During a rally joined by thousands of Falun Gong practitiioners at Taipei 23 April 2006, four demonstrators play in an action drama against what they said was the Chinese communists' killing of Falun Gong followers and harvesting of their organs in concentration camps.  (PATRICK LIN/AFP/Getty Images)During a rally joined by thousands of Falun Gong practitiioners at Taipei 23 April 2006, four demonstrators play in an action drama against what they said was the Chinese communists' killing of Falun Gong followers and harvesting of their organs in concentration camps.  (PATRICK LIN/AFP/Getty Images)

“There was bleeding. He was still alive’, Chinese doctor, Enver Tohti, recalled to a panel of experts in Ireland on China’s lucrative practice of organ harvesting from prisoners of conscience.

The Joint Committee on Foreign Affairs and Trade, and Defence listened to evidence presented by organ harvesting experts, including David Matas and Ethan Gutmann, who have both been nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize for their investigative work in China.

The panel listed a series of recommendations at the committee, including urging the government to ban ‘organ tourism’—a hugely profitable business predominantly abused by China, where citizens travel overseas to receive an organ transplant.

The main body of victims of these organ transplants is from practitioners of Falun Gong—a peaceful, traditional meditation practice whose main tenets are truthfulness, Barmherzigkeit, und Toleranz. The Chinese Communist party began a bloody persecution of its practitioners in 1999 that continues to this day.

Hundreds of thousands of practitioners are in the vast network of labor camps across China at any one time and are highly vulnerable to being put on lists for organ extraction.

Organ tourism is already banned in Israel, Taiwan, Italien, und Spanien. Gutmann said these countries did so out of a sense of “integrity, a highly-developed sense of tragedy, a historical wisdom to know that the big players, [sowie] die US-. the U.K., may not interfere in a world tragedy.”

Gutmann went on to say that this is a critical moment in a critical time, and now is the time to act.

DR. Tohti said he performed an organ harvesting operation in the 1990s and thought he was doing his duty to “eliminate the enemy of the state.”

“Every time I give this account it seems like a confession," er sagte, before talking to the committee.

He describes how in Chinese society, under communist rule you become a complacent slave, a “fully-programmed member of society, ready to fulfill the task ahead without asking questions.”

Im 1995, he said two chief surgeons asked him to prepare a team for “the largest possible surgery” for the next morning.

Tohti and his team were brought outside the hospital and told to wait for gunshots.

“After gunshots were heard, we rushed in. An armed officer directed us to the far-right corner, where I can see a civilian-clothed man lying on the ground with a single bullet wound to his right chest,” Tohti said.

Then he said chief surgeons ordered and guided him to extract the liver and two kidneys. “The man was alive," er sagte. The wounded man tried to resist but was too weak.

After signing up for organ transplants outside China, wait times are months to years, depending on the type of organ. But what experts have found is that if the organ was bought in China, a fresh organ can be delivered within days or weeks.

One of the driving factors pushing this organ tourism trade is the high demand for organs.

Tohti described the callous nature of the organ trade in China, referencing terms used on Chinese transplant websites such as “unlimited supply” and “predate for your heart transplantation.”

“It is not acceptable that a normal ‘by-one-get-one-free’ shopping pattern can be seen in organ transplantation," er sagte.

Tohti also mentioned recent reports of free national health check-ups in the Xinjiang region for “improving the quality of life of Uyghurs.”

“We suspect that the CCP is building a national database for organ trade," er sagte. Uyghurs are a muslim ethnic minority also targeted for persecution by the CCP and have reportedly also been targeted for organ harvesting.

Gutmann and Matas found that in China there are between “60,000 transplants to 100,000 transplants per year” in a nearly 700-page report they published last year in June.

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Falun Gong-Praktizierende das Bewusstsein für Organentnahmen und andere Menschenrechtsverletzungen in China, mit den Bewohnern und Touristen in Santa Monica, Calif., im Juli 17. (Xu Touhui / Epoch Times)Falun Gong-Praktizierende das Bewusstsein für Organentnahmen und andere Menschenrechtsverletzungen in China, mit den Bewohnern und Touristen in Santa Monica, Calif., im Juli 17. (Xu Touhui / Epoch Times)

NEW YORK-Eine Petition, die hat sammelte fast 6,000 Unterschriften in nur 2 Tage fordert Präsident Donald Trump die Praxis beenden zu helfen Zwangsorganentnahmen in China.

Trump hatte seine erste Begegnung mit dem chinesischen Präsident Xi Jinping am Donnerstag, aber sie werden voraussichtlich auf dem Gipfel in tiefere Diskussionen am Freitag bekommen.

Die Weiße Haus Petition am April erstellt. 5, fordert Trump Xi Jinping zu bitten, die Zwangsorganentnahmen an Falun Gong-Praktizierenden und andere politische Gefangene in China zu beenden.

Die erzwungene Organentnahme ist Teil einer breiten angelegten Verfolgung, die begann in 1999 damals kommunistischen Führer Jiang Zemin und noch heute geschieht gegen Falun Gong, Eine friedliche, spirituelle Praxis.

Hunderttausende Praktizierende in Haft sind anfällig für immer Opfer von Zwang, Organraub, einer der grausamsten und unmenschlichen Praktiken heute, nach Ansicht der Forscher.

Das chinesische Regime wird geschätzt, zwischen durchgeführt haben, 60,000 und 100,000 Transplantationen pro Jahr aus 2000 nach 2015, die Masse von Falun Gong-Praktizierenden, entsprechend einem fast 700-seitigen Bericht im Juni vergangenen Jahres veröffentlicht.

Der Bericht Autoren-David Kilgour, ein ehemaliger kanadischer Staatssekretär und Mitglied des Parlaments; Menschenrechtsanwalt David Matas; und Journalist Ethan Gutmann-erklären, dass dies ist, wie Transplantationspatienten nach China gehen können und ein Organ innerhalb von Tagen oder sogar Stunden, wenn sie dafür bezahlen. Im Gegensatz, Patienten können auch in anderen Ländern seit Jahren auf Wartelisten sein.

Die ultimative Schlussfolgerung des Berichts, sagte Matas am Juni im National Press Club in Washington 22, "Ist, dass China in der Massentötung von Unschuldigen engagiert hat."

wenn die Petition auf der Website des Weißen Hauses gesponserten ansammelt 100,000 Unterschriften von Mai 5, dann ist das Weiße Haus verpflichtet, eine Antwort zu liefern. Der Text der Petition lautet:

„Unwiderlegbare Beweise zeigen, dass der ehemalige chinesische Präsident, Jiang Zemin, eine brutale Verfolgung gegen Falun Gong nicht nur begonnen 1999, sondern initiiert auch die abscheuliche und tödliche Zwangsorganentnahmen Praxis gegen diese friedlichen gruppen einer Praxis, die im 21. Jahrhundert ist unerträglich. Die zivilisierte Welt muss gegen diese Grausamkeiten stehen und ein Ende einer der größten Menschenrechtsverletzungen unserer Zeit verlangen.

"Herr. Präsident, AMERICA FIRST bedeutet Kern amerikanische Werte. Die Verteidigung der Menschenrechte ist eine unserer größten Tugenden und das Fundament unserer Nation. Sie haben eine Chance, die Welt zu zeigen, dass die Vereinigten Staaten den Führer bei der Verteidigung der Menschenrechte bleibt und wird angesichts dieser Verbrechen gegen die Menschlichkeit nicht schweigen.“

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(L–R) International human rights lawyer David Matas, former justice minister Irwin Cotler, and former secretary of state for Asia-Pacific David Kilgour at the parliamentary international human rights subcommittee hearing in Ottawa on Nov. 3, 2016, where Matas and Kilgour provided a briefing on organ transplantation abuses in China. (Epoch Times)(L–R) International human rights lawyer David Matas, former justice minister Irwin Cotler, and former secretary of state for Asia-Pacific David Kilgour at the parliamentary international human rights subcommittee hearing in Ottawa on Nov. 3, 2016, where Matas and Kilgour provided a briefing on organ transplantation abuses in China. (Epoch Times)

OTTAWA—Two investigators who have spent 10 years researching evidence of forced organ harvesting from prisoners of conscience in China told Parliament’s human right subcommittee that the practice of killing for profit-driven transplants continues unabated in China today.

International human rights lawyer David Matas and former Crown attorney and cabinet minister David Kilgour presented the findings of their latest Bericht, released in June, at a House of Commons hearing on Nov. 3.

Based on an analysis of over 700 organ transplantation centres in China, the report indicated that Chinese hospitals have performed an estimated 60,000 nach 100,000 organ transplants a year since the year 2000, and that most of the organs were sourced from innocents—Uyghurs, Tibeter, House Christians, with Falun Gong practitioners being the primary source.

Matas told the committee that the mass vilification and detention of Falun Gong practitioners, combined with a long-standing practice of sourcing organs from death-row prisoners and hospitals’ need for funding, led to the mass killing of Falun Gong adherents for their organs.

“Falun Gong practitioners became a ready, inexhaustible source of organs which can be sold to transplant tourists at exorbitant prices,"Matas sagte,.

Hospitals with transplant centres, the report revealed, indicate that organ transplants are their largest source of revenue. Kilgour told the committee the crimes currently being committed in China involve the coordination of many actors.

“Organ pillaging in China is a crime in which the Communist Party, staatliche Einrichtungen, das Gesundheitssystem, Krankenhäuser, and the transplant profession are all complicit,” said Kilgour.

China analyst and investigative journalist Ethan Gutmann co-authored the 600-page report with Matas and Kilgour. Gutmann was not present for the hearing.

Matas and Kilgour have described this organ seizure as “the kernel at the centre of human rights violations in China,” where doctors—using skills meant to heal—kill helpless prisoners of conscience by extracting their vital organs such as kidneys, Leber, and hearts to supply a gruesome and lucrative global trade.

‘We are very clear on this issue’

“We are hearing very carefully these numbers and I think it’s alarming, I think it’s appalling,” NDP MP Cheryl Hardcastle, one of the two vice-chairs of the subcommittee, told reporters after the hearing.

The subcommittee, long a bastion of cross-party cooperation, adopted a motion in December 2014 condemning the forced organ harvesting in China and calling for an immediate end to it, and in March 2015 amended the motion to name Falun Gong and Uyghurs as two of the groups targeted.

The Nov. 3 hearing was the first that the current subcommittee has held on this issue since the Liberal government took power a year ago.

“I don’t think there is any disagreement with the previous position which the subcommittee has taken. We are very clear on this issue,” said Conservative MP and subcommittee member David Anderson.

Die US-. House of Representatives unanimously passed a resolution in June condemning the state-sanctioned organ harvesting from prisoners of conscience in China and calling for an immediate end to the practice. H.Res.343 also demanded an immediate end to the 17-year campaign of persecution against Falun Gong.

The European Parliament passed a similar resolution in 2013.

Calls for Legislation, International Action

Former justice minister Irwin Cotler, who attended the hearing, pointed to the severity of the situation and the fact that the perpetrators continue to commit the atrocity at will.

“The things that stand out—[Nein. 1], this is a state practice in China; Nein. 2, that it is comprehensive and pervasive; Nein. 3, that it targets innocents, particularly the Falun Gong; Nein. 4, it continues to operate under a culture of impunity,” Cotler said.

“I think it is time for governmental legislation. I think there is all-party support for it. Now is the time to move on it,” added Cotler, echoing one of the recommendations from the Kilgour-Matas-Gutmann report.

“I was interested in multilateral action and what Canada perhaps can do in the international community with allies,” said Liberal MP Michael Levitt, chair of the subcommittee, echoing another recommendation from the report.

The report authors urged governments around the world not to allow their citizens to go to China for organs until China has allowed a full investigation. Bisher, Spain, Israel, and Taiwan have passed legislation making it illegal for their citizens to get organ transplants in China.

The authors also want organ transplant tourism to China to be openly monitored rather than shielded by medical confidentiality. And they are hoping that the global intergovernmental community will conduct an independent investigation into organ transplant abuse in China.

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Torsten Trey, der Geschäftsführer von Ärzte gegen Zwangsorganentnahmen, spricht bei einer Veranstaltung in Taipei vom Feb. 27, 2013. (Poche Chen / Epoch Times)Torsten Trey, der Geschäftsführer von Ärzte gegen Zwangsorganentnahmen, spricht bei einer Veranstaltung in Taipei vom Feb. 27, 2013. (Poche Chen / Epoch Times)

Ärzte gegen Zwangsorganentnahmen, eine Nicht-Regierungs-Koalition von Medizinern, hat das Datum Oktober erklärt. 1 das "Internationaler Tag gegen Zwangsorganentnahmen.“In diesem Jahr ist der Antritt Anlass, und markieren sie die Gruppe auf der UN-Hochkommissarin für Menschenrechte, Maßnahmen zu ergreifen über den Missbrauch genannt hat.

Die Bedenken von DAFOH, wie die Organisation oft bekannt ist, konzentrieren sich in erster Linie auf das, was sie als die Tötung von politischen Gefangenen in China für Organe, die Praxis beschreiben wird von Forschern angenommen, dass in erster Linie Falun Gong-Praktizierende Ziel, eine geistige Disziplin, die seit dem für die Beseitigung markiert wurde 1999, sowie andere ethnische oder religiöse Gemeinschaften, einschließlich Tibeter, Uiguren, und möglicherweise einige „Hauskirche“ Christen.

Diejenigen, die sich mit dem Thema sind anbefohlen von DAFOH herunterladen ihre Petition und senden Sie sie an beiden DAFOH und die E-Mail-Adresse des UN-Hochkommissars für Menschenrechte. Die Petition zum Ausdruck bringt „Alarm ... [beim] die Masse der Beweise für Zwangsorganentnahmen von Gewissensgefangenen in China.“

Er fordert den Hohen Kommissar, derzeit Ist al-Hussein von Jordanien, nach China zu nennen Zwangsorganentnahmen zu beenden, „Initiieren weitere Ziel Untersuchungen, die zur Verfolgung der in diesen Verbrechen gegen die Menschlichkeit beteiligt Täter führen,“Und rufen auch die Beendigung der Verfolgung von Falun Gong.

Falun Gong, ein Satz von fünf Slow-Motion-Übungen und moralischen Lehren zentriert auf den Prinzipien der Wahrhaftigkeit, Barmherzigkeit, und Toleranz, erhebliche Popularität in China in den 1990er Jahren gewonnen, bevor er den Zorn des Führers zu der Zeit befiel, Jiang Zemin.

Nach den jüngsten Untersuchungen der Ermittler David Kilgour, David Matas, und Ethan Gutmann, zwischen 60,000 und 100,000 Organtransplantationen wurden pro Jahr durchgeführt in China seit dem Jahr um 2000 - nur sechs Monate nach der Verfolgung von Falun Gong begonnen. Während dieser Zeit, China behauptet, dass fast die einzige Quelle der Organe zum Tode verurteilten Gefangenen waren - auch als die Zahl der Todeszelle executees fiel, Jahr für Jahr.

Angesichts der enormen Kluft zwischen der Zahl der Transplantationen und gerichtliche Hinrichtungen, aber, (Forscher sagen, dass diese Zahl nur in den Tausenden pro Jahr), Forscher haben alternative Organquellen erforscht, und folgerte, dass Falun Gong-Praktizierende gerichtet sind. Nachweise für diese beinhaltet verstohlen aufgezeichnet Anrufe mit Ärzten, die sagen, dass sie gesunde Organe von Falun Gong haben, mehrere unabhängige Berichte von Bluttests in Haft, Überlapp zwischen den anti-Falun Gong Kampagne und Organtransplantationen Personal,, und eine Reihe anderer Indikatoren.

DAFOH betont auf seiner Website eine Reihe von Erklärungen der internationalen Unterstützung, einschließlich aus Japan und den Vereinigten Staaten.

Hiroshi Yamada, Mitglied des Hauses der Räte in der japanischen Diät, zitiert sagen: „Ich drücke aufrichtig mein Beileid an die Opfer der Zwangsorganentnahmen waren. Wir werden eine Aktion aus Japan nehmen, so dass dieser Holocaust, die Herausforderungen des erhabenen Geist der Medizin, wird so schnell wie möglich durch eine starke Solidarität der Menschen mit Gewissen in der ganzen Welt beseitigt werden.“

Eine Reihe von US-. Bundes- und auch vorgesehen Kommentare anlässlich Zustand gewählten Vertreter. „Liebe Mitglieder der Vereinten Nationen Menschenrechtskommission,“Schreibt Staat Rep. Michael F. Curtin von Ohio. "Für viele Jahre, Ich habe durch die Montage Beweise für Zwangsorganentnahmen in China und anderswo in der Welt tief beunruhigt.

die U.N. Menschenrechtskommission hat eine moralische Pflicht, alles in seiner Macht Stehende zu tun, ein Ende dieser unverschämte Geißel zu bringen, ein Affront gegen die Zivilisation und ein Affront gegen die Menschheit.“

Congressman Michael G. Fitzpatrick, ein Republikaner aus Pennsylvania, trat in die Gedenkfeier in das Repräsentantenhaus Rekord mit einem Erklärung zum September. 30. „Diese Praxis ist eine andere Form des Bösen in unserer Zeit und den Vereinten Nationen weiter auf dieses Verbrechen gegen die Menschlichkeit aufmerksam gemacht werden, wie sind wir," er sagte.

Übrigens, oder nicht, das Datum des Oktober. 1 enthält zusätzliche Bedeutung: Es ist zu diesem Zeitpunkt in 1949 dass Mao Zedong proklamiert die Volksrepublik China Volks.

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Huang Jiefu, der Sprecher der chinesischen Transplantationsfragen, ausweicht Reportern auf der jüngsten Konferenz alle zwei Jahre in Hong Kong Transplantation Society vom Aug. 19. (Yu Kong / Epoch Times)Huang Jiefu, der Sprecher der chinesischen Transplantationsfragen, ausweicht Reportern auf der jüngsten Konferenz alle zwei Jahre in Hong Kong Transplantation Society vom Aug. 19. (Yu Kong / Epoch Times)

Chinas Organtransplantation Behörden können ein Blatt von der PR-Textbuch des republikanischen Präsidentschaftskandidaten Donald J nehmen. Trumpf: Wenn Sie machen einen Stolpern, nur so tun als wäre nichts passiert.

