similar experiences of being force-fed unknown medication while detained. After being released in January 2017, Li was soon diagnosed with symptoms of schizophrenia.

According to Heng He, a senior political commentator at New Tang Dynasty Television (a sister media company of Epoch Times) the use of drugs as a form of torture is not an isolated occurrence. Im 2001, the American Psychiatric Association began drawing attention to forced administration of psychotropic drugs on Falun Gong practitioners detained at mental hospitals.

Heng says that the force-feeding of drugs was “used at a large scale on Falun Gong practitioners before being used to persecute human rights lawyers.” The purpose, he says, is to “break their will” and to threaten those around them by highlighting the consequences of opposing state policy.

In response to mounting evidence of forced administration of drugs, members of Chinese Lawyers for the Protection of Human Rights penned an open letter on May 14 calling for an independent investigation into the use of drugs to torture rights lawyers imprisoned as a part of the 709 Incident.

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Hongyan Lu speaks at a rally in front of the Chinese embassy on April 25, 2017, to mark the 18th anniversary of Falun Gong practitioners’ large-scale appeal for freedom of belief in China on April 25, 1999, and to call for an end to the persecution of Falun Gong. To her right is Falun Gong practitioner Joanna Qiao holding a sign seeking help to call for the release of Lu’s mother, Huixia Chen, from detention in China and facing three years to life imprisonment for her belief. (Donna He/The Epoch Times)Hongyan Lu speaks at a rally in front of the Chinese embassy on April 25, 2017, to mark the 18th anniversary of Falun Gong practitioners’ large-scale appeal for freedom of belief in China on April 25, 1999, and to call for an end to the persecution of Falun Gong. To her right is Falun Gong practitioner Joanna Qiao holding a sign seeking help to call for the release of Lu’s mother, Huixia Chen, from detention in China and facing three years to life imprisonment for her belief. (Donna He/The Epoch Times)

OTTAWA—The largest appeal for freedom of belief in Chinese history was commemorated in front of the Chinese Embassy in Ottawa on April 25, 2017.

Im April 25, 1999, mehr als 10,000 people gathered peacefully in Beijing to appeal for their freedom to practice Falun Gong and the release of arrested fellow practitioners. Forty-five or so practitioners had been beaten and detained in the nearby city of Tianjin.

Das 45 practitioners were released that evening, so those who had gathered to appeal left quietly and went home.

aber, just three months after the unprecedented appeal, then-Chinese Communist Party leader Jiang Zemin launched a nationwide campaign of persecution to “eradicate” Falun Gong that continues today.

“We are honouring the spirit of peace, justice, and compassion with which that appeal was held 18 Jahre zuvor,” said Xun Li, president of the Falun Dafa Association of Canada.

“I am here to honour the April 25th peaceful appeal. Meantime I also hope to draw attention to my mother’s case,” said Hongyan Lu, a Falun Gong practitioner living in Ottawa.

Hongyan recounted how her 60-year old mother Huixia Chen suffered from hepatitis B, cirrhosis, stomach problems, and endometriosis in 1998 when she began practicing Falun Gong, also called Falun Dafa.

“Just a few months into practicing Falun Gong that year, all her illnesses miraculously went away and she became good-tempered,” said Hongyan.

aber, Huixia was arrested in June 2016, together with other fellow practitioners.

In the first 20 days after the arrest, Huixia “was tortured and locked in a chair made of metal bars and not allowed to move,” said Hongyan. “This destroyed her health and made it hard for her to walk or stand up. She’s very weak. She has also been forced to endure brainwashing sessions.”

Huixia is detained in Shijiazhuang Second Detention Center.

“My relatives in China are still struggling to get any updates on my mother and unfortunately have made little progress,” Hangyan said. “We have no idea what’s happening or what may happen to my mother under a regime without an independent or effective legal system.”

Hongyan noted that her mother’s experience is typical of the tens of millions of Falun Gong practitioners in China.

“I call for the end of the persecution and the release of my other and all other incarcerated Falun Gong practitioners," Sie sagte.

“It’s time to end this evil crime.”