Dies, mindestens, wäre eine mögliche Erklärung für die stille Substitution der 491. Frage in der 500 „Häufig gestellte Fragen“ auf der Website der chinesischen Organtransplantation Development Foundation, eine staatlich verbundene Agentur freiwillige Spende zur Förderung.

Anfang August, die Frage gestellt war: „Kann Gefangenen im Gefängnis wenden ihre Organe nach dem Tod spenden?"

Die Antwort: „Solange sie die grundlegenden Anforderungen der Organspende treffen, die Organfunktion normal ist, sie bereit sind,, und es gibt keine Entschädigung, Gefangene können alle gleichen die Organe spenden.“

Die Existenz der Frage und Antwort war, an erster Stelle, ein bizarrer und öffentlicher Widerspruch der offiziell erklärte Politik der chinesischen Behörden auf Organtransplantation Reform.

Chinas Organtransplantation Sprecher, Huang Jiefu, hat seit Dezember 2014 war viel versprechend, dass keine weiteren Organe würden von Gefangenen im Todestrakt bezogen werden.

Es blieb unklar, warum eine Frage nach Chinas eigenen semi-offizielle Website, Gehören die Gründung von Huang laufen, würde seine eigenen öffentlichen Versprechungen rundweg bestreiten.

Aber es scheint, die Antwort auf diese Frage jetzt wird ein Geheimnis bleiben. Einige Zeit später im August, nachdem gebracht Epoch Times die anomale Q-and-A, um die Aufmerksamkeit von mehreren chinesischen und westlichen Ärzte, es wurde ersetzt.

„Werden Informationen über Spenden weitgehend von den Medien berichtet werden?“Die neue gefragt. (Nein, ist die Antwort.)

Ein Screengrab aus einer archivierten Version der Website der Chinas Organtransplantation Development Foundation, mit dem ersetzten Frage - Bekräftigung der Verwendung von Gefangenen Organe - hervorgehoben. (Screenshot / Epoch Times)

Doch die Frage, ob nicht der Tod Verurteilter noch als Organ Quelle verwendet wird, bleibt unbeantwortet. China, Letztendlich, verstrichen ist die Verwendung von Organen von Gefangenen kein neues Gesetz zum Verbot, und noch haben sie die rückgängig gemacht 1984 Regelungen, die zuerst die rechtliche Öffnung für ihre Verwendung gegeben.

Eine E-Mail an die Stiftung anfordernden Kommentar nicht sofort zurückgegeben.

Das Scheitern dieser versprochenen Änderungen vorzunehmen hat die internationale Gemeinschaft Transplantation führte auf Billigung Chinas System sauer, und führte zu öffentlicher Tadel aus dem ehemaligen Leiter der Transplantationsgesellschaft auf einer großen Konferenz in Hong Kong im letzten Monat.

inzwischen, Aufmerksamkeit weiterhin darauf konzentrieren, ob die primäre Quelle für Organe alle hat zusammen nicht Gefangene im Todestrakt gewesen, wie China Ansprüche, aber stattdessen außergerichtlich hingerichteten Gefangenen Gewissen hauptsächlich Falun Gong-Praktizierende, eine geistige Disziplin, die seit dem für die Beseitigung wurde gezielt 1999.

Die US-. Repräsentantenhaus eine Resolution verabschiedet verurteilt diese Praxis im Juni, Dokumentarfilme über das Thema gewinnen angesehenen Auszeichnungen, und die Frage wurde in einer Reihe von prominent angehoben die jüngsten Berichte in der New York Times.

Zu diesem Thema, Chinesische Behörden haben noch weniger Erklärung als die gelöschte Frage zur Verfügung gestellt. "Lächerlich!“War alles Huang Jiefu, ein ehemaliger Vizegesundheitsminister, aufbringen konnte bei der jüngsten Konferenz Hong Kong, rückläufige Adresse Hunderte von Seiten von detaillierten Hinweise darauf, dass Forscher sagen, dokumentiert die Praxis.

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Das Tianjin Erste Central Hospital. (mapio.net)Das Tianjin Erste Central Hospital. (mapio.net)

Ein ausländischer Patient erhält eine Leben erstreckender Organtransplantation in einem chinesischen Krankenhaus. fühlen dankbar, fragt er ein Krankenhauspersonal, die der Spender war, so dass er Dank und Rückzahlung geben kann.

Aber niemand im Krankenhaus, auch nicht die Transplantation Arzt kennt die Identität des Spenders.

Vor seinem Flug nach Hause, der Patient eine offizielle Transplantation Dokument ausgestellt. Er lernt schließlich die Identität seines Lebensspender: Eine 30-jährige männliche Todestrakt Sträfling. Zufällig, alle anderen Transplantationspatienten erhielten Organe von gesunden, 30-jährige Hingerichteten. Nur ihre Namen unterschieden.

Ein Korrespondent, der sich selbst identifiziert als an der Tianjin Erste Central Hospital in Mitte der 2000er Jahre berichtete kürzlich die obige Folge und andere Merkwürdigkeiten in einer persönlichen Erklärung zu New Tang Dynasty Television bereitgestellt gearbeitet.

Im Folgenden finden Sie eine Übersetzung der Aussage, herausgegeben für Kürze und Klarheit.

***

Ich lebe zur Zeit in China. Einmal, Ich arbeitete an dem Organtransplantationszentrum in Tianjin Erstem Central Hospital. Was ich gelernt habe, könnte vielleicht als eine seltene Warnung an diejenigen, die bei der Verfolgung von Falun Gong bestehen dienen. Es ist auch ein warnendes Beispiel für meine Mitbürger mit einem Gewissen.

Die Kommunistische Partei Verkauft Menschliche Organe

Wenn China wurde begrüßt eine große Anzahl von ausländischen Patienten, die Organtransplantation, Ich trat in Tianjin ersten Zentralkrankenhaus Organtransplantationszentrum im siebten Stock. Ich schaffte es, einen Job am Transplantationszentrum durch eine Empfehlung zu erhalten.

Dann, Tianjin Erstes Central Hospital wurde auch als Orient Organtransplantationszentrum bekannt, weil es große Mengen von Organtransplantationspatienten behandelt, und wurde in China. Heute, Dieses Krankenhaus ist nach wie vor das größte Zentrum in Asien.

Die Welt der Orgel Brokers ist eine Blackbox - aber aus meinem Kontakt mit dieser Welt, Ich habe herausgefunden, dass es eine Anzahl von Kanälen für die Menschen kennen zu lernen oder Organe erhalten.

Ein Kanal wird durch Mittelsmänner. Ein bekannter südkoreanischer Arzt mit einem der größten Krankenhäuser in Südkorea würde seine Patienten an einen Mittelsmann vorstellen. Dieser Mittelsmann würde dann bezieht sie diese Patienten in das Tianjin Krankenhaus.

Es gibt keine diplomatische Anordnung für eine Organtransplantation zwischen China und Südkorea. Lieber, Vermittler zu schneiden Transplantation Angebote mafiöse Syndikate gehören,.

Viele der ausländischen Transplantationspatienten kam nach China Suche eine Leber oder Niere. Der Großteil dieser Ausländer waren Südkoreaner, während der Rest kam aus Japan oder Taiwan.

Ausländische Ärzte sind ein weiterer Kanal für Organtransplantationen. Da gibt es einen Mangel an Transplantationsärzten in China, ein ungenanntes Krankenhaus stellte einen südkoreanischen Arzt auf hohen Lohn. Der südkoreanische Arzt sagte mir, dass seine Kollegen in China zwei Haushalt Registrierung gehalten (Hukou) Credentials-one Südkoreanische, und eine Chinesisch-und dass er ein juristischer chinesischer Staatsbürger. Ich weiß nicht, wie viel Blut chinesischen diese Dual-nationalen südkoreanischen Ärzte auf ihren Händen.

Ein dritte Kanal Chinese Werbespots. Diese Anzeigen verfügen über berühmte chinesische Berühmtheiten, und dienen dazu, potenzielle Patienten zu täuschen und locken. Ein südkoreanischer Patient, den ich in Kontakt zu bleiben, sagte, dass seine Landsleute nach China strömten nach einer Organtransplantation Werbung mit chinesischen Schauspielern Fu Biao beobachten.

Im August. 26, 2004, Fu Biao checkten in Peking 309 Klinik für ein Check-up. Am nächsten Tag, er wurde mit Leberkrebs diagnostiziert. Am September. 2, Fu erhielt eine Lebertransplantation im Allgemeinen Krankenhaus der Bewaffneten Volkspolizei in Peking.

Der Chefarzt am Fu Betrieb war Dr. Shen Zhongyang, ein Mann von den chinesischen Medien als Chinas gefeiert „Top-Skalpell.“ Dr.. Shen hatte die Organtransplantation Forschungsinstitut an dem Bewaffneten Volkspolizei-Krankenhaus und das Orient Organtransplantationszentrum in Tianjin Erstem Central Hospital geleitet.

Im April 2005, Fu erlitt einen Krebsrückfall. Er hatte eine zweite Lebertransplantationschirurgie am April 28, und wurde erneut operiert von Dr.. Shen, obwohl diese Zeit im Transplantationszentrum Orient Orgel.

Im August. 30, aber, Fu Biao verstorben.

Der folgende März, die Organentnahme von noch lebenden Falun Gong-Praktizierenden im Bezirk Sujiatun in der Stadt Shenyang wurde ausgesetzt. Die Jahre zwischen 2002 nach 2005 wurden, sagte der Spitzenzeit des ehemaligen KP-Chef Jiang Zemins Organentnahmen Betrieb sein. Später, Artikel zeigte, dass Dr.. Shen Zhongyang führten Experimente Lebertransplantation mit lebenden Objekt, von denen viele „starb unter Experimentieren.“

Danach, eine Person vorgesehen, um eine Spitze auf der Beschaffung von Schauspielern Fu Biao gespendeten Lebern-zwei Falun Gong-Praktizierende aus Shandong. DR. Shen hatte die Praktizierenden wegen ihrer Organe getötet.

Fu könnte nur gelebt hat ein Jahr mehr nach seinen zwei Lebertransplantationen, seine Organtransplantation Anzeigen weiterhin in Südkorea ausgestrahlt werden. So, Südkoreaner besuchte noch China für die Chirurgie in 2006 weil sie nicht wussten, dass Fu Biao war schon tot.

Fu lebte nur ein Jahr später nach seinen zwei Lebertransplantationen. Aber während er starb am August. 30, 2005, Koreaner waren immer noch nach China für die Chirurgie in 2006 weil Fu Organtransplantation Anzeigen weiterhin ausgestrahlt werden; im Gegensatz zu den chinesischen, die Koreaner wussten nicht, dass Fu gestorben.

Diejenigen in der Notwendigkeit einer Lebertransplantation auf der ganzen Welt waren ein Opfer der Kommunistischen Partei Chinas enorme Täuschung gefallen.

China hat die größte Organ des Menschen Bank der Welt

Ein südkoreanischer Patient hat mir einmal erzählt, dass chinesische Ärzte die Organtransplantation Techniken aus den technisch überlegenen japanischen Ärzten gelernt.

Als ich an dem Organtransplantationszentrum Tianjin, Das Krankenhauspersonal war vertraut mit einem Professor Zheng, ein Spezialist für Lebertransplantationen, und Professor Lied, Spezialist Nierentransplantation. Sie waren die besten Transplantationschirurgen in ihren jeweiligen Bereichen berücksichtigt, und beide hatten ihr Handwerk in Japan gelernt. Die beiden Professoren schienen nicht nur für eine Krankenhaus-1 Tag zu arbeiten, würden sie Chirurgie in China aufführen, und am nächsten Tag würden sie den Kopf nach Japan oder einem anderen Ort aus.

Am Tianjin Ersten Central Hospital, Ärzte führen drei in Gruppen von Transplantationschirurgie. Ich bin mir nicht sicher, wie viel Chirurgie Gruppen gibt es. Diese Ärzte arbeiten Nacht für Nacht, während Krankenhaus Übersetzer warten mit den Angehörigen von Patienten in den Fluren. Eine Lebertransplantation kann dauern, bis 10 Std..

Warum haben Ausländer, insbesondere Südkoreaner und Japaner, Reise nach China für Organtransplantationen, Ich fragte Professor Zheng und Professor Song. Sie sagten mir, dass, während sie überlegen Transplantation Fähigkeiten hatten, sie waren in einem sehr kurzen Zeitrahmen Organspender zu finden in den genannten asiatischen Ländern nicht in der Lage. Zum Beispiel, die Wartezeit auf ein Spenderorgan in Japan oder Südkorea könnte sein, solange 10 Jahre, oder fünf bis sechs Jahre zum frühesten. Einige Patienten vergehen, während für ein Spenderorgan warten, weil man zu erwerben, ist nicht einfach.

Die Professoren fügte hinzu, dass alle in medizinischen Teams und ihre Patienten über die Organwartezeit kennen. So viele ausländische Patienten am Ende zu China auf Reisen, weil es scheint, viele chinesische Organspender zu sein.

Schockiert und Distressed Patienten

Die meisten der Patienten, die ich in Tianjin Erste Central Hospital traf, waren in der Notwendigkeit, entweder eine Leber oder eine Niere. Es sei denn, der Patient erlitt eine Organabstoßung, sie würden nach einer kurzen Aufenthaltszeit entlassen werden. unter normalen Umständen, Patienten würden ein Organ innerhalb von zwei Tagen erhalten, während einige warteten überall aus 10 Tage zu einem halben Monat-Patienten gaben an, dass dies zu schnell.

Ein südkoreanischer Patient hatte die längste Wartezeit von denen, die ich treffe-a hatte ganze Monate und passierte am Tianjin Transplantationszentrum sein, wenn die chinesischen Organraubs Skandal der Kommunistischen Partei ausgesetzt wurde.

Nach einem Monat in Tianjin verbringen, das Krankenhaus sagte dem Patienten für eine Transplantation in die Stadt Wuhan in Zentral-China zu reisen, und wir flogen sofort über. Ich wusste nicht, dass eine Organtransplantation Netzwerk tatsächlich existiert.

Die Operation in Wuhan war sehr erfolgreich, und der Patient und seine Familie war sehr zufrieden mit dem Ergebnis,. Bevor kehrten sie nach Südkorea, der Patient und seine Frau eine Person des Glaubens gefragt, wer der Spender war. Die Lebertransplantation hatte ihm eine Summe kosten (um 300.000 bis 500.000 Yuan), wobei der Patient, aber es war der Spender, der ihm erlaubt, seine Gesundheit wieder zu erlangen und sein Leben zu verlängern.

„Ich will wissen, wer die Leber gespendet, damit ich die Person, die Familie danken und geben ihnen Geld oder was auch immer sie brauchen; Ich bin wirklich sehr dankbar,“Der Patient sagte.

Damals, es gab keine Möglichkeit, Personal für das Krankenhaus zu wissen, wo die Organe kamen aus. Ebenfalls, wir waren, bevor sie angestellt gewarnt, dass wir nicht gehen sollten mit Patienten in losem Gespräch um oder lassen Sie schnüffeln.

Aber ich wollte die südkoreanischen Patienten letzten Wunsch erfüllen, bevor er nach Hause gegangen.

Na sicher, der Patient wussten nicht, dass wir von Schnüffelei verboten wurden, und ich sollte nicht haben, Fragen zu stellen, aber ich sprach mit der Transplantation Arzt des Patienten sowieso.

Der Arzt sagte,: „Sie fragen über den Spender? Auch wissen wir nicht einmal wissen, wer der Spender, und es gibt keinen Weg, um herauszufinden,. Niemand kann Ihnen nichts sagen, und keine Aufzeichnungen existieren.“

Ich gab den Arzt Antwort auf den Patienten und seine Familie, und sie waren sehr überrascht.

Der Patient sagte, dass internationale Gesetze, die die Übertragung von Organen regulieren. Durch diese Gesetze, der Organspender und seine Familie sind erforderlich, Organtransplantation, Dokumente zu unterzeichnen. Ohne die richtige Dokumentation, Transplantation Ärzte haften für Strafe. In Südkorea, jeder wusste, wer ihre Organspender war, weil die Informationen gesetzlich zu veröffentlich hat.

Damals, wir Krankenhauspersonal wusste nichts über die internationalen Gesetze Organtransplantation Regierungs. Der südkoreanische Patient erklärt, dass ohne diese Transplantationsgesetze, Menschen könnten en masse von Kriminellen getötet sucht von ihren Organen profitieren. (Dann, ein Organ könnte etwa verkauft werden 300,000 Yuan 700,000 Yuan.)

Vor dem Verlassen des Krankenhauses, der südkoreanische Patient sagte, dass das Krankenhaus ihnen ein offizielles Dokument zu geben, benötigt, die zeigten, dass er hatte gerade Chirurgie und die Orgel, die er erhalten hatte,, sowie der persönlichen Daten des Spenders und Unterschrift. Ohne dieses Dokument, der Patient wäre nicht in der Lage an Bord eines Flugzeugs.

Ich begleitete den Patienten und seine Familie zu einem Flughafen. Sie und andere Patienten, die Organtransplantation wurden ein spezielles Doppeldecker-Flugzeug an Bord anstelle einem kommerziellen Flugzeug. Endlich, die Organtransplantationspatienten wurden Transplantation Dokumente ausgestellt, die erklärt, dass sie ihr Organ von einem 30-jährigen männlichen Todeskandidaten erhalten hatte,. Nur die Namen der Hingerichteten unterschied.

Alles wurde aus.

Post-Transplantation Seltsamkeiten

Eine Organtransplantation ist nicht jedermanns Sache. Einige Patienten treffen die Abstoßung von Organen. Andere sterben in der Chirurgie. Und ein paar reagieren sehr negativ auf, nachdem das Organ empfangen.

Ein männliche Patient war völlig normal, bevor sie in Tianjin Erstem Central Hospital Überprüfung. Nach der Organtransplantationschirurgie, aber, Dieser Patient wurde verrückt, er begann um die Station läuft nackt, Springen und Schreien, als er vorwärts ging.

Es gab eine Patientin, die plötzlich einen Bart nach der Operation wuchs. Ihre Stimme wurde tief und heiser, und sie begann, wie ein Mann zu benehmen.

Die Beispiele, die ich oben aufgeführt sind definitiv nicht einmalige Vorfälle. Während meiner Tätigkeit bei Tianjin Erste Central Hospital, Patienten verhielt sich ungewöhnlich von Zeit zu Zeit. Ärzte sagten betroffene Familienmitgliedern, die ihre Liebsten eine negative Reaktion auf die Transplantation Medikamente entwickelt hatten.

Damals, Ich war nicht bewusst, dass die Organe diese Ausländer große Summen Geld zu kaufen kam von Falun Gong-Praktizierenden verbracht hatten. Viele von uns waren zu naiv, und konnte sich nicht vorstellen, dass geblendet die von Geld in der Tat durch die Kommunistische Partei Chinas gehirngewaschen worden war ...

Einer nach dem anderen, Engel in weißen plattierten in Mord Teufel verwandelt. Zu wissen, dass solche Dinge nicht erlaubt werden, weiterhin, Ich kündigte meinen Job in Tianjin Erste Central Hospital.

Danach, Ich erhielt Informationen über den Organraub von Falun Gong-Praktizierenden durch verschiedene Kanäle. Ich tat was ich tun musste, und ausgesetzt, die Wahrheit in der Welt, so dass diejenigen mit einem Gewissen kann sich aus dem Griff des Teufels befreien.

Vor kurzem, die Vereinigten Staaten Repräsentantenhaus einstimmig verabschiedet H.Res.343, ein Stück Gesetzgebung auf dem chinesischen Regime Aufruf Organe sofort aufhören, die Ernte und den Handel von Falun Gong-Praktizierenden und anderen politisch Gefangenen erhalten.

Für die Vergangenheit 17 Jahre, Falun Gong-Praktizierende Folgern der Wahrhaftigkeit, Mitgefühl und Toleranz wurden Hunderte von unmenschlichen Foltermethoden ausgesetzt, einschließlich der atrocity von Organentnahmen. Dies muss sofort gestoppt werden, und sollte nicht erlaubt werden, den Rest der Menschheit zu verwickeln.

Es ist die Verantwortung eines jeden Chinesen auf dem Festland und im Ausland zu sehen, dass Organraub beendet.

Übersetzung von Frank Fang; Bearbeitung von Larry Ong.

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Xun Li, Präsident Falun Dafa-Verein von Kanada, Premierminister Trudeau fordert mit der chinesischen Führung über die Beendigung der Verfolgung von Falun Gong während seiner bevorstehenden Reise nach China zu sprechen auf 26 August,Xun Li, Präsident Falun Dafa-Verein von Kanada, Premierminister Trudeau fordert mit der chinesischen Führung über die Beendigung der Verfolgung von Falun Gong während seiner bevorstehenden Reise nach China zu sprechen auf 26 August,

OTTAWA-Falun Gong-Praktizierende zu Premierminister Justin Trudeau Büro vom Aug geliefert. 26 zu Ende 120,000 Unterschriften gesammelt aus ganz Kanada zu ihm rufen, um die Verfolgung ihrer geistigen Disziplin in China während seines offiziellen Besuchs in dieses Land von August zu beenden. 30 bis September. 6.

Später am selben Morgen, sie hatten Grund zur Hoffnung zu sein, auf der Grundlage einer Antwort auf die Frage eines Reporters über ihre Ursache in einer technischen Einweisung, die Trudeau bevorstehenden Reise nach China bedeckt.

„Die Frage der Menschenrechte, Sie können absolut erwarten als Teil des Premierministers Reise angehoben werden, und es ist Teil des laufenden Dialogs, den wir mit China haben, erwarten,“, Sagte einer der Büro Sprecher des Premierministers die Medien-Briefing Vorsitz.

„Wie es bezieht sich speziell auf Falun Gong, das ist sehr viel Teil der [Liste] Menschenrechtsfragen, die Kanada ist sehr besorgt.“

Falun Gong, auch Falun Dafa genannt, ist, die aus einer alten chinesischen spirituellen Disziplin der moralischen Lehren, Meditation, und sanfte Übungen. Die Lehren sind auf den Prinzipien der Wahrhaftigkeit basiert, Barmherzigkeit, und Toleranz.

David Kilgour

Der ehemalige Bundeskabinett Minister David Kilgour, Co-Autor eines Untersuchungsbericht über die Organ Plünderungen von nicht-zustimmenden politisch Gefangenen in China, spricht bei einer Pressekonferenz in Ottawa vom Aug. 26, 2016, Die chinesische Führung von Premierminister Justin Trudeau ansprechend zu drängen, die Verfolgung von Falun Gong in China zu beenden. (Pam McLennan / Epoch Times)

Anzeigen die Popularität und die traditionellen Prinzipien der Praxis als unvereinbar mit dem kommunistischen System, das Regime unter dem ehemaligen Staatschef Jiang Zemin verboten es in 1999 und weiter zu verhaften und ihre Anhänger zu foltern heute. Montage Beweise aus unabhängigen Untersuchungen zeigt auch, dass eine massive und lukrative staatliche Organtransplantation liefern Industrie Anhänger für ihre Organe in großer Zahl getötet wurden.

Es werden eine breite Unterstützung von betroffenen Menschen in ganz Kanada, die Praktizierenden geliefert 70,000 unterzeichnet Postkarten zusammen mit Petitionsformulare Lager 50,000 Unterschriften Trudeau. Die Postkarten und Petition fragten Trudeau jede Gelegenheit nutzen, um mit den chinesischen Behörden zu sprechen, um sie aufzufordern, die Verfolgung von Falun Gong und die gewaltsamen lebenswichtiger Organe von Falun Gong politisch Gefangenen ergreifen zu stoppen.

Kanada hat eine sehr klare Rolle mit China über seine Verhaltensweisen um ehrlich zu sein zu spielen.

- Xun Li, Falun Dafa-Verein von Kanada

Am selben Morgen, der Falun Dafa-Verein von Kanada (FDAC) auch hielt gerade eine Pressekonferenz auf dem Parliament Hill vor der Einweisung in die Technik. FDAC Präsident Xun Li fragte Trudeau chinesische Führer Xi Jinping und die chinesischen Behörden zu drängen, die Verfolgung von Falun Gong zu beenden und lassen Sie die Hunderttausende von inhaftierten Praktizierenden-inklusive 12 Familienmitglieder des Kanadier-und ehemalige Führer Jiang Zemin vor Gericht zu stellen, um für die Einleitung und orchestriert die Verfolgung.

„Wie Sie vor kurzem erklärt, Kanada hat eine sehr klare Rolle mit China über seine Verhaltensweisen um ehrlich zu sein zu spielen, die für die Kanadier sind in Bezug auf die engagieren China wollen, aber so zu tun, während ihre Grundwerte Aufrechterhaltung einschließlich der Menschenrechte und Grundfreiheiten,"Li sagte,.

Ich suche Hilfe eine Mutter und einen Vater zu Befreien

Hongyan Lu, kanadische Staatsbürger und ein Falun Gong-adhärenten, auf der Pressekonferenz sprach über ihre Mutter, Chen Huixia, das wurde im Juni verhaftet 3 und wurde, während in Haft gefoltert.

Hongyan Lu spricht auf einer Pressekonferenz in Ottawa vom Aug. 26, 2016, Premierminister Justin Trudeau zu fragen, um die Freilassung ihrer Mutter zu erhalten, Chen Huixia, das wurde im Juni verhaftet 3 in China für das Praktizieren von Falun Gong. (Pam McLennan / Epoch Times)

Lu beschrieben auch eine frühere detainment und die Folgen es in ihrer Familie verursacht. „Meine Mutter wurde einmal entführt in 2003 für etwa 3 Monate, und wurde erst freigelassen, nachdem mein Vater die Polizei bestochen. Nach ihrer Freilassung, die Belästigung fortgesetzt, bis zu dem Punkt fühlte sich mein Vater gezwungen, meine Mutter scheiden lassen. Erst nach der Scheidung meiner Eltern konnte ich einen Pass und kommen nach Kanada kommen.“

Sie betonte die Schwere der Menschenrechtskrise und die Notwendigkeit für rasches Handeln.

„Diese Situation ist ziemlich dringend. Ich hoffe, dass Premierminister Trudeau mit dem chinesischen Regime kommunizieren fordert sie von Falun Gong-Praktizierenden gezwungen Organentnahmen zu stoppen. Dringen sie dem Internationalen Menschenrechte folgen, stoppt die unmenschliche Verfolgung, und lassen Sie meine Mutter und alle anderen Falun Gong-Praktizierenden,“Lu sagte. „Es ist Zeit, dieses Übel Verbrechen zu beenden.“

Paul Li ist ebenfalls besorgt über seinen Vater, Xiaobo Li. Der ältere Li wurde zuvor in den frühen Jahren der Verfolgung festgenommen und acht Jahre im Gefängnis verbracht. Sein Verbrechen Artikel schreibt die Kommunistische Partei China Propaganda verunglimpft Falun Gong entgegen zu wirken. Nach seiner Wiederverhaftung in 2014, er wurde im folgenden Jahr weitere acht Jahre Haft für das Praktizieren von Falun Gong verurteilt.

Falun Gong-Praktizierende Paul Li hält ein Foto seines Vaters, Li Xiaobo, die wurden zum zweiten Mal in China eingesperrt in 2014 und zu einem zweiten acht Jahren Haft verurteilt, auf einer Pressekonferenz in Ottawa vom Aug. 26, 2016. (Pam McLennan / Epoch Times)

Der jüngere Li beschrieb, wie sein Vater das Rauchen aufgeben und wurde ein toleranter Mensch nach dem Praktizieren von Falun Gong Aufnahme. Er berichtete auch die Folter und Leiden seines Vaters ertragen im Gefängnis.

„Ich hoffe aufrichtig, wenn Premierminister Trudeau besucht China nächste Woche, er wird meines Vaters Fall wieder an die chinesische Regierung erhöhen, und Anfrage [Stromleiter von China] Xi Jinping bedingungslos meinen Vater Xiaobo Li freizugeben und andere Falun Gong-Praktizierenden, so dass Millionen von Familien können wieder zu vereinen und die Verfolgung enden kann,“Paul Li sagte,.

Orgel Pillaging Versorgung 60,000 nach 100,000 Transplantationen ein Jahr

Der ehemalige Bundeskabinett Minister David Kilgour präsentiert Details der jüngsten Bericht dem Titel „Blutige Ernte / Die Schlachtung: Ein Update“, die er mit Winnipeg ansässigen internationalen Menschenrechtsanwalt David Matas Co-Autor, und wir. Journalist und China-Analyst Ethan Gutmann.

Veröffentlicht im Juni, Der Bericht schätzt, dass 60,000 nach 100,000 Organtransplantationen sind jedes Jahr in China durchgeführt worden, da 2000 in etwa 700 bekannt Krankenhäuser Transplantationen durchzuführen. Während der Wartezeiten für Organe in anderen Ländern sind in Jahren gemessen, Wartezeiten sind in einer Angelegenheit von Tagen oder Wochen in China.

Der Bericht zeigt, dass die Hauptquelle der Organe die große Zahl von Nicht-zustimmenden Falun Gong politisch Gefangenen gewesen. „Freedom House berichtet in 2015 dass Falun Gong-Praktizierende sind die größte Gruppe von politischen Gefangenen in China,“, Sagte Li in seiner Rede.

Diese großen Schätzungen von Organtransplantationen fügen über auf über eine Million Falun Gong Todesfälle auf 15 Jahren ab 2000 nach 2015. inzwischen, nach dem chinesischen Regime, nur ca. 10,000 Transplantationen pro Jahr werden im ganzen Land getan.

„Wir bieten erhebliche Beweise für einen industriellen Maßstab, state-gerichtete Organtransplantation Netzwerk, gesteuert durch die nationale Politik und die Finanzierung, und Verwicklung sowohl die militärische als auch zivile Gesundheitssysteme,“Heißt es in einer Notiz von Kilgour geliefert, die Informationen aus dem Update-Bericht listet sowie Vorschläge, was die Gesetzgeber und Regierungen tun können,, wie der Kauf von gehandelten Organe illegal für die Kanadier machen.

Für die Falun Gong politische Gefangene „Spender,“„Ihre lebenswichtigen Organe, einschließlich Nieren, Leber, Cornea, und Herzen, wurden unfreiwillig zum Verkauf zu hohen Preisen ergriffen, manchmal an Ausländer, die in der Regel mit einer langen Warte für freiwillige Organspende in ihren Heimatländern,“Nach Kilgours Note.

Diese massive Organ Plünderungen konnte nur geschehen, weil es „ein Verbrechen, in dem die Kommunistische Partei, staatliche Einrichtungen, das Gesundheitssystem, Krankenhäuser, und die Transplantation Berufe sind alle mitschuldig.“

Appellieren Uhr Take Action

„Was wir sagen, ist, dass wir nicht normale Beziehungen mit einer Regierung haben ihre eigenen Bürger durch die Zehntausende töten,“Kilgour sagte, drängt die kanadische Regierung mit dem Volk von China zu „fest stehen“.

Li auf Trudeau genannt prinzipielle Haltung zu den Menschenrechten zu nehmen, einschließlich der Falun Gong-Problem in China.

„Ihre China-Reise ist eine weitere Möglichkeit, moralische Unterstützung und Ermutigung für die chinesischen Bürger nach Freiheit sehnen zu geben, und ein Vermächtnis von mutigen zu verlassen, prinzipien Aktion Kanadier können stolz sein,"Li sagte,.

„Ihre aufrechte Haltung gegen Ungerechtigkeit und Unterdrückung wird einen Unterschied machen.“

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DR. Ming Yingzi, a controversial Chinese transplant doctor is shown in the center performing a surgery in an undated photograph. (Third Xiangya Hospital)DR. Ming Yingzi, a controversial Chinese transplant doctor is shown in the center performing a surgery in an undated photograph. (Third Xiangya Hospital)

HONG KONG—Two key leaders in international organ transplantation have for several years been involved in an undisclosed, cooperative relationship with Chinese transplantation centers, raising questions about whether the two Australian doctors have failed to make public a potential conflict of interest, according to recently uncovered documents.

DR. Jeremy Chapman and Dr. Philip O'Connell, both based at Westmead Hospital in Sydney, Australien, are respectively the former (2008-2010) and current (2014-present) presidents of The Transplantation Society (TTS), the international body representing the profession.

Their close research relationships in China occurred while the two played decisive roles in determining how the international transplantation community would respond to disturbing evidence that Chinese hospitals have been engaged in the large-scale killing of prisoners of conscience, whose organs are harvested for profit, according to independent researchers.

(L) DR. Philip O'Connell who is the current president of The Transplantation Society. (University of Sydney) (R)

(L) DR. Philip O’Connell who is the current president of The Transplantation Society. (University of Sydney) (R) DR. Jeremy Chapman, ehemaliger Präsident der Transplantation Society. (Minghui.org)

Chapman is also the chair of the scientific program for TTS’s major biennial conference, held this year in Hong Kong from Aug. 18. The program has been criticized for including numerous doctors with histories of abusive practice in China, which critics say whitewashes China’s record.

Undisclosed Partnership

Schon seit 2005, Westmead Hospital, a teaching hospital of Sydney Medical School, has had a relationship with The Third Xiangya Hospital, affiliated with Central South University in Changsha, Hunan, in central China. The earliest contact involved a visiting professorship for a key Westmead researcher; it continued im 2008 with a joint declaration in research standards. Im 2012, Chapman and O’Connell attended a forum at The Second Xiangya Hospital, affiliated with the same Chinese university.

Im November 2013, after attending a forum promoting China’s transplant system reforms, O’Connell and Chapman signed a “letter of intent” between Westmead and The Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, for both parties to “regularly conduct academic exchange conferences, engage in personnel exchange visits, and undertake advanced study and remote education in medical treatment, surgical demonstrations, and medical consultation,” according to a report on the hospital’s website.

DR. Philip O'Connell (L), DR. Jeremy Chapman (C) and hospital president Dr. Chen Fangping (R) signing a letter of intent at The Third Xiangya Hospital in Changsha, China in November 2013. (The Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University)

Im 2014, the relationship got closer, with O’Connell, then president of TTS, traveling to participate in a xenotransplantation Konferenz vom Okt. 16, followed by a delegation of 14 specialists from The Third Xiangya Hospital visiting Westmead from Oct. 27 nach 30. Xenotransplantation refers to transplanting cells or tissues between different species, typically from animals to humans.

A meeting at Westmead included Chapman and Chen Fangping, president of Third Xiangya, signing another pact, this time a “supplementary agreement” to the 2013 letter of intent. It included “selecting a team of nurses and management staff to visit Westmead for advanced study,” and “other content” aimed at “deepening cooperation” between the parties. A photograph of Chapman shaking hands with Chen is highlighted in a report on the hospital website.

DR. Chapman of Westmead and Dr. Chen of The Third Xiangya Hospital shake hands after signing a “supplementary agreement” of cooperation in 2014. (The Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University)

Among those who received the guests was a fellow Chinese researcher, DR. Shounan Yi, whose presence provides a clue to the substance of the relationship between the two institutions.

Xenotransplantation

Schon seit 2004, research on xenotransplantation has been restricted in Australia by a moratorium.

But Yi, a senior research fellow at Westmead and a protege of O’Connell, has been able by virtue of the relationship with Third Xiangya to perform research that is restricted in Australia.