Falun Gong is a traditional spiritual discipline of the Buddhist school. It consists of meditation, qigong exercises, and moral teachings based on the principles of truthfulness, Barmherzigkeit, und Toleranz. The practice spread quickly due to the profound benefits experienced by practitioners in their physical health and mental and moral wellbeing.

By the late 1990s Chinese government surveys estimated that 70–100 million people had taken up the practice. Due to paranoia over the immense popularity of the practice, which was not under state control, Party leader Jiang officially launched the brutal persecution in July 1999.

Im 2006 the United Nations stated that 66 percent of reported victims of torture were Falun Gong practitioners. The U.N. and other groups have also reported growing evidence of rape, Folter, widespread hate propaganda, deaths, and even state-orchestrated forced organ harvesting of Falun Gong practitioners to supply China’s booming transplant trade.

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April 25, 1999April 25, 1999

EDMONTON—”It was a day when goodness truly triumphed.”

That’s how Michael Cooper, MP for Edmonton-St. Albert, described the April 25, 1999, event in which an estimated 10,000 Falun Dafa adherents gathered in Beijing to peacefully protest the hardening tone of state-run media against their practice and the wrongful arrest of their fellow practitioners in nearby Tianjin.

Cooper was speaking at a rally held in Edmonton’s Dr. Wilbert McIntyre Gazebo on April 22 to commemorate the anniversary of the appeal. The rally also heard from Garnett Genuis, MP for Sherwood Park-Fort Saskatchewan, and adherents of Falun Dafa (also called Falun Gong) who experienced persecution in China.

It was the largest peaceful pro-democratic demonstration in China since the Tiananmen Square pro-democratic demonstrations of 1989. It was a remarkable feat.

— MP Michael Cooper

The protest was the largest appeal for freedom of belief in China’s recent history, and the last time Falun Dafa adherents were able to gather before the brutal persecution against the practice was launched in July 1999 by then-Chinese Communist Party (CCP) leader Jiang Zemin.

‘A Remarkable Feat’

“It’s an honour to be here to stand with [Falun Dafa adherents] for truthfulness, Barmherzigkeit, and forbearance, to stand in solidarity to commemorate the brave 10,000-plus men and women who [gathered] in Beijing on that fateful day of April 25, 1999,” Cooper said. Truthfulness, Barmherzigkeit, and forbearance are Falun Dafa’s guiding principles.

April 25, 1999

Garnett Genuis, MP for Sherwood Park-Fort Saskatchewan, talks at a rally in Edmonton’s Dr. Wilbert McIntyre Gazebo on April 22, 2017 to mark the 18th anniversary of the April 25, 1999 appeal in Beijing by Falun Dafa adherents. (Omid Ghoreishi/The Epoch Times)

“Men and women, who stood up for justice, who stood up for freedom, who stood up for human rights, who stood up for the dozens of Falun Gong practitioners who days earlier had been rounded up, arrested, and beaten. It was the largest peaceful pro-democratic demonstration in China since the Tiananmen Square pro-democratic demonstrations of 1989. It was a remarkable feat," er sagte.

But the response of the Chinese regime was typical of a “brutal communist dictatorship,” Cooper noted.

Just three months later, Jiang’s regime launched a campaign of persecution against Falun Dafa, which in the past 18 years has resulted in thousands of families being destroyed, many sent to labour camps, many tortured to death, and many more losing their lives in China’s illicit state-sanctioned organ transplant trade.

April 25, 1999

DR. Minnan Liu from the Falun Dafa Association of Edmonton talks at a rally in Edmonton’s Dr. Wilbert McIntyre Gazebo on April 22, 2017 to mark the 18th anniversary of the April 25, 1999 appeal in Beijing by Falun Dafa adherents. (Omid Ghoreishi/The Epoch Times)

“In the face of some of the most egregious human rights abuses and crimes committed in the modern world by the communist dictatorship of China, how have Falun Gong practitioners responded?” asked Cooper.

"[They’ve] responded peacefully, through education, through a campaign of awareness, to shine light on the evil—the evils that are perpetrated on a day-to-day basis in China against Falun Gong, and the tens of millions of practitioners right across China.”