The first contact between Yi Shounan and Third Xiangya took place in May 2005, when Yi took a position as a visiting professor there, nach a history of the hospital (he held the same post again in 2012). Wayne Hawthorne, a professor at Westmead, joined him a month later for three days of meetings.

Yi continued to research and publish on xenotransplantation over the years, including a number of joint publications with O’Connell and Hawthorne, as well as with Prof. Wang Wei, the resident xenotransplantation expert at Third Xiangya.

Im 2011, during a stint there, Yi published research that it appears could not have been performed at the time in Australia due to ethics rules: the injection of pig islet cells into 22 patients with diabetes, a potentially lucrative treatment. The experimental procedure involves placing in the host, islets from the pancreas of pig fetuses, which then produce insulin and regulate blood glucose.

“This is a gigantic market,” wrote Sina Finance, a major Chinese web portal, in einem Kann 2016 Geschichte. “Even if there were 10,000 cases a year, that would mean a billion RMB in income.”

Yi is quoted in the article, commenting on recent research: “This makes us see hope for a breakthrough in industrialization of xenotransplantation in China.”

But in Yi’s impressive list of Publikationen, this particular study is nowhere to be found. (Yi also holds a 2010 patent, with Wang Wei of Xiangya, on a related medical technique.) Yi did not immediately respond to an email enquiring as to the reason for the absence.

The Westmead-Xiangya connection is not noted in any of O’Connell’s publications on xenotransplantation either. Chapman has published four papers on transplantation issues in China (1, 2, 3, 4), some of which are broadly supportive of the official views of reform there, and the relationship with Xiangya is not disclosed.

Chapman and O’Connell did not immediately respond to an email with a series of questions about the connections between Westmead and Third Xiangya.

Conflict of Interest Suspicions

The coincidence of the failure to disclose these relationships, involving potentially profitable research that could not be done in Australia, and the apathetic, sometimes hostile stance of TTS figures to evidence of widespread transplant abuse in China, has troubled observers.

The complex web of relationships, joint research projects, and grip-n-grins between Westmead and Xiangya Third doctors was pieced together by Arne Schwarz, an independent researcher based in Germany who provided the material in a dossier to a number of journalists.

Schwarz is responsible for the research behind pharmaceutical company Roche receiving a “Hall of Shame” award in 2010 for its clinical trials in China, and has followed transplant abuse in China for many years.

Arne Schwarz, an independent researcher of organ trafficking, attends a conference in Germany in September 2012. Schwarz uncovered the undisclosed evidence of cooperation between leading surgeons and a Chinese hospital. (Jason Wang/The Epoch Times)

He said that he began looking into potential conflicts of interest involving TTS leadership this June.

His curiosity was piqued by a dismissive remark made by Chapman following the publication of a nearly 700-page report on organ transplant abuse in China by independent researchers. The formidable report contained over 2,000 footnotes, zu Ende 90 Prozent traceable back to hospital websites in China, and marshaled evidence indicating that the country’s transplant system operates at a scale far larger than previously understood.

The report now stands as the single largest collection of information on China’s transplant industry. Its researchers—David Kilgour, David Matas, and Ethan Gutmann—concluded that somewhere between 60,000 und 100,000 transplants are likely conducted in China annually; they believe that most of these organs come from practitioners of Falun Gong, a persecuted spiritual practice.

Chapman, aber, in an interview with The Globe and Mail, dismissed the sources in the report as “all Falun Gong.”

The Third Xiangya Hospital, affiliated with Central South University, in Changsha, Hunan Province. (hns5j.com)

When he read Chapman’s quote, “I couldn’t believe my eyes,” Schwarz said. He then became curious as to whether there was more than met the eye to Chapman’s relationship with China. So he began searching, and discovered the previously unknown set of relationships and interests.

The material was only discoverable through targeted Chinese-language queries; none of it had been reported previously in English, and it is not mentioned on Westmead’s website.

A number of Chapman’s colleagues were previously unaware of, and surprised by, the information. “That cooperation was never disclosed to The Transplantation Society’s Ethics Committee,", Sagte Dr.. Jacob Lavee, an outgoing member of the committee who is critical of what he considers the Society’s lax stance toward transplant abuse in China.

“Present and past presidents of The Transplantation Society have significant influence on how the international transplantation community deals with the unethical transplantation system in China,” Schwarz wrote in an email.

(L-R) David Matas, David Kilgour, und Ethan Gutmann, researchers of organ transplantation abuse in China, speak about their recent report in Ottawa, Kanada, im Juni 2016. (Jonathan Ren / NTD Television)

Er fügte hinzu: “If their judgement of the Chinese transplant practices is biased by vested interests in China, it can’t be trusted any longer.”

As Schwarz kept tugging on the ball of yarn, he found more and more that seemed questionable: the undisclosed meetings, promises of cooperation, joint research projects, and patents in potentially lucrative clinical procedures.

“Wow,” he wrote, recalling his thinking. “I understood why Chapman was so furious about the Kilgour-Matas-Gutmann report.”

In mancher Hinsicht, aber, xenotransplantation research is only a sideshow to some of the more serious goings-on at Third Xiangya.

7 Transplants in a Day

Changsha is a relatively underdeveloped city in China, but it boasts three top grade hospitals—Xiangya, Second Xiangya, and Third Xiangya—all of them affiliated with Central South University.

Third Xiangya is a highly industrious transplant center.

In 2001—a year of “rapid development” in China’s organ transplant industry, according to Third Xiangya’s Webseite—authorities invested 100 million RMB (etwa $15 Million) in constructing a 150-bed transplant center there, which quickly became the best in the province. Statistics show that the number of death row prisoners—the official source for transplantation organs—was in a decline while all this investment and development took place, indicating that organ sources should have been less, not more, abundant.

Seven organs transplants at Third Xiangya Hospital on a special day when Huang Jiefu showed up for an anniversary ceremony!

— Arne Schwarz, independendent transplant researcher

Third Xiangya quickly became a “national research base” for transplant technology and performs large numbers of solid organ transplants (kidney, Herz, lung, liver, intestines), according to its website. Gemäß research by the World Organization to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong, the facility once performed seven transplants in a single day, when Huang Jiefu, Chinas Top-Transplantation offiziell, was visiting. This information has since been gespült from the hospital’s website.

“Seven organs transplants at Third Xiangya Hospital on a special day when Huang Jiefu showed up for an anniversary ceremony!” an incredulous Schwarz declared. “How is this possible without a bank of living donors?"

Ye Qifa, the deputy director of Third Xiangya and the executive director of China’s national organ procurement network, will be presenting at TTS’s Congress in Hong Kong on Aug. 18.

Alongside this, there are particular doctors at Xiangya who have engaged in questionable conduct, according to records online.

A Dubious Record

Perhaps the most prominent doctor is DR. Ming Yingzi, a transplant surgeon at Third Xiangya who is hailed as a rising star in the transplant profession by Chinese reports. According to a highly flattering 2014 biography of her on the hospital’s website, Ming’s team has performed around 1,000 solid organ transplants over the years. She “carries on her back a heavy icebox, fetching organs from everywhere,” the article says.

Given the realities of organ transplantation in China, almost all of these organs likely came from prisoners of conscience, who were killed for on-demand transplantation surgery.

When she visited Taiwan in 2009, a large meeting of transplant recipients she had serviced was convened, where she was hailed as a “savior.” She’s personally performed 500 kidney transplants and 200 liver transplants, her profile sagt.

DR. Ming Yingzi, a controversial Chinese transplant doctor is shown in the center performing a surgery in an undated photograph. (Third Xiangya Hospital)

But she is also the subject of a lengthy prosecution in China for allegedly misappropriating 150,000 Yuan ($22,000) paid by a patient for a kidney. Her lawyer in court acknowledged that she indeed received the money, that it was for a kidney, and that no receipt was produced, nach a local journalist. She says that she then gave the money to either the Red Cross, or a local Organ Procurement Organization.

“She’s been changing her story,” said Jiang Jiasong, the lawyer for the plaintiff, in a telephone interview. “She’s never produced any evidence. … I asked her which organ procurement organization she gave the money to, and she refused to answer.”

It is likely that none of this was clear to O’Connell and Chapman. Ming’s biography on the Xiangya website provides what is almost certainly an apocryphal account of an interaction between the three. It says that when the two Australians were leaving Changsha in 2014, both of them gave her the “thumbs up” and made the remark: “Your achievements are astounding! We hope that you’ll become a leader in China’s new generation of organ transplant doctors!"

Westmead has been quiet about the relationship, brokered by Chapman and O’Connell, between it and Xiangya, and there is no mention of it on its website.

When asked for copies of the agreements between the institutions, and comment on the appropriateness of the relationship, Emma Spillett, senior corporate communications specialist at Westmead, part of the Western Sydney Local Health District, said “Thanks for your enquiry. We will get back to you ASAP.”

Three hours later she wrote back: “Western Sydney Local Health District will not be commenting on this matter.”

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The Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre will host The Transplantation Society's 2016 Konferenz, where the claimed reforms to China's organ transplantation system will be given top billing. (Ted Aljibe / AFP / Getty Images)The Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre will host The Transplantation Society's 2016 Konferenz, where the claimed reforms to China's organ transplantation system will be given top billing. (Ted Aljibe / AFP / Getty Images)

Im Juni, a report examining over 700 hundred hospitals in China was published alleging that the Communist Party has been conducting secret industrialized slaughter of prisoners of conscience for their organs. The researchers met with no substantive rebuttal, and key leaders in international transplantation have given a nod to some of its important conclusions.

The response from the global transplantation establishment has, aber, been muted. Top transplantation officials did not express outrage, or make known their concern over claims of transplant medicine being used as a new form of mass murder.

Nor did they submit polite questions to the Chinese authorities, enquiring about the origin of the surfeit of human organs that have fueled the massive, sustained surge of transplants in China since 2000. Der Bericht, authored by Ethan Gutmann, David Kilgour, and David Matas, estimates that between 60,000 und 100,000 transplants per year were performed from 2000-2015, with the most likely source for the organs being prisoners of conscience.

Stattdessen, when The Transplantation Society (TTS) holds its biennial conference in Hong Kong this August, China will be the star.

In sessions like “The New Era of Organ Transplantation in China” and “Transplantation Reform in China,” Chinese officials will have the opportunity to tell thousands of medical professionals at the industry’s foremost gathering that they have thoroughly reformed their system, basking in renewed global standing and legitimacy without having passed a single new law. And without a single doctor or official held account for what has been described a genocide.

Ethical Questions

But at the conference in August, two troubling issues stand out, say transplantation watchdogs. The first is that clinical research by Chinese doctors may have been based on organs obtained unethically. The second is that top TTS executives will be sharing a dais with the Chinese military doctors and transplant surgeons who are accused of engaging in the mass killing of innocents.

In the most remarkable case, one well-known Chinese doctor leads a bizarre double life: he is a top liver surgeon, but he also serves as a leader of the Communist Party’s agitprop organ dedicated to inciting hatred against Falun Gong, a persecuted spiritual practice that researchers say is heavily targeted for organ harvesting.

Problematic doctors will be at the TTS conference. (tts2016.org)

Problematic doctors will be at the TTS conference. (tts2016.org)

Allegations of organ harvesting from Falun Gong have dogged Chinese authorities for ten years, meeting with varying levels of shock, disbelief, and skepticism in the global public sphere. Jetzt, one of the China’s prominent delegates at an international conference will represent the nexus of these two fields of activity.

On the same panel as Zheng sits Dr. Jeremy Chapman of Sydney, former head of TTS, current editor of the medical journal Transplantation, and long a personal friend to China’s top transplant official. Chapman also serves as the chair of the scientific program for the conference, granting him the task of ensuring that the abstracts from China did not use research based on organs from prisoners.

EIN review of over 50 presentations from China, conducted by Epoch Times, aber, shows that at least a dozen pose questions about organ sourcing.

Unknown Organ Sources

Many of them do not provide any information about the source organ. Zum Beispiel. “Influencing Factors of Fatigue in Liver Transplant Recipients,” presented by Liu Hongxia of the Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, provides no information about where the 285 livers came from, or when they were obtained, making it difficult to form a judgement about whether they were acquired ethically.

Wang Changxi has performed 700 kidney transplants in China, the majority during a period when the country had no voluntary donation system. (Hospital files)

Wang Changxi has performed 700 kidney transplants in China, the majority during a period when the country had no voluntary donation system. (Hospital files)

Other studies suffer a similar deficiency. “Pathological analysis of 544 cases of indicated renal allograft biopsies,” and another study on 658 kidney transplants, both presented by Wang Changxi, include kidney transplants performed beginning in 2010. As of 2009, China had only performed a total of 120 voluntary transplants, Beamte sagen,. It is thus a distinct possibility that many of these transplants were involuntary.

Schon seit 2005, Chinese officials have said that the vast majority of organ transplants come from executed prisoners; schon seit 2013, a nationwide voluntary transplant system has existed, though reliable data about its operations is elusive.

Both of those presenters have a problematic history. Liu Hongxia, according to a journal Papier- she co-authored in 2003, participated in at least 60 kidney transplants from January 1999 until May 2002. It is almost certain that none of these were voluntary, and it is statistically likely that many of them may have come from prisoners of conscience, given that such prisoners are believed to have been the primary source of organs in China since 2000.

The same issues exist for Wang Changxi, who performed over 700 kidney transplants, according to his hospital profile, the vast majority at a time when China had no voluntary donation system. Other presenters or co-authors boast of similarly problematic histories.

There are several other cases of presentations where no year of organ transplant is provided; in manchen Fällen, the years in question overlap with a period when China claimed to have a voluntary donation system (Post 2013)—though not all are of this sort.

Even after 2013, given the continued use of organs from executed prisoners and prisoners of conscience, it is impossible for outsiders—including international transplant experts—to know for sure which research comes from organs obtained voluntarily, and which from executions.

‘Very Detailed Analysis’

When approached with questions about the abstract selection process, Jeremy Chapman wrote: “We undertook a very detailed analysis of all submitted papers using a group of highly experienced individuals with detailed knowledge of China transplant programs… Any papers that included any donor/transplants that were potentially from executed prisoners were rejected.”

Upon receiving a spreadsheet highlighting the dozen potentially problematic abstracts, along with questions about how the organ sourcing in them was verified, Chapman made clear that he and his colleagues had put trust in their Chinese counterparts to ensure compliance with ethical norms. Chinese presenters were required to assure the congress “on three occasions in writing” that organs were sourced ethically.

Chapman added: “All submissions in which executed prisoner organs were possibly used have been rejected, as have all submissions where there has been no response to any of our requests for declaration.” He did not respond to a query about how many abstracts were rejected.

The lack of verification has troubled some.

“I have reviewed many scientific abstracts for many meetings over 28 Jahre,” wrote Dr. Maria Fiatarone Singh, Vorstandsmitglied von Ärzte gegen Zwangsorganentnahmen, in an email. “The only thing reviewers get is a 250 word abstract and the names of the authors and institutions… nothing could have been verified beyond what is in those 250 words.”

Fiatarone Singh and her colleagues at DAFOH have lodged their discontent with the fact that the congress in Hong Kong, including presenters and other panelists, will be heavy with doctors who have long been involved in what they regard as crimes against humanity.

Doctors Accused of Being Killers

“Despite mounting international concerns, TTS has booked China’s leading transplant expert, Huang Jiefu, as a plenary speaker at the upcoming transplant congress,” DAFOH writes in a recent press release.

“Under his tenure as deputy minister of health, China’s transplant numbers grew exponentially, coinciding with the nationwide outbreak of persecution and detention of prisoners of conscience after 1999, and reports of forced blood testing and medical examinations of detained Falun Gong practitioners targeted for their beliefs,” the group says.

Huang Jiefu himself is implicated in China’s kill-on-demand organ transplant system. According to Chinese media reports he has performed hundreds of liver transplants over the years. Im 2005, from a hospital in Xinjiang, he put out an urgent call and obtained two livers within 24 Std., flown to him overnight. Though this required the killing of two people, in the end the livers were not even used.

Chinese Vice Minister of Health Huang Jiefu after a conference in Taipei, Taiwan, im 2010. Huang has recently come under scrutiny for his involvement in and knowledge of illicit organ harvesting in China while vice-minister of health. (Bi-Long Song/The Epoch Times)

Huang Jiefu, Chinas Top-Transplantation offiziell, after a conference in Taipei, Taiwan, im 2010. Huang recently blamed China’s transplant abuses on the former security boss, Zhou Yongkang. (Song Xianglong/Epoch Times)

One of the most problematic doctors to co-author a paper at the congress is Shen Zhongyang. Shen is the industrious surgeon behind Tianjin First Central Hospital, a transplant facility that has been the subject of significant scrutiny for both its tremendous volume of transplants, and for its boldness in advertising its services to an international audience.

This hospital was the subject of an 8,000-word investigation by Epoch Times in February 2016, which found that its transplant volume could not possibly be accounted for by death row prisoners, and that another organ source must have been relied upon.

Shen is the co-author of a paper that will be presented in Hong Kong about techniques for measuring livers.

But another surgeon who will be at the conference gives even greater pause: DR. Zheng Shusen.

Zheng Does Double Duty

Zheng has personally performed at least hundreds of liver transplants, and has overseen thousands. From his base at the the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University, he co-authored a 2005 paper about the rapid acquisition of livers, called “emergency transplants,” for patients suffering acute liver failure.

In the absence of a voluntary, national matching system as exists in other countries, this can only mean that fresh donors were identified locally and killed within as short a period as 24 Std.. Researchers have pointed to such rapid organ acquisitions as key evidence that a pool of live donors is kept on standby, waiting to be harvested.

inzwischen, Zheng leads a dual life. When not doing emergency liver transplants, he leads anti-Falun Gong indoctrination seminars, as head of the Zhejiang Anti-Cult Association.

Zheng assumed his role as chairman of the Party-run NGO in 2007. Seit damals, he has addressed schools and government work units, edited book volumes, and presented awards, all aimed at vilifying Falun Gong, a traditional Chinese spiritual practice that has been persecuted since 1999.

Researchers believe that soon after Falun Gong practitioners were defined as the Party’s number one political enemy, and thus placed outside the protection of the law, they were targeted for organ harvesting—a lucrative activity conducted with impunity by China’s medical-military complex.

Zheng Shusen, a prolific liver surgeon who doubles as an anti-Falun Gong agitprop commissar, will appear at the conference alongside top TTS executives. (WOIPFG)

Zheng Shusen (C), a prolific liver surgeon who doubles as an anti-Falun Gong agitprop commissar, will appear at the conference alongside top TTS executives. (WOIPFG)

Anti-Cult Associations around China have played an instrumental role in the anti-Falun Gong campaign. They perform two tasks, according to records of their activities online. The first is to incite hatred against the practice; the second is to develop the curricula and training sessions for frontline ideological re-education. This refers to the attempt to force Falun Gong practitioners to renounce their beliefs and pledge allegiance to the regime. Victims describe it as a harrowing experience that involves isolation, demands of submission to Party will, and physical torture.

According to records online, Zheng chaired an “anti-cult” cadre training program at the Zhejiang University of Water Resources and Electric Power in October 2010. He gave the opening address while seated alongside the head of the Zhejiang 610 Büro, the extralegal security agency in charge of imprisoning and torturing Falun Gong.

Discovering this other side of Zheng Shusen’s identity requires Chinese-language research, and a sensitivity to the highly politicized institutional context in which transplantation exists in China. This is an awareness that TTS leaders lack, according to the organization’s critics.

All Prisoners Are Equal

But after TTS officers were apprised of the hidden identities of their Chinese counterparts, no changes to the congress were made.

Zheng Shusen will appear on a panel alongside Jeremy Chapman, current TTS president Philip O’Connell, and the organization’s incoming president, Nancy Ascher. Other panelists include Huang Jiefu, and the prolific military transplant surgeon Shi Bingyi. Zheng will give a speech titled “Liver Transplantation in China in the New Era.”

Falun Gong practitioners meditate on Capitol Hill on July 12, 2014, calling for an end to the persecution in China. (Edward Dye / Epoch Times)

Falun Gong practitioners meditate on Capitol Hill on July 12, 2014, calling for an end to the persecution in China. (Edward Dye / Epoch Times)

Ascher did not respond to a research note emailed to her apprising her of the identity of her co-panelist; Chapman similarly declined to comment. O’Connell, copied by his colleagues in responding emails, also refrained from commenting.

TTS’s ethics guidelines on dealing with Chinese doctors, formulated by the organization’s leadership, have for years aimed to balance two goals: on the one hand, the imperative to uphold their own ethical standards, and the other to “promote dialogue” and “educate” Chinese doctors about “alternatives to the use of organs and tissues from executed prisoners.”

Traditionell, Chinese doctors have been permitted to become TTS members and to give presentations at its congresses—as long as the research itself is clean.

These ethical deliberations, aber, have only addressed doctors who have used organs from death row prisoners.

What if the doctor, like Zheng Shusen, is reasonably suspected of killing innocents for their organs?

According to TTS, it makes no difference — a doctor like Zheng is free to take part in the conference.

In China, it is legal, although ethically problematic, to take organs from consenting executed prisoners… it is not overtly legal to murder people for their organs.

— Wendy Rogers, Macquarie University

“We wish to highlight that the ethical principles which form the basis of TTS policy regarding the procurement of organs from executed prisoners should be understood as also applicable to the procurement of organs from any person who is not able to provide valid consent–voluntary, informed and specific–hence including prisoners of conscience,” wrote Dr. Beatriz Domínguez-Gil, the chair of the Ethics Committee.

This obliterates the moral gulf between the two, ethicists say.

"In China, it is legal, although ethically problematic, to take organs from consenting executed prisoners,” wrote Wendy Rogers, a bioethicist at the University of Macquarie in Sydney, in an email. “Even in China, it is not overtly legal to murder people for their organs.”

She added: “Doctors participating in the former might be accused of unethical practice, but doctors in the latter category are criminal murderers. We generally make an ethical distinction between murderers and others. Any ethical theory I can think of would make this distinction.”

DR. Jacob Lavee, who is featured in Hard to Believe, a documentary to be shown at the Hoboken Film Festival on June 4, 2016. (courtesy hardtobelievemovie.com)

DR. Jacob Lavee. (Hard to Believe)

Boycott

The ethical slope descended by TTS has left some prominent members at a loss. DR. Jacob Lavee, president of the Israel Transplantation Society, the country’s most prominent heart transplant surgeon, and a member of TTS’s Ethics Committee, will not be flying to Hong Kong.

“I have tried and failed to persuade TTS leadership to refrain from moving the TTS 2016 Kongress, originally planned to be conducted in Bangkok, to Hong Kong,” he wrote in an email.

Providing China a global platform, while ignoring reports of organ harvesting from prisoners of conscience “is a moral stain on TTS ethical code,” he wrote.

Lavee continued: “The amazing finding of so many ethical doubtful presentations in the congress’ scientific program is just another aspect of the disintegration of the moral fiber of my society. I have therefore announced to my colleagues, I will boycott the Hong Kong meeting and called upon them to follow me.”

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Vertreter. Chris Smith (L) and Rep. Dana Rohrabacher hold a hearing on organ harvesting in China on June 23. (Lisa Fan / Epoch Times)Vertreter. Chris Smith (L) and Rep. Dana Rohrabacher hold a hearing on organ harvesting in China on June 23. (Lisa Fan / Epoch Times)

After presiding over an industry of organ transplantation that researchers say has led to a vast death toll of prisoners of conscience, China’s Communist Party has now promised reform. No one has been punished, and no admission of wrongdoing has been made — in fact, the perpetrators are now in charge of the reform process. Frage: Do you believe them?

This problem goes to the heart of the disconnect between the researchers into forced organ harvesting in China and the international transplantation establishment. A Congressional hearing im Juni 23 saw the gap narrow regarding what has happened in China, but remain on the prospects for reform, as hard data clashes against implacable optimism.

Sitting at the same hearing table were Dr. Francis L. Delmonico, ehemaliger Präsident der Transplantation Society (TTS), David Matas, und Ethan Gutmann, co-authors (with David Kilgour) of a new, carefully researched report that the authors say documents the systematic genocide of imprisoned prisoners of conscience. DR. Charles Lee, a spokesperson for a human rights research NGO, also spoke.

As one of the key brokers between the international transplant establishment and Chinese officialdom, Delmonico had been invited to testify before the joint subcommittee hearing, chaired by Rep. Chris Smith (R-N.J.) and Rep. Dana Rohrabacher (R-Calif.), both outspoken critics of rights abuses in China. Vertreter. Rohrabacher acknowledged to Delmonico that “you knew you’d be put in the hot seat.”

Delmonico struck a sober tone about abuses in China. He conceded that neither he nor TTS could verify that transplant abuse in China had ceased. He noted several times that he had no insight whatsoever into the prolific and secretive military hospitals—even for a Potemkin Village tour—where most of the forced organ harvesting takes place. He never demurred about the evidence of mass organ harvesting (called “Nazi-like” by Rep. Smith) presented by those flanking him.

DR. Francis L. Delmonico (Lisa Fan / Epoch Times)

DR. Francis L. Delmonico (Lisa Fan / Epoch Times)

This was a significant shift in stance for the international transplant establishment. In der Vergangenheit, its reticence about the findings of investigators like Gutmann and Matas has been one of the problems raised by legislative bodies in the West, as they deliberated their own stances.

If Delmonico had held a gatekeeping role before, he appeared to relinquish it. “I’m not here to promise you anything," er sagte. At another point, he remarked: “I’m not here to tell you not to worry. I’m not here to verify. That’s not my job…. I’m only here to say that the international community has recognised this terrible practice in China and it wishes to change it.”

But when asked about the prospects for reform, Delmonico was improbably optimistic, testifying that there had recently been a struggle for control over China’s organ transplantation industry, and that the good guys had won.

He argued that under the stewardship of surgeons Huang Jiefu, a high-ranking Communist Party official, and his protege, Wang Haibo, a coterie of young transplant surgeons were ambitious to build careers based on ethical practice. Having looked into their eyes, he had determined that this is the forward-looking crowd that will be leading the future of transplant reform in the country.

He pointed to an independent transplantation foundation funded not by the state, but “a hotel magnate.” He appeared to be under the impression that Huang Jiefu, long China’s spokesperson on organ transplants, was no longer an employee of the state. And he stated that there has been an intense battle for control, resulting in the monthslong house arrest of Huang Jiefu’s protege, Wang Haibo. The ethical surgeons have won, Delmonico said.

All this, mindestens, is what Delmonico appears to have been told by his Chinese colleagues and interlocutors. It turns out, aber, that much of it is not quite the case.

The error begins with the character of the foundation. The China Organ Transplant Development Foundation referred to is not independent: seine primary funder (in Höhe von 80 Millionen Yuan, oder $12 Million) is Li Ka-shing, the Hong Kong tycoon with extensive ties to the Communist Party elite, and is headed by a high-ranking Party official—Huang Jiefu.

Huang Jiefu and Li Ka-shing (China News Online)

Huang Jiefu and Li Ka-shing (China News Online)

In an email, Delmonico identified a man named James Fox as a benefactor of the foundation. China media reports make clear, in any case, that the foundation is mainly bankrolled by Li Ka-shing.

“The Transplantation Society are experts in transplants, not human rights,” wrote Matas in an email. “Repressive governments use GONGOs as fronts… This is part of the context that TTS is missing," er fügte hinzu, using the acronym for government-organized non-government organization.

The Li Ka-shing connection was revelatory to Gutmann. “Seeing the photos of Huang Jiefu and Li Ka-shing is like seeing two of your oldest enemies together holding cocktails,” Gutmann said in a telephone interview.

“Li Ka-shing is the Armand Hammer of the Chinese Communist Party," er fügte hinzu, referring to an American industrialist who had extensive ties to the Soviet Union.

The director-general of the foundation, a role that almost certainly includes determining how its money is spent, is Huang Jiefu. According to Delmonico, this foundation funds the travel and lodging for visiting Western transplant surgeons like himself, who are given tours—Gutmann dismissed them as “junkets”—of China’s hospitals, designed to show the progress of transplant reform in China.

According to experts who have studied the Communist Party’s practices of managing foreigners, such tours are likely to be pre-arranged, tightly scripted affairs, down to the very last detail. There is an entire Party apparatus dedicated to such work, which includes training cadres in “communicating with sympathetic foreigners in a way that [is] extremely appealing to them,” writes the scholar Anne-Marie Brady.

Ethan Gutmann (Lisa Fan / Epoch Times)

Ethan Gutmann (Lisa Fan / Epoch Times)

During the hearing, whether Huang Jiefu was in fact a serving official was left vague.

“Jiefu Huang has been part of the government, obviously,” Delmonico said, at one point. The emphasis appeared to be on the past tense, given that Delmonico then highlighted Huang’s current role, in what was identified as the independent foundation.

Später, Vertreter. Smith appeared to be under the impression that Huang was only a former official, and appealed to Delmonico for clarification. “He’s the head of a foundation that has received funding from a benefactor, independent of China, to now make the support for this change,” Delmonico responded.

But Huang Jiefu is very much a current official—a high-ranking Chinese Communist Party cadre, no less, with half a dozen titles. Zum Beispiel, he is the deputy director of the sensitive Communist Party committee that looks after the health of the top leadership (and a member of the committee’s Party Group); he is a former alternate member of the Central Committee; he is a delegate to the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, a Party-controlled entity meant to provide the impression of political pluralism; he’s the deputy director of a committee that is part of the Conference; he is also the director of liver surgery at Peking Union Medical College; in an Interview with China Central Television, he says that his involvement in public relations on the transplant issue was a special secondment from the very top of the Party leadership; and finally, and most importantly, he is the co-director of the newly established committee that actually creates policy in the organ transplant sector.

Huang Jiefu's official Chinese Communist Party curriculum vitae (China Leading Cadre Database)

Huang Jiefu’s official Chinese Communist Party curriculum vitae (China Leading Cadre Database)

This committee, and the agency that executes its policies, are appendages of the National Health and Family Planning Commission, a cabinet-level agency.

Congressmen Smith and Rohrabacher were not apprised of the political background of the foundation, nor its lack of independence, and they were not told about either of the official entities who actually run the system in China, nor the composition of doctors involved.

The policymaking body is titled the China Organ Donation and Transplantation Committee; it was established by the National Health and Family Planning Commission on April 14. The China Organ Donation Administrative Center, under the Red Cross Society of China, which has been the subject of several public scandals in recent years, is supposed to manage the donation system.

Many of the members of the committee—in fact, every surgeon on it except Wang Haibo—are veterans who performed sometimes thousands of organ transplants in the heyday of China’s rampant organ harvesting system. Some are high-ranking military transplant surgeons. Others may have even engaged in the practice of live organ harvesting, where organ removal is the mechanism of death.

Most organ transplants over the years has been from prisoners of conscience, in erster Linie Falun Gong-Praktizierende, according to the hefty report by Gutmann, Matas, and Kilgour. It is almost certain that many of the doctors on the new committee were directly involved in this activity.

A case study of 46 “emergency transplants” at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University

In at least one case, the connection is flagrant. Zheng Shusen is a prolific senior liver surgeon at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University. He also doubles as the head of Zhejiang Province’s anti-cult association, a communist agitprop organ etabliert specifically to vilify Falun Gong.

Zheng appears regularly on state and Party websites sitting alongside leaders from the 610 Büro, a secret Party taskforce established in 1999 to eliminate Falun Gong. Anti-cult associations around the country often work with 610 agents to craft anti-Falun Gong propaganda, casting the practice as a threat to society, thus justifying the regime’s brutal measures against practitioners.

Zheng is also the co-author of a study of 46 cases of “emergency liver transplants” that took place at his institution. It is these transplants — where a match is made between a recipient in need of an organ and a donor who is killed, within just days, sometimes hours — that are among the key points of evidence that China has a pre-typed pool of donors, ready to be killed on demand, Experten sagen.

But the inclusion of liver surgeon Shen Zhongyang on the new committee is perhaps the most eye-catching. He is the mastermind behind Tianjin First Central Hospital, one of the largest transplant facilities in China and certainly the most aggressive in marketing its wares to an international audience.

EIN Studie of the activities of Tianjin First by Epoch Times in February this year, based solely on a meticulous examination of its own hospital records and other official documents, found that it had performed at least five times more transplants than it said it had, leading to tens of thousands of organs that cannot be accounted for by any Chinese official explanation.

It was also this very hospital that led to the international transplant community, including Delmonico himself, to offer a public rebuke to the Chinese, as they penned a letter to the top Party leadership castigating China’s transplant system for corruption in 2014.

Tianjin First Central’s website went offline soon afterwards—though Delmonico told Congress that he had heard of a recent anecdote of a woman from Vancouver going there for an organ.

Dana Rohrabacher (Lisa Fan / Epoch Times)

Dana Rohrabacher (Lisa Fan / Epoch Times)

After being apprised via email of the actual structure of control of the transplant system in China, and the identities of those who are part of it, Delmonico responded with a statement, copying Rep. Smith and two staffers: “My responsibility as a leader of the international community is to support the change that is underway in China from a reprehensible practice that used organs from the executed prisoner.”

He said that the purpose of his visits was for developing a transparent organ distribution infrastructure consistent with World Health Organization principles, and that he has not been engaged in “an exercise for the Communist Party or the Government of China,” but instead “a collaboration with a current generation of transplant professionals” who are bringing change.

Delmonico, in his testimony, remarked that Wang Haibo, the protege of Huang Jiefu, was put under house arrest for several months. Danach, speaking to Rep. Smith from a distance and in the presence of several journalists and attendees, he expressed the certain view that the house arrest was engineered by the enemies of Huang Jiefu, and that now, “something is different, otherwise he wouldn’t be free.”

David Matas (Lisa Fan / Epoch Times)

David Matas (Lisa Fan / Epoch Times)

Students of the Byzantine world of Chinese politics recognize there has indeed been a battle for control over organ transplantation. But Communist Party struggles are a blood sport, and even for experts who devote their careers to the analysis of elite power dynamics, it is notoriously difficult to accurately gauge the meaning of such events.

The house arrest of Wang Haibo, if it indeed took place, could have multiple meanings. It may have even been, zum Beispiel, an investigation team dispatched by the current leader, Xi Jinping, to get information from Wang about the extent of organ harvesting from prisoners of conscience.

And yet it is the supposed enemies of Huang Jiefu and Wang Haibo—those mostly deeply involved in what experts have described as the mass organ harvesting of Falun Gong—who they now stand shoulder-to-shoulder with, on the committee that sets transplant policy in China.

“This sort of obfuscation,” Gutmann remarked, “assists the Chinese Communist Party in its coverup of a crime against humanity.”

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Former Canadian minister David Kilgour speaks to reporters in Ottawa on June 24, 2016 about the updated report organ harvesting in China that he wrote with David Matas and Ethan Gutmann. (Jonathan Ren/Epoch Times)Former Canadian minister David Kilgour speaks to reporters in Ottawa on June 24, 2016 about the updated report organ harvesting in China that he wrote with David Matas and Ethan Gutmann. (Jonathan Ren/Epoch Times)

A decade ago, two Canadians released a Bericht on illicit organ harvesting in China so shocking that many struggled to believe it.

Seit damals, the investigation has continued and they’ve now updated their findings in a report that details the industry that has sprung up in China around the harvesting of human organs.

David Kilgour, a former Secretary of State and federal Member of Parliament and international human rights lawyer David Matas released their initial report im Juli 2006. This Friday, Juni 24, the two returned to Ottawa with investigative journalist and author Ethan Gutmann, to release updated research that puts transplant volumes at up to 1.5 million in China.