Forced Organ Harvesting

Cooper told the crowd that he and fellow MP Genuis and others in the House of Commons will continue to press the Canadian government to compel Beijing to stop the persecution and promote “freedom, democracy, and human rights.”

Canada can play a strong role, standing up for universal human rights. We have a responsibility to do that, especially when the government talks about increasing our engagement with China.

— MP Garnett Genuis

Genuis, who recently introduced a private member’s bill to combat forced organ harvesting from prisoners of conscience in China, said persecution against all faith communities in China is on the rise.

“As China does its best to whitewash its international image, the persecution is escalating, it’s getting worse, and it requires a strong response from those of us in the West and throughout the world committed to justice and human rights,” he told the rally.

Genuis’s bill C-350, which revives a bill tabled in the last parliament by former Liberal justice minister Irwin Cotler, amends Canada’s Criminal Code and Immigration and Refugee Protection Act. The bill seeks to make it a criminal offence for someone to acquire an organ that they know was obtained without consent, and to make those involved in forced organ harvesting inadmissible to Canada.

Luo Zehui (R) recounts through a translator how her father fainted under torture and then cremated while still alive in China for practicing Falun Gong at a rally in Edmonton’s Dr. Wilbert McIntyre Gazebo on April 22, 2017. The event was held to mark the 18th anniversary of the April 25, 1999 appeal in Beijing by Falun Dafa adherents. (Omid Ghoreishi/The Epoch Times)

According to investigations by former Canadian secretary of state David Kilgour, Canadian human rights lawyer David Matas, and American investigative journalist Ethan Gutmann, bis zu 90,000 organ transplants take place in China on a yearly basis, with the majority of them being Falun Gong prisoners of conscience who are killed for their organs.

“Canada can play a strong role, standing up for universal human rights. We have a responsibility to do that, especially when the government talks about increasing our engagement with China,” Genuis said.

Persecution

The rally heard from two Falun Gong practitioners who personally experienced persecution while in China.

Calgary resident Luo Zehui relayed in an emotional speech through a translator that her father, Jiang Xiqing, was put in a forced labour camp and tortured for practising Falun Gong.

April 25, 1999

Zhang Ping (R) recounts through a translator how she was imprisoned multiple times in China for practicing Falun Gong at a rally in Edmonton’s Dr. Wilbert McIntyre Gazebo on April 22, 2017. The event was held to mark the 18th anniversary of the April 25, 1999 appeal in Beijing by Falun Dafa adherents. (Omid Ghoreishi/The Epoch Times)

Jiang fainted under torture, and was then cremated while he was still alive, a tearful Luo said.

Zhang Ping, also from Calgary, talked about how both her physical and mental state improved with the practice and how she was able to harmonize her relations with family members and those in her community, thanks to Falun Gong.

aber, due to the CCP’s campaign of persecution, she was arrested and detained on multiple occasions. She finally escaped China to come to Canada in 2015.

“After leaving my hometown, within less than a year I heard about three more fellow Falun Gong practitioners who died of persecution," Sie sagte.

“There were 43 confirmed death locally and 989 in my province since the persecution started.”

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Pan Yiyang, attends a 2013 meeting in Beijing. (REUTERS/Stringer)Pan Yiyang, attends a 2013 meeting in Beijing. (REUTERS/Stringer)

BEIJING—A court in northern China on Tuesday jailed for 20 years a former senior provincial government official who bribed a now disgraced former aide to retired leader Hu Jintao, state news agency Xinhua reported.

The court in Tianjin found that Pan Yiyang abused his positions as vice governor of the northern region of Inner Mongolia and Communist Party boss of Ganzhou in the eastern province of Jiangxi and took bribes, the agency said.

Zwischen 2000 und 2013, Xinhua sagte, Pan “many times” offered bribes totaling 7.6 Millionen Yuan ($1.10 Million) to Ling Jihua, a close aide to former president Hu, who retired in 2013, to be succeeded by Chinese leader Xi Jinping.