Matas

Canadian international human rights lawyer David Matas speaks to reporters in Ottawa on June 24, 2016 about the updated report on organ harvesting in China that he wrote with David Kilgour and Ethan Gutmann. (Jonathan Ren/Epoch Times)

The source of those organs is not explained officially and the Chinese regime claims only 10,000 nach 20,000 transplants take place annually rather than the up to 100,000 estimated in the updated 817-page report.

That new figure is based on primary source research from thousands of documents “indicating that the scale of organ transplants is much larger than previously perceived by a large factor,” said Kilgour.

What’s more, despite several reports and extensive investigation into the issue, there is still no stop to the practice.

“For the last 15 Jahre, as you all know, across China there has been regime-sanctioned pillaging and trafficking in the vital organs of prisoners of conscience, overwhelmingly from practitioners of Falun Gong, but also Tibetans, Uiguren, and some house Christians, to fund an immensely profitable but despicable commerce with wealthy Chinese patients and organ tourists,“Kilgour sagte.

Falun Gong, auch bekannt als Falun Dafa, is a spiritual meditation practice that was first introduced to the public in China in1992, and became immensely popular within a short span of time, with government estimates putting the number of adherents between 70 nach 100 Million. The immense popularity of this traditional practice became a source of concern for then-leader of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) Jiang Zemin, who launched a campaign of persecution against the practice in 1999, und, gemäß undercover investigators getting confirmation from an official, directly gave the order to use the adherents for their organs.

A Billion Dollar Industry

The profits generated from the selling of the organs is in the billions of dollars. Matas said the estimates are now even higher with updated figures on the volume of transplants involved each year.

Gutmann

Investigative journalist Ethan Gutmann speaks to reporters in Ottawa on June 24, 2016 about the updated report on organ harvesting in China that he wrote with Canadians David Matas and David Kilgour. (Jonathan Ren/Epoch Times)

“What’s more, the prices have gone up over time partly because of inflation, and partly because there’s more of a cover-up and there’s enough of a focus that [the Chinese regime] feel they can charge a premium for doing this undercover work,” said Matas.

“If you just use the old figures, you’re dealing with $6 Milliarden $10 Milliarden pro Jahr. If you put in the escalation because of the coverup, seine $12 billion and beyond, it’s huge. The hospitals themselves say this is our number one money-maker, this is something that is basically keeping those hospitals going.”

Ethan Gutmann, whose 2014 book “Die Schlachtung” is the culmination of seven years of research and investigation into China’s forced organ removal from prisoners of conscience, gave an insight on the estimation of the number of transplants done each year in China’s hospitals.

“Back in 2013 if I was giving a talk with one of the Davids [Matas or Kilgour] or by myself to a college audience or Amnesty International audience in Europe, I’d ask them to Google ‘Shenzhen organ transplant centre.’ This is what would come up: An ad, in English, that is advertising for the transplant centre, for foreigners to come to China. It said ‘we’re the best at heart transplants and lung transplants,’” Gutmann said.

“This establishes that China openly advertised that they had organs on the web. They supposedly banned all organ tours after the [initial] Kilgour-Matas report and forbid it. But of course they hadn’t. They were continuing to advertise, just in a more discreet way.”

Investigations from different sources, including online advertisement and internal communications at the hospital, show that the hospital had 500 nach 700 beds devoted just for transplants, and they had 100 Prozent 131 percent occupancy rates, with the hospital claiming that at times they had to put patients into hotels due to lack of space.

Gutmann said that puts the estimates of the number of transplants at this hospital alone at a minimum of 5,000 transplant a year. Another major hospital, the People’s Liberation Army’s 309 hospital in Beijing, is similarly estimated to perform about 4,000 transplants a year. Taking into account that there are 146 hospitals certified by the Chinese Ministry of Health to do transplants, and looking at their capabilities and other pieces of information, the report’s authors said they were able to estimate the annual rate of transplants in China.

The Update

Besides the update on the volume of transplants involved, the updated report focuses on several other areas.

The report looks at the CCP’s coverup of the forced organ harvesting and the regime’s attempts to hide individual hospital transplant figures. The report also explores the driving factors behind the volumes, the structure the regime has built around organ harvesting, the culpable individuals, and the CCP’s claims of recent transplant reforms. As well, the report addresses plastination, which involves the replacement of bodily fluids with polymers in a corpse for display at exhibitions.

“There is compelling evidence that practitioners of Falun Gong are killed for both plastination and organ sourcing. The evidence supporting each abuse is also evidence in support of the other abuse,” said Matas.

A Supply Problem

The problem with transplant abuse in China cannot be solved by stopping the flow of people traveling there for organs, said Matas. “We could end transplant tourism into China entirely and organ transplant abuse in China could still continue.”

aber, other nations are obligated to do what they can to avoid complicity in that abuse, er sagte.

Matas gives the example of how King Leopold II of Belgium at the turn of the 20th century was engaged in slavery in the Congo and how that came to light by investigations conducted by Edmund Morel, a shipping line clerk.

Kilgour Matas Gutmann

(L-R)Kanadische Menschenrechtsanwalt David Matas, former Canadian secretary of state for Asia-Pacific David Kilgour, and American investigative journalist and author Ethan Gutmann take part in a press conference on the release of their update report on organ harvesting in China in Ottawa on June 24, 2016. (Jonathan Ren / NTD Television)

Morel had noticed that the goods coming to the Congo were guns, ammunition, and explosives, which went to the state or its agents, but the goods that left Congo were ivory and rubber, of much higher value than the goods sent in. He concluded that the ivory and rubber were not purchased in exchange of good being shipped in, but rather the people producing the goods in the Congo were providing slave labour.

“The conclusion was noteworthy because it was made without an eye witness evidence of slavery. It came just from shipping records. His work was initially met with official denials, yet it was accurate,"Matas sagte,.

At first, many were worried about offending Belgium by pressing the issue, but the British government eventually commissioned their consul in Congo to conduct an independent investigation into the issue, and the consul confirmed the existence of slavery in Congo after travelling there.

Matas said that discrepancy between the value of traded goods is very similar to discrepancy between the volume of transplants and the available donors.

“The China discrepancy today points as much to a human rights violation as the Belgium discrepancy did yesterday. The need for a [Canadian] government or inter-governmental independent investigation is as great.”

Kilgour and Matas have both requested visas to China to further investigate the issue in person, but their requests have been denied.

Canada Should ‘Walk the Walk’

Matas said Chinese foreign minister Wang Yi’s lashing out at a Canadian journalist in a joint press conference with Canadian foreign minister Stephane Dion in Ottawa earlier in June is an opportunity for Canada to press China about the organ harvesting practice.

“There’s been some criticism of Stephane Dion for saying nothing. I consider that an opportunity because if the Chinese minister of foreign affairs can do that publicly in Canada, then the Canadian minister of foreign affairs and the Canadian Prime Minister can do that publicly in China. That’s what should happen,"Matas sagte,.

“I would like to see our Canadian leaders going to China and saying publicly to the journalists: Why aren’t you reporting on this?"

In addition to raising this issue with the Chinese regime, Canada should take its own initiatives in the area, Matas said, which include legislation, resolutions, and conducting investigations into the issue.

He cites the UNS. House of Representatives passing a unanimous resolution condemning harvesting of organs from Falun Gong practitioners in mid June.

“We need to get the [Canadian] government engaged, not just in talking politely to China, but doing their own work on this file,"Matas sagte,.

Kilgour said he was pleased that Prime Minister Justin Trudeau expressed dissatisfaction with Chinese foreign minister’s conduct in Canada, and noted that a Nanos poll commissioned by the Globe and Mail shows that 76 percent of Canadians have a negative view of the Chinese government.

“If [Chinesisch] President Xi [Jinping] wants to turn that around, the best way he can do it is to stop this organ pillaging, trafficking immediately. He has no connection with Jiang Zemin, who did this, und [Xi] can stop it, but he should do it now. He shouldn’t wait another two years.”

Gutmann, ein US-. citizen who lives in London, said he knows Canada as a beacon of human rights in the world, and it’s time for Canada “to walk the walk.” He said Canada should follow examples of countries like Taiwan, Israel, and Spain who have made it illegal for their citizens to get organ transplants in China.

“They [countries with legislation] are not really going to pay a price and nobody else has paid a price. Taiwan hasn’t paid a price for passing organ harvesting laws; Israel hasn’t paid a price; I don’t believe Spain has. There’s a reason for that, because [the Chinese regime] know they’re guilty, Everybody knows this. This is a huge embarrassment, they are trying to cover it up.”

With reporting by Pam McLennan

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David Matas presents a new report on mass organ harvesting in China at the National Press Club in Washington, Gleichstrom. im Juni 22. (Lisa Fan / Epoch Times)David Matas presents a new report on mass organ harvesting in China at the National Press Club in Washington, Gleichstrom. im Juni 22. (Lisa Fan / Epoch Times)

WASHINGTON, D.C.—The authors of a new report about state-led organ harvesting in China presented their findings at the National Press Club on June 22, calling it a “slow motion genocide” that has led to likely over 1 million organs removed from unwilling donors.

“This fits the pattern of King Leopold and the Congo, and the genocides in Cambodia and Darfur,” said David Kilgour a former Canadian parliamentarian and a co-author of the new report.

King Leopold of Belgium wrought a death toll of tens of millions running a slave trade in the Congo, researchers suspect, while in Cambodia and Darfur, Sudan, government and militia embarks on class and ethnic cleansing massacres with vast death tolls.

The study is titled “Bloody Harvest/The Slaughter: Ein Update,” and builds on the previous work of the authors.

The report says that Chinese hospitals across China have transplanted roughly between 60,000 und 100,000 organs per year since 2000. The death toll of all this activity is unclear, though according to the statements of Chinese doctors, it is likely that in the majority of cases one transplant equaled one death.

"Das ultimative Abschluss dieses Update, und in der Tat unserer bisherigen Arbeit, is that China has engaged in the mass killing of prisoners of conscience, primarily practitioners of the spiritual based exercises Falun Gong and others… in order to obtain organs for transplants,” said David Matas, a Canadian lawyer who has investigated the issue for a decade, and a co-author of the report.

“We’re going through over 700 Krankenhäuser, some of them in great detail,"Matas sagte,. “We reach the Chinese official figure by looking at the volume in just a few hospitals. We’re dealing with a multiple of that here. Many of the hospitals are relatively new, or have new transplant wings or beds. That wouldn’t have happened without confidence in continued supply.”

Ethan Gutmann (Lisa Fan / Epoch Times)

Ethan Gutmann (Lisa Fan / Epoch Times)

Ethan Gutmann, a journalist and the third co-author of the report, remarked that the number of hospitals capable of thousands of transplants a year is “breathtaking.” “The pictures are breathtaking. They show medical staff that look like football teams advancing down the field.”

Or perhaps like military squads.

As the leader of the Renji Hospital’s Liver Transplant Centre, Xia Qiang, said in 2005: “The management of my team is militarized. Every medical staff member must keep their cell phone turned on 24 hours a day, because liver transplants may require going out for graft procurement or preparing for surgery at any time. We doctors must be on standby at all times.”

“What we see is the transplant industry expanding over time,"Matas sagte,. “Organ supply has never been a problem—the limitations of the system have been doctors, Krankenhäuser, beds, nurses, Ausbildung. So the number year by year has been growing because the hardware and capacity, not the organ availability, has increased.”

When the authors were asked whether they regarded their findings as genocide, Gutmann said: “I use the ‘G’ word. Genocide… has a definitve meaning in human rights. If it’s an attempt to kill off a people then, ja, we’re looking at that. It’s a slow-motion genocide; a drip, drip, drip, genocide.”

David Kilgour (Epoch Times)

David Kilgour (Epoch Times)

Matas said that it is clear from the Communist Party’s own literature on Falun Gong that it regarded the population as a group to be targeted with death. “If you look at all the propaganda against Falun Gong, it’s incitement to hatred of the vilest sort… within a Chinese context, where there are no contrary statements… it’s incitement to hatred, incitement to genocide.”

He continued, at a later point during the press conference: “Our ultimate conclusion, aside from the fact that there is a huge number of transplants going on, is that China has a duty to explain what’s going on here.”

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  • Autor: <a href="http://www.theepochtimes.com/n3/author/matthew-robertson/" rel="author">Matthew Robertson</ein>, <a href="http://www.theepochtimes.com/" title="Epoch Times" rel="publisher">Epoch Times</ein>
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(Illustration by Jens Almroth/Epoch Times)(Illustration by Jens Almroth/Epoch Times)

Transplant surgeons in China are awash in human organs. Some complain of working 24-hour shifts, performing back-to-back transplant surgeries. Others ensure they’ve got spare organs available, freshly harvested—just in case. Some hospitals can source organs within just hours, while others report transplanting two, drei, or four back-up organs, when the first fails.

All this has been taking place in China for over a decade, with no voluntary organ donation system and only thousands of executed prisoners—what China says is its official organ source. In phone calls, Chinese doctors say the real source of organs is a state secret. inzwischen, practitioners of Falun Gong have disappeared in large numbers, and many report being blood tested in custody.

Ein unprecedented report by a small team of relentless investigators was published on June 22, documenting in sometimes astonishing detail the ecosystem of hundreds of Chinese hospitals and transplant facilities that have been operating quietly in China since around the year 2000.

Collectively, these facilities had the capacity to perform between 1.5 und 2.5 million transplants over the last 16 Jahre, nach dem Bericht. The authors suspect the actual transplant figures fall between 60,000 nach 100,000 per year since the year 2000.

"Das ultimative Abschluss dieses Update, und in der Tat unserer bisherigen Arbeit, is that China has engaged in the mass killing of innocents,” said David Matas upon the report’s launch at the National Press Club on June 22.

The study, titled “Bloody Harvest/The Slaughter: An Update” builds on the previous work of the authors on the topic. Coming on the passage of an official censure of organ harvesting in China by the House of Representatives, the research poses an explosive question: has large-scale medical genocide been taking place in China?

(L–R) David Kilgour (L) with David Matas (C) und Ethan Gutmann (R), author of 'The Slaughter: Massentötungen, Organentnahmen, and China's Secret Solution to Its Dissident Problem.' (Simon Gross/Epoch Times)

(L–R) David Kilgour (L) with David Matas (C) und Ethan Gutmann (R), authors of “Bloody Harvest/The Slaughter: An Update.” (Simon Gross/Epoch Times)

Big Profits

The People’s Liberation Army General Hospital, whose main task is to provide healthcare for top Communist Party and military officials, is among the most advanced and well-equipped hospitals in China. By the early 2000s, it was making most of its money from organ transplants.

“In recent years, the transplant center has been the primary profitable healthcare unit, with gross income of 30 million yuan in 2006 nach 230 million in 2010—a growth of nearly 8-fold in five years,” its website sagt. That’s $4.5 Mio. $34 Million.

The PLA’s General Hospital wasn’t the only healthcare institution to stumble across this lucrative business opportunity. The Daping Hospital in Chongqing, affiliated with the Third Military Medical University, also somehow managed to boost its revenue from 36 million yuan in the late 1990s, when it just got into transplants, to nearly 1 billion in 2009—a growth of 25 times.

Even Huang Jiefu, China’s spokesperson on organ transplantation, angegeben to the respected business publication Caijing in late 2006: “There’s a trend of organ transplantation becoming a tool for hospitals to make money.”

How these remarkable feats were achieved in so short a time across China, when there was no voluntary organ donation system, when the number of death row prisoners was decreasing, and where the waiting times for patients expecting transplants could sometimes be measured in weeks, Tage, or even hours, is the subject of the new page report.

Parts of the report, drawing from whistleblower testimony and Chinese medical papers, say that some donors may not have even been dead when their organs were removed.

-

“This is extremely difficult research to have done,", Sagte Dr.. Li Huige, a professor at the medical center of the Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Deutschland, and a member of the Doctors Against Forced Organ Harvesting advisory board, after reviewing the study.

The report contains a forensic tally of all known organ transplantation centers in China—over 700 of them—and counts their bed numbers, utilization rates, surgical staff, training programs, new infrastructure, recipient waiting times, advertised transplant numbers, use of immunosuppressants and illore. The authors, armed with this data, then make estimates about the total number of transplants performed. The number stretches past 1 Million.

This conclusion, though is only half the story.

“It’s a mammoth system. Each hospital has so many doctors, nurses, and surgeons. That in itself isn’t a problem. China’s a big country,", Sagte Dr.. in, in a telephone interview. “But where did all the organs come from?"

Captive Bodies

Organs for transplant can’t be removed from dead bodies and simply put into storage until needed: They need to be recovered before or soon after death, and then quickly implanted into a new host. The often desperate timing and logistics around this process make organ matching in most countries a complex field, with waiting lists and dedicated teams who encourage family members of accident victims to donate organs.

But in China, the donors seem to be captive, waiting around for the recipients.

Changzheng Hospital in Shanghai, a major PLA medical center, reported performing 120 “emergency liver transplants” as of April 2006.

The term means that a patient with a life-threatening condition presents to the hospital or transplant ward, and a matching organ is then found within hours or days. This happens rarely in other countries.

But the Changzheng hospital published an entire paper in the Journal of Clinical Surgery, a Chinese medical journal, about its success with emergency transplants. “The shortest time for a patient to be transplanted after entering hospital was 4 Std.,” it sagt.

In a one week period from April 22 bis April 30, 2005, the hospital performed 16 liver and 15 kidney transplants.

Chinese doctors carry fresh organs for transplant at a hospital in Henan Province on Aug. 16, 2012. (Screenshot/Sohu.com)

Chinese doctors carry fresh organs for transplant at a hospital in Henan Province on Aug. 16, 2012. (Screenshot/Sohu.com)

The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University published its own study in a similar vein, documenting that between early 2000 and late 2004, 46 patients received “emergency liver transplants”—meaning that recipients were all matched with a donor within 72 Std..

Even the official China Liver Transplant Registry, in einem set of slides presenting its 2006 annual report, compares the number of “selectively timed” transplant surgeries with the emergency transplants. Dort gab es 3,181 regular transplants in the year, und 1,150, or just over a quarter, made under emergency matching conditions.

These phenomena are extremely difficult, if not impossible, to explain according to official pronouncements. And they stand as prima facie evidence that a captive donor population is on standby, waiting to be harvested.

“This is very emotive for me,” said Wendy Rogers, an Australian bioethicist at Macquarie University, whose close friend suffered liver failure due to hepatitis, and needed a transplant within three days if she was to live. “She was extraordinarily lucky to get one in that timeframe,” Dr. Rogers said.

“But to do 46 of them in a row? It’s hard to think of another plausible explanation, apart from killing on demand.”

Parts of the report, drawing from whistleblower testimony and Chinese medical papers, say that some donors may not have even been dead when their organs were removed. This includes the testimony of a former armed police officer, who said he witnessed a live harvest operation conducted without anesthesia, and that of a former healthcare worker in Jinan.

Targeted for Elimination

The authors of the new report, relying on previous evidence and new findings, contend that the primary population in China that could have been so targeted are prisoners of conscience, composed primarily of practitioners of Falun Gong.

Falun Gong is a traditional discipline of the Buddhist school that became extremely popular in China throughout the 1990s. It involves doing five meditative exercises and living according to teachings based on the principles of truthfulness, Barmherzigkeit, und Toleranz. The state tacitly supported Falun Gong, and an official survey indicated there were upwards of 70 million practitioners by 1999—a larger number than members of the Communist Party.

Plain-cloth police brutally arrest Falun Gong practitioners on Tiananmen Square.   (Compassion Magazine)

Plainclothes police arrest Falun Gong practitioners on Tiananmen Square in 1999. (Compassion Magazine)

Im Juli 1999, the leader of the regime, Jiang Zemin, unleashed a national campaign to eliminate the practice. He initially met with high-level opposition, but quickly turned the anti-Falun Gong mobilization into a means of consolidating his power in the Party, promoting loyalists and sidelining resisters.

Organ harvesting as a means of eliminating the Falun Gong population appears to have begun by the following year.

The evidence that this has been taking place has been available for a decade now—but this is the first time in which the estimated death toll is so formidable, the sheer volume of evidence so overwhelming, and the central role of the state as enabler so clear.

The three authors of the report—David Kilgour, David Matas, and Ethan Gutmann—have previously published on the topic, but the report is the first time that they have joined forces. Even they were surprised by the results of the study.

“When you were a kid, did you ever pick up a big rock and see all this life underneath it—ants and insects? That’s what the experience of working on this report has been like,” said Gutmann, a journalist whose book on the topic, “The Slaughter,” was published in 2014.

David Kilgour is a former Canadian parliamentarian, and David Matas is a well-known human rights lawyer; the pair published a book on the topic, “Bloody Harvest,” in 2009, which followed upon a groundbreaking report by the same name released in July 2006.

In the last few years, researchers of transplant abuse in China had largely been under the impression that the scale of organ harvesting had retreated considerably, or at least that Falun Gong practitioners and other prisoners of conscience were no longer targeted.

The authors discovered this was not so. “They’ve built a juggernaut,” Gutmann said. “We’re looking at a gigantic flywheel which they can’t seem to stop. I don’t believe it’s just profit behind it, I believe it’s ideology, mass murder, and the coverup of a terrible crime where the only way to cover up that crime is to keep killing people who know about it.”

The backbone of the report, and its single largest section, is an exhaustive account of every hospital in China that is known to perform transplants. Des 712 that are identified, 164 are given a detailed, individual treatment.

Centers of Harvesting

The Nanjing General Hospital, in the Nanjing Military Command, zum Beispiel, is accorded two pages. The prolific career of Li Leishi, the founder of the kidney research center at the hospital, is introduced, including a Communist Party document that made mandatory the study of the “model” he had established—Li was being commended for building one of the fastest growing kidney transplant enters in the country.

In einem 2008 Interview, in, dann 82 Jahre alt, said that in the past he typically did 120 kidney transplants a year, but now only does 70. Another chief surgeon was reported to be performing “hundreds of kidney transplants a year” as of 2001. Mit 11 chief and 6 associate surgeons engaged in kidney transplants, the total volume of transplants at the hospital may have reached around 1,000 annually, the report says.

Astonishing transplant volumes like this appear throughout the report.

At the Fuzhou General Hospital, also in the Nanjing Military Command, the doctor Tan Jianming had personally directed 4,200 kidney transplants as of 2014, according to his biography on a website belonging to the Chinese Medical Doctor Association.

The Xinqiao Hospital, affiliated with the Third Military Medical University, in southwest Chongqing, says it did 2,590 kidney transplants by 2002, einschließlich 24 on a single day.

Zhu Jiye, director of the Peking University Organ Transplant Institute, sagte im 2013 that “there was one year in which our hospital did 4,000 liver and kidney transplant operations.”

An re-enactment of organ harvesting in China on Falun Gong practitioners, during a rally in Ottawa, Kanada, 2008. (Epoch Times)

A re-enactment of organ harvesting in China on Falun Gong practitioners, during a rally in Ottawa, Kanada, 2008. (Epoch Times)

In a June 2004 paper published in the “Medical Journal of the Chinese People’s Armed Police Forces,” a handy table is provided that notes that the Beijing Friendship Hospital and the Guangzhou Nanfang Hospital had conducted more than 2,000 kidney transplants by the end of the year 2000. Three other hospitals were each recorded to have performed 1,000 by the end of that year. Most of these must have been performed only in a year or so, given that up until the end of the 1990s, transplantation in China was a boutique medical niche.

Hospital after hospital, page after page, volume figures like this are laid down, sourced back to official Chinese publications, including speeches, internal newsletters, hospital websites, medical journals, Medienberichte, und mehr.

Without exception, these hospitals only discuss such impressive volume figures beginning in the year 2000. The massive infrastructure development, surgeon training programs, and volumes also only begin being reported then—soon after the onset of the persecution of Falun Gong.

State Killing Machine

The Chinese regime’s official line on its organ sources has shifted over time. Im 2001, when the first defector emerged from China claiming that the regime was using death row prisoners as an organ source, official spokesmen denied it, claiming that China relies primarily on voluntary donors.

Im 2005, officials began hinting that death row prisoners were instead used. And after allegations of organ harvesting from Falun Gong practitioners were made public, im 2006, Chinese officials insisted that death row prisoners, who consented to having their organs removed after death, were the primary source.

But the menacing conclusion that slowly emerges through the research—817 pages, and nearly 2,000 footnotes of it—is that the entire industry was deliberately created, almost overnight—right after the abundant new organ source became available.

This is suggested by the immense state involvement, both at the central and local level, in the industry. Beginning in the 1990s, China’s healthcare system was largely privatized, with the state only paying for infrastructure, while hospitals had to finance themselves.

The liver transplant center at Renji Hospital saw a leapfrogging number of transplant beds: von 13 in late 2004 nach 23 two weeks later, nach 90 im 2007, und 110 im 2014.

Im 2006, Tianjin First Central Hospital added an entire 17-story building, mit 500 beds, just for organ transplants. There are many other such cases; the report contains photographs of the often impressive buildings.

Organ transplantation quickly became a profitable business, and the central and local government underwrote research and development, the construction of palatial new transplant facilities, and funded doctor training programs, including the overseas training of hundreds of transplant surgeons.

Das Tianjin Erste Central Hospital. (Hospital files)

Das Tianjin Erste Central Hospital. (Hospital files)

An entire industry of Chinese-made anti-rejection drugs came online, while Chinese hospitals began developing their own preservative solutions, chemicals in which organs are kept between the donor and the recipient.

As the transplant center associated with China Medical University in Shenyang sagte on its website: “To be able to complete such a large number of organ transplant surgeries every year, we need to give all of our thanks to the support given by the government. Bestimmtes, the Supreme People’s Court, Supreme People’s Procuratorate, Public Security system, judicial system, Ministry of Health, and Ministry of Civil Affairs have jointly promulgated laws to establish that organ procurement receives government support and protection. This is a one of a kind in the world.”

The authors of the report have declined to give a death toll. While it is possible that in some cases multiple organs came from a single victim, bis 2013 China had only an ad hoc and localized matching system. Chinese surgeons have also complained about the great wastage in China’s transplant industry, where often only one organ comes from one donor. So, if 60,000 nach 100,000 transplant surgeries were performed annually, the death toll of organ harvesting in China may stretch to 1.5 Million.

The authors are publishing their findings at a time when the climate of opinion on this issue seems poised for a shift: Journalists are more willing to look into the topic; documentaries on it are being produced and winning awards; and the number of transplant doctors and ethicists who are learning about China’s transplant system, and who are appalled by it, is growing.

Vor kurzem, the United States House of Representatives eine Resolution verabschiedet, in which members denounced China’s practices as “ghoulish” and “disgusting.”

EIN 2015 documentary auf die Frage, now being screened on PBS, is titled “Hard to Believe” and explores how the issue has been received by the worlds of journalism and medicine. Dort, the gravity of what has taken place in China for a decade and a half is only now beginning in sink in. (Disclosure: the author of this article was interviewed for the documentary.)

Wendy Rogers, the Australian scholar, has in her own experience found others have difficulty taking in what is happening in China.

“I had to explain it in detail to a German friend who’s a bioethicist, who deals with many challenging international topics,” Rogers said. “She literally couldn’t believe me, and asked: ‘Why didn’t I know about this already?’”

The headline of this article has been modified to better reflect the conclusions of the report.

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Epoch Times: Can you introduce me to this new report that is coming out?

Ethan Gutmann: Gut, it doesn’t have a flashy title. It’s simply “Bloody Harvest/The Slaughter: An Update.” It’s very minimal. We are not trying to reproduce our earlier work. David Kilgour and David Matas wrote “Bloody Harvest” and they put a lot of work into it over the years. I wrote “Die Schlachtung". It took seven years. The idea of the new report is to update our findings.

There is an indisputable mound of information at this point showing that Chinese transplant volumes are significantly higher than anything that Beijing has claimed. The usual claim is that China does around 10,000 transplants a year. But when you look at the hospitals and transplant centres – the military hospitals and civilian hospitals, secondary transplant centres, klein, medium and large transplant centres – and you count them up and see what their actual volume is? Gut, the lowest number we arrive at is approximately 60,000 pro Jahr, nicht 10,000. The number that seems more likely to us is about 100,000 pro Jahr. Now this is in a country that claims that it is no longer sourcing organs from death row prisoners. This is in a country that didn’t have a system until quite recently to accept voluntary transplants. The voluntary transplants that occur are usually within a family, where one family member might give a kidney to another family member.

We are looking at not 10,000 transplants per year in China, but something more like 60,000 nach 100,000 transplants a year in China.

— Ethan Gutmann

One of the things we’ve noticed about these hospitals is the incredible amount of construction—huge transplant wings have been added; cities and provinces that did not have a transplant industry have, seemingly by central planning, been given transplant industries. This is one of the most striking features of the research. Yet as much as people might want to see this as simply for-profit, it is not. There is an element of central planning throughout. Transplantation, although never publicly declared to be a “pillar industry” in China, is clearly being thought of in that way at the highest levels of the Communist Party.

These numbers are absolutely extraordinary, staggering.

UND: What is the research based on? What evidence have you used?

EG: Gut, the sources are obscure. This is a country that does not want to openly speak about organ harvesting. This is a country where discussion is blacked out because this is one of the most dangerous issues to the Chinese Communist Party. So it turns out that Nurses Weekly is one of the most important sources out there: an internal publication, obviously something only a specialist in China would read. Yet it actually has clues to harvesting and transplant numbers in some cases. This is information that would never be put on a website that could reveal something to the West but it’s out there. And it’s out there in dissertations, even dissertation proposals, hospital internal newsletters and even on some very obscure websites.

Author Ethan Gutmann and his new book “The Slaughter” to be released Aug. 12. San Francisco, Calif., Juli 29, 2014 (Steve Ispas/Epoch Times)

We had to bring this information out. What we essentially had was a mountain of material from these hospitals. And you come out with larger numbers from these individual hospitals by counting them up. It’s like building blocks. You stack them up and you keep adding until you’ve built a mountain.

That’s actually very powerful because, continuing the analogy, it means that once you’ve built the mountain, Gut, even if you lose a ledge or have a landslide it doesn’t change the fact that you have a mountain. The mountain is still very high. Some of these hospitals have authorization, some of them don’t. But we do have evidence that they’re performing these transplants. And that information is extremely damaging to the Chinese medical establishment because the numbers are extraordinary.

Some of the most reliable witnesses I interviewed knew the open secret: Falun Gong were being harvested.

— Ethan Gutmann

UND: How do you go from showing that large numbers of transplants have taken place from an unknown source, to concluding that the organs must have come from a particular source – i.e. Falun Gong-Praktizierende, und andere?

EG: We don’t conclude that in the sense that it’s an open question: what possible sources could they be using? We don’t preclude the idea that more death row prisoners are being executed for their organs than previously understood. We’re looking at a 600 percent increase in the amount of transplants that are commonly understood per year. We’re going from 10,000 a year to 60,000 a year at a minimum – that is the smallest we can plausibly come up with. The largest is 100,000 oder mehr. And even if you’re just following China’s medical rules, you basically come up with a number that’s close to 90,000. We can’t rule out that there are more death row executions than previously understood. But even then, you can’t get to these spectacular numbers. The other source has to be prisoners of conscience. How that breaks down, whether and how many are Falun Gong – well, we assume the majority, or even the vast majority, are Falun Gong. There may be some House Christians, Uiguren, Tibeter, or another group we haven’t yet identified. The update opens up a lot of questions.

This is a country where discussion is blacked out because this is one of the most dangerous issues to the Chinese Communist Party.

— Ethan Gutmann

We are building on previous research—both Bloody Harvest and The Slaughter—which convincingly made the case that prisoners of conscience were and are being harvested for their organs in China. So we’re not trying to fight old battles here. We’re not trying to prove something that we feel is already proven, something it’s just taken the world a little time to catch up with.

UND: What is the key evidence you rely on to contend that prisoners of conscience, in erster Linie Falun Gong-Praktizierende, are in fact killed for their organs?

EG: Für mich, it’s based on interviews with refugees who’ve come out of the labor camp system and have reported exams targeted at their retail organs. These exams were generally not given to any other prisoners, although in some cases Uyghurs report them, and in some cases House Christians do also. I was also able to show that Tibetans have received almost exact the same exams, and again, other prisoners were ignored. That tells us that they are targets for organ harvesting.

What we’re looking at is one of the greatest cover-ups in human history.

— Ethan Gutmann

But it’s even more explicit than that: Some of the most reliable witnesses I interviewed knew the open secret: Falun Gong were being harvested. They would select them and take them away in buses from labor camps each year. A witness showed me where the buses parked, near his cell block. We’ve understood that for some time. It’s taking place. Most of the argument has been about the numbers.

We don’t know how many Falun Gong are being harvested because we don’t know how many organs are taken from each individual. Very likely it’s only one—one liver, one kidney, one heart from each individual, and it gets tissue matched with an organ tourist or other recipient. But we do know that it is possible to take three, maybe four, organs from a single individual, and if you have four recipients who are lined up right there, and have had their blood matched with this particular individual, Gut, it’s theoretically possible to do that too. So we cannot give the numbers of deaths, a murder number so to speak. We can say that our previous estimates are underestimates. That we can say.

It’s possible to generate a crude range, but I think we should be chastened by this new information.

As much as I was hoping that I had finished my book and could move on to other subjects and other topics, I can’t do that with a clear conscience. Not with these findings.

— Ethan Gutmann

UND: In my discussions with transplant surgeons about this issue, I have heard prominent individuals in the international transplant establishment say things like: "Gut, it may not be Falun Gong. It’s probably organ trafficking—’your kidney for an iPad’ type of thing.” What do you say to that?

EG: Only someone who is very ignorant about China would make such statements. Only someone who has never bothered to look at my accounts of refugee interviews would make such statements. Anyone who has lived in China understands that there is a fair amount of control over profitable enterprises. China hasn’t been taken over by triads. That’s an excuse that the Chinese medical establishment has tried to dance out, several times, almost cyclically: “Oh, it’s some kind of triad activity.” Since 2012 we’ve known that powerful official figures, mögen Wang Lijun, the protege of Bo Xilai, a prominent figure in Chinese politics at the time, was running a very productive organ harvesting center.

A person who would say that about trafficking is simply naive. That’s a problem with Western surgeons going into China. It’s not that they’re pernicious or have an evil motive. But they have really never taken the time to understand anything about China, and how it may be different from other areas of the world where they’ve done great work. China’s an extremely large country that is centrally run. This isn’t a Third World basket case where the government doesn’t run much of anything.

UND: For people who are already somewhat familiar with your (collective) research into the topic, what is new and important about the new report?

EG: What the report shows quite conclusively is that we are looking at not 10,000 transplants per year in China, but something more like 60,000 nach 100,000 transplants a year in China.

This is a new form of genocide. It’s using the most respected members of society to implement it: the medical profession.

— Ethan Gutmann

Jetzt, this number is extremely upsetting when you think about the sources. Clearly death row prisoners cannot fill the void. Deutlich, even if voluntary organ donations in China have gone up, they can’t reach this level. And when looking at the warm ischemia time in some of the transplants—the time from when the heart stops to when the organ is removed—it’s way too low. It’s almost instantaneous. This is live organ harvesting. And what that probably means is that we are looking at Falun Gong in the main, but also Uyghurs, Tibetans and House Christians. These are the groups that have been targeted from the beginning and they continue to be targeted.

We see no sign of any hospitals closing or transplant centers struggling. In fact we see the opposite: we see construction programs. That’s the picture: Hundreds and hundreds of hospitals. And it has become their bread and butter. The economic mainstay of their profession is to keep this thing going. But that is a death sentence for the groups we’re talking about.