Ling was jailed for life last year after being found guilty of taking bribes, illegally obtaining state secrets and abuse of power, at a secret trial, where his wife testified against him.

The Tianjin court found that Pan had cooperated in the investigation against him, admitted his guilt and had repented, meaning he was given a lighter sentence, Xinhua added.

It was not possible to reach a legal, or family, representative of Pan for comment. Courts are controlled by the party and generally do not challenge party accusations of corruption against senior former officials.

Xi has launched a sweeping war against deep-seated corruption since taking office more than four years ago, Warnung, like others before him, that the problem is so bad it could affect the party’s grip on power.

Dozens of senior officials have been jailed, including the feared former state security chief, Zhou Yongkang.

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Falun Gong practitioners gathered around Zhongnanhai to silently, peacefully appeal for fair treatment on April 25, 1999. (Photo courtesy Clearwisdom.net)Falun Gong practitioners gathered around Zhongnanhai to silently, peacefully appeal for fair treatment on April 25, 1999. (Photo courtesy Clearwisdom.net)

A safe environment to do slow motion exercises and meditate. That was all the 10,000 practitioners of Falun Gong, a traditional Chinese spiritual practice, were asking for when they gathered near the Chinese leadership headquarters at Zhongnanhai on April 25, 1999.

The peaceful appeal, aber, was seized upon by then Chinese Communist Party (CCP) leader Jiang Zemin as an excuse to eventually launch the Party’s latest, and possibly most savage, persecution campaign.

Official policy hasn’t shifted since Jiang’s call to “defeat” Falun Gong 18 Jahre zuvor, though the Party’s campaign is widely thought to have failed.

Horrors of Persecution

The Chinese regime had initially endorsed Falun Gong, oder Falun Dafa, after it was first introduced to the public in 1992 by founder Mr. Li Hongzhi. Herr. Li received awards from several state organizations, including the Ministry of Public Security, for the efficacy of his “qigong” (energy practice) in helping the Chinese people stay healthy and uplift their morals.

The practice involves doing meditative exercises and living according to teachings based on the principles of truthfulness, Barmherzigkeit, und Toleranz. After it was first taught by Mr. in, the practice spread rapidly by word of mouth. Durch 1999 dort gab es 70 nach 100 million practitioners in China by 1999, according to official and practitioner estimates.

With the numbers practicing Falun Gong becoming greater than the membership of the communist party, support turned into surveillance near the end of the century.

Trouble had to be manufactured.

The April 25 appeal at Zhongnanhai was sparked by the sudden arrest of 45 Falun Gong practitioners in the coastal city of Tianjin, Beijing’s port city.

In a letter circulated to the Politburo on the evening of April 25, Jiang Zemin framed the event as a “siege” and the “the most serious political incident since June 4,” the pro-democracy student protest in 1989 that the regime suppressed in a bloody massacre. Jiang expressed the fear that the “Marxism, Materialism, and Atheism” promoted by the CCP could not win against the teachings of Falun Gong.

Three months later, Jiang initiated a highly oppressive campaign to eliminate Falun Gong.

In the early years of the persecution, the entire population was bombarded with hate propaganda against the group. School children faced expulsion if they refused to go along with the demonization of the practice. Chinese officials were promised wealth and promotion if they got their hands bloody.

Practitioners have been arrested for refusing to give up their faith or for telling their fellow citizens about what Falun Gong is and how it has been persecuted. Arrested, they have been sent to extralegal labor camps or other detention facilities.

Most have been detained without the formality of legal proceedings. Those who were hauled to court were prosecuted for distributing or possessing Falun Gong materials using a criminal law that Chinese lawyers consider vague and unconstitutional.

According to human rights reports, practitioners are usually subjected to the worst treatment among prison or labor camp inmates. Minghui.org, eine Clearingstelle für Informationen aus erster Hand über die Verfolgung, is replete with reports of practitioners enduring medieval-style tortures, brutal beatings, and sleep deprivation. Female practitioners face rape or gang rape by other prison inmates or guards.