One final thing that we mention in our report is a striking piece of information: Falun Gong practitioners in six provinces have been given blood tests in their homes. Police come, knock on their door, and then administer a blood test – one that is clearly intended for tissue matching. This is taking place in their homes, not in the prison cells, not in the labor camps, not in the black jails. When I first heard about this I said: this is a scare tactic, they’re telling them to behave and not get into trouble again. And that still might be true, but the fact is—and I really hate to use Holocaust references here—but what happens when you start registering people? What does that mean? If you go back and look at when they started registering Jews in Holland, what did that lead to? Maybe it started out as a way of some sort of social control. Maybe it started out as a scare tactic. But it lead to something else. And in fact, looking at these reports from the hospitals and the hospitals bragging about the extraordinary volume they’re producing—you feel that you’re looking at history repeating itself.

UND: Have you come up with a death toll?

EG: We’re putting this report out without coming up with a casualty number, for Falun Gong practitioners for example. We can’t. Because we don’t know if they’re getting two organs out of a Falun Gong practitioner, or one organ, or even three organs. It is very hard to get three organs tissue matched into new donors. It’s very hard to do that all simultaneously but it is possible. So for that reason, we cannot come up with a clear number.

But what I can say is that the numbers we estimated previously for Kilgour and Matas—which was 41,500 organs between 2001 und 2005, for me, I made an estimate from 2005 nach 2008 that said that 65,000 Falun Gong practitioners have been harvested for their organs—at this point, those numbers look very low. Very low.

(L–R) David Kilgour (L) with David Matas (C) und Ethan Gutmann (R), author of 'The Slaughter: Massentötungen, Organentnahmen, and China's Secret Solution to Its Dissident Problem.' (Simon Gross/Epoch Times)

(L–R) David Kilgour (L) with David Matas (C) und Ethan Gutmann (R), author of ‘The Slaughter: Massentötungen, Organentnahmen, and China’s Secret Solution to Its Dissident Problem.’ (Simon Gross/Epoch Times)

I am not saying this is the end of the investigation in any way. This is a horseback judgement. It’s an interim report. But the world really does need to wake up to what is going on. This problem has not been solved. It’s worse.

I want to say something personal about this. When I was writing my book I believed I was writing about history, that I was not writing about something that was current. But I look at this and say it wasn’t history, it never was. This is a current event. And it is a terrible event. As much as I was hoping that I had finished my book and could move on to other subjects and other topics, I can’t do that with a clear conscience. Not with these findings.

UND: What do you expect or home to be the outcome of the release of the report, and the fallout?

EG: We hope that it will lead to some policy changes in the West. We’re not expecting them to bomb China’s railways, we’re not expecting them to declare war, we’re not expecting the Western nations to cut off economic relations with China. But perhaps we will try to keep our own hands clean. This is the minimum requirement of a Western society now: If we have people going to China for organs, that needs to be recorded. We should never be asked a question in the United States congress or in the European Parliament about how many of our people are going to China to get organs. That is a question that it is up to the Western societies to answer. There is no reason for medical confidentiality. If you walk into a hospital with a gunshot wound in America in most states, it is considered a police matter not just a medical matter. It doesn’t matter if you say, “I was cleaning my gun and it went off. It was an accident.” It is a police matter.

If we have people going to China for organs, that needs to be recorded.

— Ethan Gutmann

UND: Where does the issue go from here?

EG: Ultimately to get the kind of really reliable answers that we need? It’s the responsibility of China to provide those answers. And that’s not going to happen because of some video on the web or some social media movement. It’s going to happen because the governments of the West and the United Nations demand these answers. And even then it’s going to be very hard to get these answers and very hard to find justice. But this is one of the central tests of our time. I believe that, if we can get anything out of a tragedy like this, it is that the human species has no choice but to look as closely as it can at this form of genocide. This is a new form of genocide. It’s using the most respected members of society to implement it: the medical profession. And for these reasons we can’t avoid this any longer.

So this is no longer history, this is something quite current. What we’re looking at is one of the greatest cover-ups in human history. The Chinese state has determined that the best thing to do is simply wipe out anyone in Falun Gong, anyone in the Uyghur community and anyone in the Tibetan community who has been exposed to this—wipe them out and get rid of the evidence.

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Der ehemalige Präsident Jiang Zemin Teilnahme an der Abschlusssitzung des 18. Nationalkongress der Kommunistischen Partei Chinas vom Nov. 14, 2012, in Beijing, China. Die Namen von Jiang wurde aus einer Trauer Liste von Dutzenden von hohem Niveau Führer und im Ruhestand befindlichen Beamten fehlt, Hinting ein Verblassen Leistung von Jiang. (Feng Li / Getty Images)Der ehemalige Präsident Jiang Zemin Teilnahme an der Abschlusssitzung des 18. Nationalkongress der Kommunistischen Partei Chinas vom Nov. 14, 2012, in Beijing, China. Die Namen von Jiang wurde aus einer Trauer Liste von Dutzenden von hohem Niveau Führer und im Ruhestand befindlichen Beamten fehlt, Hinting ein Verblassen Leistung von Jiang. (Feng Li / Getty Images)

News Analysis

Der ehemalige chinesische KP-Chef verantwortlich für die Verfolgung von Falun Gong-Praktizierenden der Bestellung und die Ernte ihrer Organe hat das Ziel der aktuellen Führer Xi Jinping Säuberung der Partei worden.

Jiang Zemin war gewaltsam von seinem Wohnsitz entfernt von chinesischen Paramilitärs in den frühen Morgenstunden von Juni 10, nach einer Quelle in einem Detail Sicherheit im Ruhestand leitende Kader zugewiesen.

Jiang wurde zuletzt in der Obhut hochrangiger Offiziere und Personen in Zivil in einer Pekingeren Militärregion Verbindung gesehen. Der Auftrag Jiang zu ergreifen wurde durch das Regime Top-militärische Organ ausgestellt und wurde mit äußerster Geheimhaltung ausgeführt, entsprechend der Quelle.

Damals, es war Vorsitzender Jiang. Es gab eine Anweisung, diese Sache zu starten, Organtransplantation.

- Bai Shuzhong, Der ehemalige Gesundheitsminister der Volksbefreiungsarmee General Logistics Abteilung

Wenn dieser Bericht beweist genau zu sein, die Verhaftung ist der Höhepunkt einer mehr als dreijährigen Anti-Korruptions-Kampagne, die die Quellen von Jiangs Macht systematisch ausgerissen hat. Auch wenn der Bericht irgendwie ist verfrüht, vielleicht wurde Jiang gerade hereingebracht für eine „Chat“ -die von Jiang Zemin Targeting ist dennoch klar.

Vor kurzem, die Anti-Korruptions-Kampagne auf den engsten Vertrauten Jiang genullt. Jiang älterer Sohn ist unter Hausarrest, und in diesem Frühjahr der interne disziplinarische Agentur Partei führte eine massiver Sweep von Shanghai, Jiang langjähriger Machtbasis, Targeting-Institutionen, die Beziehungen zu Jiang und seine beiden Söhne haben. Die ganze Zeit, Jiang Verbündeten und ihre Kumpane haben sich weiter gereinigt werden.

blutige Hände

Im Juli 20, 1999, Jiang Zemin befahl die Sicherheitskräfte des Regimes „auszulöschen“, um die Praxis von Falun Gong. „Ruin ihren Ruf, ruiniert sie finanziell, und zerstört sie körperlich,“Die Polizei angewiesen,, nach vielen Konten von Falun Gong-Praktizierenden, die aus erster Hand, diese Worte hörten.

Als Jiang festgestellt, dass die Praktizierenden fest zu ihrem Glauben im Angesicht der brutalen Folter und Misshandlung gehalten, entwickelte er eine Art „Endlösung“.

"Damals, es war Vorsitzender Jiang. Es gab eine Anweisung, diese Sache zu starten, Organtransplantation," sagte Bai Shuzhong, der ehemalige Gesundheitsminister der Hauptabteilung für Logistik, Menschenrechte Ermittler im vergangenen Jahr in einem Telefonat mit dem Undercover. Bai, zu einer Zeit des politischen Umbruchs sprechen, zu dem Glauben verleitet worden war, dass er auf interne Partei Ermittler spricht.

Jiang „gab eine Anweisung ... Nieren zu verkaufen, tun Operationen,“Bai erinnert, und „nach Chairman Jiang erteilt den Auftrag, wir alle haben eine Menge von Anti-Falun Gong-Arbeit.“

Die Ernte die Organe von Falun Gong-Praktizierenden erschien die ideale Lösung, um zu sein Jiang Blut lust der Verfolgung zu sättigen hatte bereits entrechtet und dämonisiert Falun Gong-Praktizierenden, und ihre Einsperrung in die Hunderttausende chinesischen Krankenhäusern eine stetige Versorgung mit frischen Organen garantiert zu erzeugen Gewinne aus.

Nachdem dieser Kurs genommen, aber, gehen konnte nicht von Macht Jiang lassen. Wenn er wurde für schuldig befunden Ausgabe einer Reihenfolge, die in der Ermordung von Tausenden beendet, Zehntausende, Hunderttausende, und dann schließlich Millionen seines Lands, er konnte wegen Völkermord und Verbrechen gegen die Menschlichkeit konfrontiert.

Aber wenn diejenigen, deren Hände mit Blut befleckt hielt die Zügel der Macht, Jiang konnte immer noch hoffen, dass Falun Gong zerstört zu sehen, und er kann Straflosigkeit für seine Verbrechen genießen.

So förderte Jiang diejenigen, die seine Verfolgung verewigt, bei Party Paten spielte nach allen offiziellen Titeln zu verzichten, und blieb die de facto die Macht in China.

Die politische Kontrolle

Jiang Zemin und seine Fraktion dominierten die 10-jährige Herrschaft von seinem Nachfolger Hu Jintao.

Hu Vorsitz des Politbüros und seines Ständigen Ausschusses, der mit Jiang Loyalisten gestapelt wurde. Männer wie der ehemalige Sicherheits czar Zhou Yongkang und Zentrale Militärkommission stellvertretender Vorsitzender Xu Caihou wurde Machtzentren zu sich selbst.

Hu Aufträge und Weisungen versagten häufig vor den Toren von Zhongnanhai, gehört zu werden, die offizielle Residenz der Partei-Elite, nach den Berichten in ausländischen Medien in chinesischer Sprache. Betrieb praktisch unter Jiang Daumen, Hu erschien Holz und gestelzt an ausländische Beobachter.

Das Falun Gong-Problem könnte dazu dienen, die Jiang Zemin Problem zu verletzen, weil er nicht die Verantwortung auf diese Weise entkommen.

- Xin Ziling, Die ehemalige chinesische Verteidigung offiziell

Da Xi Jinping erschien als Hu in der gleichen Form gegossen wird Jintao-schmiegsam und nonthreatening-Jiang vereinbart zu seinem Nachfolger Hu in 2012. Der Plan war für Xi als Zwischen Kopf zu dienen, bis Bo Xilai, ein Mitglied des Politbüros und Parteichef des südwestlichen Megalopolis Chongqing, konnte die Spitzenposition zu übernehmen.

In Jiang Augen, Bo war der perfekte Charakter des Regimes zu regieren.

„Sie müssen Ihre Zähigkeit im Umgang mit Falun Gong zeigen ... es wird Ihr politisches Kapital sein,“Jiang sagte einmal zu seinem politischen Client Bo, nach Veteran chinesischen Journalisten Jiang Weiping. Unter Bo Fünf-Jahres-Regel von Chongqing, gibt es über 700 Verfolgung von Falun Gong Fälle (die Schwierigkeit, Informationen aus China gegeben, diese Zahl ist wahrscheinlich sehr unterschätzt werden), nach Minghui.org, eine Clearingstelle für Informationen aus erster Hand über die Verfolgung.

In den frühen 2000er Jahren, Bo Xilai war Gouverneur von Nordosten Chinas Provinz Liaoning, die Forscher Ethan Gutmann hat als das „Epizentrum“ der Zwangsorganentnahmen in China beschrieben.

Im 2006 in einem Vorort von Liaoning Hauptstadt Shenyang, die ersten glaubwürdigen Berichte über Zwangsorganraubs an Falun Gong-Praktizierenden entstanden. In Ergänzung, Unternehmen, die durch den Austausch von Körperflüssigkeiten mit Kunststoff-Organen von hingerichteten Gefangenen zum Verkauf oder zur Anzeige erhaltene plastinated wuchsen in Liaoning während Bo Regel nach oben.

Bo Ehrgeiz bewiesen, seinen Sturz zu sein. Wang Lijun, Bo Verbündeten und ehemaligen Chongqing Polizeichef, nachdem er scheiterte an der US-defect. Konsulat in Chengdu, zur Partei Zentral einen Plans von Bo und Sicherheit czar Zhou Yongkang zu stürzen eingehenden Parteichef Xi Jinping in einem Coup offenbart.

Jiang Kumpanen gezwungen Xi in eine Position „du lebst, ich sterbe,“Und auf ihr Amt im November unter 2012 Er begann zu bewegen Jiang Macht entwurzeln.

Rezentrierung Strom

Wie die Anti-Korruptions-Kampagne gefegt politische Organe und Wirtschaftssektoren durch die Partei von Xi Jinping ins Leben gerufen, Tausende von Kadern mit Jiang politischen Netzwerks Zemin wurden verhaftet.

Während Xi riss die Sehnen von Jiangs Macht aus, ein Muster entstanden-viele der Top-Beamten, die von der Partei interne Disziplinar Polizei untersucht hatte, wie das in Ungnade gefallene Politbüromitglied Bo Xilai, zeigte „Falun Gong Zähigkeit in der Handhabung.“

Li Dongsheng, der ehemalige öffentliche Sicherheit Vizeminister und Leiter des „Büros 610,“Eine außer Organisation gegründet im Juni 10, 1999, die Verfolgung von Falun Gong zu beaufsichtigen, einer der ersten Verfolger wurde fallen.

Als nächstes waren „unantastbar“ Zeichen wie Zhou Yongkang gespült werden, ehemaliger General Office und United Front Abteilungs- Ling Jihua, sowie Xu Caihou und Guo Boxiong, der ehemalige stellvertretende Vorsitzenden des obersten militärischen Führungsgremiums des Regimes.

In der Nähe des Ende Mai, Übersee chinesischen Medien gab die Verhaftung von engen Vertrauten von zwei Militärgeneräle tief verstrickt Verfolgung von Falun Gong.

Wenn Xi Kräfte bewegt gegen hochkarätige Ziele in der Vergangenheit, sie ruhig sperrten sie erste und einzige Anklage gegen sie erhoben, wenn der Moment reif beurteilt wurde. Wenn der Umgang mit Fall Jiang Zemins folgt diesem Muster, öffentliche Abgaben können Monate weg sein.

Ändern China

Bis jetzt, Xi politische Interesse haben, indem sie nach unten, die Verantwortlichen für die Verfolgung von Falun Gong gedient worden. Wenn Jiang Zemin erhoben, Xi wird ein Moment der Wahrheit konfrontiert-ob diese Verfolgung beenden.

Der offensichtlichste Grund, dass Xi Jinping Jiang verwenden können, um take down ist die Verbrechen, die er begangen gegen Falun Gong-Praktizierenden.

„Das Falun Gong-Problem könnte dazu dienen, die Jiang Zemin Problem zu verletzen, weil er nicht die Verantwortung auf diese Weise entkommen,„Said Xin Ziling, ein ehemaliger Verteidigung Beamten mit Verbindungen zu Elite-Kader mit mäßigem leanings.

„In der Frage der Verfolgung von Falun Gong, Jiang Zemin hat keine Unterstützung in der Partei; nicht in dem Nationalen Volkskongress, noch in den Staatsrat,“Xin betonte. „Er wird die Verantwortung für die Sache gemacht werden.“

Ob Xi die völkermordartige Verfolgung von Falun Gong zu beenden, ist nicht klar, aber es gibt Anzeichen dafür, dass er es im Gegensatz hat.

Im Januar 2014, Xi schloss die Arbeitslager des Regimes, Schlüssel-Sites verwendet Falun Gong-Praktizierende zu verfolgen.

Unter Xi Führung, das höchste Strafverfolgungs- Körper des Regimes akzeptiert hat über 200,000 Strafanzeigen von Falun Gong-Praktizierenden gegen Jiang Zemin; zwei Praktizierenden, die während seiner Herrschaft juristische Klagen gegen Jiang eingereicht wurden grausam gefoltert, und starb an seinen Verletzungen.

Als der ehemalige wurde Li Dongsheng Minister für öffentliche Sicherheit verhaftet, seine Rolle als 610 Leiter des Büros wurde veröffentlicht, das erste Mal offiziell das Regime anerkannt, in einer solchen Art und Weise prominent, die Existenz dieser verschwiegenen Organisation.

Die Verhaftungen oder rechtliche Schritte gegen wichtige Mitglieder von Jiangs Clique oder ihren Familien werden auch auf oder in der Nähe von Terminen angekündigt werden, die von Bedeutung sind, um Falun Gong.

Zum Beispiel, Sicherheit czar Zhou Yongkang wurde am Juni verfolgt 11 letztes Jahr, während Jiang sagte, wurde auf 10 der Juni von seinem Wohnsitz entfernt werden sehr Zeitpunkt, von dem notorischen 610 Büro hat seinen Namen.

Im April dieses Jahres, Xi gemacht drei versöhnliche Gesten in der Nähe und am Jahrestag April 25, das Datum in 1999 Jiang offenbarte das Politbüro seine Absichten Falun Gong nach einer friedlichen Petition in Peking zu unterdrücken, indem 10,000 Praktiker.

Sobald die Macht der Partei Jiang Zemin beendet, China wird eine neue Ära eintreten, und Xi, nicht mehr durch fraktionellen Opposition belastet, kann frei eine neue Richtung wählen. Wenn er beendet die Verfolgung von Falun Gong, Dies wird eine noch nie dagewesene Veränderung im kommunistischen China sein. Das chinesische Volk, frei von den Fesseln der Partei, endlich Gewissensfreiheit genießen.

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