Practitioners in detention also form the bulk of prisoners of conscience being harvested alive to fuel the Chinese regime’s profitable organ trade, nach a 2016 report by journalist Ethan Gutmann, former Canadian Secretary of State David Kilgour (Asia/Pacific), and international human rights lawyer David Matas. That report estimates that between 60,000 und 100,000 Chinese have had their organs forcibly harvested each year in the period 2000-2015.

Das Vereinigte Staaten Repräsentantenhaus und das Europäisches Parlament recently passed resolutions strongly condemning the Chinese regime for organ harvesting.

‘Cracks in the Crackdown’

In einem recent report on the state of religion in China, Freedom House, a United States-based human rights nongovernmental organization, considers the Chinese regime’s degree of persecution of Falun Gong today to be “very high.”

But the Chinese regime hasn’t succeeded in wiping out the practice. Drawing on official Chinese documents and data from Minghui, Freedom House estimates that there are between 7 nach 10 million Falun Gong practitioners still active in China, while Falun Gong sources suggest the figure is between 20-40 Million.

“The simple fact that Falun Gong has survived the CCP’s onslaught is impressive and amounts to a genuine failure of the party’s repressive apparatus,” the report says.

The report also notes that since Chinese leader Xi Jinping took office in 2012, several factors have caused “cracks in the crackdown” of Falun Gong.

Xi’s anti-corruption campaign has resulted in the purge of key officials overseeing the persecution, such as former security czar Zhou Yongkang, und Li Dongsheng, formerly the head of the “610 Office,” the Gestapo-like, extralegal anti-Falun Gong agency created by Jiang Zemin.

Institutions running the persecution have been weakened. Zum Beispiel, das 610 Office has undergone several changes of leadership since the fall of Li Dongsheng, and was inspected for the first time by the anti-corruption agency in 2016. Ebenfalls, no new anti-Falun Gong campaign has replaced the most recent one from 2013 nach 2015.

A confluence of the above factors appears to be the reason that the regime’s legal apparatus has thrown out cases against arrested practitioners. This phenomenon, which began in late 2016, has resulted in over 17 dismissed cases by local procuratorates and courts.

‘A Little More Space’

The situation in the northeastern province of Liaoning, one of the most severely persecuted regions, is a case in point.

Key Liaoning official, Wang Min, the former Party chief of Liaoning, and Su Hongzhang, head of Liaoning’s Political and Legal Affairs Commission, wurden in gespült 2015 und 2016 beziehungsweise. Wang and Su were identified by the World Organization to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong, a U.S.-based NGO, as being involved in cases of persecution.

Direct outreach to legal officials appeared to have played a part in the the local procuratorate rejecting the case against Li Shijin and Lin Youyan, two female practitioners from Liaoning’s Tieling County who were arrested for handing out calendars with information about Falun Gong.

Lawyers representing Li and Lin explained to legal officials that there the regime has no law banning Falun Gong, gemäß Minghui. Family members of the practitioners gave testimonies about the benefits of the practice to the Chinese officials. The officials then suggested the family members file a legal appeal, which later led to the case being dismissed.

When the two practitioners were in detention, they talked about Falun Gong to other inmates and the guards. Laut Minghui, “everyone in the cells and guards said farewell and wished them well” after they were released on Feb. 17.

At least three other practitioners from Liaoning have had cases against them dismissed and have been released as of April 2017, according to reports on Minghui.

Yet the instances of reversal remain overshadowed by the greater incidence of persecution. Liaoning tops the list of regions where practitioners were prosecuted in März 2017, mit 31 aus 110 reported cases.

Heng He, a senior political commentator with New Tang Dynasty Television, believes that the contradictory situation that has emerged in Liaoning and other areas of China boils down to politics.

“The persecution of Falun Gong saw the rise of a huge persecutory interest group,” Heng said. “The group’s political, financial and other benefits totally depend on whether the persecution can continue or not.”

On the flipside, officials in the anti-Falun Gong machinery have “a little more space to make their own choices” in the absence of continued top-down political impetus, Heng He said. And some, perhaps sensing a shift in the wind under the Xi leadership, have chosen to instead exercise their humanity.

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